Table of contents for Biological approaches to sustainable soil systems / authors/editors, Norman Uphoff ... [et al.].

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FOREWORD 
	M. S. Swaminathan
INTRODUCTION
EDITORS AND CONTRIBUTORS
Part I: OVERVIEW
1.	UNDERSTANDING THE FUNCTIONING AND MANAGEMENT OF 
	SOIL SYSTEMS
	Norman Uphoff, Andrew Ball, Erick Fernandes, Hans Herren, Olivier Husson, 
	Mark Laing, Cheryl Palm, Jules Pretty, N. Sanginga, and Janice Thies
2.	SOIL SYSTEM MANAGEMENT IN THE HUMID AND SUB-HUMID TROPICS
 	Ana Primavesi, University of Santa Maria, Brazil
3.	SOIL SYSTEM MANAGEMENT IN TEMPERATE REGIONS
	G. Philip Robertson and A. Stuart Grandy, Michigan State University, USA
4.	SOIL SYSTEM MANAGEMENT UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS
R. J. Thomas, H. El-Dessougi, and A. Tubeileh, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
Part II: SOIL AGENTS AND PROCESSES
5.	SOIL ECOLOGY AND THE SOIL HABITAT
	Janice E. Thies and Julie M. Grossman, Cornell University, USA
6.	ENERGY INPUTS INTO SOIL SYSTEMS
	Andrew Ball, Flinders University of South Australia, Australia
7.	THE ROOT-RHIZOSPHERE INTERFACT
	Volker Römheld, University of Hohenheim, German
8.	THE RHIZOBIA-CEREAL CROP ASSOCIATION AS AN EXAMPLE OF MICROBIAL-PLANT INTERACTIONS	
	Frank B. Dazzo, Michigan State University, USA; and Youssef G. Yanni,
	Sakha Agricultural Research Station, Egypt
9.	THE ROLES OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAS IN PLANT AND SOIL 
	HEALTH
Mitiku Habte, University of Hawaii, USA
10.	MOVING UP WITHIN THE FOOD WEB: PROTOZOA AND NEMATODES
	Gregor W. Yeates, Landcare Research, New Zealand; and Tony Pattison, 
	Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Australia
11.	SOIL FAUNA IMPACTS ON SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
	Elisée Ouédraogo, Albert Schweitzer Center for Ecology, Burkina Faso; Abdoulaye 
	Mando, International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural Development, Togo; 
	and Lijbert Brussaard, Wageningen University, Netherlands
12.	BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION IN AGROECOSYSTEMS AND IN
	PLANT ROOTS
	Robert M. Boddey, Bruno J. R. Alves, Veronica M. Reis, and Segundo 
	Urquiaga, EMBRAPA-Agrobiologia, Brazil
13.	ENHANCING PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY IN LOW-FERTILITY SOILS
	Benjamin L. Turner, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, and 	Emmanuel Frossard and Astrid Oberson, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 
	Switzerland
14.	PHYTOHORMONES: MICROBIAL PRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS
	Azeem Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, and Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Faisalabad University 
	of Agriculture, Pakistan
	
15.	CROP GENETIC RESPONSES TO MANAGEMENT: EVIDENCE OF 
	ROOT-SHOOT COMMUNICATION
	Autar K. Mattoo and Aref Abdul-Baki, U. S. Department of Agriculture, USA
16.	ALLELOPATHY AND ITS INFLUENCE IN SOIL SYSTEMS
	Suzette R. Bezuidenhout, KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture and 
	Environmental Affairs, and Mark Laing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
17.	ANIMALS AS PART OF SOIL SYSTEMS
	Alice Pell, Cornell University, USA
Part III: STRATEGIES AND METHODS
18.	INTEGRATED SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT: FROM KNOWLEDGE TO IMPLEMENTATION
	B. Vanlauwe, J. Ramisch, and N. Sanginga, Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute/CIAT, Kenya
