Table of contents for Preparing America's teachers : a history / James W. Fraser.

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Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1. Schooling Teachers for a New Nation, 1750-1830
Colleges
Academies
Home Schooling, Dame Schooling, and a 
New Common School Teacher
Missionaries and Indigenous Teachers
Conclusion
2. Educating Women, Women as Educators, 1800-1860
Seminaries For Women Teachers-Troy, Ipswich, 
Mount Holyoke, and More
Preparing Women to Teach-From Individual Schools to a 
National Movement
Preparing Women to Teach-Changes in Ideology, Changes 
in Practice
3. The Birth of the Normal School, 1830-1870
Creating a New Institution: The State Normal School
Opening the Massachusetts Normal Schools
The Curriculum: What Was Taught at the Massachusetts 
Normal Schools
An Alternative Vision
The Slow Spread of the Normal School Model 
Before the Civil War
So Did the Normal Schools Prepare Teachers?
4. Teachers' Institutes, 1830-1920
The Origins of Teachers' Institutes
The Heyday of the Teachers' Institute
Teachers' Institutes, Examinations, and Certification: 
A Case Study
An Institution That Would Not Die
5. High Schools and City Normal Schools, 1830-1920
A Fresh Look at the Nineteenth-Century High School
The High School Normal Curriculum- 
Preparing City Teachers
High Schools, Gender, and the Road to 
Women's True Profession
Rural High Schools for Rural Teachers
Beyond High School: From City High Schools to 
City Normal Schools and Colleges
6. Normal Institutes, Missionary Colleges, and County 
Training Schools: Preparing African American Teachers in 
the Segregated South, 1860-1940
Informal Preparation in Slavery and Freedom
The Hampton-Tuskegee Model: Normal and 
Agricultural Institutes
Missionary Colleges and Normal Schools
County Training Schools
7. The Heyday of the Normal School, 1870-1920
Just What Was a Normal School?
An Institution Whose Time Had Come- 
Growth Between 1870 and 1920
Changing Admissions, Changing Curriculum, 
Changing Standards
The Search for College Status
How Important Were the Normal Schools in 
Preparing the Nation's Teachers?
 8. Universities Create Departments and Schools 
of Education, 1870-1930
Colleges and Universities Have Always 
Prepared Teachers
University Chairs, Departments, and Schools 
of Education
The Growth of High Schools and the Need for 
High School Teachers
Accreditation-The Search for Order
Teachers Colleges Fight Back
 9. Teachers for Cities, Teachers for Immigrants, 
1870-1940
Hunter College and the New York Story
New York Was Not Alone: Chicago, Cincinnati, Detriot
The Kindergarten Movement in Teacher Education
10. Every Teacher a College Graduate, 1920-1965
Normal Schools Become Teachers Colleges
Snapshot-State Teachers Colleges During the 
1930-1931 Academic Year
The National Survey of the Education of Teachers
Teachers Colleges Become "Just Colleges"
A College Degree Becomes the Norm
11. A New Status Quo and Its Critics, 1960-1985 
A Midcentury Consensus About the Education 
of Teachers?
The Fund for the Advancement of Education
The Master of Arts in Teaching Degree- 
An Effort to Bridge the Gap
The New Critics: Arthur Bestor, James D. Koerner, James 
Bryant Conant
The Power of the Status Quo
12. Preparing Teachers in the Era of A Nation at Risk, 
1965-2000
The Teacher Corps
The Center for Educational Renewal and a 
New Sense of Urgency
Holmes and Carnegie-What the Reports Recommended 
and What They Changed
Implementation in Massachusetts-A Case Study
A Crisis in Racial Diversity in the Teaching Profession
The Holmes Group Becomes the Holmes Partnership
Afterword: Teachers for a New Millennium, 2000-
What Matters Most-The National Commission on Teaching 
and America's Future
Regulation and Deregulation in a Conservative Ascendancy
Toward the Future-Clarity, Diversity, and 
New Tensions
Notes
For Further Reading
Index
About the Author

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Teachers -- Training of -- United States -- History.