Table of contents for Language files : materials for an introduction to language and linguistics / editors, Anouschka Bergmann, Kathleen Currie Hall, Sharon Miriam Ross.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
List of Symbols		Inside Front Cover
Preface to the Tenth Edition	000
Acknowledgments	000
Chapter 1: Introduction	1
 File 1.0	What Is Language?	2
 File 1.1 	Introducing the Study of Language	3
 File 1.2 	What You Know When You Know a Language		6
 File 1.3 	What You Donøt (Necessarily) Know When You Know a Language	12
 File 1.4 	Design Features of Language	17
 File 1.5 	Language Modality	24
 File 1.6 	Practice	30
Chapter 2: Phonetics		37
 File 2.0	What Is Phonetics?	38
 File 2.1 	Representing Speech Sounds	40
 File 2.2 	Articulation: English Consonants		45
 File 2.3 	Articulation: English Vowels		54
 File 2.4 	Beyond English: Speech Sounds of the Worldøs Languages	59
 File 2.5 	Suprasegmental Features		64
 File 2.6 	Acoustic Phonetics	69
 File 2.7 	The Phonetics of Signed Languages	79
 File 2.8	Practice	87
 
Chapter 3: Phonology	99
 File 3.0	What Is Phonology?	100
 File 3.1 	The Value of Sounds: Phonemes and Allophones	101
 File 3.2 	Phonological Rules	109
 File 3.3 	Phonotactic Constraints and Foreign Accents	117
 File 3.4 	Implicational Laws	122
 File 3.5 	How to Solve Phonology Problems	127
 File 3.6	Practice	134
Chapter 4: Morphology	147
 File 4.0	What Is Morphology?	148
 File 4.1	Words and Word Formation: The Nature of the Lexicon		149
 File 4.2	Morphological Processes	155
 File 4.3	Morphological Types of Languages	163
 File 4.4	The Hierarchical Structure of Derived Words	168
 File 4.5	Morphological Analysis	172
 File 4.6	Practice	176
Chapter 5: Syntax	193
 File 5.0	What Is Syntax?	194
 File 5.1	Basic Ideas of Syntax	195
 File 5.2†	How Sentences Express Ideas	199
 File 5.3	Lexical Categories	204
 File 5.4	Phrase Structure		208
 File 5.5	Tests for Structure and Constituency	216
 File 5.6	Word Order Typology	221
 File 5.7	Practice	223
 
Chapter 6: Semantics	231
 File 6.0	What Is Semantics?	232	
 File 6.1	An Overview of Semantics	233
 File 6.2	Lexical Semantics:†The Meanings of Words	235
 File 6.3	Lexical Semantics: Word Relations	242
 File 6.4	Compositional Semantics:†The Meanings of Sentences	248
 File 6.5	Compositional Semantics: Putting Words Together and Meaning Relationships	252
 File 6.6	Practice	259
Chapter 7: Pragmatics
 File 7.0	What Is Pragmatics?	268
 File 7.1	Language in Context	269
 File 7.2	Rules of Conversation	273
 File 7.3	Drawing Conclusions	279
 File 7.4	Speech Acts	284
 File 7.5	Presupposition	292
 File 7.6	Practice	297
 
Chapter 8: Language Acquisition	309
 File 8.0	What Is Language Acquisition?	310	
 File 8.1 	Theories of Language Acquisition	311
 File 8.2 	First-Language Acquisition:
 	The Acquisition of Speech Sounds and Phonology	319
 File 8.3 	First-Language Acquisition:
 	The Acquisition of Morphology, Syntax, and Word Meaning	326
 File 8.4	How Adults Talk to Young Children	333
 File 8.5	Bilingual Language Acquisition	339
 File 8.6	Practice	343
 
Chapter 9: Language Storage and Processing	351
 File 9.0	How Do We Store and Process Language?	352
 File 9.1 	Language and the Brain	354
 File 9.2	Aphasia	360
 File 9.3 	Speech Production	365
 File 9.4 	Speech Perception		374
 File 9.5	Lexical Processing	379
 File 9.6	Sentence Processing	385
 File 9.7	Experimental Methods in Psycholinguistics	390
 File 9.8	Practice		393
Chapter 10: Language Variation	405
 File 10.0	What Is Language Variation?		406
 File 10.1	Language Varieties	407
 File 10.2 	Variation at Different Levels of Linguistic Structure		414
 File 10.3 	Factors Influencing Variation: Regional and Geographic Factors	418	
 File 10.4 	Factors Influencing Variation: Social Factors		427
 File 10.5 	Practice		434
Chapter 11: Language Contact	443
 File 11.0	What Is Language Contact?	444	
 File 11.1	Language Contact	446
 File 11.2	Borrowings into English	451
 File 11.3	Pidgin Languages	454
 File 11.4	Creole Languages	460
 File 11.5	Societal Multilingualism	463		
 File 11.6	Language Endangerment and Language Death	465	
 File 11.7	Case Studies in Language Contact	469
 File 11.8	Practice		473
Chapter 12: Language Change	481
 File 12.0	What Is Language Change?	482
 File 12.1 	Introducing Language Change		483
 File 12.2 	Language Relatedness		486
 File 12.3 	Sound Change		492
 File 12.4 	Morphological Change		497
 File 12.5 	Syntactic Change	502
 File 12.6 	Semantic Change	505
 File 12.7 	Reconstruction:
 	Internal Reconstruction vs. Comparative Reconstruction	508
 File 12.8 	Practice		516
 Chapter 13: Language and Culture	
 File 13.0	What Is the Study of øLanguage and Cultureø?	526		
 File 13.1 	Language and Identity		527
 File 13.2 	Language and Power		533
 File 13.3 	Language and Thought		538
 File 13.4 	Writing Systems		545		
 File 13.5 	Practice		559
 
Chapter 14: Animal Communication	565
 File 14.0	How Do Animals Communicate?	566
 File 14.1	Communication and Language		567
 File 14.2	Animal Communication in the Wild	571
 File 14.3	Can Animals Be Taught Language?	576
 File 14.4	Practice		581
 
Chapter 15: Language and Computers	586
 File 15.0	What Is Computational Linguistics?		586
 File 15.1 	Speech Synthesis	587
 File 15.2 	Automatic Speech Recognition		592
 File 15.3 	Communicating with Computers	597
 File 15.4	Machine Translation	603
 File 15.5	Corpus Linguistics	607
 File 15.6	Practice		610
 
Chapter 16: Practical Applications		615
 File 16.0	What Can You Do with Linguistics?	616
 File 16.1	Language Education	617
 File 16.2	Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology	620
 File 16.3	Language and Law	622
 File 16.4	Language in Advertising	625
 File 16.5	Codes and Code-Breaking	631
 File 16.6	Being a Linguist	637
 File 16.7	Practice		639
 
Appendix: Answers to Example Exercises	645
Selected Bibliography		649
Glossary				000
Language Index	000
Index			000
IPA Symbols and Example Words	Last Page
American English Consonant and Vowel Charts	Opposite Back Cover
Official IPA Chart				Inside Back Cover

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Linguistics.