Table of contents for The Cold War / Kevin Hillstrom, editor.

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Table of Contents
Foreword by Christian Ostermann, Director, Cold War International History Project
Preface 
Introduction											1
Chapter 1: The End of World War II and the Descent of the Iron Curtain		3
Introduction											5
1.1 												
The Yalta Summit ¿ 1945									9
Protocol of the Proceedings of the Crimea Conference
1.2
The Potsdam Agreement ¿ 1945 								16
Protocol of the Proceedings of the Potsdam Conference
1.3
America¿s Policy of Soviet ¿Containment¿ ¿ 1946						22
Excerpts from ¿The Long Telegram,¿ of George F. Kennan
1.4
Churchill¿s ¿Iron Curtain¿ Speech ¿ 1946	 						27
The Text of a Speech Delivered at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri
1.5
Soviet Ambassador Novikov Assesses the Americans ¿ 1946				29
An Excerpt from a Telegram from the Soviet Embassy in Washington, DC,
 to the Kremlin in Moscow 
Chapter 2: The Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift					41
Introduction 											43
2.1
The Truman Doctrine ¿ 1947									47
Excerpts from President Truman¿s Address before a Joint Session of Congress 
2.2
The Marshall Plan ¿ 1947									52
Excerpts from George C. Marshall¿s Harvard University Commencement Address
2.3
Soviet Reaction to the Marshall Plan ¿ 1947							55
Andrei Vyshinsky¿s Speech to the United Nations General Assembly
2.4
An American Commander Recalls the Berlin Airlift ¿ 1948-49				57
An Excerpt from ¿Inside the Berlin Airlift,¿ by T. Ross Milton
2.5
The Formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ¿ 1949			63
The Text of the NATO Treaty
Chapter 3: The Korean War									67
Introduction 											69
3.1
Truman Sends American Troops into Korea ¿ 1950						73
The Text of a Public Statement by President Truman
3.2
Herbert Hoover¿s ¿Fortress America¿ Speech ¿ 1950					74
Excerpts from a National Radio Broadcast
3.3
Stalin Praises North Korea for Challenging the ¿Imperialist Yoke¿ ¿ 1950			79
Telegram from Joseph Stalin to Kim Il Sung
3.4
A Crushing Blow at Inchon ¿ 1950								80
Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Hon-Yong to Joseph Stalin
3.5
An American Soldier Recalls China¿s Entry into the Korean War ¿ 1950			83
An Interview from No Bugles, No Drums: An Oral History of the Korean War
3.6
Eisenhower¿s ¿¿I Shall Go to Korea¿¿ Speech ¿ 1952 					86
A Speech from the Presidential Campaign of Dwight Eisenhower
Chapter 4: McCarthyism and the ¿Red Menace¿						93
Introduction 											95
4.1
J. Edgar Hoover Warns of Communist Infiltration in the United States ¿ 1947		99
Excerpts from Hoover¿s Testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee
4.2
Joseph McCarthy¿s Speech on Communists in the State Department ¿ 1950		103
Excerpts from McCarthy¿s Famous Speech in Wheeling, West Virginia 
4.3
McCarthy Urges Truman to Help Root Out Communists ¿ 1950				108
A Letter from Joseph McCarthy to President Harry S. Truman
4.4
¿The Greatest Asset the Kremlin Has Is Senator McCarthy¿ ¿ 1950				110
Excerpts from President Truman¿s Comments Made During a Press Conference 
at Key West, Florida 
4.5
The Sentencing of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg ¿ 1951					112
Judge Irving Kaufman¿s Comments Upon Imposing the 
Death Sentence on the Rosenbergs
4.6
¿The Black Silence of Fear¿ ¿ 1952								115	
An Excerpt from an Article by Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas
4.7
Lillian Hellman Defies the House Un-American Activities Committee ¿ 1952 		118
The Text of Hellman¿s Letter to the HUAC
4.8
¿Have You No Sense of Decency, Sir?¿ ¿ 1954						119
An Excerpt from the Army-McCarthy Hearings
4.9
The Censuring of Joseph McCarthy ¿ 1954							127
The Text of the U.S. Senate Resolution of Condemnation of Senator McCarthy
Chapter 5: Behind the Curtain 								129
Introduction 											131
5.1
The Warsaw Pact ¿ 1955									135
The Text of the ¿Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance¿ 
5.2
Life in a Romanian Prison ¿ 1955								138
An Excerpt from The Silent Escape by Lena Constante
5.3
Khrushchev Denounces Stalin ¿ 1956							140
Excerpts from Premier Nikita Khruschev¿s Address to the Twentieth 
Party Congress of the USSR
5.4
The Last Message of Imre Nagy ¿ 1956							143
The Text of Prime Minister Nagy¿s Final Radio Broadcast to the Hungarian People
5.5
A Russian Journalist Recalls the U.S.-Soviet Propaganda Wars				144
