Table of contents for Black markets : the supply and demand of body parts / Michele Goodwin.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page xi
Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
A. A Tale of Two Cities 1
B. BlackMarkets: Altruism's Limits 6
1. The BlackMarket 10
2. Exploitation of Living Donors 12
3. Compelled Organ and Tissue Donation from
Children 13
4. Bias and Fraud: Who Gets Priority Status? 14
5. Presumed Consent: An Underground Process 16
6. Tissue Sales and Donor Betrayal 18
C. Reform: An Alternative Vision 20
Alternatives 21
Hybrid System 21
Slavery Debate 22
D. Research Framework: Laws and Status 23
PART ONE: UNDERSTANDING THE STRAIN ON ALTRUISM
2 Institutional Supply, Demand, and Legitimacy . . . . . . . . . 27
Introduction 27
A. Medical Trust and Government-SponsoredMedicine 28
B. Institutional Competency 34
Institutional Goals 35
Institutional Supply and Demand 36
Physical Capacity 39
C. Competency and Altruism: A Statistical Overview 40
Racial Disparities, Distributive Justice, and
Waitlists 42
a. KidneyWaitlists 44
b. LiverWaitlists 45
c. HeartWaitlists 46
D. Confidence and Donation 47
Conclusion 53
3 Nuances, Judicial Authority, and the Legal Limits
of Altruism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Introduction 57
A. The Language of Altruism 58
B. Obsessive Altruism -- It's not Really Altruism at All or
Is It? 61
Living Donations 62
The Cases 63
McFall v. Shimp 63
Curran v. Bosze 66
Fluid Jurisprudence 71
Strunk v. Progeny 73
C. Reproductive Altruism 77
Conclusion 81
4 Getting the Organ You Want . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Introduction 85
A. Organ Referral: Getting Onto the List 86
Profit in Dialysis 89
Green Screening and Social Valuing 90
The God Squad 95
B. Distributive Justice and theWaiting List Game 96
History 97
Matching and Politics 98
1. Blood Distribution Grouping 102
2. Human Leukocyte Antigen Disparity 102
3. Higher Crossmatch 104
4. Low Donations among Blacks 105
Conclusion 106
PART TWO: LEGAL FRAMEWORKS AND ALTERNATIVES
5 The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Introduction 109
A. 1968 UAGA 110
Scope 111
Compensation 112
Tensions 113
B. The 1987 UAGA: Required Request and Presumed
Consent 114
6 Presumed Consent: The Unsuspecting Donor . . . . . . . . 117
Introduction 117
A. Presumed Consent: Origins and Obstacles 119
What Does Consent Have to Do with It? 120
Too Much to Not Ask For . . . 123
B. Can Presumed ConsentWork for Organs? 125
Religious Concerns 128
Cultural Concerns 129
Opt-Out Viability 131
C. Compulsory Donation and a Duty to Rescue: Why
Social Contract Theory Doesn't Apply 133
A Few Problems 134
Black Exclusion 137
Autonomy and State Interference 142
Conclusion 142
7 Commoditization: Incentives for Cadaveric Organ
Harvesting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Introduction 149
A. Bad Blood 152
Blood Crisis 155
B. Costs 158
C. Subjective Ethics 160
D. Life, Death, and Insurance 162
E. System Components and Government Power 163
The Law 166
Conclusion 167
8 Black Markets: The Supply of Body Parts . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Introduction 169
A. Taking from the Dead: Robbing Black Cemeteries 171
B. Public and Private Transactions in Tissue
Procurement 175
C. The Private and the Public: A New Right to Choose in
Spermand Ova Sales 179
D. BlackMarkets and Organs 184
The Tale of an Organ 185
Buying an Organ 187
Costs 189
Conclusion 190
PART THREE: CRITIQUING THE SLAVERY AND BLACK BODY
MARKET COMPARISON
9 Critiquing the Slavery and Black Body Market
Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Introduction 193
Black Bodies and Property 194
1. Saving Lives 198
2. Compensation 200
3. Voluntary Participation 201
4. Physicality 202
Conclusion 203
10 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Transplantation of organs, tissues, etc. -- Corrupt practices.
Body, Human.
Homografts -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Medical ethics.
Tissue and Organ Procurement -- methods.
Altruism.
Coercion.
Ethics.
Fraud.
Informed Consent.
Tissue Donors -- supply & distribution.
Tissue and Organ Procurement -- legislation & jurisprudence.