Table of contents for Dissent in America : voices that shaped a nation / [edited by] Ralph F.Young.

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Contents
What Is Dissent?	 xxi
Pre-Revolutionary Roots, 1607-1760	 1
Introduction: The Long Roots of Modern Dissent	 1
Roger Williams (c. 1603-1683)	 5
The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution, 1644	 6
Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643)	 12
Excerpt from the Trial of Anne Hutchinson, 1637	 12
Alice Tilly (1594-c. 1660)	 18
Petitions for the Release of Alice Tilly, 1649	 18
William Dyer (1609-1672) and Mary Dyer (c. 1611-1660)	 21
Petitions and Letters, 1660	 22
Nathaniel Bacon (1647-1676)	 27
Declaration in the Name of the People, July 30, 1676	 28
Quaker Antislavery Petition	 30
A Minute Against Slavery, 1688	 31
Letter from an Anonymous Slave	 33
Releese Us Out of This Cruell Bondegg, 1723	 33
Native American Voices (1609-1752)	 34
Powhatan, Speech to John Smith, 1609	 34
Garangula, Speech to Governor La Barre of New France, 1684	 35
Stung Serpent, Reply to Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz, 1723	 
37
Loron Sauguaarum, Negotiations for the Casco Bay Treaty, 1727	 
38
Leni Lenape, Grievance Against the "Walking Purchase," 1740	 40
Atiwaneto, Remarks to Phineas Stevens, 1752	 42
Mashpee, Petition to the Massachusetts General Court, 1752	 43
John Peter Zenger (1697-1746)	 44
Articles from The New York Weekly Journal, 1733	 45
Eighteenth-Century Runaway Women	 48
Advertisements from the Pennsylvania Gazette, 1742-1748	 49
Revolution and the Birth of a Nation, 1760-1820	 51
Introduction: The Republic Takes Shape	 51
John Woolman (1720-1772)	 53
"Considerations on Keeping Negroes, Part Second," 1762	 53
John Killbuck (1737-1811)	 58
Speech to the Governors of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, 
December 4, 1771	 58
Samuel Adams (1722-1803)	 59
The Rights of the Colonists, November 20, 1772	 60
Revolutionary Women	 64
Hannah Griffiths, Poem, 1768	 65
Ladies of Edenton, North Carolina, Agreement, 1774-1775	 66
The Second Continental Congress	 67
A Declaration by the Representatives of the United Colonies, 1775
	 67
Thomas Paine (1737-1809)	 72
Common Sense, 1776	 72
Abigail Adams (1744-1818) and John Adams (1735-1826)	 79
Letters, 1776	 80
Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780)	 83
A Loyalist Critique of the Declaration of Independence, 1776	 
84
Slave Petition	 95
Petition for Gradual Emancipation, 1777	 95
Joseph Brant (1742-1807)	 96
Speech to Governor Haldimand at Quebec, May 21, 1783	 96
Alexander McGillivray (c. 1759-1793)	 98
Speech to the Governor of Florida, 1785	 99
United Indian Nations	 100
Protest to the United States Congress, 1786	 101
Shays's Rebellion, 1786-1787	 103
Statement of Grievances, 1786	 104
George Mason (1725-1792)	 104
Objections to This Constitution of Government, 1787	 105Judith Sargent Murray (1751-1820)	 1066
"On the Equality of the Sexes," 1790	 107
Shawnee, Miami, Ottawa, and Seneca Proposal	 115
Proposal to Maintain Indian Lands, 1793	 115
Protest Against the Alien and Sedition Acts	 117
The Virginia Resolutions, 1798	 117
The Kentucky Resolutions, 1799	 119
Tecumseh (1768-1813)	 120
Letter to Governor William Henry Harrison, 1810	 121
Speech to the Southern Tribes, 1811	 122
Congressmen Protest the War of 1812	 124
Federalist Protest, 1812	 124
Hartford Convention	 125
Proposals, 1814-1815	 126
Free Blacks of Philadelphia	 127
Protest Against Colonization Policy, 1817	 128
Questioning the Nation, 1820-1860	 129
Introduction: The Reforming Impulse	 129 
Theodore Frelinghuysen (1787-1862)	 132
Speech Protesting the Indian Removal Bill, April 9, 1830	 133
Cherokee Chief John Ross (1790-1866)	 135
Letter Protesting the Treaty of New Echota, 1836	 136
Sylvia Dubois (1788-1889)	 137
Reminiscences from Sylvia Dubois, a Biografy of the Slav Who Whipt 
Her Mistress and Gand Her Fredom, 1883	 138
David Walker (1785-1830)	 141
Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, 1830	 141
William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879)	 150
The Liberator, Vol. I, No. I, January 1, 1831	 151
William Apess (1798-1839)	 153
"An Indian's Looking-Glass for the White Man," 1833	 153
Laborers of Boston	 158
Ten-Hour Circular, 1835	 159
Angelina Grimke (1805-1879) and Sarah Grimke (1792-1873)	 161
Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, 1836	 162
"The Original Equality of Woman," 1837	 169
Wendell Phillips (1811-1884)	 172
On the Murder of Lovejoy, December 8, 1837	 172
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)	 176
"Self-Reliance," 1841	 177
Address to the Citizens of Concord, 1851	 185
Margaret Fuller (1810-1850)	 187
Woman in the Nineteenth Century, Part 3, 1844	 188
Lowell Mills Girls	 192
Lowell Female Labor Reform Association, 1846	 193
Lowell Female Industrial Reform and Mutual Aid Society, 1847	 
195
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902)	 197
Speech at Seneca Falls, July 19, 1848	 198
Declaration of Sentiments, 1848	 200
Sojourner Truth (c. 1797-1883)	 204
Ain't I A Woman?, 1851	 204
Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)	 205
The North Star, July 28, 1848	 206
What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?, July 5, 1852	 207
Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)	 211
"On Resistance to Civil Government," 1849	 213
Lucy Stone (1818-1893)	 228
Statement on Marriage, 1855	 228
The Know-Nothings	 229
American Party Platform, Philadelphia, February 21, 1856	 230
John Brown (1800-1859)	 23
Address to the Virginia Court at Charles Town, Virginia, November 
2, 1859	 232
Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860-1877	 235
Introduction: A Divided Nation	 235 
Clement L. Vallandigham (1820-1871)	 238
Response to Lincoln's Address to Congress, July 10, 1861	 239
William Brownlow (1805-1877)	 245
Knoxville Whig Antisecession Letters and Editorial, May 1861	 
245
The Arkansas Peace Society	 250
Arkansas Peace Society Documents, 1861	 250
Joseph E. Brown (1821-1894)	 258
Letter to Alexander H. Stephens, 1862	 259
Message to the Legislature, March 10, 1864	 260
Cyrus Pringle (1838-1911)	 265
The Record of a Quaker Conscience, 1863	 266
African American Soldiers of the Union Army	 277
Correspondence Protesting Unequal Pay, 1863-1864	 279
Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)	 289
What the Black Man Wants, April 1865	 289
Zion Presbyterian Church	 294
Petition to the United States Congress, November 24, 1865	 294
American Equal Rights Association	 295
National Convention Resolutions, New York, May 1867	 296
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)	 297
>From an Account of the Trial of Susan B. Anthony, July 3, 1873	 
298
Is It a Crime for a U.S. Citizen to Vote?, 1873	 299
Robert B. Elliott (1842-1884)	 305
Speech in Congress on the Civil Rights Bill, January 6, 1874	 
306
Industry and Reform, 1877-1912	 303
Introduction: Progress and Discontent	 313 
Terence Powderly (1849-1924)	 317
Preamble to the Constitution of the Knights of Labor, January 3, 
1878 	 318
"Eight Hours," by I. G. Blanchard and Jesse Jones, 1880s	 319
Chief Joseph (1840-1904)	 321
Appeal to the Hayes Administration, 1879	 322
Mary Elizabeth Lease (1850-1933)	 324
Speech to the WCTU, 1890	 324
The People's Party, 1892	 328
The Omaha Platform, July 1892	 329
Jane Addams (1860-1935)	 332
The Subjective Necessity of Social Settlements, 1892	 333
Frances E. Willard (1839-1898)	 334
Speech to the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 1893	 
3350
Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)	 341
Cast Down Your Bucket Where You Are, 1895	 342
W. E. B. DuBois (1868-1963)	 344
"Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others," 1903	 345
Address to the Niagara Conference, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, 
1906	 353
Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931)	 355
Lynch Law in Georgia, June 20, 1899	 356
"Tortured and Burned Alive," 1899	 357
Carl Schurz (1829-1906)	 360
Address at the University of Chicago Denouncing U.S. Imperialism, 
January 4, 1899	 360
William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925)	 363
The Paralyzing Influence of Imperialism, July 1900	 363
Mother Jones (1830-1930)	 369
"The March of the Mill Children," 1903	 370
John Muir (1838-1914)	 374
"The Hetch Hetchy Valley," January 1908	 375
"Save the Redwoods," January 1920	 381
Emma Goldman (1869-1940)	 383
"Marriage and Love," 1911	 384
Walter Rauschenbusch (1861-1918)	 390
>From Christianizing the Social Order, 1912	 39
The Socialist Party	 391
Socialist Party Platform, May 12, 1912	 392
