Table of contents for The Holocaust / Kevin Hillstrom ; foreword by Stephen C. Feinstein.

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Table of Contents
Foreword by Stephen Feinstein
Director, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Preface 
Introduction										1	
Chapter 1: Roots of Anti-Semitism							3
Introduction										5
1.1
Anti-Semitism from a Christian Religious Leader ¿ 1543				9
Excerpt from ¿On Jews and Their Lies¿ by Martin Luther
1.2
Arguing the Superiority of the ¿Aryan¿ Race ¿ 1853					15
Excerpt from The Moral and Intellectual Diversity of Races 
by Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau
1.3
Racist Theory on Aryans and Jews ¿ 1899						20
Excerpt from The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century 
by Houston Stewart Chamberlain
1.4
The Myth of a Jewish Conspiracy ¿ 1903						27
Excerpt from Protocols of the Meetings of 
the Zionist Men of Wisdom
Chapter 2: World War I and the Rise of the Nazi Party				31
Introduction										33
2.1
The Treaty of Versailles ¿ 1919							37
Text of the Treaty of Peace Between the Allied and 
Associated Powers and Germany 
2.2
The Nazis Spell Out Their Political Goals ¿ 1920					43
Program of the National Socialist German Workers¿ Party
2.3
Social and Economic Upheaval in Postwar Germany ¿ 1920s			47
Excerpt from The World of Yesterday by Stefan Zweig
2.4
Hitler Casts Himself as a Patriot ¿ 1923						51
Excerpts from Adolf Hitler¿s Trial Address after
the Beer Hall Putsch
2.5
Hitler Rages against the Jews ¿ 1923							53
Excerpt from Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler
2.6
A Childhood Shadowed by Anti-Semitism ¿ 1920s					62
Holocaust Survivor Henry Oertelt Remembers the Brown Shirts
2.7
Germany¿s ¿Enabling Law¿ ¿ 1933							63
Text of the Law to Remove the Distress of People and State 
Chapter 3: Persecution by Law							65
Introduction										67
3.1
¿Aryan Heritage¿ Enters the German Legal System ¿ 1933				69
Text of the Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional 
Civil Service
3.2
Hitler Blocks ¿Non-Aryans¿ from the German Government ¿ 1933			72
Text of the Law Changing the Regulations in Regard
to Public Officers
3.3
Annihilating the Adversaries ¿ 1933-34						73
Statement about Nazi Persecution by Rudolf Diels
3.4
The Nuremberg Laws ¿ 1935								75
Text of the Reich Citizenship Law
3.5
The Nazis Define Jewishness ¿ 1935							76
Text of the First Regulation to the Reich Citizenship Law
3.6
Hitler Outlaws Sexual Relations between Jews and Citizens 78	
of ¿German Blood¿ ¿ 1935		
Text of the Law for the Protection of the German Blood and 
of the German Honor
3.7
The Third Reich Inventories Jewish Wealth ¿ 1938					80
Text of the Decree for the Reporting of Jewish Owned Property
3.8
Nazi Decrees on Jewish Names ¿ 1938						82
Text of the Second Decree on the Change of First and Family Names
3.9
The ¿Marking¿ of the Jews ¿ 1941							83
Reinhard Heydrich Mandates that Jews Wear Star of David Badges
Chapter 4: Pressure and Propaganda 						85
Introduction										87
4.1
The Practice of ¿Jew Baiting¿ ¿ 1933							89
Text of a Memorandum from the Third Reich¿s Propaganda Department
4.2
¿Cluster Round the Swastika Banner¿ ¿ 1933					90
Songs of the Hitler Youth
4.3
Witness to a Nazi Party Rally ¿ 1934							92
Excerpt from Berlin Diary, by William L. Shirer
4.4
The S.S. Calls You ¿ 1930s								96
Text of an S.S. Recruitment Pamphlet
4.5
