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Contents Preface 00 Part I Overview Chapter 1 Introduction: Trends, Actors, Perspectives, and Concepts 00 Trends 00 Globalization and Interdependence 00 Crises of Authority 00 Connections and Cautions 00 Actors 00 States 00 International Organizations 00 Transnational Nongovernment Organizations 00 Individuals 00 Perspectives 00 How Realists See the World 00 How Pluralists or Liberals See the World 00 How Globalists-Global Economic Structuralists-See the World 00 How Others See the World-The English School, Social Constructionists, and Feminists 00 International Relations and World Politics: Security, Economy, Identity 00 Security, Economy, Identity 00 What Is a Theory, and Why Should You Care? 00 Critical and Postmodern Challenges to Positivist Science 00 Assessing the Challenge to Mainstream Science and Positivism 00 Normative Theory 00 Overview 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 2 International Relations and World Politics in Historical Perspective 00 International Systems: Definition and Scope 00 Four Types of International Systems 00 Historical International Systems: An Overview 00 The Persian Empire 00 Classical Greece: Independent State and Hegemonic Systems 00 India: Independent State and Imperial Systems 00 The Roman Empire 00 Medieval Europe and the Feudal System 00 The Rise of the European Independent State System 00 The Emergence of Collective Hegemony 00 The Globalization of the European System 00 Twentieth-Century Hegemonic Systems in a Global Context 00 Dual Hegemony during the Cold War: A Closer Look 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Part II State Security and Statecraft Chapter 3 Interests, Objectives, and Power of States 00 Framework: Interests, Objectives, Threats, and Opportunities 00 Elements of the Framework 00 Policy-Making Conflicts over Interests and Objectives 00 Prioritization of Objectives 00 Competing Domestic and Foreign Policy Objectives 00 States versus Other Actors 00 Capabilities and Power: Translating Objectives into Realities 00 Political Capabilities 00 Social and Cultural Capabilities 00 Geographic, Economic, and Technological Capabilities 00 Military Capabilities 00 Measuring Power 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 4 Diplomacy: Managing Relations Among States 00 Definition and Scope 00 Diplomacy, Private Citizens, and NGOs 00 The Historical Development of Diplomacy 00 Diplomatic Machinery and Processes 00 Recognition of States and Governments 00 Diplomatic Immunities and Protections 00 The Organization of Diplomatic Missions 00 Diplomatic Incentives and Disincentives 00 The Ways and Means of Diplomatic Communications 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 5 War, Just Wars, and Armed Intervention 00 The Rationalities and Irrationalities of Interstate War 00 The Causes of War 00 International System Level of Analysis 00 Individual and Group Levels of Analysis 00 State and Societal Levels of Analysis 00 National Strategy and the Use of Force 00 Restraining War: Moral and Legal Principles and the Use of Force 00 Pacificism and Bellicism 00 Just-War Theory 00 Conduct during War 00 Noncombatants 00 Law, Armed Intervention, and World Politics 00 Intervention and Civil Wars 00 Humanitarian Intervention 00 Law, Force, and National Security 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Part III International Security Chapter 6 International Cooperation and Security: International Organizations, Alliances, and Coalitions 00 Anarchy, Cooperation, Harmony, and Discord 00 World Government 00 Alliances, Coalitions, and International Organizations 00 Collective Security 00 Peacekeeping: Managing and Controlling Conflicts 00 Functional Collaboration in Specialized Agencies, Other International 00 Organizations, and Regimes 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Appendix: The North Atlantic Treaty 00 Appendix: Functional International Organizations as Specialized Agencies and Other United Nations Organs 00 Appendix: The Charter of the United Nations 00 Chapter 7 Controlling Global Armaments 00 Disarmament and Arms Control 00 Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance 00 Alternative Deterrence Doctrines 00 Minimum or Finite Deterrence 00 Minimum deterrence: India, Pakistan, and Other New Nuclear Weapons States 00 Deterrence through Assured (and Mutually Assured) Destruction and Defensive Efforts to Limit Damage 00 Defense 00 Warfighting 00 The End of the Cold War and Implications for Arms Control, Deterrence, Defense, and Warfighting Doctrines 00 Deterrence