Excerpts from an Interview for the PBS Series ¿Red Files¿
Chapter 6: The Cold War Heats Up								151
Introduction 											153
6.1
Gamal Abdel Nasser Comments on the Suez Crisis ¿ 1956					157
A Speech by Egyptian President Nasser
6.2
The Eisenhower Doctrine ¿ 1957								159
The Text of President Dwight Eisenhower¿s Address on the Middle East
 to a Joint Session of Congress
6.3
America Reacts to the Soviet Sputnik Launch ¿ 1957					165
Excerpts from a News Conference Held by U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
6.4
Deterrence and Survival in the Nuclear Age ¿ 1957						168
Excerpts from the Gaither Report
6.5
Eisenhower Warns the Soviets About Militarization of Space ¿ 1958			173
An Excerpt from a Letter from President Dwight Eisenhower
6.6
Premier Khrushchev Comments on the U.S.-Soviet Rivalry in Space			174
An Excerpt from a Letter from Nikita Khrushchev to President Eisenhower
6.7
Premier Khrushchev Assesses the State of the World ¿ 1960				176
Excerpts from Nikita Khrushchev¿s Address to the United Nations General Assembly
6.8
Patrice Lumumba¿s Last Statement ¿ 1960							183
An Excerpt from a Message Smuggled Out of Prison before His Execution
6.9
Kennedy Pledges to Defend World Liberty ¿ 1961						185
Excerpts from President John F. Kennedy¿s Inaugural Address
6.10
President Kennedy Speaks on the ¿Berlin Crisis¿ ¿ 1961					188
The Text of John F. Kennedy¿s Televised Speech to the Nation
Chapter 7: Mutual Assured Destruction							195
Introduction 											197
7.1
¿NSC-68¿ ¿ 1950										201
Excerpts from a Secret National Security Council Report on Soviet and 
American Military Capabilities
7.2
The U-2 Spy Plane Affair ¿ 1960								210
The Text of a Soviet Telegram Detailing the Capture of an American U-2 
Reconnaissance Plane
7.3
The Strategy of ¿Massive Retaliation¿ ¿ 1954						215
Excerpts from a Speech by U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles 
7.4
President Eisenhower Decries the Military-Industrial Complex ¿ 1961			218
Excerpts from Dwight Eisenhower¿s Farewell Address to the American People
7.5
A Call to Victory in the Cold War ¿ 1961							220
Excerpts from a Speech by U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater
7.6
 ¿The Strategy of Peace¿ ¿ 1963								221
Excerpts from President Kennedy¿s Address at The American University 
7.7
¿Mutual Deterrence¿ Explained ¿ 1967							225
Excerpts from a Speech by U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara
7.8
The Soviet Justification for the Invasion of Czechoslovakia ¿ 1968				227
Excerpt from Pravda¿s ¿Sovereignty and International Duties of Socialist Countries¿ 
Chapter 8: The Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis					231
Introduction 											233
8.1
Assessing the Bay of Pigs Catastrophe ¿ 1961						237
Excerpts From the CIA ¿Inspector General¿s Survey of the Cuban Operation¿
8.2
Khrushchev Scolds Kennedy on Cuba ¿ 1961						240
Excerpts from Correspondence from Premier Nikita Khrushchev 
to President John F. Kennedy
8.3
President Kennedy Describes the Cuban Missile Crisis ¿ 1962				246
The Text of John F. Kennedy¿s Nationally Televised Address to the American People
8.4
Fidel Castro Decries the American ¿Imperialists¿ ¿ 1962					252
The Text of Correspondence from Castro to Soviet Premier Khrushchev
8.5
The Kennedy-Khrushchev Letters ¿ 1962							253
The Text of Correspondence between President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev at the Height of the Cuban Missile Crisis
8.6
Backdoor Diplomacy during the Cuban Missile Crisis ¿ 1962				263
The Text of a Memorandum from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to
 Secretary of State Dean Rusk
8.7
Premier Khrushchev Withdraws Soviet Missiles from Cuba ¿ 1962				265
The Text of a Message from Nikita Khrushchev to President John F. Kennedy, 
Delivered over Radio Moscow 
8.8
¿Placing Ourselves in the Other Country¿s Shoes¿ ¿ 1962					269
An Excerpt from Robert F. Kennedy¿s Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the 
Cuban Missile Crisis
Chapter 9: The Vietnam War								273
Introduction 											275
9.1
Vietnam¿s Declaration of Independence ¿ 1945						281
The Text of the Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam,
 Delivered by Ho Chi Minh
9.2
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution ¿ 1964								284
The Text of the U.S. Congressional Resolution Authorizing U.S. 
