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Table of Contents Contributor List Foreword Chapters 1. Practice as a Public Health Professional Reader Objectives Define Public Health View the Community as ¿The Patient¿ Spectrum of Prevention Trends that Affect the Public¿s Health History of Official Public Health and Public Health Nutrition Nutrition in Public Health Essential Knowledge/Skills Points to Ponder Chapter 1 Bibliography Chapter 1 Notes 2. Establish the Evidence Base for Nutrition Reader Objectives Nutrition Expertise in Public Health Dietary Recommendations Dietary Guidelines for the Public Nutrition Science vs. Nutrition Policy Dietary Recommendations for the Public Impact of Nutrigenomics on Public Health Nutrition Practice Apply Evidence-based Practice to the Obesity Crisis Monitor Nutrition Research for Public Health Applications Points to Ponder Chapter 2 Helpful Web Sites Chapter 2 Notes Chapter 2 Bibliography 3. Assess the Community¿s Needs Reader Objectives Community Needs Assessment Community Health Planning Models Assess the Community Needs for Nutrition Services Points to Ponder Chapter 3 Helpful Web Sites Chapter 3 Notes Chapter 3 Bibliography 4. Seek the Vulnerable Reader Objectives Identify the Nutritionally Vulnerable Hunger in the United States Hunger and Obesity Federally Funded Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs Assist the Vulnerable through Public Policy Points to Ponder 5. Develop Agency, Community, and State Nutrition Policies Reader Objectives Define Policy Importance of Policies Agency Policy Local Policy State Policy Policy-making Strategies Leadership Roles for Public Health Nutritionists Points to Ponder Chapter 5 Notes 163 6. Advocating for National Health and Nutritional Policies Reader Objectives 164 Identify Private and Public Sector Policies and Influences 165 Understand the Roles of Branches of Government 166 Nutrition Services and Education 173 Food Safety and Quality 180 Turn of the Century Nutrition Policy (1990-2005) 181 Future Directions for National Nutrition Policy 186 Points to Ponder 187 Chapter 6 Notes 189 7. Speaking Out on Health and Nutrition Legislation and Regulations Reader Objectives 195 Why Speak Out for Public Health Nutrition? 196 Understand How the Federal Government Works 197 Federal Budget Development and Control 200 Federal Agencies and Programs 205 Speak Out to Advocate for Public Health Nutrition 212 Points to Ponder 219 Chapter 7 Bibliography 220 8. Nurture Women, Infants, and Children Reader Objectives 221 Maternal and Child Health Programs 221 MCH Block Grants 226 Significant MCH-Related Federal Legislation 237 Weight 240 Women¿s Health 248 Infant and Child Health 252 Adolescent Health 259 Points to Ponder 261 Chapter 8 Notes 263 9. Shape Up the Adults Reader Objectives 266 Leading vs. Actual Causes of Death in the USA 267 Economic Burden of Chronic Diseases 269 Evidence-based Public Health Practice 271 Prevent and Manage Chronic Diseases in Adults 272 Collaborations and Partnerships 284 Points to Ponder 290 Chapter 9 Notes 292 Chapter 9 Bibliography 294 10. Add Life to Years Reader Objectives 298 Understand the New Aging Reality 298 Public Health and Aging Services Networks 305 Nutrition Status and Diets of Older Americans 308 Dietary Recommendations for Healthy Older Americans 317 Physical Activity for Older Americans 319 Food Insecurity 321 Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) 322 Hospice 332 Points to Ponder 334 Expand Nutrition Services for Older Adults 334 Chapter 10 Notes 336 11. Assure Nutrition Services in Primary Health Care for the Underserved Reader Objectives 340 Define Primary Care 341 Ensure Nutrition Services in Primary Care 346 Local and State Primary Care Initiatives 351 State and Regional Primary Care Associations 354 Case Studies 355 Federally Funded Programs 357 Nonprofit Primary Care Initiatives 370 Support for Nutrition Services in Primary Care 372 Points to Ponder 374 Chapter 11 Notes 375 12. Enforce Nutrition and Food Service Standards in Group Care Facilities Reader Objectives 380 Community Group Care Facilities 381 Quality Food Services in Community Group Care Facilities 381 Educate Administrators and Food Service Personnel 386 Nutritional Care and Medical Nutrition Therapy 395 Points to Ponder 404 Chapter 12 Notes 405 Chapter 12 Bibliography 408 13. Protect the Food Supply Reader Objectives 409 Food Safety