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INTRODUCTION 1 HORIZON AND FOCUS 1.1 Interreligious studies and theology in dialogue 1.2 Genesis, focus and organisation of the investigation 2 TERMS, CONCEPTS AND METHODS 2.1 Terms and concepts Conscience, and al-?am?r Modernity Authenticity 2.2 Clues to current debates Selfhood and otherness: the capitalised Other Universalism and communitarianism 2.3 Methodological perspectives Conceptual history and discourse analysis Intertextuality, dialogical imagination and diapractice PART ONE: Christian conscience and Islamic ethics 3 THE SELF AND THE OTHER IN CHRISTIAN AND EUROPEAN DISCOURSES OF CONSCIENCE 3.1 Some fundamental ambiguities in the notion of conscience 3.2 Conscience in Graeco-Roman literature, and in the New Testament 3.3 Conscience in medieval scholasticism, and in Luther 3.4 Conscience in Early Modernity 3.5 Critique of conscience and globalisation of the concept in the 20th century 3.6 Preliminary conclusion 4 ISLAMIC ETHICS ? KNOWING WITH WHOM? 4.1 Bridging ?conscience? and ?Islamic ethics? 4.2 Islamic ethics as a multi-layered tradition 4.3 Qurû?nic ethics: exclusive or dialogical? 4.4 Some notes on ethics in ?ad?th, fiqh and classical theology 4.5 Philosophical ethics in Islam: universalist humanism? 4.6 ?¿f? ethics and the synthesis of al-Ghaz?l? 4.7 Conscience, science and civilisation in European Christianity and Islam 4.8 Preliminary conclusion INTERLUDE 5 CONSCIENCE IN ARABIC: THE SEMANTICS OF ?AM?R 5.1 ?Conscience? in modern Arabic 5.2 ?am?r in classical and medieval Arabic, and in medieval/early modern Arabic dictionaries ?am?r in Sh??ite, ?¿f? and philosophical/secular usage ?am?r in grammar and logical theory ?am?r in early dictionaries, Arab and Western 5.3 ?am?r as moral consciousness ? since when? 5.4 ?am?r in biblical Arabic ?am?r in medieval and early modern Arabic Bible language ?am?r in modern Arabic Bible editions 5.5 Other words and constructs for ?conscience? in modern Arabic 5.6 Preliminary conclusion PART TWO: Al-?am?r in modern Egyptian Muslim authors 6 THE NOTIONS OF AL-?AM?R AND WIJD?N IN EGYPTIAN REFORMERS AND WRITERS 6.1 Introduction to Part Two 6.2 ?amir and the reception of French thought and European philosophy in Egypt 6.3 ?am?r and wijd?n among Egyptian reformers, ca. 1900-1925 6.4 Literary reflections of ?am?r in modern Egyptian essays and fiction, ca. 1950- 1975 6.5 Preliminary conclusion 7 ?ABB?S MA?M¿D AL-?AQQ?D (1889-1964): ETHICO-RELIGIOUS INTERNALISATION, HUMAN CONSCIENCE AND ISLAMIC APOLOGETICS 7.1 Biographical and bibliographical introduction 7.2 Al-?am?r in al-?Aqq?d?s ?spiritual portraits? The genius of Mu?ammad, and his upright conscience Between Mu?ammad and Christ: Mahatma Gandhi The genius of Christ, and his law of love and conscience The genius of the Islamic philosopher-reformer Narrative and discursive approaches to al-?am?r 7.3 Conscience, democracy and Islamic authenticity 7.4 Revelation, reason and conscience in al-?Aqq?d?s qurû?nic philosophy Qurû?nic philosophy, new morality and male elitism Conscience under the guardianship of reason Conscience under the guardianship of reason Conscience, Islamic mysticism and European existentialism The role of conscience in al-?Aqq?d?s qurû?nic anthropology The role of conscience in al-?Aqq?d?s qurû?nic anthropology 7.5 Preliminary conclusion and outlook 7.6 Al-?Aqq?d, internalisation and authenticity ? as seen by ?Uthm?n Am?n and ?asan ?anaf? 8 KH?LID MU?AMMAD KH?LID (1920-1996): CONSCIENCE, HUMAN AUTHENTICITY AND ISLAMIC DEMOCRACY 8.1 Biographical and bibliographical introduction 8.2 Secularism and European impulses Modernist, secularist beginnings: ?From here we start? Conscience, new morality and civic ethics 8.3 Visions of true humanity 8.4 Al-?am?r in the history of religions: a continuous quest for human authenticity Mu?ammad and Christ, together on the road The human qualities of Mu?ammad Human conscience on its journey towards its destiny 8.5 Al-?am?r and the Islamic heritage: narrative, thematic and mystical approaches Narrative approaches to distinguished Muslim personalities Narrative approaches to distinguished Muslim personalities Thematic approach to the humanist message of the Qurû?n ?¿f? perspectives on human conscience 8.6 From human to Islamic authenticity? From universalist liberalism to Islamic democracy The final call: Islam invites the human race to accept Mu?ammad 8.7 Preliminary conclusion and outlook 8.8 Excursus: Conscience and Islamic authenticity in Sayyid Qu?b 9 M. K?MIL ?USAYN (1901-1977): CONSCIENCE AS THE LAW OF INHIBITION AND THE VOICE OF GOD 9.1 Biographical and bibliographical introduction 9.2 The events of Good Friday as a drama of human conscience 9.3 Conscience as a curb and the law of inhibition 9.4 The passive virtues of resistance, and the individual?s right to say no 9.5 Conscience as the voice of God, and one?s rightly guided self 9.6 The guidance of religion: an inclusivist view 9.7 Preliminary conclusion and outlook 10 CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS IN EGYPT: UNITED OR SEPARATED BY MODERNITY? 10.1 Modern Muslim identity in Egypt Recurrent ?crises of orientation?, or a continuum of ?modified Islamic discourses?? Islamic discourses and universalist visions under Nasser 10.2 Christianity and Islam in modern Egypt 10.3 Modern Coptic identity The discourse of national unity: mere secularism, or Christian recognition of Islam? Coptic conscience The discourse of Coptic revival: national unity challenged by the religious body? 10.4 Late modern identity discourses among Muslims, and the notion of Islamic authenticity 11 CONCLUSIONS TO PART TWO PART THREE: Concluding discussions 12 WRONGING THE SELF, WRONGING THE OTHER: CONSCIENCE AND ETHICS IN MODERNITY 12.1 Conscience and the inward turn forwards 12.2 The Christian-Muslim quest for self-improvement: a shared but insufficient moral concern 12.3 Conscience, reason and emotion in the modern Self 12.4 Being true to the Other ? guided by the Golden Rule, or by the ethics of closeness? 12.5 Wronging Oneself or wronging the Other? 12.6 Bad conscience and ?the reproaching soul? 13 CONSCIENCE IN INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE: TELLING THE STORY OF ONESELF AS ANOTHER 13.1 The turn to the Other 13.2 Islam and the religously Other 13.3 Conscience = knowing oneself as another? 13.4 Telling the story of oneself as another ? in diapractice 13.5 Conscience and community 14 KNOWING WITH GOD ? FACE TO FACE WITH THE OTHER? BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Conscience -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
Islam -- Relations -- Christianity.
Christianity and other religions -- Islam.