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Volume 1: From Colonial Times to Reconstruction: Opposing Viewpoints in American History Contents Foreword <head n="1">Part 1: Colonial America (1582–1750) Timeline Preface <head n="2">Origins of English Settlement 1A. National and Economic Reasons to Colonize the New World (1582) Richard Hakluyt 1B. Religious Reasons to Colonize the New World (1629) John Winthrop 2A. Virginia Is an Abundant New Paradise (1613) Alexander Whitaker 2B. Virginia Is Not a New Paradise (1624) Richard Ffrethorne <head n="2">Contact and Conflict with Native Americans 3A. Indians and Colonists Should Live in Peace (1609) Powhatan 3B. Indians Should Be Conquered and Exterminated (1622) The Virginia Company of London 4A. A Puritan Missionary’s Account of Indians (1646) John Eliot 4B. A Puritan Captive’s Account of Indians (1682) Mary Rowlandson <head n="2">Religious Disputes in the New World 5A. The Colonies Should Allow Religious Toleration (1657) Edward Hart and Citizens of Flushing 5B. Religious Toleration Is Unwise (1647) Nathanial Ward 6A. A Defense of the Salem Witch Trials (1692) Cotton Mather 6B. An Attack on the Salem Witch Trials (1692) Thomas Brattle 7A. The Great Awakening Is a Welcome Religious Revival (1743) An Assembly of Pastors of Churches of New England 7B. The Great Awakening Has Led to Harmful Religious Zealotry (1742) Charles Chauncy <head n="2">Labor in Colonial America 8A. Poor Europeans Should Come to America as Indentured Servants (1666) George Alsop 8B. Poor Europeans Should Not Come to America as Indentured Servants (1754) Gottlieb Mittelberger 9A. Slavery is Immoral (1700) Samuel Sewall 9B. Slavery Is Immoral (1701) John Saffin <head n="1">Part 2: Forging a New Nation (1750–1800) Timeline Preface <head n="2">The Decision to Break from Great Britain 10A. The British Parliament Is Abusing the Rights of Americans (1764) Stephen Hopkins 10B. The British Parliament Is Not Abusing the Rights of Americans (1765) Martin Howard 11A. America Must Be Independent of Great Britain (1776) Thomas Paine 11B. America Should Seek Reconciliation with Great Britain (1776) Charles Inglis <head n="2">Revolutionary War 12A. War Against the British Is Not Justified (1776) The Ancient Testimony and Principles of the People Called Quakers 12B. War Against the British is Justified (1775) John Carmichael 13A. American Soldiers Should Act Together to Ensure Their Own Welfare (1783) John Armstrong 13B: American Soldiers Should Act in the Nation’s Interest (1783) George Washington <head n="2">Creating a New Government 14A. A Strong National Government Is Necessary to Ensure the Nation’s Survival (1783) George Washington 14B. Strong State Governments Are Maintaining Freedom and Prosperity (1787) James Winthrop 15A. A Republic Must Be Small and Uniform to Survive (1787) “Brutus” 15B. A Viable Republic Can Be Large and Diverse (1787) James Madison 16A. The Constitution Needs a Bill of Rights (1788) Patrick Henry 16B. The Constitution Does Not Need a Bill or Rights (1788) Alexander Hamilton 17A. Jay’s Treaty Should Be Rejected (1795) Robert R. Livingston 17B. Jay’s Treaty Should Be Accepted (1796) Fisher Ames 18A. The Sedition Act Violates the Bill of Rights (1799) George Hay 18B. The Sedition Act Does Not Violate the Bill of Rights (1799) 5<superscript>th</superscript> Congress Majority Report <head n="1">Part 3: Antebellum America (1800–1850) Timeline Preface <head n="2">Expanding Nation, Expanding Government 19A. The Louisiana Purchase Should Be Approved (1803) Thomas Jefferson 19B. The Louisiana Purchase Should Be Opposed (1803) Samuel White 20A. The Federal Government Is Supreme over the States (1819) John Marshall 20B. The Federal Government Is Not Supreme over the States (1819) Spencer Roane 21A. Indians Should Be Removed to the West (1830) Andrew Jackson 21B. Indians Should Be Allowed to Remain in Their Homeland (1830) Cherokee Nation 22A. The Bank of the United States Should Be Abolished (1832) Andrew Jackson 22B. The Bank of the United States Should Not Be Abolished (1832) Daniel Webster <head n="2">Social Reform Issues of the Antebellum Era 23A. Suffrage Should Not Be Based on Property (1821) Nathan Sanford 23B. Suffrage Should Be Limited to Property Holders (1821) James Kent 24A. Immigrants Endanger America (1845) Native American Party 24B. Immigrants Do Not Endanger America (1845) Thomas L. Nichols 25A. Women Hold an Exalted Place in American Society (1841) Catharine A. Beecher 25B. Women Hold a Degraded Status in America (1848) Seneca Falls Convention <head n="2">Manifest Destiny and War with Mexico 26A. America Should Not Annex Texas (1844) Henry Clay 26B. America Should Annex Texas (1845) John L. O’Sullivan 27A. The United States Must Go to War with Mexico for Self-Defense (1846) James K. Polk 27B. The United States Fought Mexico to Gain Territory (1850) Ramon Alcaraz et al. <head n="1">Part 4: Civil War and Reconstruction 1850–1877 Timeline Preface <head n="2">Slavery and the Road to Secession 28A. Southern States May Be Forced to Leave the Union (1850) John C. Calhoun 28B. The Union Must Be Preserved (1850) Daniel Webster 29A. Constitutional Rights Do Not Extend to Blacks (1857) Roger Taney 29B. Constitutional Rights Do Extend to Blacks (1857) Benjamin Robins Curtis 30A. Popular Sovereignty Should Settle the Slavery Question (1858) Stephen A. Douglas 30B. Slavery Should Not Be Allowed to Spread (1858) Abraham Lincoln 31A. Secession Is Justified (1861) South Carolina Declaration 31B. Secession Is Not Justified (1861) Abraham Lincoln <head n="2">The Civil War 32A. Freeing the Slaves Should Be the Primary War Aim (1862) Horace Greeley 32B. Preserving the Union Should Be the Primary War Aim (1862) Abraham Lincoln 33A. The Emancipation Proclamation Is a Magnificent Achievement (1862) Frederick Douglass 33B. The Emancipation Proclamation Is a Worthless Act (1863) Clement C. Vallandigham 34A. War Justifies the Restriction of Civil Liberties (1863) Abraham Lincoln 34B. War Does Not Justify the Violation of Civil Liberties (1863) Ohio Democratic Convention <head n="2">Reconstruction 35A. The South Is a Separate, Conquered Nation (1866) Joint Committee on Reconstruction 35B. The South Is Not a Separate, Conquered Nation (1867) Andrew Johnson 36A. Blacks Should Have the Right to Vote (1865) Frederick Douglass 36B. Blacks Should Not Have the Right to Vote (1866) Andrew Johnson Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
United States -- History -- Sources -- Juvenile literature.