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List of Sources Introduction Part 1: Logic and Epistemology A. Philosophy, Theology, Logic, and the Sciences 1. Augustine on ancient philosophy 2. Anonymous 12th-century author on the division of science 3. Thomas Aquinas on the nature and scope of sacred doctrine B. The Problem of Universals 4. Boethius against real universals 5. John of Salisbury on the controversy over universals 6. The Summa Lamberti on the properties of terms 7. William Ockham on universals 8. John Buridan on the predicables C. Illumination vs. Abstraction, and Scientific Knowledge 9. Augustine on divine ideas and illumination 10. Thomas Aquinas on illumination vs. abstraction 11. Thomas Aquinas on our knowledge of the first principles of demonstration 12. Henry of Ghent on divine illumination 13. Duns Scotus on divine illumination D. Knowledge and Skepticism 14. Augustine on the certainty of self-knowledge 15. Thomas Aquinas on whether the intellect can be false 16. Henry of Ghent on whether a human being can know anything 17. Nicholas of Autrecourt on skepticism about substance and causality 18. John Buridan on scientific knowledge Part 2: Philosophy of Nature, Philosophy of the Soul, Metaphysics A. Hylomorphism, Causality, Natural Philosophy 19. Thomas Aquinas on the principles of nature 20. Thomas Aquinas on the mixture of elements 21. Giles of Rome on the errors of philosophers 22. Selections from the Condemnation of 1277 23. John Buridan on the theory of impetus B. Human Nature and the Philosophy of the Soul 24. Augustine on the soul 25. Averroes on the immateriality of the intellect 26. Siger of Brabant on the intellective soul 27. Thomas Aquinas on the nature and powers of the human soul 28. John Buridan on the immateriality soul C. Metaphysics, Existence and Essence 29. Avicenna on common nature 30. Thomas Aquinas on being and essence 31. John Buridan on essence and existence D. God¿s Existence and Essence 32. Augustine on divine immutability 33. Anselm of Canterbury on God¿s existence 34. Thomas Aquinas on God¿s existence and simplicity Part 3: Practical Philosophy A. Goodness and Being 35. Augustine on evil as the privation of goodness 36. Augustine on the origin of moral evil 37. Boethius on being and goodness 38. Thomas Aquinas on the convertibility of being and goodness B. Freedom of the Will 39. Augustine on the ¿divided will¿ 40. Boethius on divine providence and the freedom of the will 41. Anselm of Canterbury on free will 42. Henry of Ghent on the primacy of the will C. Virtues and Happiness 43. Boethius Dacus on the supreme good 44. Thomas Aquinas on happiness D. Divine Law, Natural Law, Positive Law 45. Thomas Aquinas on natural law and positive law 46. John Duns Scotus on natural law and divine law Selective Bibliography of Further Readings
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