19.	MANAGING SOIL FERTILITY AND NUTRIENT CYCLES 
	THROUGH FERTILIZER TREES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
	Paramu L. Mafongoya, E. Kuntashula, and G. Sileshi, World Agroforestry Centre, Zambia
20.	BIOLOGICAL SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT FOR TREE-CROP AGROFORESTRY
	Götz Schroth, Conservation International, USA, and Ulrike Krauss, CABI Bioscience, Costa Rica
21.	RESTORING PRODUCTIVITY TO DEGRADED PASTURE LANDS IN THE AMAZON THROUGH AGROFORESTRY PRACTICES
	Erick C. M. Fernandes, The World Bank, USA, and Elisa Wandelli, Rogerio Perin, 
	and Silas Garcia, EMBRAPA-CPAA, Brazil 
22. 	DIRECT-SEEDED TROPICAL SOIL SYSTEMS WITH PERMANENT
	SOIL COVER: LEARNING FROM BRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE
	Lucien Séguy and Serge Bouzinac, International Center for Research on Agricultural Development (CIRAD)/Brazil, and Olivier Husson, CIRAD/Madagascar
23.	RESTORATION OF ACID SOIL SYSTEMS THROUGH AGROECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT
	Olivier Husson, CIRAD/Madagascar, Lucien Séguy, CIRAD/Brazil, Roger Michellon, CIRAD/Madagascar, and Stéphane Boulakia, CIRAD/Cambodia
24.	CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN SOUTH ASIA
	Peter Hobbs, Cornell University, USA, Raj Gupta, Rice-Wheat Consortium, India, and Craig Meisner, International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural Development, Bangladesh
25.	MANAGING SOIL FERTILITY ON SMALL FAMILY FARMS IN AFRICAN DRYLANDS
	Michael Mortimore, Drylands Research, UK
26. 	RESTORING SOIL FERTILITY IN SEMI-ARID WEST AFRICA: ASSESSMENT OF AN INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY
	A. Mando, International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural Development, Togo, D. Fatondji, International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Niger, R. Zougmoré, Institute for Environment and Agricultural Research, Burkina Faso, L. Brussaard, Wageningen University, Netherlands, C. Bielders, Université de Louvain, Belgium, and C. Martius, Center for Development Research, Germany
27.	LEGUMINOUS BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION IN SUSTAINABLE 
	TROPICAL AGROECOSYSTEMS
	Robert M. Boddey, Bruno J. R. Alves, and Segundo Urquiaga, EMBRAPA-Agrobiologia, 
	Brazil
28.	SOIL BIOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION
	Robert Randriamiharisoa, University of Antananarivo, Madagascar, Joeli Barison, Chemonics International, Madagascar, and Norman Uphoff, Cornell University, USA
29.	CONTRIBUTIONS OF MANAGED FALLOWS TO SOIL FERTILITY RECOVERY
	Erika Styger and Erick C. M. Fernandes, The World Bank, USA
30.	GREEN MANURE/COVER CROPS FOR RECUPERATING SOILS AND MAINTAINING SOIL FERTILITY IN THE TROPICS
	Roland Bunch, World Neighbors, USA
31.	COMPOST AND VERMICOMPOST AS AMENDMENTS PROMOTING 
	SOIL HEALTH
	Allison L. Jack and Janice E. Thies, Cornell University, USA
32.	PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS OF BACTERIAL BIOFERTILIZERS AND BIOSTIMULATORS
	Rafael Martinez Viera and Bernardo Dibut Alvarez, Institute for Basic Research in Tropical Agriculture, Cuba
33.	INOCULATION AND MANAGEMENT OF MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI WITHIN TROPICAL AGROECOSYSTEMS
	Ramon Rivera and Felix Fernandez, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Cuba
34.	TRICHODERMA: AN ALLY IN THE QUEST FOR SOIL SYSTEM SUSTAINABILITY
	Brandon Neumann and Mark Laing, University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa	
