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CONTENTS Table of Contents Editor¿s Bios Dedication Preface Acknowledgements List of Contributors Chapter 1. Introduction: Structure, function, and change of forest landscapes Julia Linke, Matthew Betts, Michael B. Lavigne, and Steven E. Franklin Chapter 2. Identifying and describing forest disturbance and spatial pattern: Data selection issues and methodological implications Nicholas C. Coops, Michael A. Wulder, and Joanne C. White Chapter 3. Remotely sensed data in the mapping of forest harvest patterns Sean P. Healey, Warren B. Cohen, Yang Zhiqiang, and Robert E. Kennedy Chapter 4. Remotely sensed data in the mapping of insect defoliation Ronald J. Hall, Robert S. Skakun, and Eric J. Arsenault Chapter 5. Using remote sensing to map and monitor fire damage in forest ecosystems Jess Clark and Thomas Bobbe Chapter 6. Integrating GIS and remotely sensed data for mapping forest disturbance and change John Rogan and Jennifer Miller Chapter 7. New directions in landscape pattern analysis and linkages with remote sensing Sarah E. Gergel Chapter 8. Characterizing stand-replacing harvest and fire disturbance patches in a forested landscape: A case study from Cooney Ridge, Montana Andrew T. Hudak, Penelope Morgan, Mike Bobbitt, and Leigh Lentile Chapter 9. Conclusion: Understanding forest disturbance and spatial pattern, information needs, and new approaches Michael A. Wulder and Steven E. Franklin Index Preface This book was conceived as a contribution to the increasingly urgent need in the scientific and resource management communities to develop a greater understanding of forest disturbance as a means to aid in the resolution of complex forest management planning issues worldwide. It is our view that in the past decade, the capability to use remotely sensed data for the generation of forest disturbance products is increasingly well understood and consequently, more widely available. The ¿how-to¿ questions that have preoccupied geospatial analysts and practicing resource management professionals are now less critical. Rather, clarification is sought on the wider ecological meaning of the spatial patterns associated with disturbance, and what can and should be done with the copious and diverse information that is generated by remote sensing and GIS approaches. In addition, questions are emerging as to how forest practices should be changed (if at all) to accommodate the new perspectives generated by geospatial technologies. For example, the use of landscape metrics to characterize landscape pattern from remotely sensed map products enables unprecedented opportunities for improved forest management and sustainable stewardship. Landscape metrics provide a synoptic and systematic means to understand the implications of disturbance processes, including issues such as altered habitat and forest fragmentation. However, the appropriate application and insightful interpretation of landscape metrics are only in their infancy, as are the emerging disciplines of landscape ecology and conservation biology, both of which owe a portion of their growth and potential to developments in the fields of remote sensing and GIS. We perceived an opportunity to present in this book a sequence of topics that would take the reader from a general biological or landscape ecological context of forest disturbance, to remote sensing and GIS technological approaches, through to pattern description and analysis, with compelling applied examples of integration and synthesis. The Chapters for this volume were invited, peer-reviewed, revised, and edited; the authors and reviewers adhered to the strictest standards and highest quality criteria in this process. The issues discussed herein address both natural and human-caused forest change and include factors such as biological components, monitoring approaches, scale, and pattern analysis. In this book, our goal was to consider forest disturbance and spatial pattern from an ecological point-of-view within the context of structure, function, pattern, and change. Remotely sensed and GIS data are now the data sources of choice for those whose responsibility it is to capture, document, and understand landscape pattern and forest disturbance. A discussion of the concepts of pattern characterization, which is an area of research and application we expect to continue to grow in importance and significance to resource managers, highlights the challenges in this emerging area of research, and although significant progress has been made, clearly much remains to be done. We conclude this book with a final chapter in which we provide a summary and description of the thematic issues related to detection and mapping of forest disturbances with remotely sensed and GIS data. Over the course of the book, we have attempted to illustrate how the elements presented, from ecological underpinnings, data considerations, change detection method, and pattern analysis, combine as a problem solving, information generating approach. It is our hope that the materials presented will stimulate discussion and provide guidance for those who are interested, or faced with similar challenges, in capturing and characterizing forest disturbance and pattern.
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Forests and forestry -- Remote sensing.
Geographic information systems.