Table of contents for Encyclopedia of the great Black migration : Greenwood milestones in African American history / edited by Steven A. Reich.

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Encyclopedia of The Great Black Migration:
Greenwood Milestones in African-American History
Steven A. Reich
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Guide to Related Topics
Volume 1: A-L
Abbott, Robert S. (1870-1940)
The African Blood Brotherhood (ABB)
African Methodist Episcopal Church (A.M.E.)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell (1898-1989)
Ali, Muhammad (1942- )
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
American Negro Exposition (1940)
Appalachia
Armstrong, Louis (1901-1971)
Asian Immigration, Comparison with the Great Black Migration
Asian Immigrants and Asian Americans, Relations with Black Migrants
Associated Negro Press (ANP)
Atlanta, Georgia
Attaway, William (1911-1986)
Attorneys
Automobile Workers
Automobility
Aviation Industry, Black Employment in
Baker, Ella (1903-1986)
Baldwin, James Arthur (1924-1980)
Baltimore Afro-American
Baltimore, Maryland
Banks and Bankers
Baptist Church
Baraka, Amiri (1934- )
Barbers
Basie, William "Count" (1904-1984)
Basketball
Bearden, Romare (1911-1988)
Beaumont (Texas) Race Riot of 1943
Beauty Culture
Bebop
Benson, Al (1910-1980)
Bethune, Mary McLeod (1875-1955)
Birmingham, Alabama
Black Appeal Radio
Black Arts Movement
Black Aviators
Black Consumer Market
Black Film
Black-Jewish Relations
Black Legislators
Black Mayors
Black Metropolis (Drake and Cayton)
Black Migration, Patterns of before World War I
Black Nationalism
Black Panther Party
Black Populism
Black Power
Black Press
Black Suburbanization
Black Swan Records
Black Towns
Blaxploitation
Blockbusting
Blues
Boll Weevil
Bond, Horace Mann (1904-1972)
Bonner, Marita (1899-1971)
Boston, Massachusetts
Bradby, Rev. Robert L. (1877-1946)
Briggs, Cyril V. (1888-1966)
Brooks, Gwendolyn (1917-2000)
Broonzy, William "Big Bill" (c. 1897-1958)
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP)
Brown, Charlotte Hawkins (1883-1961)
Brown, Sterling Allen (1901-1989)
Brown, Willie L., Jr. (1934- )
Buffalo, New York
Burroughs, Nannie Helen (1879-196l)
California Eagle
Calloway, Cab[ell] (1907-1994
Caribbean Migration
Catholics
Chain Migration
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chess Records
Chicago Commission on Race Relations
Chicago Defender
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago Race Riot of 1919
Chicago Renaissance
Chicago School of Sociology (CSS)
Childbirth
Church of God in Christ (COGIC)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Civil Rights Movement
Cleveland Gazette
Cleveland, Ohio
Coltrane, John William (1926-1967)
Communists and the Communist Party
Community Organizing
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Construction and Building Trades, Black Employment in
Cooper, Jack L. (1888-1970)
Cotton Belt, Impact of Great Migration on
Crime and Criminals
Dallas, Texas
Dance Halls and Nightclubs
Dawson, William Levi (1877-1969)
Deindustrialization
Demographic Patterns of the Great Black Migration (1915-1940)
Demographic Patterns of the Great Black Migration (1940-1970)
DePriest, Oscar (1871-1951)
Desegregation
Detroit, Michigan
Detroit Race Riot of 1943
Division of Negro Economics (DNE)
"Don't Buy Where You Can't Work" Campaigns
Dorsey, Thomas A. (1889-1993)
Double V Campaign
Douglas, Aaron (1899-1979)
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt (1868-1963)
Dunbar, Paul Laurence (1872-1906)
Durham, North Carolina
East St. Louis Race Riot of 1917
Elaine, Arkansas, Massacre of 1919
Electoral Politics
Ellington, Duke [Edward Kennedy] (1899-1974)
Ellison, Ralph Waldo (1914-1994)
Ellison, Walter (1899-1977)
Emigrationism
Employment, Black Female Patterns of
Employment, Black Male Patterns of
Employment Discrimination
Europe, James Reese (1880-1919)
Exodusters
Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)
Farmer, James L., Jr. (1920-1999)
Farm Security Administration (FSA)
Father Divine (c. 1880-1965)
Fauset, Jessie Redmon (1882-1961)
Federal Surveillance of Black Migrants
Folk Medicine and Folk Magic
Football
Ford, Bishop Louis Henry (1914-1995)
Foster, Andrew "Rube" (1879-1930)
Foster, William (1884-19XX)
Fraternal Orders
Frazier, E. Franklin (1894-1962)
Garvey, Marcus Mosiah, Jr. (1887-1940)
Gary, Indiana
Ghettos
Gibson, Joshua (1911-1947)
Gillespie, John Birks "Dizzy" (1917-1993)
Great Migration, Black Opposition to
Great Migration, Causes of
Great Migration, White Opposition to
The Great Retreat
Greenlee, William Augustus "Gus" (1897-1952)