35.	EVALUATION OF CROP PRODUCTION SYSTEMS BASED ON LOCALLY-
	AVAILABLE BIOLOGICAL INPUTS
	O. P. Rupela, C. L. L. Gowda, S. P. Wani, and Hameeda Bee, International Crops 
	Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India
36.	BIO-CHAR SOIL MANAGEMENT ON HIGHLY WEATHERED SOILS IN
	THE HUMID TROPICS
	Johannes Lehmann, Cornell University, USA; and Marco Rondon, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Colombia
37.	IMPROVING PHOSPHORUS FERTILITY IN TROPICAL SOILS THROUGH
	BIOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS
	Astrid Oberson and Emmanuel Frossard, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Switzerland, Else K. Bünemann, University of Adelaide, Australia, Dennis K. Friesen, International Center for Improvement of Wheat and Maize, and International Fertilizer Development Center, Ethiopia, I. M. Rao, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Colombia, Paul C. Smithson, Berea College, USA, and Benjamin L. Turner, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama
38. 	SOIL PROFILE MODIFICATION AS A MEANS OF SOIL IMPROVEMENT: PROMOTING ROOT PERFORMANCE THROUGH DEEP TILLAGE
	Nico Labuschagne, University of Pretoria; and Deon Joubert, Unifrutti SA Pty Ltd, 
	South Africa
39.	RHIZOSPHERE MANAGEMENT AS PART OF INTERCROPPING AND 
	RICE-WHEAT ROTATION SYSTEMS
	Liu Xuejun, Li Long, and Zhang Fusuo, China Agricultural University, China
 
40.	MANAGING POLYCROPPING TO ENHANCE SOIL SYSTEM 
	PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY FROM AFRICA
	Zeyaur Khan and Ahmed Hassanali, International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, Kenya, and John A. Pickett, Rothamsted Research, UK
Part IV. RELATED ISSUES
41.	EFFECTS OF SOIL AND PLANT MANAGEMENT ON CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
	Alain Ratnadass and Roger Michellon, CIRAD/Madagascar; Richard Randriamanantsoa, FOFIFA, Madagascar; and Lucien Séguy, CIRAD/Brazil
42.	REVEGETATING INERT SOILS WITH THE USE OF MICROBES
	Gail Papli and Mark Laing, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
43.	IMPACTS OF CLIMATE ON SOIL SYSTEMS AND OF SOIL SYSTEMS ON CLIMATE
	Rattan Lal, The Ohio State University, USA
44.	ECONOMIC AND POLICY CONTEXTS FOR THE BIOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SOIL FERTILITY
	Sara Scherr, Ecoagriculture Partners/Forest Trends, USA
45.	VILLAGE-LEVEL PRODUCTION AND USE OF BIOFERTILIZERS AND 
	BIOCONTROL AGENTS
	B. Selvamukilan, S. Rengalakshmi, P. Tamizholi, and Sudha Nair, M. S. 
	Swaminathan Research Foundation, India
46.	MEASURING SOIL BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
	Janice E. Thies and Julie Grossman, Cornell University, USA
47.	APPROACHES TO MONITORING SOIL QUALITY
	David Wolfe, Cornell University, USA
48.	MODELING POSSIBILITIES FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF SOIL SYSTEMS
	Andrew Ball, Flinders University of South Australia, Australia, and Diego de la
	Rosa, Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiologica de Sevilla, Spain
49. 	OPPORTUNITIES FOR OVERCOMING PRODUCTIVITY CONSTRAINTS 
	WITH BIOLOGICALLY-BASED APPROACHES
	Norman Uphoff, Cornell University, USA
50.	ISSUES FOR MORE SUSTAINABLE SOIL SYSTEM MANAGEMENT
	Norman Uphoff, Andrew Ball, Erick Fernandes, Hans Herren, Olivier Husson, 
	Mark Laing, Cheryl Palm, Jules Pretty, N. Sanginga, and Janice Thies
INDEX

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Soil management.
Soil biology.
Soil fertility.
Soil ecology.