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table of contents Contents Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Aging and Society Dimensions of Aging Physical Aging Psychological Aging Social Aging Social Construction of Aging Societal Aging Ways of Categorizing People by Age Chronological Age Functional Age Life Stage Ageism The Rise of Old Age as a Category Generational Consciousness The Aging Population as a Social Force The Life Course and Old Age Social Perspectives on Aging Social Gerontology The Sociological Imagination Micro and Macro Perspectives Patterning of experience: diversity and heterogeneity Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 2: Studying Aging Why Do We Conduct Research? The Role of Theory How Do We Conduct Research on Aging? Age as a Variable Sorting Out Age, Period, and Cohort Effects Aging Effects: Criminal Behavior by Age Cohort Effects: The Case of Voting among Nineteenth Amendment Women Period Effects: A Hypothetical Example of Consumer Spending Over the Life Course Designs and Methods Targeted to Research on Aging Longitudinal/Panel Studies Secondary Analysis Qualitative, Quantitative, Combined Methods Event History Analysis Life History and Reminiscence Other Special Issues in Studying Aging Separating ¿Normal¿ from ¿Pathological¿ Aging Increasing Variability with Age Sampling Adequately Ethical Issues in Research on Aging Cohort-Centrism, Dynamism, and Limits of Current Knowledge Applying Theory: Cohort Size & Life Chances: The Easterlin Hypothesis Sociology of Knowledge and Research Activism Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Topical Essay: Will They Play the Rolling Stones at the Nursing Home? Chapter 3: Aging People in an Aging World: Demographic Perspectives The Aging of Societies How Do Populations Age? Applying Theory: Demographic Transition Theory Measures of Population Aging Population Pyramids Proportion Aged Median Ages Aging Index Dependency Ratios Life Expectancy Global Aging Applying Theory: Modernization Theory Demographic Characteristics of Our Aging Population Living Arrangements Geographic Distribution Gender Composition Increasing Diversity Centenarians Interpreting and Using Demographic Data The Fallacy of the Demographic Imperative Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 4: The Aging Individual in Social Context Setting the State: Psychology of Aging Human Development and Aging Social Context and Individual Aging The Life Course Social Roles Age Norms Age norms and life course flexibility Age norms and ageism Structural Lag Analyzing Theory: The Emergence of Developmental Science Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Topical Essay: Love, Sex, and Longevity Chapter 5: Family as an Age-Integrating Institution The Family Institution The Meanings of Generation Aspects of Family Variation Core Norms and Expectations of Family Relationships Independence and Dependence Voluntarism and Obligation Applying Theory Family Life Cycle Theory and Individual Dependency in the Family The Cultural Basis of Family Norms: The Chinese Case The Waltons Myth: Co-Residents of Grandparents in the U.S. Social Changes and the Family¿s Future Changes in Marriage Changes in Size/Shape of Families Future Changes in the Timing of Family Events Greater Complexity of Family Relations Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 6: Aging Persons and their Families Families as Personal Network versus Public Institution Strengths in Later Life Families Continuities in Later Life Families Key Familial Roles and Relationships Spouses/Aging Couples Marital Satisfaction over the Life Course Termination of Marriage: Widows and Widowers Parents and Children Siblings Changes in Contact/Intimacy through Life Variations in Sibling Relationships Grandparents Voluntary Nature of Grantparenting in Middle-Class Families Variations in Grandparenting Roles Applying Theory Exchange Theory and Family Caregiving Families as Caregivers Context of Ongoing Norms of Mutual Assistance Intergenerational Support Family Members as Caregivers to Frail Elders Who Are Family Caregivers? Women in the Middle Caregiver Burden and Reward Involvement of Older Adults in Their Care Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Topical Essay: Ironies of Crime: Silver Haired Victims and Criminals Chapter 7: Work and the Life Course Employment as an Organizing Force in the Life Course Dynamics of the Labor Force Employment and Life Chances Productive