Table of contents for Fisheries management : progress towards sustainability / edited by T.R. McClanahan, J.C. Castilla.

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I. Introduction
Chapter 1. A Brief History of Fisheries Management
O. Defeo, T. McClanahan and J.C. Castilla
Fishery Science and Management 
 The Theory: Assessing and Managing Fisheries 
 Single Stocks
Fishery Research Agenda: Edge Issues for the 21st Century 
 Spatial Considerations: Closed Areas and Habitat Protection
 Ecosystem-based approaches
 Reference Points, Fishery Indicators, and the Precautionary Approach 
 Adaptive and Experimental Management
 The Limits to Science: When Management Fails
 Western Technocratic Models: Abuse and Misuse
 The Forgotten Social Side of Management and Attitudes
 Institutional Structures, Societal Participatory Roles, and Co-management 
II. Small-scale and Artisanal Fisheries
Chapter 2. Successes, Lessons, and Projections from Experience in Marine 
Benthic Invertebrate Artisanal Fisheries in Chile
Juan C. Castilla, Stefan Gelcich, and O. Defeo
Chilean Benthic Artisanal Fisheries 
 Pre-policy Stage
 Policy Process
 Pre-development Phase
 Development Phase
 Maturation Phase
 Problems with MEABR policy
 Perspectives for the Future
 Ecosystem Management
 Marine Protected Area Network
Chapter 3. From Crisis to Institutional Sustainability in the Chilean Sea Urchin 
Carlos Moreno, Alejandro Zuleta, Ana Parma, and Lobo Orensanz
The System
 Chilean Fisheries: Political Jurisdiction and Management Institutions
 Access regimes
 Southern Chile: a Geographic Labyrinth
 The Chilean Sea Urchin
The Sea Urchin Fishery of Regions X-XI
 Fleet and Fishing Operations
 Social Matrix
 Historical Trends and Stages in Development
 Management and Scientific Advice before 2001
 The Dynamics of Depletion and Recovery
 A Quest for Alternative Models
Social Turmoil, Political Complexities, and Prospects
 The ¿Contiguous Zones¿ Conflict
 Participatory Management
 Revamping the Monitoring and Knowledge Support
 New Challenges
Chapter 4. Achievements and Setbacks in the Commercial Diving Fishery of San 
José Gulf, Argentine Patagonia
Lobo Orensanz, Ana Parma, Néstor Ciocco and Ana Cinti
	The Gulfs of Northern Argentine Patagonia
	A Sensitive Region for Marine Conservation
	The Tehuelche Scallop
Achievements, Setbacks, and Prospects
 Round 1: Boom and Bust of the San Matías Gulf Scallop Fishery (1968-1972)
 Round 2: Dredging to Commercial Diving (the 1970s)
 Round 3: No Controls or Incentives (the 1980s and 1990s)
 Round 4: Recovery, Participatory Management, and Incentives (2000-2004)
 Round 5: New Challenges (2005-?)
Chapter 5. Evolution and Lessons from Fisheries and Coastal Management in 
the Philippines
Alan T. White, Edgardo Gomez, Angel C. Alcala, and Garry Russ
	Evolution of Coastal and Fisheries Management
		Legal and Policy Framework Supporting Decentralization
Contribution of Community-Based Marine Protected Areas
	Case I: Supporting Fisheries at Apo and Sumilon Islands
		Affects on Fish Biomass
		Spillover of Fish
		Affects on Fisheries Yields
		The Role of the Local Community and Local Government
	Case 2: Supporting Fisher Livelihood through Tourism at Gilutongan Island, 
	Case 3: Supporting Coral Reef Restoration, Hundred Islands National Park, 
Local Governments and Integrated Coastal and Fisheries Management
	A Benchmark System for Local Governments
	Boundary Delineation for Fisheries
		Local Government Law Enforcement
	Co-management of MPAs with Local Governments and NGOs
Key Lessons
Chapter 6. Redressing Access Inequities and Implementing Formal Management 
Systems for Marine and Estuarine Subsistence Fisheries in South Africa
Jean M. Harris, George M. Branch, Barry M. Clark, and Sandile C. Sibiya
Testing the Waters 
 Documenting a Nation-wide Phenomenon
 Defining Subsistence Fishers
 A Catalytic Local Case-study
Providing Access 
 National Recommendations for Management
 Provincial Implementation
 Creating Institutional Capacity
 Finding the Fishers and Fisheries
 Crafting Co-management
Evaluating Progress and Success 
 Implementing Systems for Fisheries Management
 Co-management as a Local Management Model
Chapter 7. Collaborative Fisheries Management in 
Tanga, Northern Tanzania
Sue Wells, Melita Samoilys, Jim Anderson, Hassan Kalombo, and Solomon 
Biophysical Characteristics
Socio-economic Characteristics - the Artisanal Fishery
The TCZCDP Strategy
 Process for Developing CMAPS
 Content of the CMAPs
