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Epigraph Table of Contents Preface Introduction Maps A-Z Entries Abbott, George, and Ruth S. Baker Abbott Abbott, James Burnett, and Elizabeth Ann Watrous Abbott abolitionism abolitionist newspapers Abraham Adams, David Adams, Elias Smith, and Susan Merritt Adams Adams, George Willison, and Clarissa Hopkins Shaff Adams Adams, James Adams, John Quincy Adams, Robert S. Adler, Leibman African Methodist Episcopal Church Africanus, Edward C. agents, Underground Railroad Agler, Margaret Van Gundy Agnew, Allen, and Maria Pierson Agnew Alcott, Louisa May Alexander, John Allen, Abraham, and Cata Howland Allen Allen, Nathaniel Topliff, and Caroline Swift Bassett Allen Allen, Richard Allen, Robert Allen, Samuel, and Mary Gilmore Allen Allinson, William James Alston, John American Anti-Slavery Society American Revolution Ames, Orson, Harlow Ames, and Leonard Ames, Jr. Amistad Amos, James Ralston, and Thomas Henry Amos Anderson, Elijah Anderson, George Anderson, John Anderson, Matthew, and Caroline Virginia Still Wiley Anderson Anderson, Osborne Perry Anderson, William J. Andrew, John Albion Andrews, John H. Anthony, Abial F. Anthony, Mason, and Elihu Anthony Anthony, Susan Brownell Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women anti-slavery fairs Anti-Slavery Society of Canada Archer, Thomas Armstead, Rosetta Arnold, Joseph, and Tacy Smith Arnold Ashley, James Mitchell Atcheson, George, and Margaret McClellan Atcheson Atkinson, Abigail Oren, and Cephas Atkinson Avery, Charles A. Avery, Egbert, and Harriet King Avery Avery, Frances Mehitable Stanton, and George A. Avery Babbitt, William D., and Elizabeth H. Babbitt Baer, William Bailey, Gamaliel Bailey, Josiah, and William Bailey Baker, Thomas, and Eunice Harris Baker Baldridge, Andrew Baldwin, John, Sr., and Mary Baldwin Baldwin, Roger Sherman Baldwin, William, and Harriet Ann Hughson Baldwin Baltimore, Priscilla, and John Baltimore Banks, Elizabeth Banks, George Baquaqua, Mahommah Gardo Barber, Amy Clark, and Joseph Barber Bardwell, John Payne, and Cornelia C. Bishop Bardwell Barker, David, and Pennsylvania Herendeen Barker Barker, Jacob, and Elizabeth Hazard Barker Barnard, Alonzo, and Sarah Philena Babcock Barnard Barnard (Eusebius, Sarah Painter, and Sarah Marsh) Family Barnard, Joanna Pennock, and Vincent S. Barnard Barnard, Sarah Darlington, and Simon Barnard Barnes, Isaac O. Barnes, John B., and Sophronia King Barnes Barrows, Justin Spaulding, and Adeline E. Newell Barrows Bartlett, George, and Ruth Bartlett Bartlett Bartley, Mordecai Bassett, Bayless S., and Esther Eliza Crandall Bassett Batcheldor, Joseph B., and Louisa Ann Batcheldor Bateman, Warner Mifflin, and Ella Louise Snowbridge Bateman Baylis, William Bayne, Thomas Beale, Charlotte Hoopes, and Joseph H. Beale Beard, David, and Rebecca Brown Beard Beard, William, and Rachel Pierson Beard Bearse, Austin Beasley, Alfred Beck, Isaac M., and Cassandra Graham Lamb Beck Beckley, Guy Beebe, Asa, and Mary Whipple Beebe Beecher, Henry Ward Bell, Charles R. Bell, David Williamson, and Charles A. Bell Bell, James Patterson Bell, Lavinia Bell, Philip Alexander Beloved Beman, Jehiel C., Nancy Scott Beman, and Amos Gerry Beman Benedict, Aaron Lancaster, Livius Benedict, and Mordecai Benedict Benedict, Reuben, and Anna T. Stevens Benedict Benjamin, Jacob Benson, Benjamin Benson, Catharine K. Stetson, and George W. Benson Berry, Amanda, Mariam Matthews Berry, and Samuel Berry Beveridge, John Lowrie, and Helen Mar Judson Beveridge Bezan, Jacob, George Bezan, and Martha Bezan Bias, James Joshua Gould, and Eliza Bias Bibb, Henry Walton, and Mary E. Miles Bibb Bickerdyke, Mary Ann Ball Bigelow, Ann Hagar, and Francis Edwin