Table of contents for Archaeological chemistry / Zvi Goffer.

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Contents
1. Minerals: rock and stone; pigments, abrasives, gemstones
a. The chemical elements
b. Minerals and mineraloids
c. Rock and stone
d. The study of archaeological stone
e. The chemical analysis of archaeological materials
i. Isotopes in archaeology
f. The provenance of archaeological materials
g. The chronology of archaeological materials
i. Potassium argon dating
ii. Argon-argon dating
iii. Archaeologically related rock and stone
h. Pigments
i. White pigments
ii. Black pigments
iii. Red pigments
iv. Yellow pigments
v. Green pigments
vi. Blue pigments
i. Abrasives
j. Gemstones
i. Cutting and polishing gemstones
ii. Some archaeological gemstones
2. Lithics: Flint and obsidian
a. Quartz and flint
b. Obsidian
i. Dating obsidian
c. Use wear analysis
3. Sand: glass, glaze, enamel
a. Glass, glaze and enamel
b. Glass
i. Soda glass
ii. Soda lime glass
iii. Potash glass
iv. Lead glass
v. Colored glass
vi. Opaque glass
c. Glassmaking
d. Ancient glass studies
i. Some special types of ancient glass
ii. The provenance of glass
e. The decay of glass
4. Secondary rocks: building stone, brick, cement, mortar
a. Building stone
i. Gypsum and alabaster
ii. Limestone and marble
b. Cement
i. Mud
ii. Bitumen
iii. Lime and gypsum cements
c. The study of ancient cements
5. Ores: metals and alloys
a. Native metals
b. Metalliferous ores
c. Mining
d. Ore dressing
e. Smelting
i. Smelting fuel and metal reduction
f. Metal refining
g. Alloys
h. The metals and alloys of antiquity
i. Copper
ii. Iron
iii. Gold
iv. Silver
v. Lead
vi. Tin
vii. Zinc
viii. Mercury
ix. Platinum
i. The deterioration of metals and alloys - Corrosion
i. The corrosion of ancient metals and alloys
j. The study of archaeological metals and alloys
i. Ancient metallurgy
ii. Arsenical copper
iii. Damascus steel
iv. Granulation and filigree
v. Coins
6. Sediments and soils
a. Sediments, oxygen isotopes and ancient temperatures
b. Soil
i. The composition and properties of soils
ii. Archaeological soils
7. Clay: Pottery and other ceramic materials
a. Primary clay
b. Secondary clay
c. Clay and ceramic materials
d. Ceramic materials
i. Pre-ceramics
ii. The components of ceramic materials
e. Making ceramics
i. Pottery kilns
ii. The color of fired pottery
iii. Glazing
f. Common ceramic materials	
i. Terra cotta
ii. Earthenware
iii. Stoneware
iv. Porcelain
g. The study of ancient pottery
i. Attic vase painting
ii. Coral red Attic Pottery
iii. Manganese black decoration
iv. Islamic stone-paste
v. Egyptian faience
vi. The firing conditions of ancient pottery
vii. The provenance of pottery
viii. Dating pottery
8. The biosphere: Organic and biological substances
a. Living organisms and cells
b. Biological matter: organic and bioinorganic substances
i. Bioinorganic substances
c. Ancient biological materials
d. Dating organic materials
i. Radiocarbon dating
9. Carbohydrates: wood, gums, resins
a. Wood
i. The nature of wood
ii. The composition and physical properties of wood
iii. Dendrochronology and dendroclimatology
iv. Dead wood
v. Burnt wood
vi. Archaeological wood
b. Gums
c. Resins
i. Lacquers
ii. Incense 
d. Carbohydrates, isotopes and the study of ancient diets
10. Lipids: oils, fats and waxes
a. Oils
b. Fats
c. Waxes
d. Soap
e. Ancient lipids
11. Proteins: skin and hide, leather, glue
a. Animal skin
b. Skin and hide
i. Fur
ii. Parchment and vellum
c. Leather
i. Tanning
ii. After tanning processes; finishing
d. Glue
e. Dating ancient proteins - amino acid racemization dating
12. The nucleic acids: Human traits; genetics and evolution
a. DNA after death
b. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
c. Ancient DNA studies
13. Fibers: yarn, textiles and cordage; writing materials
a. Fibers
b. Textile and cordage fibers
c. Vegetable fibers
d. Animal fibers
e. Inorganic fibers
f. The study of archaeological fibers
g. Writing materials
i. Papyrus
ii. Paper
iii. Non paper flat materials
14. Dyes and dyeing
a. Stains and staining
b. The dyeing process
c. Mordants
d. The nature of dyes
e. Ancient dyes
i. Blue dyes
ii. Green dyes
iii. Purple dyes
iv. Red dyes
v. Yellow dyes
f. The identification and characterization of ancient dyes and mordants
15. Bioinorganic materials; bone, ivory, shell, phytoliths
a. Bone
b. Teeth
c. Ivory
d. Horn
e. Antler
f. Shell
g. Archaeological bone
i. The diagenesis of buried bone
ii. Dating bone 
h. Bone, stable isotopes and ancient diets
i. Nitrogen stable isotopes and diet
ii. Strontium isotopes
16. Some ancient remains: mummies, fossils, coprolites
a. Mummies and mummification
b. Embalming
c. Fossils and fossilization
d. Animal excretions, coprolites
i. Coprolites
17. The environment and the decay of archaeological materials
a. Air and the atmosphere
b. The composition of the atmosphere
c. Water and the hydrosphere
d. Pollution
e. Air pollutants
f. Water pollutants
g. The interaction of materials with the environment
h. Temperature effects
i. Sunlight
j. Oxygen and ozone
k. Water
l. Air pollutants
m. The deterioration of some archaeological materials
i. Pottery
ii. Glass
iii. Metals
iv. Wood
v. Skin, hide and leather
vi. Fibrous matter
18. The authentication of antiquities
a. Technical and scientific and methods of authentication
i. Material evidence
ii. Scientific examination
b. Some authentication studies
i. The Piltdown man
ii. Francis Drake's brass plate
iii. The Greek bronze horse from the Metropolitan Museum
iv. The shroud of Turin
Appendix I: The Chemical Elements
Appendix II: Chronometric Dating Methods: Selection criteria
Appendix III: Symbols, constants, units and equivalencies
Glossary
Bibliography

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Archaeological chemistry.