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Contents Abbreviations xi Preface xiii 1. Introduction 1 The Problem of Definition in Old Testament Handbooks 2 Etymologies and Meanings 13 Understanding Ancient Book Production, Dissemination, and Distribution 15 The Revival of Scholarship in the Renaissance and Editing the Classics 18 Editing the Scriptures in Judaism and Christianity 20 Additions and Editions 21 The Task before Us 22 2. The Early History of Editing 27 The Rise of Homeric Scholarship in the Pre-Hellenistic Period 27 Alexandrian Scholars and the Editing of Homer 35 Homeric Scholarship in Pergamum and Rome 45 Editing and Its Influence on the Vulgate and the Book Trade 46 Editing Classical Texts in the Roman Period 52 Conclusion 57 3. Jewish and Christian Scholarship and Standardization of Biblical Texts 60 The Sopherim as "Editors" of the Hebrew Bible 60 Scribal Signs and Corrections 79 Editing and Translating the Sacred Texts among the Church Fathers 83 Conclusion 109 4. Classical and Biblical Text Editions: Editing in the Age of the Printing Press 113 The Revival of Classical Learning and the Publication of Editiones Principes 113 The Textus Receptus of the New Testament and the Hebrew Bible 117 Editing Classical Texts and the Education of the Gentleman 121 Richard Bentley and the Critical Editing of Texts 124 Editors and the Collection of Manuscripts 130 5. Editing Homer: The Rise of Historical Criticism in Classical Studies 133 F. A. Wolf and the Homeric Problem 133 The Editor in Homer after Wolf 151 The Demise of the Redactor in Homeric Studies 163 6. The History of the "Editor" in Biblical Criticism from Simon to Wellhausen 185 Richard Simon: Editing Historical Documents 185 Editor as Compiler of Fragments and Documents: From Eichhorn to Vater 191 W. M. L. de Wette: Pioneer of Historical Criticism 205 Heinrich Ewald: Conservative Reaction 215 Hermann Hupfeld: Editor as Conflator of Documents 221 Wellhausen and Kuenen: The Redactor in the Documentary Hypothesis 223 Summary and Conclusion 238 7. The History of Redaction in the Twentieth Century: Crisis in Higher Criticism 244 The Wellhausen Legacy in the Twentieth Century: Driver, Eissfeldt, and Pfeiffer 244 Form Criticism and the Editor: Hermann Gunkel 247 Form Criticism of the Hexateuch: Authors and Editors in G. von Rad 256 Editors and Historians in the History of Traditions: Martin Noth 260 The Revisionist Successors of von Rad and Noth and the Triumph of the Editor 269 The Composition of the Pentateuch: Neither Authors nor Editors; Erhard Blum 277 Wellhausen and the Rise of Redaction Criticism in New Testament Studies 283 Summary and Conclusion 296 8. Editing the Bible and Textual Criticism 298 Editors in the History of Textual Criticism 299 Editors, Urtext, Recensions, and the Problem of Textual Diversity: Emanuel Tov 314 Editors in the Book of Jeremiah 327 Editing the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls 332 The Editions of the Septuagint and Other Early Greek Recensions 340 Conclusion 346 9. Editors and the Creation of the Canon 351 The Problem of Definition: "Canon" and "Canonical" 351 The History of the Canon as a Restricted Corpus of Sacred Books 353 Canonical Criticism, Canonical Process, and the Editing of the Bible 362 The Role of the Editor in Innerbiblical Exegesis 376 Conclusion 389 10. Summary and Conclusion 391 Appendix 402 Indexes Index of Authors 000 Index of Ancient Sources 000 Index of Topics 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Bible -- Criticism, redaction -- History.
Classical literature -- History and criticism.