Bigelow Bigelow, Jacob Bigelow, Lucius, and Susan Ann Moser Bigelow Biggs, Basil, and Mary Jackson Biggs Bird, Harry Birney, James Gillespie Black, Leonard Blackburn, Lucie, and Thornton Blackburn black soldiers Blanchard, Ira D., and Mary Walton Blanchard Blanchard, Jonathan, and Mary Avery Bent Blanchard Bliss, George Ripley, Lucy Ripley Bliss, and Mary Ann Raymond Bliss Blockson, Charles LeRoy Blodgett, Avis Dodge, and Israel Porter Blodgett bloodhounds Bloss, William Clough, and Mary Bangs Blossom Bloss Blue, Abner, Harriet N. Clay Blue, and Eliza N. Doolittle Blue Bodwell, Lewis Bogue, Stephen A., and Hannah Bonine East Bogue Boileau, Nathaniel Brittain, Hesther Leech Boileau, and Ann Leech Boileau Bolding, John A. Boley, Joseph Bond, Emily Hockett, and John H. Bond Bondi, August, and Henrietta Einstein Bondi Bonsall, Abraham, Mary Hinde Bonsall, Susan P. Johnson Bonsall, and Thomas Bonsall Bonsall, Daniel, Martha W. Sharp Bonsall, and Ann Hoopes Bonsall Booth, Griffin Booth, Sherman Miller Borden, Nathaniel Briggs, and Sarah Gould Buffum Borden Boston, Peter Bouchet, Susan Cooley, and William Francis Bouchet Boude, Thomas, and Alice Amelia Atlee Boude Boulware, John B. bounty hunters Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, Sarah Rhea Higginson, and William Ingersoll Bowditch Bowen, Abraham, and Sarah Ann Read Bowen Bowen, Henry Chandler, and Lucy Maria Tappan Bowen Bowers, James L., and Rebecca Bowers Bowers, Joseph Bowlus, Henry, Catharine Keller Bowlus, and Rebecca Catharine Williamson Bowlus Boyd, Eliza E. Bennett, and Rufus Boyd, Jr. Boyer, Jacob Matthias Boynton, Charles Brandon Bradford, Arthur Bullus, Elizabeth Wickes Bradford, Oliver Bloomfield Bradford, and Ruth Bollus Bradford Bradford, Moses, and Mary Eleanor Van Horn Bradford Bradley, James Bragdon, George Lindsay, and Eliza S. Salisbury Bragdon Brand, Joseph C. Brewster, Silas Wadsworth, and Mary Ann Walden Brewster Bridge, Bezaleel, Jr., and Emily Sophia Bagley Bridge Bridge, Jonathan Davis, and Abigail Learnard Bullard Bridge Bridgman, Edward P. Brillinger, Jacob, and Magdalena Brillinger Brinton, Joshua, and Mary Emma Passmore Brinton Brisbane, William Henry British Methodist Episcopal Church Broadus, Angeline, and Irvin Broadus Brogden, Abraham Brooke, Abraham, Elizabeth Lukens Brooke, and Samuel Brooke Brooks, Mary Merrick, and Nathan Brooks Brooks, Susan Brosius, Mahlon, Mary Emma Kent Brosius, Daniel Kent Brosius, and Edwin Brosius Brown, Abel, and Mary Ann Brigham Brown Brown, Charles Henry Brown, Charles Oliver, Celia Marriett Burrell Brown, and Oliver May Brown Brown, Frances Jane Scroggins, and Thomas Arthur Brown Brown, Henry "Box" Brown, Isaac Holmes Brown, James Brown, Jeremiah, Ann Kirk Brown, Mary Kirk Brown, and Slater Brown Brown, John Brown, John "Fed" Brown, John Mifflin Brown, Levi Brown, Moses, and Phebe Waterman Brown Brown, Paola Brown, Rachel Milner, and William Brown Brown, Thomas, and Mary McClanahan Brown Brown, William Wells Bruce, David Bruin, Joseph Bryant, Abijah, and Levinia Richardson Cowdry Bryant Buchanan, James Buckout, Abram Buffum, Arnold, and Rebecca Gould Buffum Bull, Jason, Delia Matoon Bull, and Sarah Sawyer Bull Bulla, William, and Andrew Hoover Burghardt, Mary Eliza Jones Burkett, Elizabeth, and Henry Burkett Burkle, Jacob Burleigh, Charles Callistus, and Cyrus Moses Burleigh Burlingame, Almond A., and Jane A. Halland Burlingame Burnett, Cornelius Burns, Anthony Burr, James E., George Thompson, and Alanson Work Burrell, Robbins, Eliza Brigham Burrell, and Jabez Lyman Burrell, Jr. Burris, Samuel D. Burroughs, George L. Burt, Elijah, and Deborah Colton Burt Bush, William, and Lucinda Clark Bush Bush, William Bushong, Henry Bushong, Jacob, and Margaret