Theory: Some Concerns 00 Weapons Proliferation 00 Nuclear Weapons and Material 00 Chemical and Biological Weapons 00 Ballistic Missiles 00 Conventional Weapons 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 8 International Terrorism and Transnational Crime 00 Terrorism 00 The Causes of Terrorism 00 The Extent of Terrorism 00 The Changing Nature of Terrorism 00 Responses 00 Transnational Crime and Globalization 00 Case Study: The United States, Latin America, and Drugs 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Part IV Civil Society and the Global Economy Chapter 9 An Emerging Global Civil Society: International Law, International Organization, and Globalization 00 The Globalization of International Relations and World Politics 00 The Emergence of a State-Centric Global Society 00 International Law and Multilateral Institutions 00 Constructing Global Civil Society: A Multicentury Project 00 Diplomacy and Security: Matters of War and Peace Economic and Commercial Matters 00 "Growth Areas" in International Law: Human Rights and the Environment 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 10 Global Economy: Politics and Capitalism 00 Global Political Economy 00 The Emergence and Development of Capitalism as a Worldwide 00 Form of Political Economy 00 Identifying the Attributes of Capitalist Political Economy 00 The Passing of Feudalism and the New Politics of Capitalism, Mercantilism, and Liberalism 00 The Progressive Globalization of Capitalism 00 The Twentieth-Century Debate on Global Commerce 00 Trade Regime Monetary Regime Investment Regime 00 The North-South Divide 00 A Look Ahead 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 11 The Political Economy of International Trade, Money, and Regional Integration 00 Classical Trade Theory and Comparative Advantage 00 Neoclassical and Subsequent Economic Thought on How the Global Political Economy Works 00 The Impact of Technological Innovation on Free-Trade Theory 00 Trade and Finance 00 An International Monetary Regime for Financing International Commerce 00 International Organizations and International Monetary Regime Maintenance 00 Political Choices: How Much Capital Should the IMF Have and for What Purposes? 00 Political Choices: What Next for the WTO? 00 Regional Economic Integration and Global Commerce 00 EC and EU Enlargement: Widening the Geographic Scope versus Deepening the Level of Integration 00 Is Europe Unique? 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 12 The Political Economy of Investment and Sustainable Development 00 Optimists and Pessimists 00 Third World Poverty and Capital Formation 00 Aid 00 Loans 00 Direct Foreign Investment 00 Trade 00 Other Constraints 00 Globalist Critiques and Perspectives 00 Dependency Theory 00 Capitalist World-System Theory 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 13 The Global Environment 00 A Global Perspective 00 Atmosphere 00 Land 00 Forests 00 Biodiversity 00 Freshwater 00 Coastal and Marine Areas 00 The Environment and Security 00 International Organizations and the Environment 00 Transnational Organizations and the Environment 00 Global Population 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Additional Readings 00 Part V Identity and Civil Society Chapter 14 Relgion, Nationalism, and Conflicting Identities 00 Religion 00 Islam 00 Nations, Ethnic Groups, and States 00 Nations and Nationalism 00 Binational States 00 Multinational, Multitribal, and Other Multiethnic States 00 Nation-States and Nations without States 00 Approaches to Dealing with Nationalism and Ethnicity 00 National Self-Determination 00 Alternative Approaches to Maintaining Unity in Binational, Multinational, and Multiethnic States 00 Social and Economic Approaches to Intercommunal Peace 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 15 Humanitarianism: Human Rights and Refugees 00 Human Rights and the Human Condition 00 Justice: The Universality of Human Rights versus State Sovereignty 00 Human Rights and the Liberal Tradition 00 Human Rights across Cultures 00 Culturally Specific Rights and Values 00 Toward Global Society and Values That Transcend Diverse Cultures 00 >From Theory to Fact 00 Machinery for Human Rights Issues and Cases 00 Regional Human Rights Efforts in Europe 00 Other Regional Human Rights Efforts 00 NGOs and Human Rights 00 Refugees 00 An international regime for refugees 00 Conclusion 00 Afterword 00 Key Terms 00 Other Concepts 00 Additional Readings 00 Chapter 16 Questions in Lieu of Conclusions 00
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
World politics -- 1989-.