Military Involvement in Vietnam
9.3
¿Aggression from the North¿ ¿ 1965								285
U.S. State Department ¿White Paper¿ on Vietnam
9.4
Walter Cronkite Assesses the ¿Stalemate¿ in Vietnam ¿ 1968				288
The Text of an Editorial Broadcast on CBS Television
9.5
Lyndon B. Johnson Announces His Decision Not to Seek Re-election ¿ 1968		290
The Text of a Speech on Limiting the War in Vietnam and Not Seeking Re-election
9.6
Flying Into and Over the War in Vietnam ¿ 1968						295
Excerpt from Dispatches, by Michael Herr
9.7
Correspondence between Richard Nixon and Ho Chi Minh ¿ 1969				301
The Text of Letters Exchanged Just Before President Ho¿s Death 
9.8
Nixon¿s ¿Silent Majority¿ Speech ¿ 1969							303
The Text of a Nationally Televised Speech Delivered by President Richard Nixon
9.9
The Fall of Saigon ¿ 1975									311
¿After the Crusade¿ by Tobias Wolff
Chapter 10: Détente and ¿the China Card¿							315
Introduction 											317
10.1
China¿s Cultural Revolution ¿ 1966								321
The Text of a News Article Published in the Peking Review
10.2
Andrei Gromyko Assesses Soviet-American Relations During the Vietnam Era ¿ 1967	325
An Excerpt from a Foreign Policy Memorandum by the Soviet Foreign Minister 
10.3
 ¿War Between Russia and China: A Communist Nightmare¿ ¿ 1969			329
An Excerpt from a State Department Memo on Rising Sino-Soviet Tensions
10.4
Kissinger¿s Secret Trip to China ¿ 1971							331
Excerpts from a Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to President Richard Nixon
10.5
The Basic Treaty ¿ 1972									336
The Text of the Treaty Establishing Diplomatic Relations Between East Germany
 and West Germany 
10.6
The Helsinki Accords ¿ 1975									339
President Gerald Ford¿s Address in Helsinki Before the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
10.7
The Charter 77 Manifesto ¿ 1977								343
The Text of an Announcement by Czech Dissidents 
10.8
Anatoly Dobrynin Comments on Worsening U.S.-Soviet Relations ¿ 1978			348
Excerpts from a Letter from the Soviet Ambassador to the Kremlin 
10.9
American Reaction to the Soviet Afghan Invasion ¿ 1979					352
Excerpts from a Memorandum by National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski
Chapter 11: Proxy Wars 									355
Introduction 											357
11.1
America Targets the Chilean President Salvador Allende ¿ 1970 				361
An Excerpt from a Memorandum from Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
to President Richard Nixon 
11.2
Recalling the Overthrow of Salvador Allende ¿ 1973					365
An Excerpt from Pinochet and Me: A Chilean Anti-Memoir, by Marc Cooper
11.3
The Church Committee Report on CIA Covert Action ¿ 1975				374
An Excerpt from ¿Alleged Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders¿ 
11.4
A Soviet Journalist Examines the Soviet Failure in Afghanistan ¿ 1979-1989		377
Excerpts from an Interview for the PBS Series ¿Red Files¿
11.5
The Case for U.S. Intervention in Central America ¿ 1984					379
An Excerpt from a Nationally Televised Address by Ronald Reagan 
11.6
Death of a Salvadoran Church Worker ¿ 1985 						382
The Text of an Article Published in Sojourners 
11.7
President Reagan Assesses the Sandinistas ¿ 1985						384
Excerpts from a Speech Delivered at a Fundraising Dinner
 for the Nicaragua Refugee Fund
11.8 
Americas Watch Condemns U.S. Policies in Nicaragua ¿ 1985				389
An Excerpt from Human Rights in Nicaragua: Reagan, Rhetoric, and Reality
11.9
Aldrich Ames, American Spy for the Soviets ¿ 1985-1994					393