Hobson Bushong Bustill, Joseph Cassey Butler, Benjamin Franklin Butler, Morris Butterworth, Henry Thomas, and Nancy Irvin Wales Butterworth Byrd, John Huntington, and Elizabeth Adelaide Lowe Byrd Cable, Jonathan R.W., and Sarah Booth Cable Cain, Augustus W. Campbell, Alexander Campbell, John, and Elizabeth Caldwell Clarke Campbell Camper, James Canada Canadian Anti-Slavery Baptist Association Cannon, Ansal Cannon, Patty Carleton, Edmund, and Mary Kilburn Coffin Carleton Carlisle, Lucretia Lucas, and Samuel B. Carlisle Carnahan, William McFarland Carneal, Sarah Howell Stanley, and Thomas David Carneal Carnes, Martha B. Carnes, and William Carnes Carney, William H. Carpenter, Joseph, and Margaret W. Cornell Carpenter Carpenter, Philo, Sarah Forbes Bridges Carpenter, and Anne Thompson Carpenter Carpenter, Stephen Decatur Carrier, Richard Carter, George Washington Carter, Jacob, Joseph Carter, and Richard Carter Carter, Luke, and Sarah Carter Carver, Frances Almira Porter, and Lewis E. Carver Cary, Mary Ann Shadd Case, Charles G., and Mary Ann Case Catlin, Henry, Jr., James Catlin, and Martha Van Rensselaer Catlin Cattell, Jonas Caulkins, Nehemiah Chace, Elizabeth Buffum, and Samuel Buffington Chace Chadwick, Abel, and Elizabeth Starrett Chadwick Chadwick, Mammy Chamberlain, John Abbot, and Mary Rogers Clough Chamberlain Chambers, Henry, and John Chambers Chambers, Stephen Chandler, Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, Zachariah, and Letitia Grace Douglas Chandler Chapin, Titus, and Emily McKinstry Chapin Chaplin, William Lawrence Chapman, Maria Weston Chase, Isaac, Jr., and Lucy Sheldon Chase Chase, Leonard, and Susanna Shattuck Chase Chase, Salmon Portland Chase, Silas Chatham Convention Cheney, Ednah Dow Littlehale Cheney, Moses, Abigail Morrison Cheney, Elias Hutchins Cheney, and Oren Burbank Cheney Cheny, Charles, and Frank Woodbridge Cheny Chester, George, Jane Marie Chester, and Thomas Morris Chester Child, Lydia Maria Francis, and David Lee Child Chion, Emma, and William Chion Christian, Washington Christiana Riot Church, Jefferson Cinqué, Joseph civil disobedience Civil War Clark, Harriet Loomis, and Starr Clark Clarke, Ann Clarke, Charlotte Ambler, and Edwin W. Clarke Clarke, Lewis Garrard Clarke, Olive Jackson, Sidney Clarke, and John Jackson Clarke Clarke, William Penn Clarkson, James C. Clay, Cassius Marcellus Clemens, James, and Sophia Sellers Clemens Clements, Marian, and Samuel Clements Clemmer, John S., and Maria Miller Clemmer Coates (Deborah T. and Lindley) Family Coates, Edwin Howard, and Sarah Dull Coates Coates, Mary Ann Coburn, John P. Cockrum, James Washington, and William Monroe Cockrum Codding, Ichabod code, Underground Railroad Coffin, Alethea Flukes, Vestal M. Coffin, Addison Coffin, and Alfred V. Coffin Coffin, Catherine White, and Levi Coffin Coffin, Joshua Coffin, Lorenzo Swett, and Mary Chase Coffin Cohen, Anthony Collins (Nancy Wilson and Nathaniel) Family Collins, Nathan Colman, Ezekiel Andrus, and Mary Jane Wendell Colman Colver, Nathaniel Comfort, Ezra, and Margaret Shoemaker Comfort Comstock, Elizabeth Leslie Rous Concklin, Seth Connelly, William M. Conrey, Anna Layman, and James D. Conrey Converse, John Kendrick, and Sarah Allen Converse Conway, Moncure Daniel, and Ellen Davis Dana Conway Conwell, Martin, Miranda Wickham Conwell, and Russell Herman Conwell Conyne, Abraham, and Matilda Parker Conyne Cook, Eli Cook, Harmon, Dianah Cox Cook, and Robert Cook Coombs, Andrew, Jr., and Kitty Ann Shannon Coombs Cooper, Caroline Cooper, Griffith Morgan, and Elizabeth Hodgson Cooper Copeland, John Anthony, Jr. Copeland, Samuel, and Alice Welch Copeland Corbet, Daniel, and Mary Brinton Corbet Cordley, Richard, and Mary Minta Cox