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Contents About the Editors xi Acknowledgments xiii Small Groups: An Overview 1 John M. Levine and Richard L. Moreland P A R T 1 Group Composition 11 READING 1 The Contribution of Influence and Selection to Adolescent Peer Group Homogeneity: The Case of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking 21 Susan T. Ennett and Karl E. Bauman READING 2 Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women 37 Rosabeth Moss Kanter READING 3 Effects of Crew Composition on Crew Performance: Does the Whole Equal the Sum of Its Parts? 55 Aharon Tziner and Dov Eden Small Groups-Prelims.qxd 10/Nov/05 10:55 AM Page v P A R T 2 Group Structure 65 READING 4 Status, Expectations, and Behavior: A Meta-Analytic Review and Test of the Theory 73 James E. Driskell and Brian Mullen READING 5 Asymmetries in Attachments to Groups and to their Members: Distinguishing Between Common-Identity and Common-Bond Groups 83 Deborah A. Prentice, Dale T. Miller, and Jenifer R. Lightdale READING 6 The "Friendly" Poker Game: A Study of an Ephemeral Role 97 Louis A. Zurcher, Jr. P A R T 3 Conflict in Groups 111 READING 7 Effects of Group Identity on Resource Use in a Simulated Commons Dilemma 119 Roderick M. Kramer and Marilynn B. Brewer READING 8 Status, Ideology, and Integrative Complexity on the U.S. Supreme Court: Rethinking the Politics of Political Decision Making 133 Deborah H. Gruenfeld READING 9 Being Better by Being Right: Subjective Group Dynamics and Derogation of In-Group Deviants When Generic Norms are Undermined 157 Jose M. Marques, Dominic Abrams, and Rui G. Serodio READING 10 Does Power Corrupt? 177 David Kipnis vi _ Contents Small Groups-Prelims.qxd 10/Nov/05 10:55 AM Page vi P A R T 4 Group Performance 187 (A) Decision Making 189 READING 11 Collective Induction 199 Patrick R. Laughlin and Thomas A. Shippy READING 12 Social Transition Schemes: Charting the Group's Road to Agreement 207 Norbert L. Kerr READING 13 Pooling of Unshared Information in Group Decision Making: Biased Information Sampling During Discussion 227 Garold Stasser and William Titus READING 14 Threat, Cohesion, and Group Effectiveness: Testing a Social Identity Maintenance Perspective on Groupthink 241 Marlene E. Turner, Anthony R. Pratkanis, Preston Probasco, and Craig Leve READING 15 The Effects of Repeated Expressions on Attitude Polarization During Group Discussions 265 Markus Brauer, Charles M. Judd, and Melissa D. Gliner (B) Productivity 289 READING 16 Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing 297 Bibb Latane, Kipling Williams, and Stephen Harkins READING 17 Impact of Group Goals, Task Component Complexity, Effort, and Planning on Group Performance 309 Laurie R. Weingart Contents _ vii Small Groups-Prelims.qxd 10/Nov/05 10:55 AM Page vii READING 18 Transactive Memory: Learning Who Knows What in Work Groups and Organizations 327 Richard L. Moreland (C) Leadership 347 READING 19 Self-Monitoring and Trait-Based Variance in Leadership: An Investigation of Leader Flexibility Across Multiple Group Situations 357 Stephen J. Zaccaro, Roseanne J. Foti, and David A. Kenny READING 20 The Contingency Model: A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness 369 Fred E. Fiedler READING 21 Self-Categorization and Leadership: Effects of Group Prototypicality and Leader Stereotypicality 383 Sarah C. Hains, Michael A. Hogg, and Julie M. Duck READING 22 The Romance of Leadership 401 James R. Meindl, Sanford B. Ehrlich, and Janet M. Dukerich P A R T 5 Group Ecology 421 READING 23 Coming Out in the Age of the Internet: Identity "Demarginalization" Through Virtual Group Participation 433 Katelyn Y. A. McKenna and John A. Bargh READING 24 Stability, Bistability, and Instability in Small Group Influence Patterns 453 Holly Arrow READING 25 Socialization in Organizations and Work Groups 469 Richard L. Moreland and John M. Levine viii _ Contents Small Groups-Prelims.qxd 10/Nov/05 10:55 AM Page viii READING 26 Beyond Task and Maintenance: Defining External Functions in Groups 499 Deborah Gladstein Ancona and David F. Caldwell Appendix: How to Read a Journal Article in Social Psychology 515 Christian H. Jordan and Mark P. Zanna Author Index 00 Subject Index 00
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Small groups -- Research.
Communication in small groups.