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Contents in Detail The Conceptual Integrated Science Photo Album To the Student To the Instructor Acknowledgments Reviewers Chapter 1. About Science 1.1 A Brief History of Advances in Science 1.2 Mathematics and Conceptual Integrated Science Math Connection: Equations as Guides to Thinking 1.3 The Scientific Method?a Classic Tool 1.4 The Scientific Hypothesis 1.5 The Scientific Experiment 1.6 Facts, Laws, and Theories 1.7 Science Has Limitations Science and Society: Pseudoscience 1.8 Science, Art, and Religion 1.9 Technology?The Practical Use of Science 1.10 The Natural Sciences: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Earth Science, and Astronomy 1.11 Integrated Science Integrated Science?Chemistry and Biology: An Investigation of Sea Butterflies Part 1: Physics Chapter 2. Describing Motion 2.1 Aristotle on Motion History of Science: Aristotle 2.2 Galileo?s Concept of Inertia History of Science: Galileo 2.3 Mass?A Measure of Inertia 2.4 Forces Science and Society: Paul Hewitt and the Origin of Conceptual Integrated Science 2.5 The Equilibrium Rule Math Connection: Applying the Equilibrium Rule 2.6 Support Force 2.7 Equilibrium of Moving Things 2.8 The Force of Friction Integrated Science?Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science: Friction Is Universal 2.9 Speed and Velocity 2.10 Acceleration Integrated Science?Biology: Hang Time Chapter 3. Newton?s Laws of Motion 3.1 Newton?s First Law of Motion History of Science: The Moving Earth 3.2 Newton?s Second Law of Motion Math Connection: Equations as Guides to Thinking: F = ma Math Connection: When Air Resistance Slows Acceleration Integrated Science?Biology: Gliding 3.3 Forces and Interactions 3.4 Newton?s Third Law of Motion Integrated Science?Biology: Animal Locomotion 3.5 Vectors Math Connection: Vector Components 3.6 Summary of Newton?s Laws History of Science: Isaac Newton Chapter 4: Momentum and Energy 4.1 Momentum 4.2 Impulse 4.3 Impulse?Momentum Relationship Integrated Science?Biology: The Impulse?Momentum Relationship in Sports 4.4 Conservation of Momentum Math Connection: Quantifying Collisions 4.5 Energy Integrated Science?Biology and Chemistry: Glucose?Energy for Life Math Connection: Work Practice Problems 4.6 Power Math Connection: Power Practice Problems 4.7 Potential Energy Math Connection: Calculating Potential Energy 4.8 Kinetic Energy 4.9 The Work?Energy Theorem Math Connection: Applying the Work?Energy Theorem 4.10 Conservation of Energy 4.11 Machines Math Connection: Efficiency Calculations Technology: Sources of Energy Chapter 5: Gravity 5.1 The Legend of the Falling Apple 5.2 The Fact of the Falling Moon 5.3 Newton?s Law of Universal Gravitation Integrated Science?Biology: Your Biological Gravity Detector 5.4 Gravity and Distance: The Inverse-Square Law 5.5 The Universal Gravitational Constant 5.6 Weight and Weightlessness Integrated Science?Biology: Center of Gravity of People Math Connection: Comparing Gravitational Attractions [[Comp: This feature title is missing in the Chapter TOC. Can you insert it now in pages?]] 5.7 Gravity Can Be a Centripetal Force 5.8 Projectile Motion 5.9 Projectile Altitude and Range 5.10 The Effect of Air Drag on Projectiles 5.11 Fast-Moving Projectiles?Satellites Technology: Communications Satellites 5.12 Elliptical Orbits Integrated Science?Astronomy: Escape Speed Chapter 6. Heat 6.1 The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter 6.2 Temperature 6.3 Absolute Zero 6.4 What Is Heat? 6.5 The Laws of Thermodynamics Integrated Science?Astronomy, Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry: Entropy?The Universal Tendency Toward Disorder 6.6 Specific Heat Capacity Integrated Science?Earth Science: The Specific Heat Capacity of Water Affects Global Temperature Math Connection: The Heat Transfer Equation 6.7 Thermal Expansion Technology: Engineering for Thermal Expansion 6.8 Heat Transfer: Conduction 6.9 Heat Transfer: Convection 6.10 Heat Transfer: Radiation Chapter 7. Electricity and Magnetism 7.1 Electric Force and Charge 7.2 Coulomb?s Law 7.3 Electric Field 7.4 Electric Potential 7.5 Conductors and Insulators 7.6 Voltage Sources History of Science: 110 Volts 7.7 Electric Current 7.8 Electrical Resistance 7.9 Ohm?s Law Math Connection: Ohm?s Law Integrated Science?Biology: