Table of contents for Anatomy & physiology : the unity of form and function / Kenneth S. Saladin.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface	viii
Part One
Organization of the Body	
Chapter 1
Major Themes of Anatomy and Physiology	1
The Scope of Anatomy and Physiology	2
The Origins of Biomedical Science	3
Scientific Method	7
Human Origins and Adaptations	9
Human Structure	12
Human Function	14
The Language of Medicine	19
Review of Major Themes	21
Chapter Review	25
Atlas A
General Orientation to Human Anatomy	29
Anatomical Position	30
Anatomical Planes	31
Directional Terms	31
Surface Anatomy	32
Body Cavities and Membranes	36
Organ Systems	38
A Visual Survey of the Body	39
Chapter Review	52
Chapter 2
The Chemistry of Life	55
Atoms, Ions, and Molecules	56
Water and Mixtures	63
Energy and Chemical Reactions	68
Organic Compounds	71
Chapter Review	88
Chapter 3
Cellular Form and Function	93
Concepts of Cellular Structure	94
The Cell Surface	98
Membrane Transport	106
The Cytoplasm	115
Chapter Review	125
Chapter 4
Genetics and Cellular Function	129
The Nucleic Acids	130
Protein Synthesis and Secretion	134
DNA Replication and the Cell Cycle	139
Chromosomes and Heredity	145
Chapter Review	152
Chapter 5
Histology	157
The Study of Tissues	158
Epithelial Tissue	160
Connective Tissue	166
Nervous and Muscular Tissue-Excitable Tissues	175
Intercellular Junctions, Glands, and Membranes	178
Tissue Growth, Development, Death, and Repair	183
Chapter Review	187
Part Two
Support and Movement	
Chapter 6
The Integumentary System	191
Structure of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue	192
Functions of the Skin	198
Hair and Nails	200
Hair Growth and Loss	203
Cutaneous Glands	205
Diseases of the Skin	208
Connective Issues	212
Chapter Review	213
Chapter 7
Bone Tissue	217
Tissues and Organs of the Skeletal System	218
Histology of Osseous Tissue	221
Bone Development	225
Physiology of Osseous Tissue	229
Bone Disorders	234
Chapter Review	240
Chapter 8
The Skeletal System	243
Overview of the Skeleton	244
The Skull	246
The Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage	262
The Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb	270
The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb	277
Connective Issues	288
Chapter Review	289
Chapter 9
Joints	293
Joints and Their Classification	294
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Bony Joints	295
Synovial Joints	298
Anatomy of Selected Diarthroses	310
Chapter Review	322
Chapter 10
The Muscular System	325
The Structural and Functional Organization of Muscles	326
Muscles of the Head and Neck	330
Muscles of the Trunk	345
Muscles Acting on the Shoulder and Upper Limb	352
Muscles Acting on the Hip and Lower Limb	369
Connective Issues	387
Chapter Review	388
Atlas B
Surface Anatomy	391
The Importance of External Anatomy	392
Head and Neck	393
Trunk	394
Upper Limb	398
Lower Limb	400
Muscle Test	406
Chapter 11
Muscular Tissue	407
Types and Characteristics of Muscular Tissue	408
Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle	409
The Nerve-Muscle Relationship	412
Behavior of Skeletal Muscle Fibers	416
Behavior of Whole Muscles	423
Muscle Metabolism	427
Cardiac and Smooth Muscle	432
Chapter Review	438
Part Three
Integration and Control	
Chapter 12
Nervous Tissue	443
Overview of the Nervous System	444
Nerve Cells (Neurons)	445
Supportive Cells (Neuroglia)	449
Electrophysiology of Neurons	455
Synapses	463
Neural Integration	468
Chapter Review	476
Chapter 13
The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes	481
The Spinal Cord	482
The Spinal Nerves	490
Somatic Reflexes	503
Chapter Review	510
Chapter 14
The Brain and Cranial Nerves	515
Overview of the Brain	516
Meninges, Ventricles, Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Blood Supply	519
The Hindbrain and Midbrain	524
The Forebrain	529
Higher Brain Functions	536
The Cranial Nerves	546
Chapter Review	558
Chapter 15
The Autonomic Nervous System and Visceral Reflexes	563
General Properties of the Autonomic Nervous System	564
Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System	567
Autonomic Effects on Target Organs	574
