Table of contents for The Cambridge history of eighteenth-century political thought / edited by Mark Goldie and Robert Wokler.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Contributors 18
Acknowledgements 21
Citations and abbrevations ??
Introduction 26
I THE ANCIEN R ´E
GIME AND ITS CRITICS 37
1 The spirit of nations
SYLVANA TOMASELLI 38
1 Lessons from the Franks and the Greeks 38
2 The Roman legacy 48
3 Voltaire and the English question 57
4 The spirit of the laws: know thy country 70
5 The spirit of the laws: the science of freedom 75
6 The spirit of the laws: commerce and civility 81
7 The spirit of the laws: the Gothic constitution 86
2 The English system of liberty
MARK GOLDIE 99
1 The Revolution debate 99
2 The Allegiance Controversy and the Jacobites 105
3 The reception of Locke 112
4 The claims of the church 119
5 The claims of Ireland and Scotland 126
6 The claims of the people 138
7 The claims of women 141
8 The Country platform 145
9 'Robinocracy' and its enemies 156
10 The Court Whigs 165
3 Scepticism, priestcraft, and toleration
RICHARD H. POPKIN and MARK GOLDIE 176
1 Scepticism, Judaism, and the natural history of religion 176
2 French scepticism and perfectibilism 193
3 The limits of toleration 201
4 Arguments for toleration 216
4 Piety and politics in the century of lights
DALE K. VAN KLEY 238
1 Gallicanism and Jansenism in France 239
2 The 'Jansenist International' in Italy, Iberia, and Austria 256
3 Pietism in Lutheran Germany 282
4 European Calvinism and English Dissent 297
II THE NEW LIGHT OF REASON 305
5 The comparative study of regimes and societies
MELVIN RICHTER 306
1 The ambiguities and resources of comparative method 306
2 Montesquieu 315
3 Voltaire 330
4 Hume 334
5 Raynal, Diderot, the Deux Indes, and the Suppl´ement to
Bougainville 343
6 Herder 349
6 Encyclopedias and the diffusion of knowledge
DANIEL ROCHE 355
1 English philosophy, encyclopedism, and technical knowledge 358
2 French encyclopedism, the academies, and the public sphere 362
3 Censorship and the commercialization of enlightenment 371
4 The Encyclop´edistes and their readers 382
5 The political thought of the Encyclop´edie 388
7 Optimism, progress, and philosophical history
HAYDN MASON 402
1 Optimism 402
2 Progress 411
3 Philosophical history 419
4 Voltaire 425
5 Gibbon 432
8 Naturalism, anthropology, and culture
WOLFGANG PROSS 447
1 ACounter-Enlightenment? 447
2 Mankind and the dark abyss of time 456
3 The history of the human mind 465
4 The anthropological history of man 474
5 The regularity and plurality of culture 487
III NATURAL JURSIPRUDENCE AND THE SCIENCE OF
LEGISLATION 505
9 German natural law
KNUD HAAKONSSEN 506
1 The reception of modern natural law 506
2 The political context of German natural law 514
3 Christian Thomasius 524
4 Christian Wolff 538
5 Immanuel Kant 559
10 Natural rights in the Scottish Enlightenment
JAMES MOORE 586
1 The context of Scottish natural jurisprudence 586
2 Academic reform and the law of nature 593
3 Gershom Carmichael: reformed scholasticism and natural
rights 597
4 Francis Hutcheson: civic virtue and natural rights 601
5 David Hume: natural rights and scepticism 607
6 Lord Kames: disquieting opinions and the law of nature 612
7 Adam Smith: the natural and sacred rights of mankind 618
8 Natural rights and the four stages of society 624
9 Dugald Stewart and the demise of the natural rights tradition 631
11 The mixed constitution and the common law
DAVID LIEBERMAN 637
1 The mixed constitution 639
2 Parliamentary sovereignty 644
3 The balanced constitution 651
4 The separation of powers 664
5 Delolme versus Price 672
6 The common law 681
12 Social contract theory and its critics
PATRICK RILEY 699
1 The historical background 699
2 The equilibrium between consent and natural law in Locke 706
