Table of contents for Education for a new era : design and implementation of K-12 education reform in Qatar / Dominic J. Brewer ... [et al.].

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CONTENTS
PREFACE	III
FIGURES	IX
TABLES	XI
SUMMARY	XIII
DESIGN PHASE	XIII
IMPLEMENTATION PHASE	XVIII
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS	XXII
OUR PARTNERS	XXII
THIS VOLUME	XXIV
LIST OF SYMBOLS	XXVI
GLOSSARY	XXVIII
1. INTRODUCTION	1
ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT	4
2. QATAR AND ITS EDUCATION SYSTEM	7
HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL BACKGROUND	7
ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY	14
WORK AND SOCIETY	16
EDUCATION	22
HISTORY	22
THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION	23
GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS	26
PRIVATE SCHOOLS	29
POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION	31
PRIOR EFFORTS TO IMPROVE QUALITY	32
MIXED SUCCESS AT REFORM	34
3. ANALYSIS OF QATAR'S EDUCATION SYSTEM	39
APPROACH	39
OBSERVATIONS	41
INTERVIEWS	42
DOCUMENTATION	42
RESULTS CONFIRMED SYSTEM WEAKNESSES	43
LACK OF EDUCATION VISION OR GOALS	44
PIECEMEAL GROWTH WITHOUT VIEW OF WHOLE SYSTEM	44
HIERARCHICAL ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE	45
LINES OF AUTHORITY UNCLEAR	45
LITTLE COMMUNICATION WITH STAKEHOLDERS	45
TOP-DOWN CONTROL OF CURRICULUM AND TEACHING	45
OUTMODED, RIGID CURRICULUM	46
UNCHALLENGING CURRICULUM	46
LACK OF SCHOOL AUTONOMY	47
LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY	47
LACK OF INVESTMENT IN ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS	47
LOW TEACHER PAY AND POOR INCENTIVES	48
POOR TEACHER ALLOCATION POLICIES	48
LACK OF TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT	49
SOME POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM	49
FAMILIARITY WITH INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS	49
ENTHUSIASTIC, COMMITTED STAFF	50
DESIRE FOR AUTONOMY AND CHANGE	50
ACCEPTANCE OF ALTERNATIVE SCHOOLING OPTIONS	50
NEED FOR STRUCTURAL, SYSTEMIC CHANGE	51
4. THE REFORM MODEL	53
OPTIONS FOR REFORM	53
MODIFIED CENTRALIZED OPTION	58
CHARTER SCHOOL OPTION	60
VOUCHER OPTION	61
MODEL SELECTION	63
THE INDEPENDENT SCHOOL MODEL: GOALS, PRINCIPLES, AND ELEMENTS	65
AUTONOMY	65
ACCOUNTABILITY	66
VARIETY	66
CHOICE	67
INDEPENDENT SCHOOL OPERATORS	68
CONTRACT GUIDELINES	69
FINANCING	70
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT	71
CURRICULUM STANDARDS	72
STANDARDIZED ASSESSMENTS	74
DATA COLLECTION, ANALYSIS, AND DISSEMINATION	74
EXPECTED IMPACT OF THE INDEPENDENT SCHOOL REFORM MODEL	75
5. REALIZING THE INDEPENDENT SCHOOL MODEL: INITIAL DESIGN AND 
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY	79
BUILDING AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE	81
SUPREME EDUCATION COUNCIL	82
THE IMPLEMENTATION TEAM	84
THE EDUCATION INSTITUTE	84
THE EVALUATION INSTITUTE	86
OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR EDUCATION AND EVALUATION INSTITUTES	88
RELATIONSHIP WITH THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION	89
ROLE OF RAND AND OTHER EXTERNAL CONTRACTORS	90
TIMING	92
POTENTIAL CHALLENGES	95
MAINTAINING A SYSTEM-WIDE PERSPECTIVE	95
BUILDING HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY	96
ENGAGING STAKEHOLDERS THROUGH COMMUNICATION	97
ENCOURAGING OPERATORS TO OPEN SCHOOLS	99
MANAGING A VERY SHORT TIMEFRAME	101
IMPLEMENTING THE INDEPENDENT SCHOOL MODEL: PHASE I	102
6. BUILDING THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE	103
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SUPREME EDUCATION COUNCIL	104
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INSTITUTES	105
LEADERSHIP FOR THE REFORM	105