 Closed Reefs
 Compliance and Enforcement
 Resource Monitoring
 Review and Re-negotiation of CMAPs
Effect of CMAs
 Improving Compliance
 Effect on Fisheries
Chapter 8. Management of Area and Gear in Kenyan 
Coral Reefs
T.R. McClanahan
 The Biophysical and Economic Environment
 The Social-cultural and Legal Environment
 History of Fisheries and Gears
 History of Marine Protected Areas
Closed Areas 
 Perceptions Towards Closed Areas
 Direct Effects of Marine Protected Areas
		Fish Abundance and Diversity
		Ecological Effects
 Indirect Effects of Marine Protected Areas
		Spillover of Fish
		Economic Effects
Gear Management
	Perceptions towards Gear
	Gear Selectivity and Competition
	Effect of Seine-net Removal on Fish Catches
 Comanagement and Control
Chapter 9. Progress Towards the Cooperative Management of Marine Hunting 
in the Great Barrier Reef
Helene Marsh
Site Profile
The Management Context
 Towards Cooperative Management
 GBRMPA Initiatives: 1983-1996
 Cooperative Initiatives: 1997-1999 
 The Post-planning Period: 1999 ¿ 2001
 Subsequent Developments
Discussion and Conclusions
III. Meso-scale Fisheries
Chapter 10. Partnerships towards Sustainable Use of Australia's Northern 
Prawn Fishery
C. M. Dichmont, N. R. Loneragan, D. T. Brewer, and I. R. Poiner
	The Partnership Approach
A Complex Ecosystem
	Coastal Habitats and Prawn Production
	The Environment of the Fishery
Sustainability of the Target Species
	Assessment Advice
	History of Effort Reductions
Prawns are Not the Only Catch
	Bycatch Research and Management
Cooperation, Participation, and Compliance
	Future Challenges
	Management Performance
	Vision for the Future
Chapter 11. The Western Rock Lobster Fishery in 
Western Australia
Bruce F. Phillips, Roy Melville Smith, and Nick Caputi
Threats to Sustainability
 Research Database
 Reliable Catch, Effort, and Size-frequency Data
 Technology Change
 	Size and Gear Restrictions
Legal Size
 Mortality and Damage to Discarded Catch
 Controlling Fishing Effort
 Life-history Relationships 
 Stock and Recruitment Relationships
 Environment and Catch Prediction
 Protecting Egg Production
 Communication with Fishers and Stakeholders 
Threats to Sustainability in the Future
 Regional Contributions to Egg Production
 The Effect of Increased Fishing efficiency
 Growth of Recreational Fishing
 Harvesting Pueruli for Aquaculture
 Enhancement of Stocks
 Reproductive Biology Issues 
Economics and Social Interactions
Increasing Awareness
Chapter 12. Successes and Challenges in the Hoki 
Fishery of New Zealand
Mary Livingston and Kevin Sullivan 
Life History and Productivity of Hoki
	Growth and Mortality
History of the Hoki Fishery
 Research and Stock Assessment
		Trawl Survey Time Series
		Acoustic Survey Time Series
	Reliability of Abundance Estimates
Sustainability of the Hoki Fishery
	Stock Assessment
 Lessons Learnt
Future Challenges for the Hoki Fishery
Chapter 13. Community-Based Fisheries in the 
Canadian Maritimes
Anthony Charles, Arthur Bull, John Kearney, and Chris Milley
Fisheries in the Canadian Maritimes
 The Resources
 Fishers and Fishing Communities
 Fishery Management
 Fishery Policy
Examples of Community-Based Fishery Management
 Community Management in the Scotia-Fundy Groundfishery
 The Fundy Fixed Gear Council
 PEI Mi¿kmaq Fisheries
Linkage and Support Mechanisms for Community Fisheries
 Marine Resource Centers
	Centre for Community-Based Resource Management
 Turning the Tide
 Orienting Fisheries around Community Needs
 Supporting Marine Conservation
IV. Conclusion
Chapter 14. Healing Fisheries
T.R. McClanahan and J.C. Castilla
Ecosystems and Cultural Systems are Complex
	Need to Save all the Parts, Interactions, and Processes
	Diverse Opinions
	Assume a Humble and Precautionary Approach
Complexity Requires Differential Diagnosis
Artisanal Versus Industrial Fishing
National Versus Community Organization
	Pristine Versus Mature Fisheries
All Permanent Solutions are Holistic Solutions
	Resource Users Household Context
	Strong Interactions in Ecosystem 
	Change is Part of the System
Monitoring and Evaluation are Essential
Holistic Monitoring of Nature, People, and their Compliance
Need for Simplicity 
	Need for Targets and Thresholds Measures
Fishing and Fisheries Management is a Profession 
	Incentives, Disincentives, and Certification of People and Fisheries
Democratic Principles
Rights and Compliance 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Fishery management.