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CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 00 THE 101 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ONE: INTRODUCTORY QUESTIONS 00 1. What are the prophetic books in the Bible? 00 2. What is the difference between the ¿early¿ and ¿later¿ prophets? 00 3. What is the nature of a prophetic call or vocation? 00 4. Are there different types of prophets in Israelite society? 00 5. Do the prophets speak mainly during times of crisis? 00 6. What were the various types of biblical prophecy? 00 7. Were there prophets in other ancient Near Eastern countries? 00 8. What is the difference between priests and prophets? 00 9. What was the relationship between prophets and kings? 00 10. What is a basic chronology of the prophets within the history of ancient Israel? 00 Prophets in the Pentateuch 11. Is Abraham a prophet? (Gen 20) 00 12. Is Moses a prophet? 00 13. Why do the seventy elders prophesy in Numbers 11:24¿30? 000 14. Why does the foreign prophet Balaam speak in the name of Yahweh? (Numbers 22¿24) 000 TWO: EARLY MONARCHY PERIOD 000 15. How does the Deuteronomistic Historian portray the prophets and prophecy? 000 16. Is Samuel a prophet? 000 17. What is the significance of Saul¿s prophetic frenzy? (1 Sam 10:6¿7, 10) 000 18. Why does the prophet Nathan tell David that God does not want a temple? (2 Sam 7:1¿17) 000 19. Why did Nathan use a parable to condemn David? (2 Sam 12:1¿15) 000 20. Why does the prophet Gad offer David the choice of three calamities? (2 Sam 24:12¿14) 000 21. Why does the prophet Ahijah tear up Jeroboam¿s robe? (1 Kgs 11:29¿40) 000 22. Why does the unnamed prophet of Judah first curse Jeroboam and then cure his arm? (1 Kgs 13:1¿10) 000 23. Does the unknown prophet of Bethel actually lie to his fellow prophet from Judah? (1 Kgs 13:11¿32) 000 24. Why is Elijah¿s battle against the prophets of Baal on Mt. Carmel so critical? (1 Kgs 18:19¿40) 000 25. What happened to Elijah on Mt. Horeb? (1 Kgs 19:9¿18) 000 26. Why does God defer Ahab¿s punishment? (1 Kgs 21:20¿29) 000 27. Can one prophet contradict another prophet? (Micaiah in 1 Kgs 22:5¿28) 000 28. Why does a prophet work miracles for his own followers? (2 Kgs 4; 6:1¿7) 000 29. Why should a foreigner who worships other gods consult a prophet of Yahweh? (1 Kgs 5) 000 THREE: LATE MONARCHY PERIOD 000 30. Why do written prophets suddenly appear in the mid- eighth century? 000 Amos 31. What are the principal themes in the Book of Amos? 000 32. Why does Amos appear so negative and unsympathetic with his audience? (Amos 1:1; 4:1¿3; 5:10¿13) 000 33. Why does Amos repeatedly refer to those ¿who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth¿? (Amos 2:7¿8; 5:11¿12; 8:4¿6) 000 34. Why are the New Moon and the Sabbath so important for Amos¿s judgment on Israel? (Amos 8:4¿6) 000 35. How does Amos compare to the prophet Samuel in his preaching? 000 36. Why does the priest Amaziah react so violently to Amos¿s message at Bethel? (Amos 7:10¿13) 000 Hosea 37. What are the principal themes in the Book of Hosea? 000 38. Why does Hosea use a metaphor for marriage to make his points? (Hos 1¿3) 000 39. What is the significance of the names given to Hosea¿s three children? (Hos 1:4¿9) 000 40. Why does Hosea equate the ¿knowledge of God¿ with ¿steadfast love¿? (Hos 6:6) 000 41. What strong images does Hosea use to reinforce his judgment oracles? 000 FOUR: ISAIAH 000 42. Why do some people refer to three different Isaiahs? 000 43. What are the principal themes in First Isaiah? (chapters 1¿39) 000 44. What are the basic elements of Isaiah¿s call narrative? (Isa 6) 000 45. What makes the Song of the Vineyard in Isaiah 5 such a powerful oracle? 000 46. What is the historical background of Isaiah¿s Immanuel prophecy? (Isa 7) 000 47. Why does Isaiah refer to Assyria as ¿the rod of God¿s anger¿? (Isa 10:5) 000 48. What is meant by Isaiah¿s prediction of a ¿shoot from the stump of Jesse¿? (Isa 11:1¿9) 000 49. Why does Isaiah walk around naked for three years? (Isa 20) 000 50. What is Isaiah¿s ¿Little Apocalypse¿? (Isa 24¿27) 000 51. Why are Hezekiah¿s advisors so frightened by the Rabshakeh¿s claims? (Isa 36:4¿10) 000 FIVE: MICAH 000 52. What are the principal themes in the book of Micah? 