Aging: Expanding Our Definitions of Work The Occupational Life Cycle The Occupational Life Cycle Model Contemporary Changes The Future for Older Workers Older Workers and the Dynamics of the Labor Force Skills and Employability of Older Workers Special Programs for Older Workers Applying Theory: Rocking Chairs or Rock Climbing, Disengagement and Activity Theories Age Discrimination in Employment: Problems and Policies Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 8: Retirement Defining Retirement The Social Construction of Retirement Theoretical Perspectives on Contemporary Retirement The Role of Social Security The Role of Employer Pensions Trends in Retirement Women¿s Retirement Early Retirement Variation in Retirement Trends Individual Retirement Determinants of the Retirement Decision Employment After Retirement¿Bridge Jobs Retirement Consequences for Individuals and Couples Applying Theory: Continuity Theory and the ¿Busy Ethic¿ Rethinking Retirement for the Future Changes in Policies and Political Attitudes Changes in the Economy and the Nature of Work Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Topical Essay: E-Elders Chapter 9: Economics and the Aging of Society The Role of Economics in Aging Policy and the Economic Status of Older Adults Income Maintenance Policies Income Maintenance in the United States International Views on Income Maintenance Sources of Income Social Security: Background and Contemporary Issues Employer Pensions Personal Saving/Assets Economic Well-Being of Older Americans Alternative Measures of Economic Well-Being Measures of Economic Status Rates of Poverty Economic Well-Being and Inequality Among Older People Applying Theory: The Stratified Life Course and Economic Diversity Effects of Population Aging on the Economy Spending and Saving over the Life Course Consumption Patterns Prospects for the Future Economic Status of the Elderly Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 10: Aging and the Health of Individuals Physical Aging The Health Status of Older People Prevalence Rates for Chronic Conditions Functional Ability Self Assessment Mortality The Social Context of Mortality: Death and Dying Mental Health and Aging Explaining Gender and Race Variation in Health Summary Web Wis Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Topical Essay¿Anti-Aging: Cosmetics and Aesthetics Chapter 11:Aging and the Health Care System The Medical Model of Health Care Elements of the Health Care System Access and Utilization Applying Theory: Political Economy of Health Care Access Financing of Health Care for Older Americans Medicare Medicare Part D Medicaid Managed Care Long-Term Care in the U.S. Unpaid Long-term Care Nursing Homes Assisted Living Community-based Long-term Care Continuing Care Retirement Communities Financing Formal Long-Term Care Long-term Care System Redesign Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 12: Politics, Government, and the Welfare State Age-Based Government Policies The Old Age Welfare State The Older Americans Act The Aging Enterprise Age and Need Entitlements Aging and Politics Age Norms and Rules for Political Participation Aging, Period, and Cohort Effects on Political Behavior Voting and Activism: The Potential for Old Age Political Power Working the Political System: Age-Based Advocacy The Battle over Social Security AARP and Capitol Hill The Case of Catastrophic Health Care Legislation Generational Politics: Conflict and Consensus The Potential for Generational Conflict The Generational Equity Debate Applying Theory: Age Stratification Theory Summary Web Wise Key Terms Questions for Thought and Discussion Chapter 13: The Dynamics of Aging in Our Future Aging in a Changing Social World Rethinking Old Age and the Life Course Implications of a Global Economy Changing Family Structures Future Cohorts of Older People What Can We Accurately Predict? Growth and Diversity Education Sharing Lives and Households Political Participation Speculations about Coming Cohorts Risks of Prediction Challenges and Opportunities for the Field Disciplinary Frameworks Micro/Macro Distinctions: Implications for Policy and Practice Firming our Theoretical Foundations Addressing Diversity in Policy and Practice Transforming Knowledge to Inform Policy and Practice Summary Web Wise Questions for Thought and Discussion
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Older people -- United States.
Aging -- United States.
Gerontology -- United States.