Electric Shock 7.10 Electric Circuits 7.11 Electric Power Math Connection: Solving Power Problems 7.12 The Magnetic Force 7.13 Magnetic Fields Integrated Science?Biology and Earth Science: Earth?s Magnetic Field and the Ability of Organisms to Sense It 7.14 Magnetic Forces on Moving Charges 7.15 Electromagnetic Induction History of Science: Generators and Power Production Technology: Electromagnetic Induction in Everyday Technologies Chapter 8. Waves?Sound and Light 8.1 Vibrations and Waves Technology: AM and FM Radio Signals 8.2 Wave Motion 8.3 Transverse and Longitudinal Waves 8.4 The Nature of Sound Integrated Science?Biology: Sensing Pitch 8.5 Resonance 8.6 The Nature of Light 8.7 Reflection 8.8 Transparent and Opaque Materials 8.9 Color Integrated Science, Biology: Mixing Colored Lights 8.10 Refraction Math Connection: The Index of Refraction 8.11 Diffraction 8.12 Interference Technology: Anti-Noise Technology 8.13 The Doppler Effect Integrated Science?Astronomy : The Doppler Shift and the Expanding Universe 8.14 The Wave-Particle Duality Chapter 9. The Atom 9.1 The Elements 9.2 Atoms Are Ancient, Tiny, and Empty Technology: The Scanning Tunneling Microscope History of Science: The Atomic Hypothesis 9.3 Protons and Neutrons Math Connection: Calculating Atomic Mass 9.4 Isotopes and Atomic Mass Integrated Science: Chemistry, Biology, Earth Science: Physical and Conceptual Models 9.5 Atomic Spectra 9.6 The Quantum Hypothesis 9.7 Electron Waves 9.8 Probability Clouds and Atomic Orbitals Integrated Science?Chemistry: The Shell Model Chapter 10. Nuclear Physics 10.1 Radioactivity Science and Society: Public Perception of Nuclear Technology 10.2 Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Rays 10.3 Environmental Radiation Integrated Science?Biology: Doses of Radiation 10.4 The Atomic Nucleus and the Strong Nuclear Force 10.5 Half-Life 10.6 Transmutation of Elements Integrated Science?Biology, Earth Science: Isotopic Dating Technology: Radioactive Tracers 10.7 Nuclear Fission Technology: Nuclear Fission Reactors 10.8 The Mass-Energy Relationship?E = mc2 Math Connection: Mass-Energy Conversion 10.9 Nuclear Fusion Part 2: Chemistry Chapter 11. Investigating Matter 11.1 Chemistry: Integral to Our Lives Integrated Science?Astronomy: Origin of the Moon Science and Society: Chemistry and Public Policy 11.2 The Submicroscopic World 11.3 Phases of Matter 11.4 Change of Phase Integrated Science?Physics and Biology: Evaporation Cools You Off, Condensation Warms You Up 11.5 Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter 11.5 Elements and the Periodic Table History of Science: Dimitri Mendeleev 11.7 Organization of the Periodic Table 11.8 Elements to Compounds 11.9 Naming Compounds History of Science: Chemical Discovery Chapter 12. The Nature of Chemical Bonds 12.1 Electron Shells and Chemical Bonding 12.2 The Ionic Bond 12.3 The Metallic Bond 12.4 The Covalent Bond 12.5 Polar Bonds and Polar Molecules 12.6 Interparticle Attractions Integrated Science?Biology and Earth Science: Mixtures Integrated Science?Biology : How Geckos Walk on Walls?The Adhesive Force 12.7 Solutions Math Connection: Concentration Calculations 12.8 Solubility Integrated Science?Biology : Fish Depend on Dissolved Oxygen Chapter 13. Chemical Reactions 13.1 Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations 13.2 Acid-Base Reactions 13.3 Salts 13.4 Solutions: Acidic, Basic, or Neutral 13.5 The pH Scale Math Connection: Logarithms and pH Integrated Science?Earth Science: Acid Rain 13.6 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Integrated Science?Physics: Fuel Cells 13.7 Corrosion and Combustion 13.8 Energy in Chemical Reactions 13.9 Endothermic Versus Exothermic Reactions Integrated Science?Physics, Biology, and Earth Science: The Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate Technology: The Catalytic Converter 13.10 Entropy Drives Chemical Reactions Chapter 14. Organic Chemistry 14.1 Hydrocarbons 14.2 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons 14.3 Functional Groups 14.4 Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, and Amines Integrated Science?Biology: Drug Action and Discovery 14.5 Ketones, Aldehydes, Amides, Carboxylic Acids, and Esters 14.6 Polymers Science and Society: Polymers Win in World War II Part 3: Biology Chapter 15: The Basic Unit of Life?The Cell 15.1 Characteristics of Life Integrated Science?Chemistry: Macromolecules Needed for Life 15.2 Cell Types: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic History of Science: Cell Theory Integrated Science?Physics: The Microscope 15.3 Tour of a Eukaryotic Cell 15.4 Cell Membrane Structure and Function 15.5 Transport Mechanisms Math Connection: Why Does Diffusion Limit the Size of Cells? 