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Contents Preface Done is Good Structure and Pedagogy Prologue: Bioethics: Discovery through Design A Different Approach to Bioethics Arguments For and Against Case Analysis Driver's Education Analogy Example Cases: Priming the Pump Case Analysis Notes and Commentary Chapter 1 Bioethics: A Creative Approach Thought Experiments Teachable Moment: Trust The Principle of Double Effect Teachable Moment: The Engineer as Agent versus Judge Teachable Moment: Who Was Van Rensselaer Potter? Credat Emptor Teachable Moment: Capital Punishment, Abortion, and the Definition of Human Life The Good Engineer Feedback and Enhancement of Design Teachable Moment: The Good Engineer The Profession of Engineering by Herbert Hoover Engineering Bioethics and Morality Ethics and the Butterfly Effect "Small" Error and Devastating Outcomes The Profession of Engineering by Herbert Hoover Technology, Engineering and Economics Teachable Moment: The Dismal Science versus the Technological Optimist Engineering Competence Engineering: Both Integrated and Specialized Who Is a Professional? What Is Technical? Systematics: Incorporating Ethics in the Design Process Notes and Commentary Chapter 2 Bioethics and the Engineer Major Bioethical Areas Cloning and Stem Cell Research Teachable Moment: Nanog Human Enhancement Patenting Life Teachable Moment: Patenting Germplasm Neuroethics Organ Transplantation Responsible Conduct of Human Research Animal Testing Genetically Modified Organisms Transgenic Species Food Environmental Health: The Ethics of Scale and the Scale of Ethics Temporal Aspects of Bioethical Decisions: Environmental Case Studies Agent Orange Japanese Metal Industries More than Size Love Canal Times Beach Teachable Moment: The Whole Is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts Active Engineering Ethical Theories: A Primer Truth Psychological Aspects of Ethics Fairness Value as a Bioethical and Engineering Concept Technical Optimism versus Dismal Science Notes and Commentary Chapter 3 An Engineered Future: Human Enhancement Professional Zeitgeist: How Engineers Think Improvement versus Enhancement Engineering Intuition Creativity and Bioethics The Ethical Quandary of Enhancement Scientific Dissent Notes and Commentary Chapter 4 The Bioethical Engineer Codes of Ethics: Words to Live By The Code of Hammurabi Limitations of Codes of Ethics Risk Shifting: Organochlorine Pesticides Groupthink and the Right of Conscience Teachable Moment: Confined Animal Feeding Operations Making Ethical Decisions in Engineering Four Persons Who Changed the Way We Think about Nature Notes and Commentary Chapter 5 Bioethical Research and Technological Development Beyond Regulation Integrity Teachable Moment: The Therapeutic Misconception The Experiment The Hypothetico-Deductive Method Research Conflict of Interest Teachable Moment: Truth and Turtles Professionalism Technology: Friend and Foe Teachable Moment: Medical Device Risk Risk Homeostasis and the Theory of Offsetting Behavior Automation and Mechanization of Medicine Professional Consideration: Do Engineers Have Patients? Technological Reliability Information Technology The Ethics of Nanotechnology Notes and Commentary Chapter 6 Bioethical Success and Failure Teachable Moment: Engineering Measurement Measurements of Success and Failure Technological Success and Failure Risk as a Bioethical Concept Safety, Risk, and Reliability in Design Probability: The Mathematics of Risk and Reliability Choose Your Risk Reliability: An Ethics Metric Reducing Risks Risk as an Ethical Concept Risk-Based Ethics: The Syllogism Revisited Causation Biographical Box: Sir Bradford Hill Notes and Commentary Chapter 7 Analyzing Bioethical Success and Failure Medical Device Failure: Human Factors Engineering Utility as a Measure of Success Failure Type 1: Mistakes and Miscalculations Failure Type 2: Extraordinary Natural Circumstances Failure Type 3: Critical Path Failure Type 4: Negligence Failure Type 5: Lack of Imagination Bioterrorism: The Engineer's Response Social Response of Engineering to Terrorism Success Paradigms Characterizing Success and Failure Accountability Value Case Analysis Notes and Commentary Chapter 8 Justice and Fairness as Engineering Concepts Fairness and Distributive Justice Discussion Box: Harm and the Hippocratic Oath Example Box: Disposal of a Slightly Hazardous Waste Discussion Box: Subjectivity in Physical Science Professional Virtue and Empathy Teachable Moment: Albert Schweitzer and the Respect for Life Professionalism and Fairness Reason Teachable Moment: Abortion, Fairness, and Justice Utility Teachable Moment: Utility and Futility Precaution as a Bioethical Concept The Tragedy of the Commons The Bioethics of Combustion Notes and Commentary Chapter 9 Sustainable Bioethics Green Is Good Sustainability Garrett Hardin and Rational Ethics Life Cycles and Concurrent Engineering Case Study Box: SIDS, A Concurrent Engineering Failure Discussion Box: The Coffee Cup Debate Systematic Bioethics Seveso Plant Disaster Poverty and Pollution Interdependence Notes and Commentary Chapter 10 Engineering Wisdom Ethics and Chaos Macroethics and Microethics Future Directions The Humble Engineer Notes and Commentary Epilogue: Practical Bioethics Bioethics Resources for the Engineer Suggested Readings Ethics of Emerging Technologies Ethical Analysis, Reasoning, and Decision Making Macroethics and Societal Risk Teaching Engineering Macroethics Teaching Engineering Microethics Useful Websites Appendix 1 National Society of Professional Engineers - Code of Ethics for Engineers Appendix 2 Biomedical Engineering Society Code of Ethics
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Biomedical engineering -- Moral and ethical aspects.