Cordley Corliss, Hiram, and Susan Sheldon Corliss Cornish (Aaron and Daffney) Family Corse, Barney, and Mary Elizabeth Leggett Corse Corson, George, and Martha T. Maulsby Corson Corwin, Thomas, and Sarah Ross Corwin Cowgill, Daniel, Sr., and Mary Naudain Cowgill Cowles, Betsey Mix Cowles (Horace and Mary Ann Steele Smith) Family Cowles, Solomon, and Polly Gleason Cowles Cowles, Thomas, and Julia Ann Cowles Cowles Cox, Hannah Peirce, John Cox, and John William Cox Craft, Ellen Smith, and William Craft Crandall, Henry White, and Elizabeth H. Lockhart Crandall Craner, Daniel Cratty, William, and Candis Bennett Cratty Cravath, Orin, and Betsey Northway Cravath Crawford, James, and Mary Crawford Crawford, John T. Crenshaw, John Hart, and Francine Taylor Crenshaw Crocker, Samuel Somerby, and Martha Elizabeth Putnam Crocker Cromwell, Robert Crooks, Abigail R. Short, and Samuel Crooks Crosby, Uriah H. Cross, Gideon Cross, John, and Lucinda Hulbert Cross Crosswhite, Adam, and Sarah Crosswhite Cuffe, Paul Cuffy Culbertson, John Newton, Hannah McVitty Culbertson, and John McVitty Culbertson Culver, Erastus Dean Cumberland, Moses Cummings, Jacob Curry, James Curry, Vina Curtis, Horace, and Lydia Cole Curtis Curtis, James Curtis, John, Benjamin Curtis, and Harrison Curtis Curtis, Thomas F., and Annie Fenner Curtis Cuyler, Samuel Cornelius, and Julia Speed Cuyler Dager, Peter Damon, Samuel Dexter, and Harriet Matilda Frank Damon Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. Dangerfield, Daniel Daniels, Amasa, and Olivia Hammond Daniels Dannaker, James T. Darlington, Chandler, and Hannah Monaghan Darlington Daugherty, Sarah Bollinger Davids, Tice Davis, Clarissa Davis, Daniel Davis, Isaac, and Priscilla Rummery Davis Davis, Jane Davis, Sam Day, Caleb Dean, Luther, and Ruth Brundage Dean DeBaptiste, George DeGarmo, Elias, and Rhoda Rogers DeGarmo Delany, Martin Robinson Delavan, Edward Cornelius Deming, Samuel, Catherine Matilda Lewis Deming, and John Deming Demson, Samuel Dennett, Lydia Louisa Neal, and W. Oliver Dennett Dickinson, Anna Elizabeth Dickson, Moses Dillingham, Micajah, Elizabeth Williams Dillingham, and Richard Dillingham Dimmick, John F., and Sarah Heath Dimmick disguise Dismal Swamp Ditcher, James Dix, John Porter, and Mary Jane Hay Dix Dobbin, Matthew Dobbins, David Porter Dobbins, Lee Howard Donnell, Luther A. Doram, Catherine Dorsey, Basil, and Louisa Dorsey Douglas, Benjamin Douglas, Hezekiah Ford Douglas, Stephen Arnold Douglass, Anna Murray Douglass, Frederick Dow, Neal, and Maria Cornelia Durant Maynard Dow Downer, Lucy Ann Wilson, and Pierce Downer Downing, George T. Doy, John W., and Charles Doy Doyle, Edward James Drake, Frances Hills Wilder, and Jonathan Drake Drayton, Daniel Dresser, Amos Drew, Benjamin Driver, Blackstone, and Margaret P. Driver Drury, Elijah Duckett, Benjamin Dunbar, Joshua Dunmore, Henry Dutton, Achas Perry Dutton, Samuel William Southmayd, and Harriet Newell Waters Dutton Dyer, Charles Volney, and Louisa Maria Gifford Dyer Dyer, Edward Galusha Early, Jordan Winston Eastman, Charles Frederick, and Harriet E. Stephenson Eastman Eastman, Zebina Easton, Hosea Eaton, Anna Ruth Webster, and Horace Eaton Ebersole, Jacob Edmondson, Emily, and Mary Catherine Edmondson Edwards, John B., and Lydia M. Hall Edwards Eells, Erastus Eells, Richard, and Jane Bestor Eells Eleutherian College Elgin Settlement Ellis, William, and Mercy Cox Ellis Ellyson, Zachariah, and Esther Chaffin Talbot Ellyson Ely, Enoch Selden, and Ezra Sterling Ely Emerson, Ralph Waldo, and Lydia Jackson Emerson Ennets, Maria, and Stephen Ennets Ennis, Mary Eshleman, Jacob K. Estabrook, Henry Evans, Nathan, Zillah Maule Evans, and David Evans Evans, Thomas, and Josiah Bispham Evans