Table of contents for Microbiology perspectives : a photographic survey of the microbial world / George Wistreich.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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1 Introduction 1
A Word about Microscopes 1
A Brief View of Classification 3
Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes 4
The Three Domains 5
Viruses 9
Prions 9
2 Modern Imaging Techniques 11
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scanning 11
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 11
Ultrasonography 11
Scintigraphic Techniques 11
3 Bacteriology ¿
Laboratory Techniques 14
Bacterial Morphology, Morphological Arrangements, and Staining Techniques 14
Living Preparations versus Simple Staining 14
Bacterial Morphology and, Morphological Arrangements 16
Differential Staining Techniques 17
Selected Specialized Structures 23
Basic Cultivation Techniques 23
Isolation Techniques 24
Agar Plate, Broth, and Agar Slant Characteristics 25
Anaerobic Cultivation 27
Biochemical Activities of Microorganisms 30
Differential, Selective, and Selective and Differential Media 30
Chromogenic Media 33
Extracellular Degradation of Polysaccharides, Proteins, Lipids, and DNA 33
Carbohydrate Metabolism: An Introduction to Intracellular Metabolism 34
Nitrogen Metabolism 36
Oxygen Utilization: Oxidase and Catalase Activities 39
Motility Media 40
Differential Test Patterns: The IMViC Test 41
Microbial Reactions in Multiple-Test Media: Litmus Milk; Triple Sugar Iron Agar; Sulfide, Indole, Motility Medium, and Four in One Entero-Screen 4 42
Miniaturized and Rapid Microbiological Systems 45
4 Bacteriology: A Survey of the Bacteria and Archeae Domains 48
The Bacteria 48
Phylum 1: Proteobacteria 48
The Alpha Proteobacteria 48
Aerobic/Microaerophilic Gram-Negative Coccobacilli and Stalked Bacteria 48
Alcaligenes 48
Alcaligenes faecalis 48
Brucella 49
Caulobacter 49
Caulobacter species 49
Rhizobium 49
Rhizobium species 49
Rickettsia 51
Rickettsia Ehrlichia, and Bartonella 51
Coxiella 51
Ehrlichia 53
Bartonella 53
Bartonella henselae 53
Bartonella quintana 55
The Beta Proteobacteria 55
Microaerophilic Gram-Negative Helical Bacteria 55
Aquaspirillum 55
Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum 55
Aerobic, Gram-Negative Sheathed Bacteria 55
Leptothrix 55
Aerobic/Microaerophilic Gram-Negative Coccobacilli, Cocci, and Spirals 55
Bordetella 55
Bordetella pertussis 55
Neisseria 56
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 56
Neisseria meningitidis 57
Spirillum 57
Spirillum volutans 57
The Gamma Proteobacteria 58
Anoxygenic Phototrophic Gram-Negative Vibroids and Rods 58
Chromatium 58
Chromatium and Related Species 58
Aerobic/Microaerophilic Gram-Negative Rods and Cocci 61
Francisella 61
Legionella 61
Moraxella 61
Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis 61
Pseudomonas 63
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 63
P. fluorescens 63
Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods 63
Calymmatobacterium 63
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis 63
Citrobacter 65
Citrobacter freundii 65
Enterobacter 65
Escherichia 65
Escherichia coli 65
Haemophilus 67
Haemophilus influenzae 67
Haemophilus ducreyi 67
Klebsiella 69
Klebsiella pneumoniae 69
Morganella 69
Pasteurella 69
Pasteurella multocida 69
Photobacterium species 69
Proteus 71
Salmonella 71
Serratia 73
Shigella 73
Vibrio 73
Vibrio cholerae 73
Yersinia 75
Yersinia enterocolitica 75
Yersinia pestis 75
The Delta Proteobacteria 75
Aerobic, Motile, Gram-Negative Predatory Curved Rods 75
Bdellovibrio 75
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 75
Stigmatella 77
Stigmatella aurantiaca 77
The Epsilon Proteobacteria 78
Aerobic/Microaerophilic, Motile, Helical/Vibroid, Gram-Negative Bacteria 78
Helicobacter 78
Helicobacter pylori 78
Gram-Positive Bacteria 78
Group B 79
Low GC, Endospore-Forming Gram-Positive Rods 80
Bacillus 80
Clostridium 82
Clostridium botulinum 82
Clostridium difficile 82
Clostridium perfringens 82
Clostridium tetani 82
Low GC, Regular, Non-Spore-Forming Gram-Positive Rods 84
Listeria 84
Listeria monocytogenes 84
Low GC, Non-Spore-Forming Gram-Positive Cocci 84
Aerococcus viridans 84
Enterococcus faecalis 84
Micrococcus luteus 84
Sarcina 86
Staphylococcus 86
Streptococcus 86
Group A 90
Group B 90
Low GC Cell-Wall-less Bacteria 90
Mycoplasma 90
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 90
Ureaplasma urealyticum 90
High GC, Non-Spore-Forming Gram-Positive Rods 91
Actinomyces 91
Actinomyces israelii 91
Corynebacterium 92
Corynebacterium diphtheriae 92
Mycobacterium 92
Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex 95
