Table of contents for The biblical canon : its origin, transmission, and authority / Lee Martin McDonald.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Table of Contents
Foreword by Helmut Koester	000
Preface	000
Abbreviations	000
Part 1: Scripture and Canon
	1.	Introduction	000
	I.	Some Tough Questions about the Bible	000
	II.	An Adaptable Bible	000
	III.	Emergence of the Old Testament and New Testament	000
	IV.	Process(es) of Canonization	000
	2.	The Notion and Use of Scripture	000
	I.	Scribes and Scriptures in the Ancient World	000
	II.	The Scriptures of Ancient Israel	000
	3.	The Notion and Use of Canon	000
	I.	Canons in the Ancient World	000
	II.	Biblical and Faith Canons	000
	III.	Canon 1 and Canon 2	000
	IV.	Defiling the Hands: A Jewish Notion of Canon	000
	V.	Canon Characteristics: Adaptability and Life	000
	VI.	Summary	000
Part 2: Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Canon
	4.	Origins of the Hebrew Bible	000
	I.	The Law as Sacred Scripture	000
	II.	Recognition of the Prophets as Scripture	000
	III.	The Writings and a Three-Part Canon	000
A.	Sirach 49:8-10	000
B.	Prologue to Sirach	000
C.	2 Maccabees 2:13-15	000
D.	Philo, On the Contemplative Life 25-29	000
E.	4QMMT	000
F.	Luke 24:44	000
G.	Luke 11:48-51 and Matthew 23:34-35	000
	IV.	The Myth of an Alexandrian Canon	000
	V.	The Biblical Canon in the First Century C.E.	000
A.	The Emerging Scriptural Canon	000
B.	1 Enoch: A Troubling Exception	000
C.	Song of Songs: Hermeneutics and Canon	000
	5.	Early Jewish Scriptures	000
	I.	Greek Bible	000
A.	Greek Language and Culture among Jews	000
B.	Origin and Use of the Greek Scriptures	000
	II.	Essenes and Their Sacred Scriptures	000
A.	Background of the Essene Community	000
B.	Scriptures at Qumran	000
1.	Old Testament Texts	000
2.	Sectarian Literature	000
3.	Biblical Commentaries	000
4.	Late Jewish Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Works	000
	III.	Samaritan Bible	000
	IV.	Scriptures of the Sadducees	000
A.	Background	000
B.	Scriptures of the Sadducees	000
	V.	Jewish Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Writings:
Literature That Did Not Make the Cut	000
	VI.	Decanonization: Subtracting Sacred Books	000
	6.	Stabilization of the Hebrew Bible	000
	I.	The Twenty-two Book Canon	000
A.	Josephus	000
B.	Jubilees 2.23-24	000
	II.	The Twenty-four Book Canon	000
A.	4 Ezra 14:22-48	000
B.	Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Bava Batra 14b-15a	000
	III.	The Twenty-three Book Canon: D. N. Freedman	000
	IV.	Summary	000
	7.	Rabbinic Tradition (90-550 C.E.)	000
	I.	Cessation of Prophecy	000
	II.	Myth of the Council at Jamnia	000
	III.	The Bible in the Rabbinic Tradition	000
A.	Torah	000
B.	Noncanonical Books	000
C.	Sirach	000
D.	The Mishnah's Use of Scripture	000
E.	Outside Books	000
F.	Cairo Genizah	000
	IV.	Writings of Rabbinic Judaism	000
A.	Mishnah and Related Writings	000
B.	Targums	000
	V.	Conclusion	000
	8.	The Scriptures of Jesus and Early Christianity	000
	I.	The Biblical Canon of Jesus	000
	II.	The New Testament's Use of Scripture	000
	III.	The Inviolability of Scripture	000
	IV.	The Church Fathers and the Old Testament Canon	000
A.	Eastern Church Fathers	000
1.	Melito	000
2.	Origen	000
3.	Athanasius	000
4.	Synopsis scripturae sacrae	000
5.	Cyril of Jerusalem	000
6.	Gregory of Nazianzus	000
7.	Bryennios Canon	000
8.	Epiphanius	000
B.	Western Church Fathers	000
1.	Hilary of Poitiers	000
2.	Jerome	000
3.	Augustine	000
4.	Rufinus	000
C.	Summary	000
	V.	Authority of the Old Testament in Early Christianity	000
	VI.	Church Council Decisions	000
	VII.	The Codices and the Biblical Canon	000
	VIII.	Unsettled Questions	000
A.	Concern for an Old Testament Canon	000
B.	Concern about an Ambiguous Biblical Canon	000
C.	Concern about Criteria for Establishing a Canon	000
	IX.	Summary and Conclusion	000
Excursus: The Use of the Septuagint in the New Testament
by R. Timothy McLay	000
Part 3: New Testament Canon
	9.	From Story to Scripture: Emergence of the New Testament Writings as Scripture	000
	I.	From Oral Tradition to Written Documents	000
	II.	Gospels	000
A.	Authority of the Gospels in the Early Church	000
B.	Citations of the Gospel Tradition in the Early Church	000
C.	Emergence of Authorship: Oral Tradition to Memoirs	000