The Text of CIA Director John Deutch¿s Statement to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
Chapter 12: Reagan and Gorbachev: From Star Wars to Perestroika			399
Introduction 											401
12.1
President Reagan Describes the Soviet Union as an ¿Evil Empire¿ ¿ 1983			409
Excerpts from a Speech to the National Association of Evangelicals
12.2
Kremlin Fears of an American Nuclear Strike ¿ 1983					411
Excerpts from In Confidence, by Anatoly Dobrynin
12.3
President Reagan Condemns the Soviet Attack on a Korean Jetliner ¿ 1983		414
Reagan¿s Remarks to Reporters 
12.4 
Reagan Assesses the Geneva Summit with Gorbachev ¿ 1985				416
The Text of Nationally Televised Address before a Joint Session of Congress
12.5
Searching for a Way Out of Afghanistan ¿ 1986						420
Excerpts from the Transcript of a Soviet Politburo Meeting 
12.6
¿Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!¿ ¿ 1987						422
Excerpts from Ronald Reagan¿s Speech at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin
12.7
Mikhail Gorbachev Describes a New Soviet World Vision ¿ 1988				427	
The Text of Gorbachev¿s Speech to the United Nations General Assembly
Chapter 13: The Collapse of the Soviet Empire						437
Introduction 											439
13.1
Solidarity and the Pope¿s Visit to Poland ¿ 1987						445
An Excerpt from The Struggle and the Triumph: An Autobiography, by Lech Walesa
13.2
At President Gorbachev¿s Side ¿ 1988-1989							449
Excerpts from the Diary of Gorbachev Aide Anatoly Chernyaev
13.3
America Monitors Events in China¿s Tiananmen Square ¿ 1989				450
Excerpts from a U.S. State Department Intelligence Summary 
13.4
The Fall of the Berlin Wall ¿ 1989 								451
The Text of ¿Deutschland, Deutschland,¿ by CNN Journalist Bettina Lüscher
13.5
Vaclev Havel Leads the Velvet Revolution ¿ 1989						454
The Text of the Declaration of the Civic Forum 
13.6
Romania After the Fall of the Ceausescu Regime ¿ 1989					457
An Excerpt from The Hole in the Flag, by Andrei Codrescu
13.7
Ten Minutes to Midnight ¿ 1990								460
The Text of an Editorial Published by the Board of Directors of the 
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 
13.8
Gorbachev¿s Farewell Address to the Soviet Citizens ¿ 1991				462
The Text of a Nationally Televised Address 
13.9
Gorbachev Exits the Kremlin ¿ 1991								466
Excerpts from Memoirs, by Mikhail Gorbachev
Chapter 14: Russia and the World in the Post-Cold War Era				469
Introduction 											471
14.1
Ronald Reagan Reflects on the End of the Cold War ¿ 1990					473
Text of a Speech Delivered at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri
14.2
Gorbachev Reflects on the End of the Cold War ¿ 2002					478
An Excerpt from Conversations with Gorbachev, by Mikhail Gorbachev
 and Zdenek Mlynar
14.3
The Legacy of Soviet Rule in Uzbekistan ¿ 2001						481
An Excerpt from Chasing the Sea by Tom Bissell
14.4
Post-Cold War Life in Reunified Germany ¿ 2002						484
An Excerpt from After the Wall by Jana Hensel
14.5
President Vladimir Putin Assesses the State of Russia ¿ 2005				488
An Excerpt from the Text of Speech to the Russian Federal Assembly 
14.6
Russia¿s Status in the New Millennium: An American Perspective ¿ 2005			495
An Excerpt from ¿Russia,¿ a Congressional Research Service Issue Brief for Congress
Glossary
Leading Figures of the Cold War 
Cold War Terms
Chronology 
Further Reading 
Photo Credits 
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Cold War -- Sources.
World politics -- 1945-1989 -- Sources.
World politics -- 1985-1995 -- Sources.