Gulf South
Handy, W.C. (William Christopher) (1873-1958)
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Riot of 1935
Harlem Riot of 1943
Harris, Abram Lincoln (1899-1963)
Harrison, Hubert Henry (1883-1927)
Hatcher, Richard Gordon (1933- )
Hawkins, Coleman (1904-1969)
Haynes, George Edmund (1880-1960)
Henderson, George Wylie (1904-1965)
Himes, Chester (1909-1984)
Hip-Hop
Hispanic Immigrants and Hispanic Americans, Relations with Black Migrants
Hispanic Migration, Comparison with the Great Black Migration
Homelessness
Home Ownership among Migrants
Hopkins, Sam "Lightning" (1912-1982)
Hospitals
Housing and Living Conditions
Houston Informer
Houston, Texas
Howard University
Hughes, James Mercer Langston (1902-1967)
Hurston, Zora Neale (1891-1960)
Hypersegregation
Immigrants from Europe, Relations with Black Migrants
Immigration from Europe, Comparison with the Great Migration
Indianapolis, Indiana
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
Insurers and Insurance Companies
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU)
Intraracial Class Conflict
Involuntary Servitude
Jackson, Joseph Harrison (1900-1991)
Jackson, Mahalia (1911-1972)
Jacksonville, Florida
Jazz
Jim Crow
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon (1893-1956)
Johnson, Jack (1878-1946)
Johnson, James Weldon (1871-1938)
Johnson Publishing Company
Johnson, Robert (1911-1938)
Johnson, William Henry (1901-1970)
Joplin, Scott (c. 1867/1868-1917)
Kansas City, Missouri
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968)
King, Riley "B. B." (1925- )
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Labor Agents
Larsen, Nella (1891-1964)
Las Vegas, Nevada
Lawrence, Jacob (1917-2000)
Ledbetter, Huddie "Lead Belly" (1885-1949)
Literature, Great Migration in
Locke, Alain Leroy (1886-1954)
Los Angeles, California
Louis, Joe (1914-1981)
Louisville, Kentucky
Low Country South Carolina and Georgia
Lynching
Volume 2: M-Z
Malcolm X (1925-1965)
March on Washington Movement (MOWM)
Masculinity
McKay, Claude (1889-1948)
Mechanical Cotton Harvester
Memphis, Tennessee
The Messenger
Metropolitan Mutual Assurance Company (MMAC)
Miami, Florida
Micheaux, Oscar (1881-1951)
Midwestern States, Black Migration to
Migrants, Cultural Identity of
Migrants, Economic Characteristics of
Migrants, Expectations of
Migrants, Settlement Patterns of
Migrants, Social Characteristics of
Military Service, Vietnam War
Military Service, World War I
Military Service, World War II
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Ministers and Preachers
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
Mississippi River Delta
Mitchell, Arthur Wergs (1883-1968)
Monk, Thelonious Sphere (1917-1982)
Morton, Ferdinand "Jelly Roll," 1890-1941
Mosley, Walter (1952- )
Motley, Archibald J., Jr. (1891-1981)
Moton, Robert Russa (1867-1940)
"Muddy Waters" (1915-1983)
Muhammad, Elijah (1897-1975)
Nadir of Race Relations
Nashville, Tennessee
National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (Kerner Commission)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
National Association of Colored Women (NACW)
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
National Training School for Women and Girls (NTSWG)
National Urban League (NUL)
National War Labor Board (NWLB)
National Youth Administration (NYA)
The Nation of Islam
Naylor, Gloria (1950- )
Negro Leagues
Neighborhood Property Owners Associations
The New Negro
The New Negro: An Interpretation (Locke)
New Orleans, Louisiana
New York Age
New York City
Northeastern States
Nurses
Occupational Mobility
Omaha, Nebraska
Open Housing
Organized Labor
Owen, Chandler (1889-1967)
Owens, Jesse (1913-1980)
Packinghouse Workers and Unions
Paige, Leroy Robert "Satchel" (c. 1906-1982)
Parker, Charlie "Yardbird" (1920-1955)
Passing
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World (PAW)
Pentecostalism
Petry, Ann (1908-1997)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Phoenix, Arizona
Physicians
Pittsburgh Courier
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Police Brutality
Policy Gambling
Political Activism (1915-1945)
Political Realignment
Poor People's Campaign
Portland, Oregon
Posey, Cumberland (1890-1946)
Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. (1908-1972)
Powell, Adam Clayton, Sr. (1865-1953)
Powell, William J. (1899-1943)
Prostitutes and Prostitution
Public Housing
Quilts
Racial Violence and World War II
Ragtime
Railroads
Railroads, Black Employment on
Rainey, Ma (1886-1939)
A Raisin in the Sun (Lorraine Hansberry)
Randolph, Asa Philip (1889-1979)
Ransom, Reverdy C. (1861-1959)
Recording Industry
