Table of contents for Evolutionary psychology : the new science of the mind / David M. Buss.

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Preface 00
PART ONE Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology 00
	1	The Scientific Movements Leading to Evolutionary Psychology 00
Landmarks in the History of Evolutionary Thinking 00
Evolution before Darwin 00
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection 00
Darwin's Theory of Sexual Selection 00
The Role of Natural and Sexual Selection in Evolutionary Theory 00
The Modern Synthesis: Genes and Particulate Inheritance 00
The Ethology Movement 00
The Inclusive Fitness Revolution 00
Clarifying Adaptation and Natural Selection 00
Trivers's Seminal Theories 00
The Sociobiology Controversy 00
Common Misunderstandings about Evolutionary Theory 00
Misunderstanding 1: Human Behavior Is Genetically Determined 00
Misunderstanding 2: If It's Evolutionary, We Can't Change It 00
Misunderstanding 3: Current Mechanisms Are Optimally Designed 00
Milestones in the Origins of Modern Humans 00
# BOX 1.1 Out of Africa versus Multiregional Origins: The Origins of Modern 
Humans 00
Landmarks in the Field of Psychology 00
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory 00
William James and the Psychology of Instincts 00
The Rise of Behaviorism 00
The Astonishing Discoveries of Cultural Variability 00
The Garcia Effect, Prepared Fears, and the Decline of Radical Behaviorism 00
Peering into the Black Box: The Cognitive Revolution 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
	2	The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology 00
The Origins of Human Nature 00
Three Theories of the Origins of Complex Adaptive Mechanisms 00
The Three Products of Evolution 00
Levels of Evolutionary Analysis in Evolutionary Psychology 00
The Core of Human Nature: Fundamentals of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms 
All Species Have a Nature 00
Definition of an Evolved Psychological Mechanism 00
Important Properties of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms 00
Methods for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses 00
Comparing Different Species 00
Comparing Males and Females 00
Comparing Individuals within a Species 00
Comparing the Same Individuals in Different Contexts 00
Experimental Methods 00
Sources of Data for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses 00
Archeological Records 00
Data from Hunter-Gatherer Societies 00
Observations 00
Self-Reports 00
Life-History Data and Public Records 00
Human Products 00
Transcending the Limitations of Single Data Sources 00
Identifying Adaptive Problems 00
Guidance from Modern Evolutionary Theory 00
Guidance from Knowledge of Universal Human Structures 00
Guidance from Traditional Societies 00
Guidance from Paleoarcheology and Paleoanthropology 00
Guidance from Current Mechanisms 00
Guidance from Task Analysis 00
Organization of Adaptive Problems 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
PART TWO Problems of Survival 00
	3	Combating the Hostile Forces of Nature: Human Survival Problems 00
Food Acquisition and Selection 00
Food Selection in Rats 00
Food Selection in Humans 00
Why Humans Like Spices: The Antimicrobial Hypothesis 00
Why Humans Like to Drink Alcohol: An Evolutionary Hangover? 00
Sickness in Pregnant Women: The Embryo Protection Hypothesis 00
The Hunting Hypothesis 00
The Gathering Hypothesis 00
Comparing the Hunting and Gathering Hypotheses 00
The Scavenging Hypothesis 00
Adaptations to Gathering and Hunting: Sex Differences in Specific Spatial Abilities 
Finding a Place to Live: Shelter and Landscape Preferences 00
The Savanna Hypothesis 00
Combating Predators and Other Environmental Dangers: Fears, Phobias, Anxieties, and 
"Evolutionary Memories" 00
Most Common Human Fears 00
Children's Antipredator Adaptations 00
# BOX 3.1 The Adaptive Conservation Hypothesis of Fears 00
Combating Disease 000
Are Humans Programmed to Die? 000
The Theory of Senescence 000
The Puzzle of Suicide 000
Summary 000
Suggested Readings 000
PART THREE Challenges of Sex and Mating 000
	4	Women's Long-Term Mating Strategies 000
Theoretical Background for the Evolution of Mate Preferences 000
Parental Investment and Sexual Selection 000
