Table of contents for The hidden agendas of language policy : an expanded view / Elana Shohamy.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

Content Dedication to Orlee Acknowledgements The main arguments 
Part I: Language, manipulations, policy 
Chapter 1 Expanding language Expanding language 
Language as individual, personal and interactive 
Language as dynamic and evolving 
Crossing the fixed language boundaries 
'Languaging' through multi-modalities 
Language as expression of freedom 
Chapter 2: Manipulating languages 
Manipulating languages in the nation state 
Role of linguists in language manipulations 
Negotiating and battling languages in the current nation state 
Ideology and propaganda 
Summary and conclusion 
Chapter 3: Expanding language policy (LP) 	 Overview 
LP in the current nation state 
Types of language policies 
Overt and covert policies 
Language policy and language practice 
Language policies in the new nation-state 
An expanded view of language policy 
Part II: Mechanisms affecting de facto policies
Chapter 4: Laws and regulations 
The devices 
Effect on de facto language policies 
Laws and regulations and de facto policies: The case of Israel 
Chapter 5: Language education policies (LEP) Overview 
LEP and its power as a mechanism 
The agents of LEP 
LEP and de facto language practices 
LEP: The case of Israel Conclusions 
Chapter 6: Language tests (LT) 
The power of tests 
Tests as tools for manipulating language 
Language testing scenarios 
The sources of power of language tests 
The role of teachers in language testing 
Tests as mechanisms for de facto LP 
Tests as hidden mechanisms 
Democratic processes and language rights Conclusions 
Chapter 7: Language in the public space 
Linguistic landscape (LL) 
A LL study 
Negotiating policies in he public space 
Additional devices in the public space 
Effects on de facto LP Violation of language rights Conclusions
Part III: Consequence and reactions 
Chapter 8: Consequences Democratic principles and rights 
Violations of democratic principles 
Violations of personal rights 
Chapter 9: Reactions 
Democracy of inclusion 
 Critical awareness and language activism 
Critical awareness and the mechanisms 
 Policy, practice and negotiations 
Epiloque: Language as a free commodity 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Language policy.
Language and education.
Language awareness.