Red Light Districts
Red Summer of 1919
Reid, Ira De Augustine (1901-1968)
Restrictive Covenants
Return Migration
Reverse Freedom Rides (1962)
Rhythm and Blues (R&B)
Richmond, Virginia
Robeson, Paul Leroy Bustill (1898-1976)
St. Louis, Missouri
San Francisco, California
Savage, Augusta Christine Fells (1892-1962)
Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso (1874-1938)
Schoolteachers and Teaching
Scott, Emmett Jay (1873-1957)
Seattle, Washington
Serviceman's Readjustment Act (G.I. Bill) (1944)
Settlement Houses
Share Croppers Union (SCU)
Shipyards and Shipyard Workers
Simmons, Roscoe Conkling (c. 1881-1951)
Skilled Workers
Smith, Bessie (1892-1937)
Smith, Lucy M. (1875-1952)
Socialists and Socialism
Soul City, North Carolina
Soul Music
Southern Tenant Farmers Union (STFU)
Sport
State Clubs
Steelworkers
Stokes, Carl B. (1927-1996)
Storefront Churches
Street Festivals and Parades
Strikebreaking
Sundown Towns
Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Company
Swing
Talbert, Mary B. (1866-1923)
Tanner, Henry Ossawa (1859-1937)
Taxicab Operators
Terrell, Mary Church (1863-1954)
Tharpe, Sister Rosetta (1915-1973)
Thurman, Wallace Henry (1902-1934)
Tolan Committee
Toomer, Jean (1894-1967)
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Turner, Henry McNeal (1834-1915)
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
Undertakers
Unemployment
United Automobile Workers (UAW)
Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
Uplift
Urban Crisis of the 1960s
Urban Renewal
Visiting
Visual Arts, Great Migration in
Walker, Alice (1944- )
Walker, Madam C.J. (1867-1919)
War Camp Community Service (WCCS)
War Manpower Commission (WMC)
War on Poverty
Wartime Mobilization (World War II)
Washington, Booker Taliaferro (1856-1915)
Washington, D.C.
Weaver, Robert C. (1907-1997)
Welfare Capitalism
Welfare State
Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (1862-1931)
Wesley, Charles Harris (1891-1987)
West, Dorothy (1907-1998)
Western States, Black Migration to
White Flight
White, Walter Francis (1893-1955)
Wilmington, North Carolina, Race Riot of 1898
Wilson, August (1945- )
Women
Woodson, Carter Godwin (1875-1950)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Wright, Richard Nathaniel (1908-1960)
Wright, Richard Robert, Jr. (1878-1967)
Wright, Richard Robert, Sr. (1853-1947)
Young, Coleman Alexander (1918-1997)
Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA)
Youth Culture
Zoot Suit Riots (1943)
Volume 3: Primary Documents
1. The Armstrong Story (Louis Armstrong, 1922)
2. Black Housing in Detroit (Detroit Bureau of Governmental Research, 1926)
3. Black Life in the West (Clarence Ray)
4. Black Migrant in the Deep South (Hosea Hudson, 1922-1924)
5. The Black Movement Starts in the Labor Movement (James Boggs, 1937-1950s)
6. Black Workers Seize Opportunities in the South (1919-1920)
7. Bound for the Promised Land (Chicago Defender, 1917)
8. "Bronzeville" (from Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, St. Clair Drake and Horace Cayton, 1945)
9. "Businessman's Complaint" (from Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, St. Clair Drake and Horace Cayton, 1945)
10. But It Is a Fine Place to Make Money (Letters of Black Migrants, 1917)
11. "Checking Migration" (Chicago Defender, August 9, 1919)
12. Clifford Burdette: Negro Radio Impresario (Daily Worker, 1942)
13. Dance Halls (Henry J. McGuinn, 1928)
14. Deadhead: A Pullman Porter Steps Out of Character (Jessie Carter, 1935)
15. Debut at the Savoy Ballroom (Cab Calloway, 1929)
16. The East St. Louis Pogrom (Oscar Leonard, 1917)
17. The East St. Louis Pogrom: An Eyewitness Account (Carlos F. Hurd, 1917)
18. The Effect of Negro Migration on Community Health in Cleveland (H.L Rockwood, 1926)
19. Employment Discrimination on Northern Railroads (R.L. Hamlett, 1920)
20. Finding Childcare in Philadelphia (Beulah Collins, 1920s)
21. Freight Train Blues (Trixie Smith, 1938)
22. From Cotton, Cane, and Rice Fields (Eric Walrond, 1926)
23. From Little Rock to Hyannis (1962)
24. "Ghost Town-Almost: The Depression Hits a Negro Town" (Isabel Thompson and Louise T. Clarke, 1935)
25. The Greatest Opportunity since 1865 (James Weldon Johnson, 1917)
26. Harlem (Alain Locke, 1925)
27. Harlem: Dark Weather-Vane (Alain Locke, 1936)
28. Harlem, My Harlem (Claude Brown, 1961)
29. Housing Shortage in San Francisco (Charles S. Johnson, 1944)
30. How Much Is the Migration Flight from Persecution? (Charles S. Johnson, 1923)
31. "'I'd Like to Show You Harlem!'" (Rollin Lynde Hartt, 1921)
32. I Ran Away (Minnie Savage Whitney, 1919)
33. "Is Migration a Panacea?" (Cleveland Advocate, 1920)