Evans, Wilson Bruce, and Henry Evans Fairbank, Calvin Fairfield, John Fairies, Robert Falls, William S. Farmer, Hannah Shapleigh Tobey, and Moses Gerrish Farmer Farnham, Elisha, and Mary Ring Farnham Fatal, John J. Fayerweather, George, III, and Sarah Ann Harris Fayerweather Fee, Arthur, and Sarah Miller Fee Fee, John Gregg, and Matilda Hamilton Fee Fee, Oliver Perry Spencer Fee, Robert E., Thomas Fee, Sr., and Thomas Fee, Jr. female anti-slavery societies Fessenden (Samuel and Deborah Chandler) Family Fidget, Isaac Fields, Henry Filer, Thomas, and Permelia Barnes Filer Fillmore, Millard Finney, John, and Elenor Marshal Finney Finney, Seymour Fish, Benjamin, and Sarah Davids Bills Fish Fisher, John Fisher, Robert Fitzhugh, Claggett Flanders, Cyrus Nathan, and Joanna Jones Flanders Fleming, Benjamin Bass Flint, Samuel H. Foote, Eliza M. Becker, and Hiram Foote Ford, Barney Launcelot, and Julia Lyons Ford Ford, Cyrus, and Darius Ford Ford, Sheridan Forsyth, William, Sr., Isaac Brock Forsyth, and Nelson Forsyth Forten (James, Sr., and Charlotte Vandine) Family Fossett, Peter Farley, and Sarah Mayrant Walker Fossett Foster, Abigail "Abby" Kelley, and Stephen Symons Foster Foster, Amanda, and Henry Foster Foster, Theodore Fountain, Alfred Fox, Isaac B., and Mary Ann Gregory Fox Fox, Jeremiah Frazier, Anna Joy, and Stephen Frazier Frederick, Francis free labor store Freeman, Amos Noah French, Rodney French, William Henry, Amelia Whitney French, and Ermina Emily Byington French Frisbie, William, and Elizabeth Davidson Frisbie Frost, George H., and Zerviah Sherman Frost Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 Fuller, Albert Fuller, James Canning, Lydia Charleton Fuller, James Canning Fuller, Jr., and Sumner Fuller Fulton, James, Jr. Fulton, Joseph, and Mary Ann Fulton Furber, James Adams, Hannah Hough Harris Furber, and James Hough Harris Furniss, Oliver Fussell, Bartholomew, Lydia Morris Fussell, and Rebecca Churchman Hewes Fussell Fussell, Edwin Gage, Matilda Joslyn Gale, George Washington Galloway, Abraham H. Gansey, Isaac, and Edward Smith Gant, Nelson Tolbert, and Anna Maria Hughes Gant Gardner, Joseph, and Eliza Gardner Gardner, Ozem, and Mary Ann Price Gardner Garlick, Charles A. Garner (Margaret) Family Garnet, Henry Highland Garrett, Thomas, and Rachel Mendenhall Garrett Garrison, William Lloyd Garvey, Edward Christie Kerr Gaskins, Jacob Gass, Benjamin, and Elizabeth McCluer Gass Gaston, George B. Gay, Sydney Howard, and Elizabeth J. Neall Gay Gibbons, Abigail Hopper, and James Sloan Gibbons Gibbons, Daniel, and Hannah Wierman Gibbons Gibbons, Joseph, and Phebe Earle Gibbons Gibbs, Jonathan C. Gibbs, Leonard, and Mary Ann Beckwith Gibbs Gibbs, Mifflin Wistar Gibson, John Giddings, Joshua Reed, and Laura Waters Giddings Gilbert, Almira M. Reed, and Warren Gilbert Gilbert, Amos Gilbert, Hiram, and Lucy Harrington Gilbert Gilbert, Mary Wetherbee, and Timothy Gilbert Gillette, Francis, and Elizabeth Daggett Hooker Gillette Gilliland, James, and Frances Baird Gilliland Gillingham, James, and Sarah Wood Gillingham Gist Settlement Glass, John Gloucester, James A. Glover, Joshua Goodell, William, and Clarissa C. Cady Goodell Goodnow, Lyman Goodrich, Joseph, and Nancy Maxson Goodrich Goodridge, William C., and Emily Wallace Goodridge Goodwin, Abigail, and Elizabeth Goodwin Goodwin, Edwin Weyburn Gorham, Charles T. Gragston, Arnold Grandy, Moses Grant, Marie, and Tudor E. Grant grapevine telegraphy Graue, Frederick Gray, Greenburg Gray, Jim Gray, William Greeley, Horace Green, Ann Maria, Christopher Green, and Nathan Green Green, Beriah Green, Lear Green, Samuel, Jr. Green, Shields Green, Wesley Greene, Jacob D. Greenebaum, Michael G., and Sarah Spiegel Greenebaum