Conflict and Depression, 1912-1945	 397
Introduction: Becoming a World Power	 397
Joe Hill (1879-1915)	 401
"We Will Sing One Song," 1913	 402
"The Preacher and the Slave Girl," 1913	 403
Robert M. LaFollette (1855-1925)	 404
Antiwar Speech, April 4, 1917	 405
Defense of Free Speech, October 6, 1917	 407
Eugene V. Debs (1855-1926)	 410
Antiwar Speech, Canton, Ohio, June 1918	 411
Randolph Bourne (1886-1918)	 416
"War Is the Health of the State," 1918	 417
A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979)	 429
"On Socialism," 1919	 430
Marcus Garvey (1887-1940)	 431
Speech to the Universal Negro Improvement Association, 
Philadelphia, 1919	 432
Appeal to the Soul of White America, 1923	 434
Margaret Sanger (1879-1966)	 434
"Legislating Woman's Morals," 1920	 436
"The Goal," 1920	 440
H. L. Mencken (1880-1956)	 443
"On Being an American," 1922	 444
"Last Words," 1926	 446
"Mencken's Creed"	 449
Langston Hughes (1902-1967)	 449
"I, Too, Sing America," 1925	 450
Father Charles Coughlin (1891-1979)	 450
National Radio Address, November 1934	 451
National Radio Address, June 1936	 453
Huey Long (1893-1935)	 455
Speech in the U.S. Senate, February 5, 1934	 456
Radio Address, January 1935	 461
Emma Goldman (1869-1940)	 464
The Individual, Society and the State, 1936	 464
Woody Guthrie (1912-1967)	 473
"The Ballad of Pretty Boy Floyd," 1939	 475
"Jesus Christ," 1940	 476
J. Saunders Redding and Charles F. Wilson	 477
J. Saunders Redding, "A Negro Looks at This War," 1942	 477
Charles F. Wilson, Letter to President Roosevelt, 1944	 479
David Dellinger (1915-2004)	 481
Why I Refused to Register in the October 1940 Draft and a Little 
of What It Led To	 481
Minoru Yasui (1916-1986)	 490
Reflections on Executive Order 9066	 491
Resistance	 491
Statement upon Sentencing, 1942	 494
Letters from Jail to His Sister Yuka Yasui, 1942-1943	 495
Henry Miller (1891-1980)	 497
Murder the Murderer, 1944	 498
The Affluent Society, 1945-1966	 513
Introduction: The Crack in the Picture Window	 513 
John Howard Lawson (1894-1977)	 519
Testimony Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 
1947	 520
Lawson's Statement That Was Excluded from the Public Record, 1947
	 522
Margaret Chase Smith (1897-1995)	 525
Declaration of Conscience, 1950	 525
Paul Robeson (1898-1976)	 529
Testimony Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 
June 12, 1956	 530
Harry Hay (1912-2002)	 537
Speech at the Gay Spirit Visions Conference, Highlands, North 
Carolina, November 1990	 538
Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997)	 542
"America," 1956	 543
Songs of the Civil Rights Movement	 546
Pete Seeger, "I Ain't Scared of Your Jail," 1963	 547
Carver Neblett, "If You Miss Me at the Back of the Bus," 1960	 
547
Bob Dylan, "Only a Pawn in Their Game," 1963	 548
Martin Luther King Jr. (1922-1968)	 549
Letter from a Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963	 551
Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-1977)	 563
Testimony Before the Credentials Committee of the Democratic 
National Convention, 1964	 564
Malcolm X (1925-1965)	 566
The Black Revolution, 1964	 566
Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998)	 567
Berkeley Speech, October 1966	 568
The Black Panther Party	 577
Black Panther Party Platform, 1966	 578
Students for a Democratic Society	 580
The Port Huron Statement, 1962	 580
Betty Friedan (1921-2006)	 585
>From The Feminine Mystique, 1963	 585
Statement of Purpose, National Organization for Women, 1966	 589
Protest Music I	 593
Phil Ochs, "I Ain't Marching Anymore," 1965	 594
Malvina Reynolds, "Little Boxes," 1962	 595
Bob Dylan, "The Times They Are A-Changin'," 1963	 596
Bob Dylan, "It's Alright Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)," 1965	 58
Mobilization: Vietnam and the Counterculture, 1964-1975	 601
Introduction: The Movement	 601 
Mario Savio (1942-1996)	 608
Speech at the University of California at Berkeley, December 2, 
1964	 608
Carl Oglesby (1935-)	 610
Speech Denouncing the War in Vietnam, Washington, DC, November 27, 
1965	 610
The Weather Underground	 616
You Don't Need a Weatherman to Know Which Way the Wind Blows, 1969
	 617
John Kerry (1943-)	 618
Statement to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, April 23, 
1971	 618
Timothy Leary (1920-1996)	 621
Using LSD to Imprint the Tibetan-Buddhist Experience, 1964	 622
Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979)	 628
Political Preface to Eros and Civilization, 1966	 629
Abbie Hoffman (1936-1989)	 631
Introduction to Steal This Book, 1970	 632
Ram Dass (1931-)	 636
>From Be Here Now, 1971	 636
Protest Music II	 641
Pete Seeger, "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy," 1967	 642
Country Joe McDonald, "I Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die Rag," 1965	 
643
Buffy Sainte-Marie, "My Country 'Tis of Thy People You're Dying," 
1965	 645
John Fogerty, Creedence Clearwater Revival, "Fortunate Son," 1969
	 647
Redstockings	 647
The Redstockings Manifesto, 1969	 648
S.C.U.M. (Society for Cutting Up Men)	 650
>From S.C.U.M. Manifesto, 1968	 650
Gloria Steinem (1934-)	 653
"'Women's Liberation' Aims to Free Men, Too," June 7, 1970	 653
Stonewall	 658
Stonewall Documents, 1969	 658
Cesar Chavez (1927-1993)	 660
Interview with Cesar Chavez, Apostle of Non-Violence, May 1970	 
660
The American Indian Movement	 664
A Proclamation: To the Great White Father and All His People, 1969
	 665
American Indian Movement 20 Point Proposal, October 1972, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota	 667
Contemporary Dissent	 673
Introduction: Crossing the Threshold into the New Millennium-
Globalization vs. Jihad	 673 
Edward Abbey (1927-1989)	 678
>From Desert Solitaire, 1968	 680
Paul Weyrich (1941-)	 681
"A Conservative's Lament: After Iran, We Need to Change Our System 
and Grand Strategy," March 8, 1987	 682
ACT UP	 683
ACT UP Activist Aldyn McKean Explains Civil Disobedience, 1987	 
684
Vito Russo, "Why We Fight," 1988	 687
Jeff Paterson (1968-)	 690
Interview with Jeff Paterson, January 2001	 690
Gay Liberation	 697
Statement of Ernest Dillon, 1994	 698
Statement of Daniel Miller, 1994	 699
Statement of Nancy McDonald, 1994	 701
Statement of Phill Wilson, Director of Public Policy, AIDS 
Project, Los Angeles, 1994	 703
Statement of Letitia Gomez, Executive Director, Latino/a Lesbian 
and Gay Organization, 1994	 704
The Michigan Militia	 707
Statement of Purpose and Mission, 1995	 708
In Defense of Liberty II, 1995	 708
Theodore Kaczynski (1942-)	 710
The Unabomber Manifesto, 1996	 711
Interview with Theodore Kaczynski, 1999	 713
Ralph Nader (1934-)	 715
It's Time to End Corporate Welfare As We Know It, 1996	 716
Green Party Platform, 2000	 719
Michael Moore (1953-)	 722
>From Stupid White Men, 2001	 723
Ani DiFranco (1970-)	 729
"self evident," 2001	 730
Protest Music III	 735
Rage Against the Machine, "Know Your Enemy," 1992	 735
Mos Def, "Mathematics," 1999	 737
Mos Def, "New World Water," 1999	 739
Public Enemy, "Son of a Bush," 2002	 741
Immortal Technique, "The 4th Branch," 2003	 743
Steve Earle, "Rich Man's War," 2004	 745
Amnesty International	 746
Amnesty International's Concerns Regarding Post-September 11 
Detentions in the U.S.A., March 14, 2002	 746
Earth Liberation Front	749
Written Testimony Supplied to the U.S. House of Representatives 
for the February 12, 2002, Hearing on "Ecoterrorism"	 750
Press Release, September 3, 2002	 755
Not in Our Name	 756
Statement of Conscience, 2003	 756
Veterans Against the Iraq War	 759
Call to Conscience from Veterans to Active Duty Troops and 
Reservists, 2006	 759
Message to the Troops: Resist!, October 11, 2002	 761
Defending My Freedom, March 21, 2003	 762
The American Civil Liberties Union	 764
Freedom Under Fire: Dissent in Post-9/11 America, May 2003	 764
MoveOn.org	 769
The Many Faces of the Media, 2004	 770
The Power of Connecting, 2004	 771
Michael Berg (1945-)	 773
"George Bush Never Looked Into Nick's Eyes," 2004	 773
Transcript of Oklahoma City Speech (Given at a Church), May 5, 
2005	 775
Cindy Sheehan (1957-)	 777
Not Worth My Son's Sacrifice, February 7, 2005	 778
A Lie of Historic Proportions, August 8, 2005	 780
Carly's Poem-A Nation Rocked to Sleep, August 15, 2005	 782
Author's Note	 
785
Text Credits	 789 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

United States -- Politics and government -- Sources.
United States -- Social conditions -- Sources.
Dissenters -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Social reformers -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Democracy -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Social problems -- United States -- History -- Sources.