Mate Preferences as Evolved Psychological Mechanisms 000
The Content of Women's Mate Preferences 000
Preference for Economic Resources 000
Preference for Good Financial Prospects 000
Preference for High Social Status 000
Preference for Older Men 000
Preference for Ambition and Industriousness 000
Preference for Dependability and Stability 000
Preference for Athletic Prowess 000
Preference for Good Health and Physical Appearance 000
Love and Commitment 000
Preference for Willingness to Invest in Children 000
Preference for Similarity 000
Additional Mate Preferences 000
Context Effects on Women's Mate Preferences 000
Effects of Women's Personal Resources on Mate Preferences 000
Effects of Temporal Context on Women's Mate Preferences 000
Effects of Menstrual Cycle on Mate Preferences 000
Effects of Women's Mate Value on Mate Preferences 000
How Women's Mate Preferences Affect Actual Mating Behavior 000
Women's Responses to Men's Personal Ads 000
Women's Marriages to Men High in Occupational Status 000
Women's Marriages to Men Who Are Older 000
Effects of Women's Preferences on Men's Behavior 000
Summary 000
# BOX 4.1 What about Lesbian Sexual Orientation? 000
Suggested Readings 000
	5	Men's Long-Term Mating Strategies 000
Theoretical Background for the Evolution of Men's Mate Preferences 000
Why Men Might Benefit from Commitment and Marriage 000
The Problem of Assessing a Woman's Fertility or Reproductive Value 000
The Content of Men's Mate Preferences 000
Preference for Youth 000
Evolved Standards of Physical Beauty 000
Preference for Body Fat and the Critical Waist-to-Hip Ratio 000
Sex Differences in the Importance of Physical Appearance 000
Do Men Have a Preference for Ovulating Women? 000
Solutions to the Problem of Paternity Uncertainty 000
Context Effects on Men's Mating Behavior 000
# BOX 5.2 Homosexual Orientation 000
Men in Positions of Power 000
Context Effects from Viewing Attractive Models 000
Testosterone and Men's Mating Strategies 000
The Necessities and Luxuries of Mate Preferences 000
Effect of Men's Preferences on Actual Mating Behavior 000
Men's Responses to Women's Personal Ads 000
Age Preferences and Marital Decisions 000
Effect of Men's Mate Preferences on Women's Competition Tactics 000
Summary 000
Suggested Readings 000
	6	Short-Term Sexual Strategies 000
Theories of Men's Short-Term Mating 000
Adaptive Benefits for Men of Short-Term Mating 000
Potential Costs of Short-Term Mating for Men 000
# BOX 6.1 Functions versus Beneficial Effects of Short-Term Mating 000
Adaptive Problems Men Must Solve When Pursuing Short-Term Mating 000
Evidence for an Evolved Short-Term Mating Psychology 000
Physiological Evidence for Short-Term Mating 000
Psychological Evidence for Short-Term Mating 000
Behavioral Evidence of Short-Term Mating 000
Women's Short-Term Mating 000
Evidence for Women's Short-Term Mating 000
Hypotheses about the Adaptive Benefits to Women of Short-Term Mating 000
Costs to Women of Short-Term Mating 000
Empirical Tests of Hypothesized Benefits to Women 000
Context Effects on Short-Term Mating 000
Individual Differences in Short-Term Mating 000
Other Contexts Likely to Affect Short-Term Mating 000
Summary 000
Suggested Readings 000
PART FOUR Challenges of Parenting and Kinship 000
	7		Problems of Parenting 000
Why Do Mothers Provide More Parental Care Than Fathers 000
The Paternity Uncertainty Hypothesis 000
The Mating Opportunity Cost Hypothesis 000
An Evolutionary Perspective on Parental Care 000
Genetic Relatedness to Offspring 000
Offspring's Ability to Convert Parental Care into Reproductive Success 000
Alternative Uses of Resources Available for Investment in Children 000
The Theory of Parent¿Offspring Conflict 000
Mother¿Offspring Conflict In Utero 000
The Oedipal Complex Revisited 000
# BOX 7.1 Killing Parents and the Asymmetry of Valuing Parents and Children 
Summary 000
Suggested Readings 00
	8	Problems of Kinship 00
Theory and Implications of Inclusive Fitness 00
Hamilton's Rule 00
Theoretical Implications of Hamilton's Rule 00
Empirical Findings that Support the Implications of Inclusive Fitness Theory 00
Alarm Calling in Ground Squirrels 00
Kin Recognition and Kin Classifications in Humans 000
Patterns of Helping in the Lives of Los Angeles Women 00