Grew, Mary Grey, Emily Goodridge Griest, Amos, and Margaret Garretson Griest Griffin, Enerals, and Priscilla Griffin Griffing, Josephine Sophie White, and Charles Stockman Spooner Griffing Griffith, Stephen, and Rhoda Griffith Grimes, John Grimes, Leonard Andrew Grimes, William Grimké, Angelina Emily, and Sarah Moore Grimké Grimké, Charlotte Lottie Forten Grinnell, Josiah Bushnell, and Julia Ann Chapin Grinnell Gross, Albert Grover, Emily Jane Hunt, and Joel Grover Grummond, Levi, and Elizabeth Wilson Findley Grummond Gue, Catherine Gurney, John Gue, and Benjamin F. Gue Guthrie, Abelard A., and Quindaro Nancy Brown Guthrie Hackett, Nelson Hagarty, Sir John Hawkins Haines, George, and Andrew Eckard Budd Haines, Jacob A., Jesse Haines, and Rachel Ellis Haines Haines, Jonathan Ridgeway, Sarah Grant Haines, and John Columbus Haines Haines, Timothy, and Sarah Brown Haines Haines, William (1817-1846) Haines, William (fl. 1850s) Hall, Abigail Shelton, and Harvey Hall Hall, Charles Hall, David A. Hall, Henrietta, Jacob Hall, and Charles H. Hall Hall, Jim "Jimmy Bow-Legs" Hall, John, and Mary Weaver Hall Hall, John "Daddy" Hall, William A. Hallam, John, and Aurelia Stillman Woodruff Hallam Hallock, Horace, and Elizabeth Raymond Hallock Hallowell, Mary H. Post, and William R. Hallowell Hambleton, Thomas, and Alice Eliza Betts Hambleton Hamilton, Elsie, and Willis Hamilton Hamilton, Saul Hamlet, James Hammond, Caroline Berry Hanby, Benjamin Russell, and William Hanby Hance, Mark, and Susan Crop Hance Hanna, Mary, and Robert Hanna Hanover, John T. Hanway, Castner Happy, Jesse Harding, Stephen Selwyn, and Avaline Spraut Harding Harding, William Harmon, David Porter, and Almira Sargent Harmon Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, Mary E. Goodwin, and William Smith Harper Harris, Catherine Dickes Harris, Chapman Harris, Eliza Harris, Hazzard Harris, James L. Harris, Philip Harris, Rachel Harrison, Thomas, and Isabella Benton Harrison Hart, Thomas Harvey, John S. Hatch, Jeremiah, Jr., and Lucy Ann Rigdon Hatch Hatfield, Alexander Hatfield, John Hathaway, Joseph Comstock Haviland, Laura Smith Hawkins, Emeline, and Samuel Hawkins Hawkins, Walter Hayden, Lewis, and Harriet Bell Hayden Haydock, Hannah Thompson Hayes, Mordecai, Esther Logue Hayes, and Jacob Hayes Hayes, Phebe Cooley, and Titus Hayes Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, and Lucy Ware Webb Hayes Hayes, William James, and Anna Johnston Hayes Hazlett, Hugh Head, Sir Francis Bond Heaton, Jacob, and Elizabeth P. Weaver Heaton Heineman, Emil S., and Fanny Butzel Heineman Heise, Charles Helper, Hinton Rowan Hemings, Frank Henderson, Benjamin Henderson, Richard, Ann Henderson, and Mary Ann Harris Henderson Henning, Thomas Henry, Frank Henry, Joseph Henson, James Henson, Josiah Hesdra, Edward D., and Cynthia Hesdra Hiatt, Henry Hicklin, Thomas Hickman, Robert Thomas Hickok, William Alonzo, Polly Butler Hickok, and James Butler ("Wild Bill") Hickok Hicks, Charles, and Lamira Henry Hicks Hicks, Rachel Seaman Hicks, Robert, Mary Underhill Mott Hicks, and Valentine Hicks Hiestand, Abraham S., and Ann Fitz Hiestand Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, and Mary Elizabeth Channing Higginson Higley, Erastus, Esther Anna Guernsey Higley, and Hervey Owen Higley Hill, James Wesley Hill, John Henry Hillard, George Stillman, and Susan Tracy Howe Hillard Hilles, Samuel, and Margaret Hill Hilles Himrod, William Hinton, Richard Josiah Hise, Daniel Howell, and Margaret Hise Hitchcock, George Beckwith, and Carolyn Grossman Hitchcock Hitchcock, Samuel Hoag, Abigail Robinson, and Nathan Case Hoag Hockley, Benjamin, and Susan Hockley Holley, Sallie Holmes, David Holmes, George Young, Sr., and Elizabeth Snodgrass