34. It's Good to Be Home Again (Ebony, 1971)
35. I've Always Been Active in Social and Mostly Civic Things (Rowena Moore, 19??)
36. "I Wanted to Stay and Work for Better Conditions" (Ned Cobb, 1932)
37. Juvenile Delinquency in Detroit (Ulysses W. Boykin, 1943)
38. Labor Activism and Racial Conflict (1918-1919)
39. Law Enforcement and In-Migrants (Leo A. Jackson, 1961)
40. "Look after the Newcomers" (Baltimore Afro-American, 1917)
41. Lynching: One Cause of Black Migration (James Weldon Johnson, 1924)
42. Mississippians in Chicago (Charles S. Johnson, 1917)
43. Myth of the Promised Land (Martin Luther King, Jr., 1965)
44. Need of the Newcomers to the North (Nannie Helen Burroughs, 1920)
45. Negroes of Philadelphia (Richard R. Wright, Jr., 1907)
46. A Negro in the CCC (Luther C. Wandall, 1935)
47. Negro Migration from Georgia: A Black View and a White View (1923)
48. New Crowd Politics (1917-1919)
49. The New Negro Faces America (Eric Walrond, 1923)
50. Olivet-A Community-Serving Church in Chicago (1924)
51. Plague Spot of a City Infested with Vice (1925)
52. The Policy King as a Race Hero (St. Clair Drake and Horace R. Cayton, 1945)
53. Queen of Gotham's Colored 400 (1917)
54. Race Prejudice in a Northern Town (Franklin U. Quillin, 1905)
55. Race War in the North (William English Walling, 1908)
56. Return of Negro Soldiers to the South (Military Intelligence Memorandum, 1918)
57. Reverend Richard L. Bradby and Detroit's Second Baptist Church
58. Rifles, Police, Southern Negroes in Cincinnati (Wendell P. Dabney, 1921)
59. Safer in the Trenches than in the South (Cincinnati Union, 1919)
60. Schools Here Teach the Children Better than in Louisiana (San Francisco Migrants, 1944)
61. Sea Island to City (Anonymous Migrant, 1918)
62. Seattle's Colored Citizens (Horace R. Cayton, Sr., 1923)
63. Shadow of the Plantation (Charles S. Johnson, 1934)
64. Should I Sacrifice to Live "Half-American?" (James G. Thompson, 1942)
65. Southern Whites and Black Migration: Two Views (1917 and 1924)
66. The Struggles of a Black Physician (Lionel F. Swan, M.D.)
67. Struggle to Find Housing in World War II Cleveland (1944-1945)
68. Times Is Gettin' Harder (Lucious Curtis, 1940)
69. Traveling Jim Crow (George S. Schuyler, 1930)
70. Troubles of a Black Policeman (Samuel J. Battle, 1912)
71. The Villain-Racial Covenants (Robert C. Weaver, 1948)
72. Voodoo Cult among Negro Migrants in Detroit (Erdmann Doane Beynon, 1938)
73. Wanted-150 Colored Families (Kirby Lumber Company, 1912)
74. Wartime Shipyard (Katherine Archibald, 1947)
75. What the Negro Expects Out of the Recent War (1919)
76. Why Are They So Hard on a Colored Man in this Town? (Migrant to South Bend, 1921)
Contributors
Selected Bibliography
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

African Americans -- Migrations -- History -- 20th century -- Encyclopedias.
Migration, Internal -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Encyclopedias.
Rural-urban migration -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Encyclopedias.