D.	Authorship and Authority: Memoirs to Gospels	000
	III.	Paul's Writings	000
	IV.	From Authoritative Documents to Scripture	000
A.	New Testament Writings Functioning as Scripture	000
B.	Scripture-like References to New Testament Writings	000
1.	2 Clement	000
2.	Epistle of Barnabas	000
3.	Ignatius	000
4.	Polycarp	000
5.	2 Peter	000
6.	Ptolemy	000
7.	Martyrs of Lyons and Vienne	000
8.	Tatian	000
9.	Athenagoras	000
	10.	Theophilus of Antioch	000
	11.	Summary	000
	V.	Conclusion	000
	10.	From Scripture to Canon: Tracing the Origins of the
New Testament Canon	000
	I.	Justin and the Roots of Christian Scripture	000
	II.	Irenaeus and the Principle of Scripture	000
A.	The Principle of Scripture	000
B.	Irenaeus and the Notion of Canon	000
C.	Irenaeus's Influence	000
D.	Irenaeus's List of Scriptures	000
	III.	Clement of Alexandria and a Broad Scripture Collection	000
	IV.	Tertullian and Levels of Scriptural Authority	000
	V.	Origen and the Use of Written Traditions	000
	VI.	Eusebius and the Emergence of a Fixed Biblical Canon	000
	VII.	Burning Sacred Books	000
	VIII.	Constantine and the Call to Uniformity	000
	IX.	Production of Fifty Sacred Books	000
	X.	Summary	000
	11.	Influence of Heretics	000
	I.	Marcion and Marcionites	000
	II.	Gnostics and Gnosticism	000
	III.	Montanists	000
	IV.	Conclusion	000
	V.	Excursus: New Testament Apocrypha	000
	12.	Books, Texts, and Translations	000
	I.	Books and the Biblical Canon	000
A.	The Art of Writing	000
B.	The Codex and the Biblical Canon	000
	II.	Text Criticism	000
	III.	Translations	000
A.	Early Translations	000
B.	Modern Translations	000
	IV.	Conclusion	000
	13.	Collections and Citations of Christian Scriptures	000
	I.	Ancient Lists of Scriptures	000
A.	Introduction	000
B.	Marcion	000
C.	Valentinus	000
D.	Muratorian Fragment	000
E.	Athanasius of Alexandria	000
F.	Cyril of Jerusalem	000
G.	Other Lists	000
H.	Summary	000
	II.	Early Citations, Parallels, and Allusions to New Testament Writings	000
A.	Gospels	000
1.	Matthew	000
2.	Mark	000
3.	Luke	000
4.	John	000
B.	Acts	000
C.	Paul's Writings	000
1.	Romans	000
2.	1 Corinthians	000
3.	2 Corinthians	000
4.	Galatians	000
5.	Ephesians	000
6.	Philippians	000
7.	Colossians	000
8.	1-2 Thessalonians	000
9.	Pastoral Epistles	000
a.	1 Timothy	000
b.	2 Timothy	000
c.	Titus	000
	10.	Philemon	000
D.	Hebrews	000
E.	General Epistles	000
1.	James	000
2.	1 Peter	000
3.	2 Peter	000
4.	1 John	000
5.	2-3 John	000
6.	Jude	000
F.	Revelation	000
	III.	Summary	000
	14.	The Criteria Question	000
	I.	Identifying Christian Scriptures	000
	II.	What Criteria Did the Churches Employ?	000
A.	Apostolicity	000
B.	Orthodoxy	000
C.	Antiquity	000
D.	Use	000
E.	Adaptability	000
F.	Inspiration	000
	III.	Summary	000
	15.	Final Reflections	000
Appendix A. An Outline of Canon Research: Primary Sources
and Questions	000
	I.	The Old Testament Canon	000
A.	Primary Sources for the Study of the Old Testament Canon Formation	000
B.	Questions for the Study of the Formation of the Old Testament Canon	000
	II.	The New Testament Canon
A. Primary Sources for the Study of the Formation of the New Testament Canon	000
B. Questions for the Study of the Formation of the New Testament Canon	000
	III.	Conclusions	000
Appendix B. Lists and Catalogues of Old Testament Collections	000
		Table B-1: Old Testament Lists from the Eastern Churches	000
		Table B-2: Old Testament Lists from the Western Churches	000
		Table B-3: Old Testament Lists from Important Uncial Manuscripts	000
		Table B-4: Current Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament	000
Appendix C. Lists and Catalogues of New Testament Collections	000
		Table C-1: Three Early New Testament Lists Based on Eusebius	000
		Table C-2: New Testament Lists from the Fourth Century	000
		Table C-3: New Testament Lists from the Fifth and Sixth Centuries	000
		Table C-4: New Testament Lists from Biblical Manuscripts of the Fourth and Fifth Centuries	000
Appendix D. New Testament Citations of and Allusions to Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Writings	000
Appendix E. Brevard Childs's Canonical Approach	000
Select Bibliography	000
Index of Modern Authors	000
Index of Subjects	000
Index of Ancient Sources	000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Bible -- Canon.