Holmes Holt, Horace, and Melinda Bellows Holt Holyoke, John, II, and Miriam Tibbetts Holyoke Hood, Caleb C., and Joseph Hood Hopkins, Charles Fern, Ann Wilson Hopkins, Nathan Hopkins, and Ellen Reilly King Hopkins Hopkins, Erastus, and Charlotte Freylinghuysen Allen Hopkins Hopkins, Henry C. Hopkins, Thomas Hopper, Isaac Tatem, Sarah Tatum Hopper, and Abigail Hopper Horne, Daniel H., and Maria Louisa Hovey Horne Horse, John Hosea, William Hosmer, William, and Martha Matilde Gamage Hosmer Hossack, John, and Martha Lens Hossack Houghton, George Hendric Houston, Thomas Jefferson Howe, Julia Ward, and Samuel Gridley Howe Howland, Emily, Slocum Howland, and Hannah Tallcot Howland Hoyt, Lyman, Aseneth Whipple Hoyt, and Lois L. Hoyt Hubbard, Catherine Hulbert, and William Hubbard Huber, Charles Boerstler Hudson, David, and David Hudson, Jr. Hudson, Jesse Hudson, John D., and Sally Hudson Huggins, Robert Henderson, William D. Huggins, Milton Huggins, and William Huggins Hughes, Daniel Humphrey, Harvey, and Elizabeth Rogers Perkins Humphrey Hunn (John, Sr.) Family Hunt, Jane Clothier Master, and Richard Pell Hunt Hunt, Seth Hunter, Charles W. Hunter, Moses Huntoon, Josiah Parmerley Hurd, Edward B., and Harvey Bostwick Hurd Hussey, Sylvanus Erastus Fuller, Sarah E. Bowen Hussey, and Susan T. Hussey Hutchinson, Titus Hyde, Udney Hay, and Amanda Hyde Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) Irish, David, and Martha Titus Irish Isaacs, Tucker, and Elizabeth-Ann Fossett Isaacs Jackson, Elizabeth Underhill, and George Jackson Jackson, James Caleb, and Lucretia Edgerton Brewster Jackson Jackson, Mattie Jane Jackson, William, and Francis Jackson Jacobs, Harriet Ann Jacobs, John James, Edwin James, Thomas Jamison, John Jay (Allen) Family Jay, John, Jr., and William Jay, Jr. Jay, William Jenkins, David Jenkins, Mary Saltmarsh Farnham, and William Jenkins Jewett, George Anson Jocelyn, Nathaniel, and Simeon Smith Jocelyn Johns, Robert, and Sue Ann Johns Johnson, Abraham Johnson, Ann Johnson, Benjamin Johnson, Eliza Jane Johnson, Henry Johnson, Isaac Johnson, Jane Johnson, John (1821-1862) Johnson, John (1829-1850) Johnson, John Lewis Johnson, Levi Johnson, Moses Johnson, Nathan, and Mary J. Mingo Durfree Johnson Johnson, Oliver, and Leonard Johnson Johnson, Perry Johnson, Samuel, Israel Johnson, Jennet Rowland Johnson, and Rowland Johnson Johnson, William Henry (1811-1896) Johnson, William Henry (1833-1918) Jones, Augustine Jones, Benjamin Jones, John, and Mary Jane Richardson Jones Jones, John Albert, and Ann Marie Shipp Major Jones Jones, John C., and Sarah A. Jones Jones, John Tecumseh Jones, John W., and Rachel Swailes Jones Jones, Rhoda Jones, Thomas H. Jones, William M., and Mary Jones Jordan, James Cunningham, and Cynthia Desire Adams Jordan Judson, Ann J. Burnham, and Samuel P. Judson Kagi, John Henry Kane, Thomas Leiper, and Elizabeth Dennistoun Wood Kane Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 Kaufman, Daniel, and Catharine Fortenbaugh Kaufman Keese, Catherine Robinson, John Keese, and Samuel Keese Kelker, Rudolf Frederich Kelley, Isaac Kelley, J.W.B. Kelley, John J. Kellogg, Josiah Kelso, Lucy Sawyer, and William R. Kelso Kelton, Fernando Cortez, and Sophia Langdon Stone Kelton Kemble, Fanny Kemp, John Kennedy, Robert Kent, Benjamin, Hannah Simmons Kent, and Elizabeth Kent A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin (1853) kidnap Kilbourne, David Kilgore, Elizabeth Stewart, and James Kilgore Kimber, Emmor, Susannah Jackson Kimber, Abigail Kimber, and Gertrude Kimber Kimberly, William, and Phebe Drake Kimberly King, Cyrus King, Hannah Clendenon, and John King King, William Kirk, John, and Susan Bingham Kirk Kirkwood, Samuel Jordan Knapp, Chauncey