Table of contents for Aging : the social context / Leslie A. Morgan, Suzanne R. Kunkel.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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table of contents
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1: Aging and Society
Dimensions of Aging
Physical Aging
Psychological Aging
Social Aging
Social Construction of Aging
Societal Aging
Ways of Categorizing People by Age
Chronological Age
Functional Age
Life Stage
Ageism
The Rise of Old Age as a Category
Generational Consciousness
The Aging Population as a Social Force
The Life Course and Old Age
Social Perspectives on Aging
Social Gerontology
The Sociological Imagination
Micro and Macro Perspectives
Patterning of experience: diversity and heterogeneity
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 2: Studying Aging
Why Do We Conduct Research?
The Role of Theory
How Do We Conduct Research on Aging?
Age as a Variable
Sorting Out Age, Period, and Cohort Effects
Aging Effects: Criminal Behavior by Age
Cohort Effects: The Case of Voting among Nineteenth Amendment Women
Period Effects: A Hypothetical Example of Consumer Spending Over the Life Course
Designs and Methods Targeted to Research on Aging
Longitudinal/Panel Studies
Secondary Analysis
Qualitative, Quantitative, Combined Methods
Event History Analysis
Life History and Reminiscence
Other Special Issues in Studying Aging
Separating ¿Normal¿ from ¿Pathological¿ Aging
Increasing Variability with Age
Sampling Adequately
Ethical Issues in Research on Aging
Cohort-Centrism, Dynamism, and Limits of Current Knowledge
Applying Theory: Cohort Size & Life Chances: The Easterlin Hypothesis
Sociology of Knowledge and Research Activism
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Topical Essay: Will They Play the Rolling Stones at the Nursing Home?
Chapter 3: Aging People in an Aging World: Demographic Perspectives
The Aging of Societies
How Do Populations Age?
Applying Theory: Demographic Transition Theory
Measures of Population Aging
Population Pyramids
Proportion Aged
Median Ages
Aging Index
Dependency Ratios
Life Expectancy
Global Aging
Applying Theory: Modernization Theory
Demographic Characteristics of Our Aging Population
Living Arrangements
Geographic Distribution
Gender Composition
Increasing Diversity
Centenarians
Interpreting and Using Demographic Data
The Fallacy of the Demographic Imperative
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 4: The Aging Individual in Social Context
Setting the State: Psychology of Aging
Human Development and Aging
Social Context and Individual Aging
The Life Course
Social Roles
Age Norms
Age norms and life course flexibility
Age norms and ageism
Structural Lag
Analyzing Theory: The Emergence of Developmental Science
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Topical Essay: Love, Sex, and Longevity
Chapter 5: Family as an Age-Integrating Institution
The Family Institution
The Meanings of Generation
Aspects of Family Variation
Core Norms and Expectations of Family Relationships
Independence and Dependence
Voluntarism and Obligation
Applying Theory Family Life Cycle Theory and Individual Dependency in the Family
The Cultural Basis of Family Norms: The Chinese Case
The Waltons Myth: Co-Residents of Grandparents in the U.S.
Social Changes and the Family¿s Future
Changes in Marriage
Changes in Size/Shape of Families
Future Changes in the Timing of Family Events
Greater Complexity of Family Relations
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 6: Aging Persons and their Families
Families as Personal Network versus Public Institution
Strengths in Later Life Families
Continuities in Later Life Families
Key Familial Roles and Relationships
Spouses/Aging Couples
Marital Satisfaction over the Life Course
Termination of Marriage: Widows and Widowers
Parents and Children
Siblings
Changes in Contact/Intimacy through Life
Variations in Sibling Relationships
Grandparents
Voluntary Nature of Grantparenting in Middle-Class Families
Variations in Grandparenting Roles
Applying Theory Exchange Theory and Family Caregiving
Families as Caregivers
Context of Ongoing Norms of Mutual Assistance
Intergenerational Support
Family Members as Caregivers to Frail Elders
Who Are Family Caregivers?