SUPPORTING THE INSTITUTES AND OFFICES	108
FACILITIES FOR THE INSTITUTES	110
SUMMARY	110
7. DEVELOPING AND SUPPORTING CURRICULUM STANDARDS	111
CURRICULUM STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS	112
KEY ISSUES IN STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT	116
INSTRUCTIONAL TIME	117
SECONDARY SCHOOL SPECIALIZATION	118
EVALUATION OF THE STANDARDS	119
SUPPORTING STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION	119
INITIAL TEACHER TRAINING	120
SUPPORT TO SCHOOLS	121
SUMMARY	122
8. DEVELOPING THE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM	125
QSAS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: INITIAL DESIGN DECISIONS	127
QCEA 2004: THE FIRST YEAR OF STANDARDIZED TESTING	130
2004 QCEA: TEST SCORING AND REPORTING	133
2005 QCEA: ALIGNMENT TO STANDARDS AND CHANGES	134
KEY ISSUES IN 2005 QCEA DEVELOPMENT	136
SUMMARY	137
9. ESTABLISHING THE INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS	141
DEVELOPING INDEPENDENT SCHOOL GUIDELINES	143
LONG-TERM PLANNING FOR ESTABLISHING SCHOOLS	147
RECRUITING SCHOOL SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS	150
SELECTING GENERATION I SCHOOLS AND OPERATORS	151
TRAINING AND SUPPORT FOR THE SCHOOL APPLICATION PROCESS	153
PREPARING THE SCHOOL FACILITIES FOR OPENING DAY	155
THE PROMISE OF THE NEW INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS	156
SUMMARY	157
10. CHALLENGES OF A RAPID AND COMPREHENSIVE REFORM	159
MAINTAINING A SYSTEM WIDE PERSPECTIVE	160
BUILDING HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY	160
ENGAGING STAKEHOLDERS THROUGH COMMUNICATION	163
ENCOURAGING OPERATORS TO OPEN SCHOOLS	164
CONFLICTING LEADERSHIP ROLES	165
COLLABORATING ACROSS CULTURE, DISTANCE, AND TIME	166
SUMMARY	167
11. ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS	168
SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN FIRST THREE YEARS	170
NEW ORGANIZATIONS ESTABLISHED	170
EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS AND ASSESSMENTS ESTABLISHED	171
EDUCATIONAL DATA AND INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPED	172
COMMUNICATION IS INCREASING	172
INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS PROVIDE A NEW EDUCATION ALTERNATIVE	173
INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS OFFER VARIETY AND CHOICE	174
A REVIEW OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE SEPTEMBER 2004	175
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER DEVELOPING AND SUSTAINING THE REFORM	178
CONTINUE TO BUILD HUMAN CAPACITY	180
PROMOTE ACCOUNTABILITY	180
EXPAND THE SUPPLY OF HIGH-QUALITY SCHOOLS	181
CONSIDER EDUCATION POLICY WITHIN THE BROADER CONTEXT	182
THE VALUE OF THIS PROJECT BEYOND QATAR	183
APPENDIX. RAND STAFF	185
REFERENCES	187
 
FIGURES
FIGURE 5.1; ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE	82
FIGURE 5.2; TIMELINE OF PHASES	93
 
TABLES
TABLE 2.1 EMPLOYED PERSONS (15 YEARS OLD AND ABOVE) BY SECTOR, GENDER, 
AND NATIONALITY (2001)	19
TABLE 2.2 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES, BY NATIONALITY (2000)	25
TABLE 2.3 NUMBER OF GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS, TEACHING STAFF, AND STUDENTS
	27
TABLE 2.4 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION CURRICULA BY STAGES (1996)	29
TABLE 2.5 NUMBER OF STUDENTS IN QATAR IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS 
(2000-2001)	30
TABLE 2.8 REPEATERS IN QATAR BY SCHOOL TYPE (2000-2001)	35
TABLE 4.1 COMPARISON OF DESIGN OPTIONS ON KEY DIMENSIONS	59
TABLE 6.1 GENERATION I INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS	155

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Education -- Qatar.
Education and state -- Qatar.