Table of contents for Renewables-based technology : sustainability assessment / editors, Jo Dewulf and Herman Van Langenhove.

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Contents
Contributors
Foreword
Series Preface
Preface
List of Abbreviations
1 The Contribution of Renewables in Society
G. Berndes
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Historic and present biomass uses for food, energy and materials in the world
1.3 Potential availability of agricultural residues and land for non-food crop production
1.4 Drivers behind increasing demand for biomass for energy and materials
1.5 Land use competition
1.6 Multifunctional biomass production systems
1.7 Summary
1.8 Acknowledgements
2 The potential of renewables as a feedstock for chemistry and energy
W.G.J.H.M. van Sark, M.K. Patel, A.P.C Faaij, M.M Hoogwijk
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Supply of Energy and Materials using Renewables
2.3 Demand for energy and materials
2.4 Summary
3 Sustainability performance indicators
A. Lapkin
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The hierarchy of sustainability metrics
3.3 Aspects of methodology
3.4 Examples of sustainability metrics for technology assessment
3.5 Summary
4 Life cycle inventory analysis applied for renewable resources
N. Jungbluth & R. Frischknecht
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Conceptual background in ISO 14040ff for LCA
4.3 Goal and scope definition
4.4 Inventory analysis
4.5 LCI data documentation and exchange format
4.6 Consequential versus attributional LCI
4.7 Summary
5 Net Energy Balancing and Fuel-Cycle Analysis
H. Shapouri, M. Wang & J.A. Duffield
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Methodology
5.3 Energy Balance of Fossil Fuel Versus Biofuel
5.4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Corn Ethanol Production
5.5 Summary
6 Life Cycle Assessment as an Environmental Sustainability Tool
A. Azapagic
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The LCA methodology: A Brief Overview
6.3 LCIA impact categories as indicators of environmental sustainability
6.4 Using LCA to assess environmental sustainability
6.5 Summary
7 Exergy
J. Dewulf & H. Van Langenhove
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Assessment of sustainability of technology: developing metrics
7.3 A thermodynamic basis to develop sustainability assessment metrics: exergy
7.4 Technology assessment by exergy analysis
7.5 Exergy-based indicators: how to assess the role of renewables
7.6 Exergy based indicators: integrating the role of renewables in an overall physical chemical sustainability assessment
7.7 Summary
8 Material flow analysis and the use of renewables from a systems perspective
S. Bringezu
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Overview of the methodlogy
8.3 Examples of MFA studies in the context of renewables
8.4 Summary
8.5 Acknowledgements
9 Ecological Footprints and Biocapacity: Essential Elements in Sustainability Assessment
W.E. Rees
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Eco-Footprint Analysis
9.3 Inherent Strengths in EFA
9.4 Answering the Critics
9.5 Summary
10 The Sustainable Process Index (SPI)
M. Narodoslawsky & A. Niederl
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Computation of the SPI
10.3 Case Study: Biodiesel from Used Vegetable Oil
10.4 Summary
11 Assessment of sustainable land use in producing biomass
H. Haberl & K-H. Erb
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Sustainability issues involved in promoting biomass energy
11.3 Conclusions and recommendations
11.4 Summary
12 Assessment of the forest products industries
K. Richter, F. Werner & H-J. Althaus
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Metrics and criteria to assess the sustainability of forestry
12.3 Metrics and criteria for assessing the sustainability of the wood industry
12.4 Scope for action
12.5 Summary
13 Assessment of the Energy Production Industry: modern options for producing secondary energy carriers from biomass
A. Faaij
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Technology Overview
13.3 Economics of biomass energy systems
13.4 Heat, power and fuels from biomass; key markets
13.5 Summary
14 Assessment of Biofuels
J.A. Duffiel, H. Shapouri & M. Wang
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Background
14.3 Biofuel Feedstocks
14.4 Bio-Transportation Fuels and Fuel Additives
14.5 Current Supply of Biofuels
14.6 Future supply of biofuels
14.7 Measuring the Sustainability of Biofuels
14.8 Summary
15 Assessment of organic waste treatment
J-O. Sundqvist
15.1 Introduction
15.2 General description of options for organic waste treatment
15.3 Environmental characteristics from organic waste treatment
15.4 Results from a life cycle assessment of organic waste
15.5 Discussion
15.6 Summary
16 Oleochemical and Petrochemical Surfactants: An Overall Assessment
E. Saouter, G. Van Hoof, M. Stalmans & A. Brunskill
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Main chemical and structural differences
16.3 Resource and usage
16.4 Environmental Profile
16.5 Sustainability aspects of Oleochemical production
16.6 Summary
17 Assessment of biobased packaging materials
A. Detzel, M. Kr¿ger & A. Ostermayer
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Environmental aspects of polymer production
17.3 Environmental aspects of packaging disposal
17.4 Summary
18 Assessment of biotechnology based chemicals
P. Saling & A. Kicherer
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Explanation: What is eco-efficiency analysis?
18.3 Evaluation of decision making processes with eco-efficiency analysis
18.4 Case studies
18.5 Summary
19 Assessment of bio-based pharmaceuticals: The Cephalexin case
A. Bruggink & P. Nossin
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Assessment methods during Process Development and Technology Transfers
19.3 Assessment of bio-based routes to Cephalexin
19.4 Summary
20 Conclusive Chapter
J. Dewulf & H. Van Langenhove
20.1 Introduction
20.2 The available sustainability metrics
20.3 Where are we going to in assessing renewables-based technology?
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Renewable energy sources.
Sustainable development.