Table of contents for Student guide to research in the digital age : how to locate and evaluate information sources / by Leslie F. Stebbins.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

Follow the Seven Steps of Research, but be Flexible!
STEP ONE: Define Your Research Question
STEP TWO: Ask for Help
STEP THREE: Develop a Research Strategy and Locate Resources
	Find Books
	Find Journal, Magazine, and Newspaper Articles	
	Find Specialized Resources
	Find Web Resources
STEP FOUR: Use Effective Searching Techniques
	Use Boolean Searching to Combine Concepts and Search Synonyms
	Use Keyword Searching 
	Use Subject Heading or Descriptor Searching:
	Use Other Tricks To Narrow Search Results
		Limit setting
 	Proximity searching 
STEP FIVE: Read critically, synthesize, and seek meaning
STEP SIX: Understand the Scholarly Communication Process and Cite Sources
STEP SEVEN: Critically Evaluate Sources
 Use Filters 
 Use Context to Decipher Meaning and Evaluate 
 Examine Your Assumptions 
 Evaluate Authority
 Determine Purpose and Scholarly Nature
	Investigate Accuracy 
	Note Currency
 Determine Relevance
 Use Higher-Order Thinking Skills to Select Resources
 Be Engaged
Books and Scholarly Research
Use Books as a Shortcut
Use a Subject Encyclopedia to Start Your Research
	Find a Subject Encyclopedia 
 Use Your Library Online Catalog 
 Ask a Reference Librarian 
 Consult a Reference Book of Reference Books
Use Bibliographies and Web Guides to Locate Key Resources		
 Find bibliographies and web subject guides
Use Reference Books to Locate Quick Factual Information
 General Encyclopedias
 Subject Dictionaries 
 Atlases and Gazetteers 
 Handbooks and Manuals 
 Almanacs and Yearbooks 
Find Reference Books
	Find Print Reference Books
	Find Library-Owned Electronic Reference Books
 Find Free Electronic Reference Books
Use Scholarly Books for a Broad and Deep Overview 
	Supplement Scholarly Books with Popular and Trade Books
	Find Scholarly and Popular Books
 	Use Your Library Online Catalog	
	Search the Catalog 
	Broaden or Narrow Your Search
 Browse the Stacks and the Catalog 
 Use Other Library Catalogs 
 Use Worldcat or RedLightGreen
Use Ebooks for Research 
Do Not Read the Entire Book
Don?t Use Books if? 
Use Filtering Devices to Deal with Information Overload
 Use a Bibliography or Subject Encyclopedia. 
 Ask Your Professor or Instructor 
 Use the List of References at the Back of A Book or Article 
Critically Evaluate Books
 Examine the Author 
 Note the Currency 
 Evaluate the Publisher 
 Determine the Content 
 Check the Bibliography 
 Compare and Corroborate
 Use Reviews to Evaluate A Book
 Find Online and Print Book Reviews
Identify and Use Scholarly Journal Articles
Use Magazine and Newspaper Articles when Appropriate
Choose Databases to Search for Articles
 	Use Large Multi-disciplinary Aggregators to Find Articles
 Use Federated Search Engines to Find Articles
 Use Specialized Article Databases to Find Articles
Develop Effective Search Strategies
 Use ?Boolean? Searching 
 Break Your Search into Major Concepts. 
 Develop Synonyms for Each Concept
 Combine Synonyms With ?Or? And Different Concepts With ?And? 
 Use Truncation to Catch Word Endings or Alternative Spellings
	Limit Your Search to Retrieve More Relevant Results
 	Limit search to subject heading or descriptor 
		Limit your search to phrases
 	Limit search by year published
 	Limit search by language
 	Limit search by publication type
Locate Articles
 Use a Full-Text Database. 
 Search an Article Database and Click on The Linking Symbol 	
 Search an Article Database and Use the Library Online Catalog
Use Open Access Journals, Preprint Servers, and Institutional Repositories/University Web Sites
 Open Access Journals 
 Preprint Servers
	Institutional Repositories 
Evaluate Articles
 Determine Purpose and Scholarly Nature
 Evaluate Authority		
	Determine Possible Bias
	Use Filters as Evaluation Tools
 Investigate Accuracy, Consistency, and Content
	Note Currency
 Determine Relevance
 Examine Your Assumptions
	 Use Multiple Sources
Understand the Role of Informal Information Sources
	Personal Web Page
Chapter 4
What Are Primary Sources?
