Table of contents for Doing health anthropology : research methods for community assessment and change / Christie W. Kiefer.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgments
Preface
Chapter 1: Why Anthropology?
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
WHAT IS CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY? THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE
How Do Cultural Anthropologists Collect Data?
How Do Cultural Anthropologists Analyze Data?
THE ADVANTAGES OF ANTHROPOLOGY FOR THE HEALTH SCIENCES
The Mighty Disease Model
The Social Perspective on Health
Why Isn't the Social Perspective More Widely Used?
The Advantages of the Social Perspective
SUMMARY
Chapter 2: Positivism: The Laboratory Theory of Knowledge
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
THE MEANINGS OF KNOWLEDGE
POSITIVISM: THE LABORATORY THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE
Validity
Elegance and Parsimony
THE LIMITS OF POSITIVISM
SUMMARY
Chapter 3: The Naturalistic Theory of Knowledge: Anthropology
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
NATURALISTIC THEORY
The Idea of Usefulness
THE NATURALISTIC SEARCH FOR KNOWLEDGE
Intuition, or Using What We Already Know
How Science Is Different from Everyday Problem Solving: The Issue of
Persuasion
THE PROCESS OF NATUALISTIC RESEARCH
ADVANTAGES OF NATURALISTIC KNOWLEDGE
The Issue of Meaning
The Issue of Pattern Coherence
THE DISADVANTAGES OF NATURALISTIC KNOWLEDGE
Conceptual Problem No. 1: Verification
Conceptual Problem No. 2: Objectivity
Practical Problem No. 1: Time
Practical Problem No. 2: Generalizability
WHAT ABOUT THEORY?
SUMMARY
Chapter 4: The Study of Real People in Natural Situations
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
ETHNOGRAPHY AND THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL ATTITUDE
The Moral Relationship of Researcher and Community
SURVEY RESEARCH AND THE POSITIVIST ATTITUDE
THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTEXTS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH
SUMMARY
Chapter 5: Designing a Research Project
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
THE PROCESS OF DETAILED UNDERSTANDING
IDENTIFYING A RESEARCH PROBLEM
Why Have We Chosen this Problem?
How Will We Recognize the Answer?
The Problem Statement
The Intuition Statement
FORMULATING SPECIFIC RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Characteristics of Good Questions
RESEARCH DESIGN AS A CONTINUOUS PROCESS
SUMMARY
Chapter 6: The Researcher In and Beyond the Community
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION
ETHICS AND VALUES
Ethics for Other Styles of Research
Observing Unacceptable Behavior
TAKING ROLES, FITTING IN
CLOTHING, SPEECH, MANNERS
EXAMPLES OF ROLES
The Role of Student or Scholar
The Role of Friend
The Roles of Leader, Teacher, and Expert
CULTURE SHOCK: UNAVOIDABLE, HIGHLY VALUABLE
IF YOUR TIME IN THE COMMUNITY IS LIMITED
THE RESEARCHER BEYOND THE COMMUNITY
SUMMARY
Chapter 7: Collecting Data
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
PLANNING FOR RESEARCH
The Research Problem
Background Research
OBSERVING AND TAKING NOTES
General Principles of Observation
What Situations and Behaviors to Observe
Minimizing Distortion
Rapport Building
KEEPING RECORDS
Audio and Video Recordings
Taking Notes
Adding Analytic Details <per text>
INTERVIEWING
Minimizing Distortion
Closed-Ended Versus Open-Ended Interviews
Getting Truth Through Interviews
Maintaining Rapport
Keeping Interview Records
UNOBTRUSIVE MEASURES
INDIRECT INDICATORS
SUMMARY
Chapter 8: Analyzing Data
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
DATA ANALYSIS USES NATURAL HUMAN SKILLS
ANALYSIS: MAKING OUR IMPLICIT UNDERSTANDINGS EXPLICIT
DATA MANAGEMENT
Kinship Diagrams or Genograms
Classification Trees, Organization Charts
Networks and Flow Charts
Face Sheets
HOW TO TREAT DATA MANAGEMENT TOOLS
ANALYZING RAW DATA: CONTENT CODING
USING STATISTICS
HOW TO READ AND LISTEN TO ANTHROPOLOGY
Reading for Context
Reading and Listening for Technique
WRITING THE RESULTS
Persuasion
Transparency
Language
Usefulness
SUMMARY
Chapter 9: The Theory of Needs
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
EXISTING MODEL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH PRACTICE (CHP)
The Concept of Health
The Concept of Community
The Goals and Limitations of the CHP Model
A MORE EFFECTIVE MODEL: PEOPLE MEETING NEEDS IN PATTERNED
CONTEXT
Meeting Needs
Patterned Context
Context, Meaning, and Change
THE BASIC HUMAN NEEDS
NEEDS AND HEALTH
SYNERGY, CONFLICT, AND SUBSTITUTION AMONG NEEDS
Synergy
Conflict
Substitution
NEEDS AND COMMUNITY HEALTH RESEARCH
Assessing Health in the Context of Needs
The Role of Social Change in Health
The Impact of Planned Changes on Health
A METHOD FOR ASSESSING NEED SATISFACTION STRATEGIES
SUMMARY
Chapter 10: Community Change: The Theory of Hope
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
ANOMIE AND HOPELESSNESS
The Substitution of Satisfactions
Loss of Meaning
SELF-WOUNDING COMMUNITIES
SELF-HEALING COMMUNITIES
THE PROCESS OF COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT
Helping People Understand Themselves
An Alternative Theory of Community Change: Street Marxism
USING THEORY TO HELP PEOPLE CHANGE
The Theory of Hope
The Theory of Street Marxism
SUMMARY
Chapter 11: Action Anthropology
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
RESEARCH AS COMMUNITY PRACTICE
The Empowerment Process
Action Research Adds a Moral Dimension to Science
THE ACTION RESEARCHER AND COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT
Developing Self-Awareness in the Community
Creating a Liaison Between the Community and Outsiders
The Limitations of the Action Researcher
DOING ACTION ANTHROPOLOGY I: KNOWING THE COMMUNITY
DOING ACTION ANTHROPOLOGY II: FACILITATING CHANGE
Organizing Gatherings and Sharing Information
Organizing Work, Collecting Facts, Evaluating Actions
The Look, Think, Act Model
Sustaining the Process
SUMMARY
Chapter 12: Teaching Health Anthropology
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
TEACHING AND RESEARCH SHOULD GO TOGETHER
Traditional Teaching Methods
A Better Way: Student-Centered Teaching
Benefits and Costs of the Student-Centered Method
THE METHOD OF STUDENT-CENTERED TEACHING
Class Size
Selection of Students
Location
Classroom Resources
Scheduling
Preparation
ROLE OF THE TEACHER/FACILITATOR
Classroom Strategies for Creating Student Confidence
Classroom Strategies for Larger Classes
Group Teaching
HOMEWORK AND OUTSIDE ASSIGNMENTS
Reading Assignments
Journals
Field work
PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING
SUMMARY
Chapter 13: Professionalism in Naturalistic Social Science
GUIDE TO THIS CHAPTER
THE QUALITY OF NATURALISTIC RESEARCH
POSITIVIST-FRIENDLY NATURALISTIC METHOD
USEFULNESS AS VALIDITY: A BETTER SOLUTION
Objection No. 1: The Problem of Values
Objection No. 2: The Problem of Shared Tradition
ASSESSING COMMUNITY HEALTH BELIEFS
SUMMARY
Appendix
References

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Medical anthropology -- Research -- Methodology.
Public health -- Anthropological aspects -- Research -- Methodology.