Women in the Middle
Caregiver Burden and Reward
Involvement of Older Adults in Their Care
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Topical Essay: Ironies of Crime: Silver Haired Victims and Criminals
Chapter 7: Work and the Life Course
Employment as an Organizing Force in the Life Course
Dynamics of the Labor Force
Employment and Life Chances
Productive Aging: Expanding Our Definitions of Work
The Occupational Life Cycle
The Occupational Life Cycle Model
Contemporary Changes
The Future for Older Workers
Older Workers and the Dynamics of the Labor Force
Skills and Employability of Older Workers
Special Programs for Older Workers
Applying Theory: Rocking Chairs or Rock Climbing, Disengagement and Activity Theories
Age Discrimination in Employment: Problems and Policies
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 8: Retirement
Defining Retirement
The Social Construction of Retirement
Theoretical Perspectives on Contemporary Retirement
The Role of Social Security
The Role of Employer Pensions
Trends in Retirement
Women¿s Retirement
Early Retirement
Variation in Retirement Trends
Individual Retirement
Determinants of the Retirement Decision
Employment After Retirement¿Bridge Jobs
Retirement Consequences for Individuals and Couples
Applying Theory: Continuity Theory and the ¿Busy Ethic¿
Rethinking Retirement for the Future
Changes in Policies and Political Attitudes
Changes in the Economy and the Nature of Work
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Topical Essay: E-Elders
Chapter 9: Economics and the Aging of Society
The Role of Economics in Aging
Policy and the Economic Status of Older Adults
Income Maintenance Policies
Income Maintenance in the United States
International Views on Income Maintenance
Sources of Income
Social Security: Background and Contemporary Issues
Employer Pensions
Personal Saving/Assets
Economic Well-Being of Older Americans
Alternative Measures of Economic Well-Being
Measures of Economic Status
Rates of Poverty
Economic Well-Being and Inequality Among Older People
Applying Theory: The Stratified Life Course and Economic Diversity
Effects of Population Aging on the Economy
Spending and Saving over the Life Course
Consumption Patterns
Prospects for the Future Economic Status of the Elderly
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 10: Aging and the Health of Individuals
Physical Aging
The Health Status of Older People
Prevalence Rates for Chronic Conditions
Functional Ability
Self Assessment
Mortality
The Social Context of Mortality: Death and Dying
Mental Health and Aging
Explaining Gender and Race Variation in Health
Summary
Web Wis
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Topical Essay¿Anti-Aging: Cosmetics and Aesthetics
Chapter 11:Aging and the Health Care System
The Medical Model of Health Care
Elements of the Health Care System
Access and Utilization
Applying Theory: Political Economy of Health Care Access
Financing of Health Care for Older Americans
Medicare
Medicare Part D
Medicaid
Managed Care
Long-Term Care in the U.S.
Unpaid Long-term Care
Nursing Homes
Assisted Living
Community-based Long-term Care
Continuing Care Retirement Communities
Financing Formal Long-Term Care
Long-term Care System Redesign
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 12: Politics, Government, and the Welfare State
Age-Based Government Policies
The Old Age Welfare State
The Older Americans Act
The Aging Enterprise
Age and Need Entitlements
Aging and Politics
Age Norms and Rules for Political Participation
Aging, Period, and Cohort Effects on Political Behavior
Voting and Activism: The Potential for Old Age Political Power
Working the Political System: Age-Based Advocacy
The Battle over Social Security
AARP and Capitol Hill
The Case of Catastrophic Health Care Legislation
Generational Politics: Conflict and Consensus
The Potential for Generational Conflict
The Generational Equity Debate
Applying Theory: Age Stratification Theory
Summary
Web Wise
Key Terms
Questions for Thought and Discussion
Chapter 13: The Dynamics of Aging in Our Future
Aging in a Changing Social World
Rethinking Old Age and the Life Course
Implications of a Global Economy
Changing Family Structures
Future Cohorts of Older People
What Can We Accurately Predict?
Growth and Diversity
Education
Sharing Lives and Households
Political Participation
Speculations about Coming Cohorts
Risks of Prediction
Challenges and Opportunities for the Field
Disciplinary Frameworks
Micro/Macro Distinctions: Implications for Policy and Practice
Firming our Theoretical Foundations
Addressing Diversity in Policy and Practice
Transforming Knowledge to Inform Policy and Practice
Summary
Web Wise
Questions for Thought and Discussion

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Older people -- United States.
Aging -- United States.
Gerontology -- United States.