15.6 Cellular Communication 15.7 How Cells Reproduce Science and Society: Stem Cells 15.8 How Cells Use Energy Integrated Science?Chemistry: Chemical Reactions in Cells 15.9 Photosynthesis 15.10 Cellular Respiration 15.11 Life Span of Cells Chapter 16: Genetics 16.1 What Is a Gene? 16.2 Chromosomes: Packages of Genetic Information Integrated Science?Chemistry: The Structure of DNA History of Science: Discovery of the Double Helix 16.3 DNA Replication 16.4 Transcription and Translation 16.5 Meiosis: Genetic Diversity 16.6 Mendelian Genetics 16.7 Inheritance: Beyond Mendelian Genetics Science and Society: Genetic Counseling 16.8 The Human Genome Technology: Big News in Biology Today?Biotech Science and Society: DNA Fingerprinting in Forensic Science 16.9 Genetic Mutations Integrated Science?Physics: How Radioactivity Causes Genetic Mutations 16.10 Cancer?Genes Gone Awry Integrated Science?Earth Science: Environmental Causes of Cancer Chapter 17: The Evolution of Life 17.1 The Origin of Life Integrated Science?Astronomy: Did Life on Earth Originate on Mars? 17.2 Early Life on Earth 17.3 The First Eukaryotic Cells 17.4 Charles Darwin and The Origin of Species 17.5 How Natural Selection Works Integrated Science?Physics: Animal Adaptations to Heat and Cold Science and Society: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria 17.6 How Species Form 17.7 Evidence of Evolution Integrated Science?Earth Science: Earth?s Tangible Evidence of Evolution 17.8 Does Evolution Occur Gradually or in Spurts? 17.9 The Evolution of Humans Chapter 18: Biological Diversity 18.1 Classifying Living Things 18.2 The Three Domains of Life 18.3 Bacteria Technology: Bacteria Power 18.4 Archaea 18.5 Protists 18.6 Plants Science and Society: Ethnobotany 18.7 Fungi 18.8 Animals Integrated Science?Earth Science: Coral Bleaching History of Science: Classifying the Platypus Integrated Science?Physics: How Birds Fly 18.9 Viruses and Infectious Molecules Science and Society: Bird Flu Chapter 19: Human Biology I?Control and Development 19.1 Organization of the Human Body 19.2 Homeostasis 19.3 The Brain Technology: Mapping the Brain in Action: Functional MRIs 19.4 The Nervous System 19.5 How Neurons Work Integrated Science?Physics: How Fast Can Action Potentials Travel? Integrated Science?Chemistry: Endorphins 19.6 The Senses Technology: Visual Prostheses for the Blind 19.7 Hormones 19.8 Reproduction and Development Science and Society: The Birth Control Pill 19.9 The Skeleton and Muscles Chapter 20: Human Biology II?Care and Maintenance 20.1 Integration of Body Systems 20.2 The Circulatory System Integrated Science?Chemistry: Hemoglobin Technology: Transplanting Bone Marrow in the Fight Against Cancer 20.3 Respiration 20.4 Digestion 20.5 Nutrition, Exercise, and Health Integrated Science?Physics and Chemistry: Low Carb versus Low Cal Diets Science and Society: What Are the Odds? Current Major Health Risks 20.6 Excretion and Water Balance 20.7 Keeping the Body Safe: Defense Systems Science and Society: The Placebo Effect Science and Society: AIDS Chapter 21: Ecosystems and Environment 21.1 Organisms and Their Environment 21.2 Species Interactions Science and Society: Biodiversity, Nature?s Insurance Policy Science and Society: Invasive Species 21.3 Energy Flow in Ecosystems Integrated Science?Physics: Energy Leaks Where Trophic Levels Meet 21.4 Kinds of Ecosystems Integrated Science?Earth Science: Materials Cycling In Ecosystems Technology: The Case for Hybrid Cars 21.5 Change in an Ecosystem 21.6 Population Studies 21.7 Human Population Growth Science and Society: Wangari Maathai and Ecologically Sustainable Development Part 4: Earth Science Chapter 22. Plate Tectonics 22.1 Earth Science before the Twentieth Century 22.2 Using Seismology to Look Inside the Earth 22.3 More about Earth?s Layers Integrated Science?Physics: Isostasy 22.4 Continental Drift?An Idea before Its Time 22.5 A Mechanism for Continental Drift Technology: Direct Measurement of Continental Drift 22.6 Plate Tectonics Integrated Science?Physics: What Forces Drive the Plates? 