Langdon Knapp, William Knoefel, August Knowlton, Dexter Asa, Sr. Ladd, Dudley, III, Charlotte Eastman Ladd, and Amanda Palmer Ladd Lambdin, William H. Lambert, William Lane, Hester Lane, James Henry Lane, Lunsford Langdon, Jervis Langley, Louden Shubael, and Jane Maria Langley Langston, Charles Henry Langston, George R. Langston, John Mercer, and Caroline Matilda Wall Langston Lanphear, Ethan Lansing, Wendell, and Eliza Harrington Allen Lansing Latimer, George W., and Rebecca Latimer Laughead, David, Rebecca A. Laughead, David Mitchell Laughead, and Elizabeth Kyle Laughead Lay, Benjamin Leary, Lewis Sheridan Leavitt, Chloe Maxwell, and Roger Leavitt Leavitt, Joshua Lee, Amanda Jane Barker Lee, Archy Lee, Ishmael, Miriam Marmon Lee, and Sallie East Lee Lee, Luther Leggett, Joseph, and Fanny B. Leggett LeMoyne, Francis Julius, and Madeleine Romaine Bureau LeMoyne Leonard, Jane, and Thomas Leonard Lewelling, Henderson W., and Jane Elizabeth Presnall Lewelling Lewey, Henry Lewis, Elijah, and Martha Lewis Lewis, Enoch Lewis (Esther Fussell and John, Jr.) Family Lewis, James Lewis, Pompey Lewis, Thomas Liberator Liberty League Liberty Tree Lincoln, Abraham Lind, Sylvester Lindley, Jacob, and Hannah Miller Lindley Little, Sophia Louisa Robbins Littlefield, Hamilton B., and Rhoda Littlefield Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice Lockhart, Jesse Logan, John Wesley Loguen, Jermaine Wesley, and Caroline E. Storum Loguen Loney, Cordelia Long, Henry Loring, Ellis Gray, and Louisa Gilman Loring Lott (Hendrick I. and Mary Brownjohn) Family Lovejoy, Elijah Parish Lovejoy, Owen Glendower, and Eunice Storrs Lovejoy Lucas, Charles Peyton Lucas, George W.C. Lucas, Marcus F. Lucas, Martha West Lundy, Benjamin Luse, A.B. Lyons, Albro, Mary Marshall Lyons, and Maritcha Remond Lyons Mabbett, Anna Griffin, and Lorenzo Mabbett MacMillan, Joel, and Sarah M. Norris MacMillan Magill, Jonathan Paxson, Edward Hicks Magill, and Watson P. Magill Magoffin, James, Jr., and Grace Elizabeth Mitcheltree Magoffin Mahan, John Bennington, and William Jacob Mahan Mahoney, Charles, and Mary Jane Steward Mahoney Mahoney, Matilda Malcolm, Howard, and Ruth Dyer Malcolm Mallory, Maria Maltby, Roger Malvin, John, and Harriet Dorsey Malvin Mann, John S., Mary Williams King Mann, Joseph Mann, and Eloisa Adaline Dutton Mann Manoka, Charles Margru Maris, Norris, and Ann Davis Maris Markey, Joseph, and Jonas Markey Marks, William, and Emily Catherine Holcomb Marks maroon settlements Marriott, Charles, and Sarah White Marriott Mars, John N. Marsh, Gravner, Hannah Marsh, and Sarah Marsh Marshall, Harriet McClintock, and Elijah Marshall Marshall, Samuel, and Mary Gilliland Marshall Mason, Amos, and Hannah Seward Mason Mason, Isaac Mason, John Mathews, Edward, and Annie Mathews Mathews, Peter Matthews, Josiah Maudlin, Wright Maulsby, Samuel, and Susan Thomas Maulsby Maxson, Darwin Eldridge Maxson, Delilah Bowland, William Maxson, and Hannah Keislar Maxson Maxwell, Susannah Augusta Stokes May, Samuel Joseph Mayhew, Allen B., and Barbara A. 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Johnston Young Zimmerman, John Dimond, and Julia Ann Zimmerman Chronology Appendix A: Genealogies Appendix B: Passengers of the Underground Railroad Appendix C: Underground Railroad Operatives by State and Province Primary Source Bibliography Secondary Source Bibliography Acknowledgments Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Underground railroad -- Encyclopedias.
Antislavery movements -- United States -- History -- Encyclopedias.
Abolitionists -- United States -- Biography -- Encyclopedias.
Fugitive slaves -- United States -- History -- Encyclopedias.
Slavery -- United States -- History -- Encyclopedias.