000 53. Why does Micah condemn the cities of Jerusalem and Samaria? (Mic 1:2¿16) 000 54. What is the basis for Micah¿s covenant lawsuit in Micah 6:1¿8? 000 55. Why does Micah speak of a messianic king and a divine shepherd in his vision of a future restoration to the nation? (Mic 4:8; 5:2¿5; 7:14¿15) 000 SIX: MINOR PROPHETS OF THE SEVENTH CENTURY 000 56. Why are there no specific prophetic voices recorded during the reign of Manasseh? 000 57. What are the principal themes in the Book of Nahum? 000 58. WHAT ARE THE PRINCIPAL THEMES IN THE BOOK OF Zephaniah? 000 59. What are the principal themes in the Book of Habakkuk? 000 60. What are the principal themes in the Book of Obadiah? 000 61. Why does Josiah consult the prophet Huldah? (2 Kgs 22:13¿20) 000 SEVEN: JEREMIAH 000 62. What are the principal themes in the Book of Jeremiah? 000 63. How does Jeremiah¿s call narrative compare to that of other prophets? (Jer 1) 000 64. Why does Jeremiah give his most important oracle in the Temple itself? (Jer 7 and 26) 000 65. Why does Jeremiah command Baruch to repeat his words in the Temple? (Jer 36) 000 66. WHAT ENACTED PROPHECIES DOES JEREMIAH USE TO VISUALLY present his message to the people of Jerusalem? 000 67. Why does Jeremiah write a letter to the exiles? (Jer 29:1¿23) 000 68. What is the purpose of Jeremiah¿s ¿Book of Consola- tion¿? (Jer 30¿33) 000 69. Why does Jeremiah ¿redeem¿ his relative¿s field in Anathoth? (Jer 32:1¿25) 000 EIGHT: EZEKIEL 000 70. What are the principal themes in the Book of Ezekiel? 000 71. How does Ezekiel¿s call narrative compare to those of other major prophets? 000 72. What is the meaning of Ezekiel¿s street theater prophec- ies in chapters 4¿5? 000 73. What are the ¿abominations¿ that Ezekiel sees in the Jerusalem Temple? (Ezek 8) 000 74. What is the significance of the six executioners and the scribe in Ezekiel 9? 000 75. How does Ezekiel¿s ¿abandoned child¿ image compare with Hosea¿s marriage image? (Ezek 16) 000 76. What are the implications of the statement in Ezekiel 18:20, ¿The person who sins shall die¿? 000 77. Why does God promise to put a ¿new heart¿ and a ¿new spirit¿ into the people? (Ezek 36:26¿28) 000 78. What is the significance of the vision of the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel 37:1¿14? 000 79. Why does Ezekiel put so much effort into describing the rebuilding of the Temple? (Ezek 40¿48) 000 NINE: POSTEXILIC PROPHETS¿SIXTH CENTURY BCE 000 80. What are the principal themes in Second Isaiah? (chapters 40¿55) 000 81. Who is the ¿servant¿ spoken of in four poems in Second Isaiah? 000 82. What is the significance of giving Cyrus the title of ¿anointed¿? 000 83. What are the principal themes in the Book of Haggai? 000 84. What are the principal themes in Zechariah 1¿8? 000 85. What role does ¿the satan¿ play in Zechariah 3:1¿2? 000 86. What are the principal themes in Third Isaiah? (chapters 56¿66) 000 87. 3Why does Third Isaiah place so much emphasis on Sabbath worship? 000 TEN: POSTEXILIC PROPHETS¿ FIFTH CENTURY TO THIRD CENTURY BCE 000 88. What are the principal themes in the Book of Jonah? 000 89. Why is Jonah so reluctant to obey his call to be a prophet? 000 90. What are the principal themes in the Book of Malachi? 000 91. Why is there such hatred of Edom in several of the prophetic books? 000 92. What are the principal themes in the Book of Joel? 000 93. What sort of day is the ¿Day of Yahweh¿ in Joel 2 and how does this compare to other prophets? 000 94. What is apocalyptic literature? 000 95. What are the principal themes in Zechariah 9¿14? 000 96. Is Daniel a prophet? 000 97. How does Daniel¿s ability to interpret dreams compare with Joseph¿s skills? (Gen 40¿41; Dan 2:1¿45; 4:18¿27) 000 98. How do the apocalyptic visions of strange beasts and cosmic battles relate to Israelite history? (Dan 7¿12) 000 99. Why does the idea of resurrection and last judgment suddenly appear in Daniel 12? 000 ELEVEN: FINAL THOUGHTS 000 100. Why did the tradition arise that prophecy ended after Ezra and Nehemiah (ca. 400 BCE)? 000 101. Is there a resumption of the prophetic office with John the Baptist and Jesus? 000 SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Bible. O.T. Prophets -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.