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Contents Preface ix 1 Introduction 1 2 A World of Poverty 7 Five Lives 7 The Third World 15 The Extent of World Poverty 16 The Successes 22 Different Areas of the Third World Diverge 23 The Betrayal of Responsibility 25 3 Explanations of Underdevelopment 30 Modernization Theory 32 Dependency Theory 41 Marxism 48 Limitations of These Approaches 56 Why Does Poverty Persist? 58 Assessment 60 The Theories as Worldviews 62 4 Imperialism 65 The Creation of the European Empires 66 The Causes of Imperialism 67 The Culture of Imperialism 75 The Foundations of Third-World Poverty 80 The Population Explosion 86 The Legacy of Imperialism 95 5 Nationalism and Independence 101 The Origins of Third-World Nationalism 102 The Indian Subcontinent 106 China 109 Vietnam 113 vii Algeria 117 Muslim and Jewish Nationalism 121 Islamic Fundamentalism 125 Sub-Saharan Africa 127 Latin America 132 The Nationalist Identity 138 The Legacy of Nationalism 141 6 Economic Development 146 What Is Economic Development? 147 Population Control 152 False Paths to Economic Development 157 Development in the 1980s: Waylaid by the Debt Crisis 177 Into a New Century: Rediscovering the Market and Exports 181 Non-governmental Organizations 184 The Millennium Development Goals 185 7 Foreign Policy 189 The End of the Cold War 190 Foreign Policy During the Cold War: Globalism 191 The New American Hegemony 193 The War on Terrorism 195 The Illusion of the North-South Dialogue 198 A Constructive Foreign Policy 200 Military Spending and Policy 203 Human Rights Policy 210 Foreign Economic Policy 216 Can the Rich Cooperate with the Poor? 222 8 The Future: Justice in an Age of Globalization 226 Globalization 227 A Hope for Partnership 234 Bibliography 239 Acknowlegments 248 Index 251 About the Author
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Developing countries -- Social conditions.
Developing countries -- Economic conditions.
Nationalism -- Developing countries.
International economic relations.