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Contents Introduction to the Second Edition 1. Women and the Early Churches The Challenge of Early Christian History The Prominence of Women in the Earliest Churches Ministries of Women in the Early Churches Creating a Patriarchal Church Widows Female Deacons Women outside the Orthodox Mainstream Patristic Attitudes toward Women Writers, Poets, and Pilgrims Readings 1.1 Christian Widows (Apostolic Constitutions) 1.2 The Martyrdom of Perpetua (The Acts of the Christian Martyrs) 1.3 Adorning Women (Tertullian, "On the Apparel of Women") 1.4 Egeria ("The Pilgrimage of Egeria") 1.5 The Acts of Paul and Thecla (The Acts of Paul and Thecla) 2. Virgin and Witch: Women in Medieval Christianity The Life of Virginity and Chastity Medieval Mariology Woman as Witch Medieval Women Challenge and Protest Readings 2.1 Rejecting Patriarchal Marriage (The Life of Christina of Markyate) 2.2 Hunting for Witches (Malleus Maleficarum) 2.3 Margery Kempe (The Book of Margery Kempe) 2.4 Jesus as Mother (Julian of Norwich, Revelations of Divine Love) 2.5 Persuading a Pope (Catherine of Siena, "To Gregory XI") 3. Women in an Era of Reformation Luther, Calvin, and the Status of Women Catholic Women in an Era of Reform Protestant Women Active in Reform Protestant Women outside the Mainstream Lasting Effects Readings 3.1 Luther on Marriage (Martin Luther, "The Estate of Marriage") 3.2 Calvin on the Creation of Women (John Calvin, Commentaries on the First Book of Moses Called Genesis) 3.3 Catholic Women in Geneva (Jeanne de Jussie, The Rise of Calvinism) 3.4 Women in Defense of the Reformation (Argula von Grumbach, "To the University of Inglostadt") 3.5 Marriage and Adultery among the Hutterites (Peter Rideman, "Concerning Marriage" and "Concerning Adultery") 4. Women and Christianity in the American Colonies Modified Patriarchy Anne Hutchinson, the "American Jezebel" The Revival Tradition Quaker Women Readings 4.1 Wives as Model Christians (Benjamin Colman, Practical Discourses on the Parable of the Ten Virgins) 4.2 Anne Hutchinson ("The Examination of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson at the Court at Newtown") 4.3 The "Unfeminine Activities" of Sarah Osborn (Letters from Sarah Osborn to Joseph Fish, February 28 and March 7, 1767) 4.4 Quaker Women May Speak (Margaret Fell, Womens Speaking Justified, Proved and Allowed of by the Scriptures) 5. Women Organizing for Mission and Reform The Cult of True Womanhood Organizing for Charity and Reform The Social Gospel Fundamentalism Women in Mission Legacy of the Voluntary Societies Readings 5.1 The Cult of True Womanhood (George W. Burnap, The Sphere and Duties of Woman) 5.2 The Cause of Moral Reform (The Constitution and Circular of the New York Female Moral Reform Society) 5.3 Equal Rights and Moral Duties (Sarah Grimk¿, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Woman) 5.4 Missionary Women Step Beyond Their Sphere (Helen Barrett Montgomery, Western Women in Eastern Lands) 6. Nineteenth-Century Preachers and Scholars Women in the Evangelical Tradition The Debate Over Women Preaching Ordination to the Ministry of Word and Sacrament The Deaconess Movement The Woman's Bible Readings 6.1 A Defense of Female Preaching (Luther Lee, "Woman's Right to Preach the Gospel") 6.2 The Argument from Pentecost (Phoebe Palmer, The Promise of the Father) 6.3 Amanda Smith's Call to Preach (Amanda Smith, An Autobiography) 6.4 Paul Prohibits the Preaching of Women (Cyrus Cort, "Woman's Preaching Viewed in the Light of God's Word and Church History") 6.5 Women Re-vision the Bible (Elizabeth Cady Stanton, ed., The Woman's Bible) 7. American Women in Catholicism and Sectarianism The History of Women in American Catholicism American Women in Religious Orders Women and Sectarian Christianity Readings 7.1 Catholic Sisters as America's Educators (Mother Caroline and the School Sisters of Notre Dame in North America) 7.2 Catholic Sisters as Civil War Nurses ("Notes on the Satterlee Military Hospital") 7.3 Complex Marriage in the Oneida Community (Bible Communism) 7.4 The Experience of Polygamy (Martha Cragun Cox) 7.5 Shaker Women in Community (Charles Nordhoff, The Communistic Societies of the United States) 8. The Move toward Full Participation The Expansion of Denominational Roles Post-War Changes A New Agenda for Women Readings 8.1 Unrest among Presbyterian Women (Katharine Bennett and Margaret E. Hodge, Causes of Unrest among Women of the Church) 8.2 Investigating the Status of Women in the Churches (Kathleen Bliss, The Service and Status of Women in the Churches) 8.3 Raising the Consciousness of Baptist Women (Lois Blankenship, "Woman Looks at Herself") 8.4 The Patriarchal Church (Mary Daly, The Church and the Second Sex) 9. Agents of Transformation Women in the Ordained Ministry The Ministries of Deaconess and Nun Feminist Approaches to the Bible Theological Education Worship The Need for Feminist Theologies What Comes Next? Readings 9.1 Admission of Women to the Priesthood ("Declaration on the Question of the Admission of Women to the Ministerial Priesthood") 9.2 Inclusive Language for Worship (An Inclusive Language Lectionary) 9.3 Feminist Liturgy (Women's Ordination Conference, Liberating Liturgies) 9.4 Feminist Views of Sin and Salvation (Letty M. Russell, Human Liberation in a Feminist Perspective) 9.5 Jesus in Womanist Theology (Jacquelyn Grant, "Womanist Theology: Black Women's Experience as a Source for Doing Theology . . .") Acknowledgments Bibliography Index of Subjects and Names
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Women in Christianity -- History.
Women in Christianity -- United States -- History.