Table of contents for The making of bronze age Eurasia / Philip L. Kohl.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 -- Archaeological Theory and Archaeological Evidence
I. Anglo-American Theoretical Archaeology from c. 1960 to the Present -- a brief
II. Back to the Future -- or towards an interpretative and explanatory culture
III. The Devolution of Urban Society -- moving beyond neo-evolutionary
IV. Steppe Archaeology and the Identification -- and Proliferation -- of
Archaeological Cultures
V. Chronological Conundrums -- the application of calibrated C14 determinations
for the archaeology of the Eurasian steppes
VI. Inherent Limitations of the Present Study
Chapter 2 -- The Chalcolithic Prelude: from social hierarchies and giant
settlements to the emergence of mobile economies, c. 4500--3500 BC
I. The Production and Exchange of Copper from the Balkans to the Volga in the
5th and 4th Millennia BC -- the Carpatho-Balkan Metallurgical Province (CBMP)
II. The Form and Economy of the Gigantic Tripol'ye Settlements -- nucleation of
population and the development of extensive agriculture and animal husbandry,
particularly the herding of cattle
III. An Overview to the Social Archaeology of the Chalcolithic from the Northern
Balkans to the Volga and Beyond from the 5th to the 2nd Half of the 4th
Millennium BC
IV. The Collapse of the Southeastern European Copper Age --
single and multi-causal explanations from invading nomads, environmental crises
to shifts in inter-regional relations
Chapter 3 -- The Caucasus -- donor and recipient of materials, technologies,
and peoples to and from the Ancient Near East
I. The Caucasus -- physical and environmental features and a consideration of
earlier Chalcolithic developments
II. The Maikop Culture of the Northern Caucasus -- a review of its kurgans,
settlements, and metals; accounting for its origins and wealth and a consideration
of its subsistence economy
III. The Kura-Araxes Cultural Community (Obshchnost') of
Transcaucasia -- the history of its research and periodization of the culture and
the distribution of its settlements documenting the initial dense occupation of
different altitudinal zones in the southern Caucasus; the nature of their
settlements and evidence for social differentiation; evidence for the spread of
Kura-Araxes peoples into the Near East in the late 4th to middle 3rd millennium
IV. The Caspian Coastal Plain of Southeastern Daghestan and Northeastern
Azerbaijan -- the Velikent Early and Middle Bronze 'component' of the Kura-
Araxes 'cultural historical community;' Culture; the sequence from Velikent and
related Bronze Age sites, c. 3600--1900 BC
V. The Early Kurgan Cultures of Transcaucasia -- the arrivals of new peoples,
changes in subsistence economic practices, and the emergence of social
VI. Conclusion -- some later developments in Caucasian prehistory and shifts in
the production and exchange of metals
Chapter 4 -- Taming the Steppe -- The Development of Mobile Economies:
from Cattle Herders with Wagons to Horseback Riders Tending Mixed Herds:
the Continued Eastward Expansion of Large-Scale Metallurgical Production
and Exchange
I. Archaeology on the Western Eurasian Steppes -- a short sketch of the
recognition of cultural diversity and its relative periodization
II. New Perspectives on Pre-Pit Grave Interconnections on the Western Eurasian
III. Horse Domestication and the Emergence of Eurasian Mounted Pastoral
IV. Bronze Age Life on the Steppes: Pit Graves to Timber Graves -- major
patterns of development and changes in ways of life
V. Bronze Age Herding vs. Eurasian Mounted Pastoral Nomadism
VI. The Transformation and Eastward Expansion of Metallurgy During the Late
Bronze Age; Accounting for Its Social Organization -- the contrastive highly
centralized 'gulag' or flexible?opportunistic 'gold rush' models
Chapter 5 -- Entering a Sown World of Irrigation Agriculture -- From the
Steppes to Central Asia and Beyond: processes of movement, assimilation
and transformation into the 'civilized' world east of Sumer
I. Archaeological Explorations in Western Central Asia from the Excavations at
Anau to the Discovery of the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (or
'Oxus Civilization'): the evolutionary heritage of Soviet and Western
Archaeology in Central Asia
II. Physical Features of the Land -- deserts, mountains, and sources of water;
environmental changes and adaptations to arid environments: irrigation
agriculture and extensive herding and seasonal transhumance
III. The Two Worlds of Western Central Asia: 'Civilized' and 'Barbarian';
archaeological transformations -- mobile cattle herders become irrigation
agriculturalists; the multiple origins, florescence, and collapse of the Bactrica-
Margiana Archaeological Complex
IV. Secondary States East of Sumer c. 2600--1900 BC -- cycles of integration and
collapse; shifts in patterns of exchange and inter-regional relations from the Late
Chalcolithic through the Middle Bronze Age
V. Jiroft-Halil Rud: a newly discovered regional polity or secondary state east of
Sumer in southeastern Iran
VI. Archaeology, Language, and the Ethnic Identification of Material Culture
Remains -- pitfalls and lessons
Chapter 6 -- The Circulation of Peoples and Materials: Evolution, Devolution,
and Recurrent Social Formations on the Eurasian Steppes and in West Asia:
Patterns and Processes of Interconnection during Later Prehistory
I. Modeling the 'World(s)' of Bronze Age Eurasia
II. The Functional Use of Metals, Rising Militarism, and the Advent of Iron
III. Evolution and Devolution in Bronze Age Eurasia -- culture history in
archaeology as the search for macro-historical patterns and processes rather than
the compilation of data; social evolution as 'world' history
Appendix A -- Towards and Integration of the 'Absolute' Chronologies of the
Eurasian Steppes, the Caucasus and Western Central Asia during the Bronze
References Cited
Biographical Sketches

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Bronze age -- Eurasia.
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Eurasia.
Eurasia -- Antiquities.