Table of contents for Thou and You in early modern English dialogues : trials, depositions, and drama comedy / Terry Walker.

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Table of contents 
Preface and acknowledgements xv 
List of tables, figures, and maps xvii 
chapter 1 
Introduction 1 
1.1 Aims and scope 1 
1.2 Methodological framework 3 
1.2.1 Corpus linguistics 4 
1.2.2 Historical pragmatics 4 
1.2.3 Historical sociolinguistics 5 
1.2.4 An eclectic framework 6 
1.3 Presentation of corpus examples 6 
1.4 Outline of the study 7 
chapter 2 
Corpus and genre overview 9 
2.1 Introduction 9 
2.2 A Corpus of English Dialogues 1560¿1760 (CED) 9 
2.3 The corpus used for the present study 10 
2.4 The genres investigated 12 
2.4.1 Authentic dialogues: Trials and Depositions 12 
2.4.1.1 Trials 12 
2.4.1.2 Depositions 13 
2.4.1.3 The reliability of the records of authentic dialogues 14 
2.4.2 Constructed dialogues: Drama Comedy 18 
2.5 Summary 19 
chapter 3 
Data classification 21 
3.1 Introduction 21 
3.2 The classification system for the parameters of sex, age, and rank 21 
3.2.1 Sex and gender 21 
3.2.2 Age 22 
viii Thou and you in Early Modern English Dialogues 
3.2.3 Rank 23 
3.2.3.1 Type of information available in the genres 23 
3.2.3.2 The social order and the classification system for rank 24 
3.2.3.3 The status of women in Early Modern England, 
and the classification system 28 
3.2.3.4 Titles and status names 30 
3.2.4 The application and adaptations of the age and rank 
classifications 31
3.3 Summary 37 
chapter 4 
Previous research on thou and you in Early Modern English 39 
4.1 Introduction and historical background 39 
4.2 Theoretical approaches to the study of pronoun usage 40 
4.2.1 Power and solidarity 40 
4.2.2 Politeness theory 44 
4.2.3 Markedness 46 
4.3 Genre studies of pronoun usage 49 
4.3.1 Drama 49 
4.3.2 Trials 54 
4.3.3 Depositions 55 
4.3.4 Other genres: Letters, Handbooks, and Fiction 57 
4.4 Thou and you in contemporaneous grammars 59 
4.5 The development of address systems in Early Modern 
European languages 61 
4.6 Summary 63 
chapter 5 
Thou and you in Trials 1560¿1760 65 
5.1 Introduction 65 
5.2 The Trials sub-corpus 66 
5.3 The macro-analysis 68 
5.3.1 The overall distribution of thou and you in Early Modern 
English Trials 68 
5.3.2 The formulaic use of thou and you 69 
5.3.3 The sex parameter 72 
5.3.4 The age parameter 74 
5.3.5 The rank parameter 77 
5.3.6 Summary of the macro-analysis 80 
Table of contents ix 
5.4 The micro-analysis: Pronoun usage in the Trials sub-corpus 80 
5.4.1 Summary of the micro-analysis 91 
5.5 Summary 92 
chapter 6 
Thou and you in Depositions 1560¿1760 
93 
6.1 Introduction 93 
6.2 The Depositions sub-corpus 94 
6.3 The macro-analysis 96 
6.3.1 The overall distribution of thou and you in Early Modern 
English Depositions 96 
6.3.2 Region 98 
6.3.3 The sex parameter 102 
6.3.4 The age parameter 105 
6.3.5 The rank parameter 109 
6.3.6 Summary of the macro-analysis 113 
6.4 The micro-analysis: Pronoun usage in the Depositions sub-corpus 114 
6.4.1 The approach to the micro-analysis 114 
6.4.2 Pronoun usage in the period 1560¿1599 117 
6.4.2.1 Dialogues between women 117 
6.4.2.2 Dialogues between men 125 
6.4.2.3 Dialogues between women and men 130 
6.4.2.4 Summary of pronoun usage in Depositions 1560¿1599 139 
6.4.3 Pronoun usage in the period 1600¿1639 141 