as a Public Health Nutrition Issue 410 Current Food Safety Issues 411 Integrate Food Safety into Nutrition Guidance 424 Systems to Protect the Food Supply 427 Educate Consumers/Food Handlers 434 Future Food Safety Issues 438 Points to Ponder 438 Chapter 13 Notes 440 Chapter 13 Helpful Web Sites 444 14. Plan, Implement and Evaluate Public Health Nutrition Services Reader Objectives 446 Understand Planning 446 Study the Community Assessment 454 Points to Ponder 472 Chapter 14 Notes 474 Chapter 14 Bibliography 475 15. Market Nutrition Programs to the Public Reader Objectives 477 Define Marketing 477 Market Research 480 Integrate the Marketing Mix 493 Marketing Ethics 494 Points to Ponder 495 Chapter 15 Helpful Web Sites 496 Chapter 15 Notes 497 16. Understand, Interpret, and Use Data Reader Objectives 500 Data Within Core Public Health Functions 500 Program Management 509 State Health Information 510 Surveys, Surveillance Systems 511 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 519 Public Health Foundation (PHF) 521 Other Surveys 522 Local Programs 522 Collection of Dietary Data 531 Collect Physical Activity Data 533 Software & Online Services 533 Points to Ponder 536 Chapter 16 Bibliography 537 Chapter 16 Notes 539 17. Maximize Available Funds Reader Objectives 542 Finance Nutrition Programs and Services 542 Prepare the Budget 550 Review the Monthly Financial Statement 550 Points to Ponder 557 Chapter 17 Bibliography 559 Chapter 17 Figures and Tables 561 18. Empower the Public to Choose Healthy Food Reader Objectives 567 Today¿s Eating Patterns 568 Way to Modify Food Choices 571 Nutrition Communications 579 Social Marketing 581 Integrate Interventions 584 Nutrition Screening and Medical Nutrition Therapy 587 Evaluation 589 Points to Ponder 589 Chapter 18 Notes 591 Chapter 18 Bibliography 594 19. Develop a Qualified Public Health/Community Nutrition Staff Reader Objectives 596 Workforce as Infrastructure 597 Define the Work 598 Three Dimensions of Practice 599 Public Health/Community Nutrition Staff 603 Size of the Public Health/Community Nutrition Workforce 609 Administrative Structures 610 Funding the Public Health¿s Nutrition Workforce 612 Salaries for Public Health/Community Nutrition Personnel 615 Points to Ponder 616 Chapter 19 Notes 617 Chapter 19 Bibliography 623 20. Manage and Mentor Public Health nutrition Personnel Reader Objectives 625 Roles of the Nutrition Program Manager 625 Points to Ponder 661 Chapter 20 Notes 662 Chapter 20 Bibliography 664 21. Partner with the Public Health Team to Spread the Nutrition Message Reader Objectives 665 Nutrition Care through the Public Health Team 665 Educating Health Professionals 676 Leadership Team 682 Quality Improvement 682 Staff Development 683 Employee Wellness 683 Teamwork 683 Points to Ponder 688 Chapter 21 Bibliography 690 22. Network/Inter-network for Public Health Nutrition Reader Objectives 691 Define Networking 691 Professional Networks 696 Points to Ponder 705 Chapter 22 Notes 706 Chapter 22 Figures and Tables 708 23. Win Administrative Support Reader Objectives 710 Understand the Administrator¿s Perspective on Nutrition Services 710 Develop an Agency Overview 711 Share the Agency Vision 714 Communicate with the Administrator 715 Develop Assertiveness 716 Win with the Policy Board 718 Mobilize Colleagues 720 Points to Ponder 726 Chapter 23 Bibliography 727 24. Strive for Excellence Reader Objectives 728 Pursue Excellence 728 Standards of Professional Practice 733 Ethical Issues in Public Health Nutrition 736 State Legislation 737 Federal Legislation 738 Quality Assurance 740 Points to Ponder 744 Chapter 24 Notes 745 Chapter 24 Bibliography 746 25. Anticipate the Future Reader Objectives 747 Expect Demographic Changes 747 Future Public Health Issues 749 Forecasting Future Health Care Financing and Delivery 750 Advances in Medical Science 751 Impact of Information Technology 754 Future Roles for Public Health Nutrition Practitioners 756 Points to Ponder 759 Chapter 25 Bibliography 760 Appendix A Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 (sample) 761 Appendix B Ask Thomas, The Library of Congress (sample) 768 Appendix C Bookshelf for Public Health Nutritionists 770
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Nutrition -- United States.
Public health -- United States.
Nutrition -- United States.
Public Health -- United States.
Health Promotion -- United States.