Anti-Jewish Propaganda at the Local Level ¿ 1935					98
Text of a Nazi Memorandum on Anti-Jewish Posters
4.6
Nazi Propaganda at Its Crudest ¿ 1935 99		
Text of an Anti-Semitic Leaflet
4.7
Poisoning the Minds of Children ¿ 1935 	101 
Text of ¿The Cuckoo and the Jew¿ by Helga Gerbling
4.8
Anti-Semitism in Children¿s Storybooks ¿ 1938	102	
Excerpt from The Poisonous Mushroom by Ernst Hiemer
4.9
Julius Streicher and the Anti-Semitic Newspaper Der Stürmer ¿ 1934	103
Text of an Article from Der Stürmer by Martin Froehling
4.10
Testimony about the Corrosive Effects of 
Anti-Jewish Propaganda ¿ 1930s							104
Excerpt from an Interview with a German Jew in the Third Reich
4.11
Propaganda for the Rest of the World ¿ 1938	105	
Excerpt from ¿National Socialist Racial Thought,¿ by Walter Gross
Chapter 5: Kristallnacht								109
Introduction										111
5.1
The Night of Broken Glass ¿ 1938							113
Text of Kristallnacht Instructions Issued by Reinhard Heydrich
5.2
Waiting for Kristallnacht to Arrive ¿ 1938						115
Excerpt from an Interview with Henry Oertelt, 
a Jewish Witness of Kristallnacht in Berlin
5.3
A Jewish Orphanage Under Attack ¿ 1938						116
Excerpt from an Account of Kristallnacht Violence 
by a Jewish Orphanage Director
5.4
The Nazis Seize Jewish Assets ¿ 1938						119
Decree Relating to the Payment of a Fine by the Jews 
by Hermann Göring
5.5
Göring Crushes Jewish Businesses and Livelihoods ¿ 1938	120	
Text of the Decree Relating to the Exclusion of Jews 
from the German Economic Life
5.6
The Nazis Force Jews to Pay for Kristallnacht Damages ¿ 1938	122
Text of the Decree for the Restoration of the Appearance of the 
Streets in the Case of Jewish Business Enterprises
5.7
The Nazis Act to Curb Jewish Freedom of Movement ¿ 1938			122
Text of Police Regulation of the Appearance of Jews in Public 
Chapter 6: Voluntary Emigration before the War					125
Introduction 										127
6.1
Jewish Emigration to England ¿ 1933						129
Excerpt from a Speech by Adolf Hitler
6.2
Plotting to Push Jews out of Germany ¿ 1939					130
German Foreign Ministry Memorandum on Policy 
Regarding Jews in 1938
6.3
Angels of Frankfurt ¿ 1939								134
Recalling Terror and Kindness in Nazi Germany
Chapter 7: War and Forced Resettlement						139
Introduction										141
7.1
Hitler Defends the Invasion of Poland ¿ 1939					145	
Adolf Hitler¿s September 1, 1939, Speech before the Reichstag
7.2
Creating Jewish Ghettos ¿ 1939							151
Reinhard Heydrich¿s Resettlement Instructions to the 
Chiefs of the Einsatzgruppen 
7.3
Directive for the Deportation of Jews and Poles ¿ 1939				156
Excerpt from an SS Memorandum
7.4
A German General Objects to Nazi Policies ¿ 1940					158
Letter Protesting the Treatment of Jews and Poles 
by Johannes Blaskowitz
7.5
The Madagascar Plan ¿ 1940								159
Excerpt from a Memorandum by Nazi Official Franz Rademacher
7.6
Nazi Deportation of German Jews ¿ 1940						161
Nazi Report on the Deportation of Jews from 
Baden and the Palatinate
7.7
Stuttgart Jews Receive An Evacuation Notice ¿ 1941				162
Excerpt from a Notice of Evacuation Issued by the Jewish 
Cultural Association of Württemberg
7.8
The Nazis Widen Their Net ¿ 1942							164
Foreign Office Notice of Evacuation of Jews 
from Foreign Territories
7.9
Seizure of Jewish Art Possessions ¿ 1943						165
Letter and Report from Alfred Rosenberg to Adolf Hitler
Chapter 8: Arriving at the ¿Final Solution¿					169
Introduction										171
8.1
The First Nazi Sterilization Laws ¿ 1933						175
The Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring
8.2
Hitler Approves ¿Mercy Deaths¿ ¿ 1939						176
Adolf Hitler Endorses the Nazi T-4 Program
8.3
Church Officials Protest Nazi Euthanasia Policies ¿ 1941				177
Text of a Letter from Antonius Hilfrich, the Bishop of Limburg
8.4
Hitler Addresses the ¿Jewish Question¿ ¿ 1939					179
Excerpt from a January 1939 Speech by Adolf Hitler
8.5
Authorizing the ¿Complete Solution¿ ¿ 1941						182
Text of a Letter from Hermann Göring to Reinhard Heydrich
8.6
Targeting Jews for ¿Liquidation¿ in Poland ¿ 1941					183
Excerpt from a Speech by Hans Frank
8.7
Heinrich Himmler Discusses ¿Extermination of the Jewish Race¿ ¿ 1943		185
Excerpt from a Speech at the Meeting of S.S. Major-Generals
Chapter 9: Atrocities in the War Zones						187
Introduction										189
9.1
Murder in the Ukraine ¿ 1942								191
Statement on the Killings at Dubno, Ukraine,
by Hermann Friedrich Graebe
9.2
Operations of Einsatzgruppen ¿Action-Groups¿ ¿ 1941	194		
Excerpts from a Report by an Action-Group Commander 
9.3
Jewish Labor and the German War Effort ¿ 1941	198
Letter from an Armament Inspector in the Ukraine 
9.4
Non-German Participation in the Murder of Jews ¿ 1941	201
An Account of the Liquidation of the Borissov Ghetto
9.5
Rationalizing the Massacre of Jews ¿ 1942	203
Memo on the ¿Combating of Partisans and Action against Jews 
in the District General of White Ruthenia¿
9.6
Questioning German Pacification Tactics ¿ 1943					205
Excerpts from a German Officer¿s Memo on the Pacification of 
Occupied Eastern Territory
9.7
Dealing Death in the Ukraine ¿ 1942							206
Excerpts of Letters from an Einsatzkommando
Chapter 10: Life and Death in the Ghetto						209
Introduction										211
10.1
The Struggle to Find Food in the Lódz Ghetto ¿ 1941				213	
Excerpt from The Diary of Dawid Sierakowiak
10.2
The ¿Great Action¿ in Lithuania ¿ 1941						217
Excerpt from Surviving the Holocaust: The Kovno 
Ghetto Diary by Avraham Tory
10.3
Lithuanian Participation in the ¿Great Action¿ in the Kovno Ghetto ¿ 1941		225
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor Marcia Ceitlin Spies
10.4
A Warsaw Ghetto Resettlement Notice ¿ 1943					227
Text of an Announcement from S.S. Officer Hermann Höfle
10.5
Life in Warsaw Under the Shadow of the Swastika ¿ 1942				228
Excerpt from Scroll of Agony by Chaim A. Kaplan
10.6
Deportation of Children from the Lódz Ghetto ¿ 1942				234
Excerpt from an Address by Judenrat Leader Mordechai Rumkowski
10.7
Rumors of the Holocaust in the Warsaw Ghetto - 1944				236
Excerpt from a Report by Yitzhak Cukierman
10.8
Liquidation of the Rowno Ghetto ¿ 1942 237		
Excerpt from Testimony by Hermann Freidrich Graebe
Chapter 11: Murder in the Concentration Camps					241
Introduction										243
11.1
Nazi Use of Murderous ¿Gas Vans¿ ¿ 1942						247
Excerpt from a Report on the Effectiveness of Gas Van Operations
11.2
Deathwatch at Belzec ¿ 1942								249
Kurt Gerstein Recalls Genocidal Procedures at the Nazi Death Camps
11.3
The Commander at Auschwitz Recalls His Genocidal Work ¿ 1940-1943 		253
Excerpt from Rudolf Höss¿s Testimony before the International 
Military Tribunal
11.4
A Holocaust Survivor Recalls His Journey to the Death Camps ¿ 1944		258
Excerpt from Night by Elie Wiesel
11.5
Arrival and Survival at Auschwitz-Birkenau ¿ 1944					263
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor David Mandel
11.6
A French Political Prisoner at Auschwitz ¿ 1943-1945				266