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (M. avium complex, MAC) 95
Mycobacterium leprae 95
Mycobacterium smegmatis 95
Bacillus of Calmette and GuÚrin (BCG) 95
Nocardia 95
Nocardia 95
Bifidobacterium 96
Bifidobacterium bifidum 96
Gardnerella 96
Gardnerella vaginalis 96
The Chlamydia 96
Chlamydia trachomatis 96
Chlamydia pneumoniae 99
Chlamydia psittaci 99
The Spirochetes 99
Borrelia 99
Borrelia burgdorferi 99
Borrelia recurrentis 101
Leptospira 101
Leptospira interrogans 101
Treponema 101
Treponema pallidum 101
Anaerobic/Facultative Anaerobic, Non-Motile, Gram-Negative Rods 103
Porphyromonas 103
Prevotella 103
Streptobacillus 103
Streptobacillus moniliformis 103
The Cyanobacteria 106
Myxosarcina 106
Spirulina 106
Calothrix 106
Anabaena 106
The Archeae 108
Euryarchaeota 108
Methanothermus 108
Methanothermus fervidus 108
Methanosarcina mazei 108
Pyrococcus 108
Pyrococcus furiosus 108
Crenarchaeota 108
Pyrodictium 108
Pyrodictium species 108
5 Mycology 110
Properties of Fungi 110
Molds and Yeasts 110
Dimorphism 114
Classification 115
Culture and Microscopic Techniques 115
Direct Microscopic Examination 115
Macroscopic Views of Fungi 116
Mushrooms 116
Puffballs 120
Morels 120
Common Molds and Yeasts 120
Funguslike Protists 120
Spectrum of Mycoses 120
Agents of Superficial and Cutaneous Mycoses (Dermatophytoses) 120
Agents of Subcutaneous Mycoses 124
Chromoblastomycosis 124
Sporotrichosis 124
Agents of Systemic Mycoses 124
Blastomyces dermatitidis 124
Coccidioides immitis 124
Histoplasma capsulatum 128
Agents of Opportunistic Mycoses 128
Aspergillus species 131
Candida albicans 132
Filobasidiella (Cryptococcus) neoformans 134
Penicillium marneffei 134
Pneumocystis carinii 134
6 Algology (Protists¿The Algae) 138
Properties and Distribution 138
Chlorophyta (Green Algae) 140
Euglenophyta (Euglenoids) 140
Chrysophyta (Golden Brown Algae and Diatoms) 140
Phaeophyta (Brown Algae) 140
Pyrrophyta (Dinoflagellates) 140
Rhodophyta (Red Algae) 140
Lichens 143
7 Protozoology (Protists¿The Protozoa) 144
Structures and Functions 144
Trophozoites and Cysts 145
Classification 145
Sarcomastigophora 145
Sarcodina 145
Entamoeba histolytica 145
Acanthamoeba 147
Mastigophora 147
Leishmania 147
Giardia 147
Trichomonas vaginalis 149
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
T. b. gambiense 149
Trypanosoma cruzi 149
Ciliophora 149
Balantidium coli 152
Apicomplexa 152
Plasmodium 152
Toxoplasma gondii 152
Babesia 155
Isospora belli 155
Cryptosporidium parvum 155
Microsporidia 155
8 Virology 157
Viruses and Their Effects 157
Viroids and Prions 157
The Introduction of Electron Microscopy¿The History of a Great Invention 159
Basic Structure of Viruses 159
Cultivation 162
Animal Virus Cultivation 162
Cell (Tissue) Culture 162
Classification 165
Diagnosis 165
Laboratory Diagnosis 165
Features of Generalized Infections Accompanied with a Rash 165
Viruses as Biological Weapons 165
RNA Viruses 168
Corona Viruses 168
Rotaviruses 168
Rabiesvirus 168
Influenzaviruses 169
Ebola Virus 171
Marburg Virus 171
Hantavirus 171
Hepatitis A Virus 171
Retroviruses 171
DNA Viruses 172
Papillomaviruses 172
Hepatitis B Virus 172
Hepatitis C Virus 172
Hepatitis D Virus 174
Hepatitis E Virus 174
Herpes Viruses 175
Herpes Simplex Viruses 175
Varicella-zoster Virus (Varicellovirus) 175
Cytomegalovirus 175
Epstein-Barr Virus 177
KaposiÍs Sarcoma 177
Poxviruses 177
Smallpox 177
Vaccinia Virus 180
Cowpox 180
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus 180
Monkeypox Virus 180
Mimivirus¿An Unusual Find 180
9 Helminthology 182
Classification 182
Cestodes 184
Diphyllobothrium latum 184
Diphylidium caninum 184
Echinococcus granulosis 184
Taenia 184
Nematodes 186
Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus 186
Ascaris lumbricoides 186
Enterobius vermicularis 186
Loa loa 186
Onchocerca volvulus 186
Strongyloides stercoralis 189
Trichinella spiralis 189
Trichuris trichiura 189
Wuchereria bancrofti 189
Trematodes 189
Clonorchis (Opisthorchis) sinensis 189
Fasciola hepatica 191
Fasciolopsis buski 191
Paragonimus westermani 191
Schistosoma 194
10 Arthropods and Disease 195
11 Immunology 198
Immune System Components 198
Selected Immune System Components 200
T and B Lymphocytes 200
T Lymphocytes. 200
B Lymphocytes and Plasma Cells. 200
The Thymus Gland and Other Selected Cellular Immune System Factors 202
A Brief View of Immune Responses 202
Diagnostic Tests 204
Electron Microscopy 210
Commercial Devices 210
Appendix
Glossary
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Microbiology -- Atlases.
Microbiology -- Atlases.
Microbiological Techniques -- Atlases.