Table of contents for Understanding the political world : a comparative introduction to political science / James N. Danziger.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Understanding The Political World1
Politics and Knowledge3
On Politics3
Types of Political Knowledge4
Description7
Explanation8
Prescription8
Sources of Political Knowledge9
Authority9
Personal Thought12
Science13
Political Science14
Political “Science”?18
Criticisms of Political Science as a “Science”18
Political Science as a Means of Understanding the Political World20
Where Is This Book Going?21
Political Theory and Political Beliefs25
Normative Political Theory26
Thomas Hobbes26
Political Ideology27
Conservatism28
Classical Liberalism30
Socialism31
Some Further Points About “Isms”35
Individual Political Beliefs38
Types of Orientations39
Identifying Specific Beliefs40
Belief Systems41
Belief Systems Among Mass Publics42
Belief Systems Among Elites43
Political Culture44
National Character Studies44
Survey Research45
Looking Ahead48
Political Actions53
Individual Political Actions54
Modes of Political Activity54
Political Activists56
Political Participation Studies58
Group Political Actions62
Political Interest Groups63
Activities of Political Interest Groups63
Constraints on a Group’s Behavior66
Types of Interest Groups69
Political Parties71
Activities of Political Parties71
Doing Politics75
Influences on Beliefs and Actions83
The Environment84
Agents of Political Socialization87
The Family87
The Schools88
Peer Groups89
The Media and Culture92
Events96
Personal Characteristics96
Political “Personality”102
Personality102
Human Nature105
Concluding Observations105
States and Nations111
The State111
A Legal Definition112
A Structural-Functional Definition115
The Domain of State Action118
The Nation120
The Political System124
Systems in General124
The Political System Defined125
Conceptualization of the Political System129
System Persistence131
The Utility of the Political Systems Approach135
Three Major Concepts: A Reprise135
Political Institutions I: Structures141
The Legislature142
Roles of the Legislature142
Structural Arrangements145
The Decline of Legislatures146
Executives149
Roles of Executives150
Structural Arrangements151
The Age of the Executive?154
The Administration154
Bureaucracy as One Form of Administration155
Administrative Functions and Power157
The Judiciary158
Aspects of Adjudication158
Judicial Structures159
Concluding Observations161
Political Institutions II: Institutional Arrangements169
Broad Taxonomies170
Democracies and Nondemocracies170
Defining Democracy172
Defining Nondemocracies178
A Democracy¿Nondemocracy Continuum179
Constitutional and Nonconstitutional Regimes184
Constitutions184
Constitutional Regimes187
Nonconstitutional Regimes187
Areal Distribution of Power188
Unitary State188
Federation188
Confederation190
Forms of Executive-Legislative Relations191
Presidential Government191
Parliamentary (Cabinet) Government192
Hybrid Systems194
Council Systems196
Assembly Systems196
Which Form Is Optimal?197
Political Party Systems197
Two-Party Systems198
Multiparty Systems199
Dominant-Party Systems202
One-Party Systems202
No-Party Systems203
Classification and Clarity203
Political Economy209
Politics and Economics209
A political-economic framework210
Factors, Firms, and Households/Consumers210
Getting and Spending213
The State Joins In214
The World Joins In215
The Grand Total216
Two Ideal-Type Political Economies216
The Market Economy: Total Private Control219
The Command Economy: Total State Control222
Key Problems for Each Ideal-Type Political Economy223
Market Economy224
Command Economy224
The Mixed Economy225
Politics plus political economy: The other “Isms”226
The Three “Isms”226
The Real World228
Concluding Observations231
Public Policy, Power, and Decision237
Public Policy237
Taxonomies of Public Policies238
Analysis of the Stages of the Policy Process240
Policy Impact Analysis241
Explaining Public Policy Decision Making242
The Elite Approach243
Key Concepts243
Major Theorists244
The Public Policy Process244
The Prevalence of Elite-Based Political Systems245
The Class Approach247
The Public Policy Process249
The Group Approach250
The Policy Making Process251
The Three Approaches Compared254
Which Approach Is Correct?254
Essential Similarities and Differences255
Change and Political Development261
Change262
Development263
Characteristics of “More Developed” Human Systems263
The Process of Development264
The Dynamics of Economic Development269
Political Development276
Characteristics of Political Development276
The Process of Political Development277
Political Development as Democratization281
Political Institutionalization and Political Decay282
Achieving Political Development284
World of Changes285
Politics Across Borders291
The Goals of States292
Realist and Idealist Perspectives on the State’s “Motives”292
Major Goals293
Mechanisms of Cooperation Between States295
Diplomacy and Interstate Agreements295
International Law299
International Organizations300
Competition Among States307
Balance of Power307
Balance of Terror309
Domination and Dependence310
Globalization?314
Competition in the Globalized, Post¿Cold War World318
Political Violence325
Violence326
Political Society327
Types of Political Violence327
State Violence Against Individuals or Groups328
Individual Violence Against an Individual329
Group Violence Against an Individual330
Group Violence Against a Group333
Individual or Group Violence Against the State337
Use of Force Between States343
War344
What Causes War?348
Evaluating Political Violence: Means and Ends351
The Developed Countries359
An Introduction to the Next Three Chapters: Grouping the States in the Contemporary World359
The Developed Countries of the Global North360
The Developing Countries of the Global South361
The Transitional Developed Countries361
Images of the Developed Countries362
Political Culture364
Goal: Prosperity366
Mixed Economy366
Performance369
Challenges371
Goal: Stability376
Political Institutionalization376
Order Maintenance378
Challenges to Stability380
Goal: Security384
The Era of Colonialism385
The Cold War Period385
Challenges to Security in the Post¿Cold War Period386
The Developed Countries Overall387
The Developing Countries393
Images of the Developing World393
Developmental Classification393
Regional Classification394
Goal: Prosperity398
Obstacles to Prosperity400
The Quest for Prosperity: Strategic Choices404
Current Outcomes411
Prognosis416
Goal: Security416
Interstate Violence416
Economic Security420
Goal: Stability421
Challenges to Political System Effectiveness421
The Decline of Political Order422
Democratization425
Political Approaches427
Concluding Observations: It’s Getting Better all the Time(?)431
The Transitional Developed Countries437
The Postcommunist Developed Countries437
Political Culture439
Under Communism439
Postcommunism440
Goal: Prosperity440
Under Communism440
Postcommunism441
Goal: Stability448
Under Communism448
Postcommunism451
Goal: Security456
Under Communism456
Postcommunism457
The Newly Industrializing Countries457
Political Culture458
Goal: Prosperity459
Goal: Stability465
Goal: Security466
The Future of the Transitional Developed Countries467
The Postcommunist Developed Countries467
The NICs468
Next?468
The Last Chapter: Looking Backward, Looking Forward473
Political Outputs474
Political Structures475
Political Processes475
Political Change476
Direction476
Rate476
Controllability477
Into the Twenty-First Century: Understanding and Action477
Challenge 1: The Quest for Harmony with Our Technology477
Challenge 2: The Quest for Harmony with Planet Earth478
Challenge 3: The Quest for Harmony with One Another484
Choosing a Future484

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Political science.
Comparative government.