Table of contents for The human drama of abortion : seeking a global consensus / Anibal Faundes, Jose Barzelatto.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
First Preface	7
Second Preface	9
Introduction	11
Part I: The Human Drama of Abortion	16
1	Listening to Women: Why They Have Abortions	17
	The Story of a Poor Peasant	17
	A Middle Class Urban Woman	18
	A Young, Idealistic Career Woman	19
	A Mature Well-Off Physician	21
	A Working Class Teenager	22
2	The Meaning of Words	26
	The Need for Defining Terms Related to Abortion	27
	The Reproductive Process	28
	From Embryo to Newborn Baby	31
	The Beginning of Pregnancy and of a New Individual	33
	Ectopic Pregnancy	35
	Defining Induced Abortion	36
	Safe and Unsafe Abortion	36
	Methods for Pregnancy Termination	37
	"Partial-Birth" Abortion	40
	Menstrual Regulation	41
3	The Magnitude of Induced Abortion	43
	Worldwide Estimations	44
	Regional Differences in Induced Abortions	45
	Regional Differences in Unsafe Abortions	48
4	Consequences of Unsafe Abortion	50
	Maternal Mortality	52
	Physical Complications	53
	Psychological Consequences	54
	Social Consequences	56
	Economic Consequences	57
	Factors Influencing the Severity of the Consequences of Abortion	58
		-Legal Status of Abortion and Access to Safe Abortions	59
		-Socioeconomic Status	61
5	Why Women Get Pregnant when They Do Not Want To	63
	Lack of Knowledge of Contraceptive Methods	64
	Lack of Access to Contraceptive Methods	67
	Contraceptive Failure	70
	Lack of Control in Their Sexual Relationships	70
6	Why Is a Pregnancy So Unwanted That It Ends in Abortion?	73
	Lack of a Father	74
	Financial Constraints	74
	Inability to Provide Good Parenting/Interference with Life Prospects	75
	Conflict with Prevailing Social Norms	76
	Health Reasons	76
	Lack of Social Support	77
Part II: The Values Involved	79
7	Conflicting Values Faced by Health Professionals	80
	The Value of Life and Health Professionals	81
	Obstetricians and the Fetus	81
	The Presence of the Fetus and Medical Technology	82
	Technology and the Acceptance of Abortion	83
	Obstetricians and Unwanted Pregnancies	85
	Cultural Pressures	86
	Public Condemnation and Private Acceptance	87
	From Accepting the Exception to Understanding the Rule	88
8	Religious Values	91
	Historical Context of Christian Perspectives	92
	Christian Values about Abortion	94
	Present Position of the Catholic Church	98
		-Exceptions to the Rule - Direct and Indirect Action	100
	Protestant Perspectives on Abortion	102
	Jewish Perspectives	104
	Muslim Perspectives	105
	Hindu Perspectives	107
	Buddhist Perspectives	109
	Chinese Perspectives	111
	Is a Religious Consensus Possible?	112
		-The Genval Consensus	113
		-The Chiang Mai Declaration	116
		Teachings of Two Prominent Religious Leaders	117
9	Ethical Values	119
	What We Understand by Ethics	119
	The Four Principles of Bioethics	121
	The Bioethical Principles Applied to Abortion	124
		Respect for Persons	125
		Non Maleficence/Beneficence	128
		Justice	130
	The Ethical Dilemma for Gynecologists/Obstetricians	131
	Our Reflections on Ethical Values Concerning Abortion	132
10	Values as Reflected in Law	133
	Legal Systems	134
	Legal Systems and Abortion	135
	Legality of Abortion in the World	136
	Declarations and Conventions on Human Rights	139
	Abortion Laws and Human Rights	141
	General Conclusions on Abortion and the Law	144
Part III: Improving the Situation	145
11 	How to Decrease the Number of Abortions	146
	Legal and Moral Prohibition	146
	Prevention of Unwanted Pregnancies	148
	Contraceptive Services to Reduce Unwanted Pregnancies	148
	Increase Women's Power Related to Sex and Reproduction	153
	Social Support to Motherhood	156
12	How to Reduce the Human, Social, and Economic Cost of Abortions	159
	Improving Women's Status in Society	159
	Decriminalizing or Extending Legal Grounds for Abortion	161
	Improving Access to Legal Abortion	162
	More Liberal and Fairer Interpretation of the Law	166
	Access to Good Quality Post Abortion Care	171
	More Positive Attitude of Health Workers	173
13	The Paradox: Rejecting Abortion and Opposing the Prevention 
	of Unwanted Pregnancies	174
	Opposition to "Artificial" Contraceptive Methods	175
	Opposition to Contraceptive Methods Claiming They Induce Abortions	176
	Opposition to Sex Education	180
	Abortion-Promoting Effects of "Anti-Abortion" Politics	181
Part IV: Seeking a Consensus	183
14	How to Reach a Consensus on Abortion	184
	The Social Need for an "Overlapping Consensus" 	184
	Is an "Overlapping Consensus" about Abortion Possible? 	187
	The Basis for an "Overlapping Consensus" on Abortion	189
	Some Reflections Regarding the Process for Achieving Consensus	193
References	196
Index	000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Abortion -- Cross-cultural studies.
Pregnancy, Unwanted -- Cross-cultural studies.
Abortion, Induced.
Family Planning Services.
Health Policy.
Pregnancy, Unwanted.
Women's Rights.