 Understand the Types of Primary Sources
 Unpublished sources: archives and manuscripts
 Published texts
	Other types of primary sources
		Oral histories
 	Visual and audio documents 
 	Machine readable data sets
 	Realia or artifacts 
Plan your Research Strategy
	Research secondary sources first
	Make a list of key people, dates, and terms
Determine What Type of primary Source to Use
Find digitized primary source collections on the web
 Use large digital library collections to find primary sources
 Use archive search engines to find digitized collections
Use indexes and archive search engines to find archives in other countries
Find primary sources using the online library catalog
Visit your special collections department 
Find historical newspaper and magazine articles
	Use a full-text database 
	Use an online newspaper or magazine index 
	Use a print newspaper or magazine index
	Find a specific type of newspaper
Use special microform collections of primary sources
Critically Evaluate Primary Sources
 Creator bias
 Time and place
	Internal consistency
 External consistency
	Researcher bias
	Multiple sources
	An ongoing process
Develop a Strategy
Find Critical Essays and Brief Factual Information
 Use a Full-Text Database for Critical Essays and Factual Information
 Use Specialized Directories, Dictionaries, and Encyclopedias 
Find Published Autobiographies and Biographies 
	Search the Library Online Catalog to Locate an Autobiography or Biography
 Search Larger Online Catalogs to Locate An Autobiography Or Biography
Find Biographical Writings by Lesser-Known individuals
	Search the Library Online Catalog for Lesser-Known Individuals
 Search the Online Library Catalog for Anthologies or Bibliographies 
Critically Evaluate Autobiographies and Biographies
 Critical Reviews
 Expertise of Biographer
 Comparison to Other Accounts
 Motivation of Author
 Researcher Bias
Find Diaries
 Use the Online Library Catalog to Find Diaries
 Search Larger Online Catalogs to Locate Diaries
 Search Online Collections of Diaries
 Find Anthologies and Bibliographies of Diaries	
 Anthologies with Companion Microfilm collections
Critically Evaluate Diaries
 Authenticity and Authorship 
 External Consistency
 Internal Consistency
 Researcher bias
Find Oral Histories
 Search Oral History Web Sites
 Search the Online Catalog to Find Oral Histories
Critically Evaluate Oral Histories
 Understand the Social Lens Of The Narrator
 Determine the Mission of The Interviewer 
 Check for Internal Consistency
 Check for External Consistency
 Determine the Purpose Of The Oral History
Validate Biographical Writings Using Secondary Sources
Use Biographical Websites with Caution
	Web Sites with Authoritative Biographies
	Web Sites that Link to Collections of Biographical Resources
Critically Evaluate Biographical Web Sites
	Objectivity and Accuracy
	Connections to Other Pages
Find Primary and Secondary Legal Resources
Find Case Law
	Use Effective Techniques for Searching Legal Databases
 If you have the names of the parties 
 If you have the legal citation
 If you have some information about a case
 If you are looking for cases on a legal topic 
Use Secondary Sources to Find Related Cases and Analysis on Points of Law
 Newspaper articles. 
 Legal encyclopedias and American Law Reports: 
 Law review articles 
Understand Citations to Court Cases 
Use a Legal Dictionary to Decipher Legal Terms
Find Supreme Court Cases
Find Lower Federal Court Cases
 	United States Courts of Appeal (Circuit Courts)
 United States District Courts (Trial Courts)
Find State Court Cases
Determine Whether a Case is Still ?Good Law?
Critically Evaluate Legal Resources
 Determine Purpose and Scholarly Nature
 Evaluate Authority
 Determine Possible Bias
 Use Multiple Sources
 Investigate Accuracy, Consistency, and Content
Note Currency 
 Determine Relevance
 Examine Your Assumptions
 Find Federal Agency Documents
 Use a Specialized Search Engine to Locate Agency Documents
 Use a Search Engine to Locate a Specific Agency
 Find Historical Federal Agency Documents
Find Presidential Information Sources
 Use Executive Branch Web Sites to Locate Information
Find Executive Orders, Presidential Messages, Proclamations, and Other 	Documents 
Issued by the President
 Find Federal Budgetary Information
 Locate Information in Presidential Libraries
 Locate Foreign Relations Documents
 Find Declassified Documents
Find Legislative Information
Understand How a Bill Becomes a Law 
Find a Bill
 Find the Committee(s) that is Working on the Bill	
 Find a Hearing
 Find a Committee Print
 Find a Committee Report
 Find Congressional Debates 
 Find a Public Law 
 Trace the Legislative History of a Law 
 Use Congressional Agencies to Gather Documentation
 Congressional Research Service
 	General Accounting Office	
 Congressional Budget Office
 Find Historical Congressional Documents Using the U.S. Serial Set
Find Government Documents from Other Countries and Resources From Intergovernmental 
Critically Evaluate Government Documents
		Determine authenticity
		check for external consistency and use multiple sources	
		examine motivation of author or organization
 Note researcher bias
 Examine expertise of author
 Look for omissions
Find Statistics
 Use Statistical Abstracts to Locate Statistics
 Use statistical databases to Locate Statistics
 	Find Historical Statistics
 Use Secondary Sources to Locate Difficult to Find Statistics		
Critically Evaluate Statistics
Develop a System for Taking Notes
	Paraphrase or Summarize Carefully
	Limit Use of Direct Quotations
	Avoid Overuse of Citations
Steer Clear of all Types of Plagiarism
Choose a Style Manual 
Choose a Documentation Style
Use the Following Examples from Chicago to Format your References
 Citing Different Types of Books
 Citing Articles in Journals, Newspapers, or Magazines
	Citing a Stand Alone Web Page
Use Bibliographic Software to Cite your Sources 
Bring Evaluation into the Process 
Appendix A: Specialized Journal Article Databases ? Indexes and Full Text
About the Author

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Research -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Information retrieval -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Information resources -- Evaluation -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Computer network resources -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Electronic information resource searching -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Library research -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Bibliography -- Methodology -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Report writing -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.