Life-or-Death Helping among Humans 229
Genetic Relatedness and Emotional Closeness: Is Blood Thicker Than Water? 231
Kinship and Survival 232
Vigilance over Kin's Romantic Relationships 000
Kinship and Stress 000
Patterns of Inheritance¿Who Leaves Wealth to Whom 00
Investment by Grandparents 00
# BOX 8.1 Investment by Aunts and Uncles 00
A Broader Perspective on the Evolution of the Family 00
The Dark Side of Families 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
PART FIVE Problems of Group Living 00
	9	Cooperative Alliances 000
The Evolution of Cooperation 000
The Problem of Altruism 000
A Theory of Reciprocal Altruism 000
Tit for Tat 00
# BOX 9.1 Strategies for Promoting Cooperation 000
Cooperation Among Non-Humans 000
Food Sharing in Vampire Bats 000
Chimpanzee Politics 000
Cooperation Among Humans 000
Social Contract Theory 000
The Detection of Prospective Altruists 000
The Psychology of Friendship 000
Costs and Benefits of Friendship 000
Cooperative Coalitions 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
	10	Aggression and Warfare 00
Aggression as a Solution to Adaptive Problems 00
Coopt the Resources of Others 00
Defend against Attack 00
Inflict Costs on Intrasexual Rivals 00
Negotiate Status and Power Hierarchies 00
Deter Rivals from Future Aggression 00
Deter Long-Term Mates from Sexual Infidelity 00
The Context-Specificity of Aggression 00
Why Are Men More Violently Aggressive Than Women? 00
Empirical Evidence for Distinct Adaptive Patterns of Aggression 00
Evidence for Sex Differences in Same-Sex Aggression 00
Contexts Triggering Men's Aggression against Men 00
Contexts Triggering Women's Aggression against Women 00
Contexts Triggering Men's Aggression against Women 00
Contexts Triggering Women's Aggression against Men 00
Warfare 00
# BOX 10.1 Yanomamö Warfare 00
Do Humans Have Evolved Homicide Mechanisms? 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
	11	Conflict between the Sexes 00
Strategic Interference Theory 00
Conflict about the Occurrence and Timing of Sex 00
Conflict over Sexual Access 00
Sexual Aggression and Evolved Defenses Against Sexual Aggression 000
Jealous Conflict 00
Sex Differences in Jealousy 00
From Vigilance to Violence: Tactics of Mate Retention 00
Sex Differences in the Use of Mate-Retention Tactics 00
Contexts Influencing Intensity of Mate-Retention Tactics 00
Violence toward Partners 00
Conflict over Access to Resources 00
Causes of Resource Inequality: Women's Mate Preferences and Men's Competitive 
Tactics 00
# BOX 11.1 Are All Men United to Control Women? 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
	12	Status, Prestige, and Social Dominance 00
The Emergence of Dominance Hierarchies 00
Dominance and Status in Nonhuman Animals 00
Evolutionary Theories of Dominance and Status 00
An Evolutionary Theory of Sex Differences in Status Striving 00
Dominance Theory 00
Social Attention-Holding Theory 00
Determinants of Dominance 00
# BOX 12.1 Facial Dominance 00
Self-Esteem as a Status-Tracking Mechanism 00
Strategies of Submissiveness 00
Summary 00
Suggested Readings 00
PART SIX An Integrated Psychological Science 00
	13	Toward a Unified Evolutionary Psychology 00
Evolutionary Cognitive Psychology 00
Problem Solving: Heuristics, Biases, and Judgment under Uncertainty 00
The Evolution of Language 00
Evolutionary Social Psychology 00
Capitalizing on Evolutionary Theories about Social Phenomena 00
The Evolution of Moral Emotions 00
The Return of Group Selection as Multilevel Selection Theory 00
Evolutionary Developmental Psychology 00
Theory of Mind Mechanisms 00
Attachment and Life-History Strategies 00
Evolutionary Personality Psychology 00
Alternative Niche Picking or Strategic Specialization 00
Adaptive Assessment of Heritable Qualities 00
Frequency-Dependent Adaptive Strategies 00
Evolutionary Clinical Psychology 00
Causes of Mechanism Failure 00
Evolutionary Insights into Problems Erroneously Thought to Be Dysfunctions 00
Evolutionary Cultural Psychology 00
Evoked Culture 00
Transmitted Culture 00
The Evolution of Art, Fiction, Movies, and Music 00
Toward a Unified Psychology 00
Suggested Readings 00
Bibliography 00
Index 00

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Evolutionary psychology -- Textbooks.
Human evolution -- Textbooks.