3 Bossuet and the challenge of divine right to contract theory 712
4 The anti-contractarianism of Hume and Bentham 716
5 French contractarianism before Rousseau 721
6 Rousseau and the radicalization of social contract theory 728
7 Kant and the social contract as an ideal of reason 743
8 The decline of social contract theory 751
IV COMMERCE, LUXURY, AND POLITICAL ECONOMY 755
13 The early Enlightenment debate on commerce and luxury
ISTVAN HONT 756
1 The spectre of luxury 756
2 F´enelon 764
3 Mandeville 773
4 Shaftesbury 788
5 Hutcheson 797
6 Berkeley 800
7 The early Montesquieu 807
8 Melon 817
9 Voltaire 822
14 Physiocracy and the politics of laissez-faire
T. J. HOCHSTRASSER 834
1 Physiocracy in its historical, intellectual, and political setting 834
2 The development of physiocracy: from Quesnay to Turgot 847
3 From wealth creation to legal despotism 855
4 Critiques of physiocracy and later responses 864
5 Physiocracy outside France 872
6 Conclusions 878
15 Scottish political economy
DONALD WINCH 882
1 Adam Smith's pre-eminence 882
2 Legislators versus politicians in a mercantile state 893
3 The conditions of growth 899
4 The positive duties of the legislator in commercial society 909
16 Property, community, and citizenship
MICHAEL SONENSCHER 926
1 Prologue: Babeuf 926
2 Needs and society 938
3 Property and the progress of the arts and sciences 947
4 The Gracchi and their legacy 957
5 Amodern agrarian 971
6 Conclusion 980
V THE PROMOTION OF PUBLIC HAPPINESS 987
17 Philosophical kingship and Enlightened despotism
DEREK BEALES 988
1 The idea of the philosopher king 988
2 Frederick II, Catherine II, Joseph II 1002
3 The idea of despotism 1016
4 The idea of the Enlightened despot 1023
5 Conclusion 1037
18 Cameralism and the sciences of the state
KEITH TRIBE 1043
1 The development of cameralism 1043
2 'Oeconomy' and the Hausvaterliteratur 1051
3 Justi 1065
4 Sonnenfels 1074
19 Utilitarianism and the reform of the criminal law
FREDERICK ROSEN 1088
1 Liberty and the criminal law 1089
2 Crime and punishment in Beccaria 1095
3 Bentham's theory of proportion 1106
4 The debate over the death penalty 1118
5 Transportation and imprisonment 1125
6 Enlightenment and reform 1129
20 Republicanism and popular sovereignty
IRING FETSCHER 1140
1 Rousseau 1140
2 Mably 1149
3 Diderot 1152
4 Venice and Geneva 1160
5 Kant 1168
6 Fichte 1178
7 Humboldt 1186
VI THE ENLIGTENMENT AND REVOLUTION 1189
21 The American Revolution
GORDON S. WOOD 1190
1 The English constitution 1191
2 Virtual and actual representation 1202
3 Constitutionalism 1208
4 The extended republic 1220
5 The sovereignty of the people 1228
22 Political languages of the French Revolution
KEITH BAKER 1238
1 Competing discourses of the Old Regime 1239
2 Revolutionary improvisation 1242
3 Two languages of liberty 1263
4 The people's two bodies 1280
5 Virtue, regeneration, and revolution 1292
23 British radicalism and the anti-Jacobins
IAIN HAMPSHER-MONK 1305
1 Nostalgia and modernity 1305
2 The Wilkites and pro-American radicalism 1311
3 Rational Dissent 1321
4 Edmund Burke and the debate on the French Revolution 1331
5 Radical political economy 1352
24 Ideology and the origins of social science
ROBERT WOKLER 1361
1 The invention of the modern nation state 1361
2 The French Revolutionary invention of social science 1366
3 The id´eologues and their distrust of politics 1376
4 The origins of social science in Britain 1388
5 Saint-Simon and the legacy of Enlightenment political
thought 1393
Biographies 1405
Bibliographies 1628
General works 1628
Primary sources 1635
Secondary sources 1797
Index of names of persons 0000
Index of subjects 0000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Political science -- Europe -- History -- 18th century.