6.4.3.1 Dialogues between women 141 
6.4.3.2 Dialogues between men 143 
6.4.3.3 Dialogues between women and men 145 
6.4.3.4 Summary of pronoun usage in Depositions 1600¿1639 147 
6.4.4 Pronoun usage in the period 1640¿1679 148 
6.4.4.1 Dialogues between women 148 
6.4.4.2 Dialogues between men 149 
6.4.4.3 Dialogues between women and men 151 
6.4.4.4 Summary of pronoun usage in Depositions 1640¿1679 152 
6.4.5 Pronoun usage in the period 1680¿1719 153 
6.4.5.1 Dialogues between women 154 
6.4.5.2 Dialogues between men 155 
6.4.5.3 Dialogues between women and men 157 
6.4.5.4 Summary of pronoun usage in Depositions 1680¿1719 158 
6.4.6 Pronoun usage in the period 1720¿1760 159 
6.4.6.1 Dialogues between women 159 
x Thou and you in Early Modern English Dialogues 
6.4.6.2 Dialogues between men 160 
6.4.6.3 Dialogues between women and men 162 
6.4.6.4 Summary of pronoun usage in Depositions 1720¿1760 165 
6.4.7 Summary of the micro-analysis 165 
chapter 7 
Thou and you in Drama Comedy 1560¿1760 171 
7.1 Introduction 171 
7.2 The Drama Comedy sub-corpus 172 
7.3 The macro-analysis 175 
7.3.1 The overall distribution of thou and you in Early Modern 
English Drama Comedy 175
7.3.2 The sex parameter 179 
7.3.3 The age parameter 181 
7.3.4 The rank parameter 183 
7.3.4.1 Comparison of the findings with a previous quantitative 
study (Johnson 1959, 1966) 188 
7.3.5 Summary of the macro-analysis 191 
7.4 The micro-analysis: Pronoun usage in the Drama Comedy sub-corpus 192 
7.4.1 Pronoun usage in aside and apostrophe 192 
7.4.2 The influence of assumed sex, age and/or rank 
on pronoun usage 197
7.4.3 Pronoun usage in direct address in the Drama Comedy 
sub-corpus 202
7.4.3.1 Trends in pronoun usage in the period 1560¿1599 202 
7.4.3.2 Trends in pronoun usage in the period 1600¿1639 209 
7.4.3.3 Trends in pronoun usage in the period 1640¿1679 216 
7.4.3.4 Trends in pronoun usage in the period 1680¿1719 223 
7.4.3.5 Trends in pronoun usage in the period 1720¿1760 227 
7.4.4 Summary of the micro-analysis 232 
chapter 8 
The role of selected linguistic factors in thou and you usage 237 
8.1 Introduction 237 
8.2 Is there evidence of grammatical conditioning of thou 
and you usage? 238 
8.2.1 Closed-class vs. lexical verbs 238 
8.2.2 Modal verbs vs. be, have, and do 245 
8.2.2.1 Thou and you co-occurrence with will, shall, and be 
in Depositions 1560¿1599 249 
Table of contents xi 
8.2.3 Public vs. private verbs 256 
8.2.4 Section summary 259 
8.3 Pronoun forms and their syntactic function 260 
8.3.1 The distribution of thou and you and their variant forms 260 
8.3.2 Thine vs. thy 262 
8.3.3 Ye vs. you 265 
8.3.4 Pray + second person singular pronouns 270 
8.3.5 Fixed expressions 278 
8.3.6 Section summary 284 
chapter 9 
Summary and conclusions 287 
9.1 Overview of the aims and hypotheses 287 
9.2 Summary of findings for the three genres 288 
9.2.1 The overall distribution of thou and you in the three genres 288 
9.2.2 Trials 289 
9.2.3 Depositions 289 
9.2.4 Drama Comedy 291 
9.3 Factors influencing pronoun usage 292 
9.3.1 Extra-linguistic factors 292 
9.3.2 Linguistic factors 293 
9.4 Were the hypotheses confirmed? 294 
9.5 Suggestions for further research 294 
Appendix 297 
References 327

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

English language -- Pronoun.
You (The English word).
Thou (The English word).