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TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Dr Ambedkar and the Dalits 1 The Caste System 6 Caste-based Discrimination in International Human Rights Law 12 The First Form of Racial Discrimination 16 Overview 21 CHAPTER 1 The Origin of Caste Introduction 33 The Religious History of Caste 35 The Vedas 35 The Dharma-codes 39 Varna (Colour) and Race 48 Theories and Interpretations of Caste 58 Early Writings on Caste 58 Outside the Indian Context: American Caste and Class 63 Purity and Pollution 69 Karma 75 The Political History of Caste Reform 77 Indian Social Reformers 77 The Indian National Congress, Gandhi and the Evangelical Approach to the Uplift of the Untouchables 83 Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and the Secular Approach to the Uplift of the Untouchables 93 The Independence Period and the End of the Untouchables as a Political Force 102 Conclusion 111 CHAPTER 2 The Origin of Race Introduction 115 Monogenism: Race as Lineage 123 Influence of the Book of Genesis 123 Bartolomé de las Casas 126 Natural History 139 Polygenism: Race as Type 145 The Early Polygenists 145 ¿Race is Everything¿ 151 Race and Evolution 157 Charles Darwin 157 ¿Social Darwinism¿ and Eugenics 162 Race in the Twentieth Century 167 Nazi Racial Theories 167 Man¿s Most Dangerous Myth 171 Splitters and Lumpers 174 Conclusion 185 Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Race discrimination -- Law and legislation.
Race discrimination -- Law and legislation -- India.