Excerpt from the Nuremberg Testimony of Marie Claude Vaillant-Couturier
11.7
Sorting Valuables at Auschwitz-Birkenau ¿ 1944-1945				272
Holocaust Survivor George Gottlieb Recalls His Work as 
Part of the ¿Canada Group¿
11.8
The Collection of Jewish Assets at the Reichsbank ¿ 1942-1945			275
Excerpt from a Statement by Emil Puhl, Director of the Reichsbank
11.9
A Buchenwald Inmate Remembers Nazi Medical Experiments ¿ 1944-1945	277
Excerpt from Alfred Balachowsky¿s Testimony at Nuremberg
11.10
The Nazi Order for the Evacuation or Liquidation of Prisoners ¿ 1944		280
Excerpt from a Nazi Memorandum on the ¿Clearance of Prisons¿
Chapter 12: Resistance								283
Introduction										285
12.1
A Defiant Voice in Munich ¿ 1942							287	
Text of the Second Leaflet Issued by The White Rose
12.2
Resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto ¿ 1943						289
Text of a Pamphlet Distributed by the Jewish Military Organization
 in the Warsaw Ghetto
12.3
Communique from the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ¿ 1943				291
Excerpt from a Letter Written by Mordecai Anilewicz
12.4
Battling German Troops in the Streets of Warsaw ¿ 1943				292
Excerpt from a Shoah Interview with Simha Rottem
12.5
¿The Warsaw Ghetto is No More¿ ¿ 1943						294
Official Report on the Destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto by Jürgen Stroop
12.6
An S.S. Commander Describes Jewish Resistance 					299
Efforts in One Polish District ¿ 1943
Excerpt from ¿Solution of the Jewish Problem in 
the District of Galicia¿ by Fritz Katzmann
Chapter 13: Hiding and Escape							303
Introduction										305
13.1
A Jewish Girl Recalls Going into Hiding ¿ 1942					307
Except from Clara¿s Story by Clara Isaacman
13.2
Escaping the Death March ¿ 1945							313
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor David Mandel 
13.3
¿Some People Were Very Nice¿ ¿ 1944-1945					316
Holocaust Survivor Erna Roth Anolik Recalls Hiding Out during 
the War¿s Final Months
Chapter 14: Liberation								321
Introduction										323
14.1
Arrival of the Americans ¿ 1945							325
Excerpt from an Interview with Auschwitz Survivor George Gottlieb
14.2
Striving to Survive Until Liberation ¿ 1945						329
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor Henry Oertelt
14.3
A Final Spasm of Hatred ¿ 1945							331
The Last Political Testament of Adolf Hitler 
14.4
Liberation from Theresienstadt ¿ 1945						335
Excerpt from the Testimony of Shmuel Krakowski 
Chapter 15: Reflection and Remembrance						339
Introduction										341
15.1
The Long Reach of the Holocaust ¿ 1986						345
Excerpt from Maus II: And Here My Troubles Began by Art Spiegelman
15.2
Bearing Witness ¿ 1996								349
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor David Mandel
15.3
¿I Don¿t Know the Answer¿ ¿ 1995							350
Excerpt from an Interview with Holocaust Survivor Peter Hersch 
15.4
¿I Have Tried to Fight Those Who Would Forget¿ ¿ 1986				352
Text of Elie Wiesel¿s Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech
15.5
Commemorating the Holocaust ¿ 2005						355
Text of the European Parliament¿s ¿Resolution on Remembrance
 of the Holocaust, Anti-Semitism, and Racism¿
Glossary
Leading Figures of the Holocaust 						359
Holocaust Terms								360
Chronology										363
Photo Credits 										371
Further Reading 									373
Index											379

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Sources.