Central Control of Autonomic Function	578
Connective Issues	581
Chapter Review	582
Chapter 16
Sense Organs	585
Properties and Types of Sensory Receptors	586
The General Senses	588
The Chemical Senses	592
Hearing and Equilibrium	597
Vision	610
Chapter Review	629
Chapter 17
The Endocrine System	635
Overview of the Endocrine System	636
The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland	637
Other Endocrine Glands	646
Hormones and Their Actions	652
Stress and Adaptation	662
Eicosanoids and Paracrine Signaling	664
Endocrine Disorders	666
Connective Issues	673
Chapter Review	674
Part Four
Regulation and Maintenance	
Chapter 18
The Circulatory System: Blood	679
Functions and Properties of Blood	680
Plasma	683
Blood Cell Production	684
Erythrocytes	689
Blood Types	694
Leukocytes	699
Hemostasis-The Control of Bleeding	702
Chapter Review	709
Chapter 19
The Circulatory System: The Heart	715
Gross Anatomy of the Heart	716
Cardiac Muscle and the Cardiac Conduction System	726
Electrical and Contractile Activity of the Heart	728
Blood Flow, Heart Sounds, and the Cardiac Cycle	733
Cardiac Output	737
Chapter Review	743
Chapter 20
The Circulatory System: Blood Vessels and Circulation	747
General Anatomy of the Blood Vessels	748
Blood Pressure, Resistance, and Flow	753
Capillary Exchange	761
Venous Return and Circulatory Shock	763
Special Circulatory Routes	766
Anatomy of the Pulmonary Circuit	767
Anatomy of the Systemic Arteries	767
Anatomy of the Systemic Veins	781
Connective Issues	794
Chapter Review	795
Chapter 21
The Lymphatic and Immune Systems	799
The Lymphatic System	800
Nonspecific Resistance	808
General Aspects of Specific Immunity	815
Cellular Immunity	818
Humoral Immunity	822
Immune System Disorders	827
Connective Issues	834
Chapter Review	835
Chapter 22
The Respiratory System	841
Anatomy of the Respiratory System	842
Mechanics of Ventilation	850
Neural Control of Ventilation	857
Gas Exchange and Transport	859
Blood Chemistry and the Respiratory Rhythm	867
Respiratory Disorders	868
Connective Issues	873
Chapter Review	874
Chapter 23
The Urinary System	879
Functions of the Urinary System	880
Anatomy of the Kidney	881
Urine Formation I: Glomerular Filtration	886
Urine Formation II: Tubular Reabsorption and Secretion	891
Urine Formation III: Water Conservation	897
Urine and Renal Function Tests	899
Urine Storage and Elimination	903
Connective Issues	909
Chapter Review	910
Chapter 24
Water, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance	915
Water Balance	916
Electrolyte Balance	921
Acid-Base Balance	926
Chapter Review	934
Chapter 25
The Digestive System	939
General Anatomy and Digestive Processes	940
The Mouth Through Esophagus	943
The Stomach	949
The Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancreas	958
The Small Intestine	964
Chemical Digestion and Absorption	968
The Large Intestine	974
Connective Issues	979
Chapter Review	980
Chapter 26
Nutrition and Metabolism	985
Nutrition	986
Carbohydrate Metabolism	996
Lipid and Protein Metabolism	1004
Metabolic States and Metabolic Rate	1007
Body Heat and Thermoregulation	1009
Chapter Review	1013
Part Five
Reproduction and Development	
Chapter 27
The Male Reproductive System	1017
Sexual Reproduction	1018
Sex Determination and Development	1019
Male Reproductive Anatomy	1023
Puberty and Climacteric	1030
Sperm and Semen	1032
Male Sexual Response	1037
Chapter Review	1043
Chapter 28
The Female Reproductive System	1049
Reproductive Anatomy	1050
Puberty and Menopause	1058
Oogenesis and the Sexual Cycle	1061
Female Sexual Response	1068
Pregnancy and Childbirth	1070
Lactation	1076
Connective Issues	1082
Chapter Review	1083
Chapter 29
Human Development	1089
Fertilization and Preembryonic Development	1090
Embryonic and Fetal Development	1094
The Neonate	1101
Aging and Senescence	1107
Chapter Review	1117
Appendix A Periodic Table of the Elements A-1
Appendix B Answers to Chapter Review Questions A-2
Appendix C Lexicon of Biomedical Word Elements A-7
Glossary G-1
Credits C-1
Index I-1

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Human physiology.
Human anatomy.