22.7 Divergent Plate Boundaries Math Connection: Calculate the Age of the Atlantic Ocean 22.8 Convergent Plate Boundaries Integrated Science?Biology: Life in the Trenches 22.9 Transform Plate Boundaries 22.10 Earthquakes Math Connection: The Richter Scale Integrated Science?Physics: Anatomy of a Tsunami Chapter 23. Rocks and Minerals 23.1 Materials of the Earth 23.2 What Is a Mineral? 23.3 Mineral Properties Science and Society: Mining 23.4 The Formation of Minerals Technology: Synthetic Diamonds 23.5 Classifying Minerals Integrated Science?Chemistry: The Silicate Tetrahedron 23.6 Rocks 23.7 Igneous Rocks Integrated Science?Physics: The Texture of Igneous Rocks 23.8 Sedimentary Rocks Integrated Science?Biology: Coal 23.9 Metamorphic Rocks 23.10 The Rock Cycle Chapter 24. Earth?s Surface?Land and Water 24.1 A Survey of the Earth Technology: Remote Sensing 24.2 Crustal Deformation?Folds and Faults 24.3 Mountains Math Connection: How Long Can a Mountain Exist? 24.4 Earth?s Waters 24.5 The Ocean Floor Integrated Science?Physics: Ocean Waves Integrated Science?Chemistry: Ocean Water 24.6 Fresh Water Integrated Science?Groundwater Contamination Science and Society: Whose Water Is It? 24.7 Surface Processes?Wearing Away Earth?s Surface Layer Chapter 25. Weather 25.1 Weather and Climate 25.2 Solar Radiation 25.3 Atmospheric Pressure Technology: The Barometer 25.4 Structure and Composition of Earth?s Atmosphere Integrated Science?Chemistry: The ?Ozone Hole? 25.5 Wind Integrated Science?Physics: The Coriolis Effect 25.6 Ocean Currents 25.7 Humidity 25.8 Clouds and Precipitation 25.9 Changing Weather: Air Masses, Fronts, and Cyclones 25.10 Storms 25.11 Global Warming Integrated Science?Physics : The Greenhouse Effect Science and Society: Human Activities That Impact Global Warming Chapter 26. Earth?s History 26.1 A Model of Earth?s History History of Science: Uniformitarianism versus Catastrophism 26.2 The Rock Record Integrated Science?Physics: Radiometric Dating of Rock 26.3 Geologic Time 26.4 Precambrian Time 26.5 The Paleozoic Era Integrated Science?Biology and Chemistry: The Great Transformation of Earth?s Atmosphere Integrated Science?Biology: The Permian Extinction 26.6 The Mesozoic Era Integrated Science?Biology and Astronomy: The Cretaceous Extinction 26.7 The Cenozoic Era Science and Society: Mass Extinctions and the Modern World Part 5: Astronomy Chapter 27. The Solar System 27.1 Overview of the Solar System Math Connection: The Scale of the Solar System 27.2 The Nebular Theory Integrated Science?Physics: Heating, Spinning, and Flattening of the Solar Nebula Integrated Science?Chemistry: The Chemical Composition of the Solar System 27.3 The Sun 27.4 The Inner Planets Integrated Science?Biology: What Makes a Planet Suitable For Life? 27.5 The Outer Planets 27.6 Earth?s Moon Integrated Science?Physics: Why One Side of the Moon Always Faces Us Chapter 28. The Universe 28.1 Observing the Night Sky Math Connection: The Light-Year Science and Society: Astrology 28.2 The Brightness and Colors of Stars Integrated Science?Physics: Radiation Curves of Stars 28.3 The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram 28.4 The Life Cycles of Stars 28.5 Black Holes 28.6 Galaxies Technology: Telescopes 28.7 The Big Bang Integrated Science?Biology: The Search for Extraterrestrial Life 28.8 Quasars Appendix A On Measurement and Unit Conversion United States Customary System Syst?me International Meter Kilogram Second Newton Joule Ampere Kelvin Area Volume Unit Conversion Appendix B Linear and Rotational Motion Advanced Concepts of Motion Computing Velocity and Distance Traveled on an Incline Plane Computing Distance When Acceleration Is Constant Circular Motion Torque Angular Momentum Conservation of Angular Momentum Appendix C Working With Vector Components Adding Vectors Finding Components of Vectors The Polarization of Light?An Application of Vector Components Appendix D Exponential Growth and Doubling Time Appendix E Physics of Fluids Appendix F Chemical Equilibrium Appendix G Safety Suggested Websites Glossary Photo Credits Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge.
Science -- Philosophy.
Science -- History.