Table of contents for Geographic information systems for the social sciences : investigating space and place / Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinber.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Table of Contents
Preface
Organization of this book
Chapter Summaries
Introduction
Social Inequality in Chicago Slums
Railroads as Indicators of Civilized Society 
Early Social Ecology: Spatial Studies of Chicago
Relevant websites
Chapter 1: Introduction to GIS
Chapter Description
What is a Geographic Information System?
Understanding Geographic Information Systems
The "G" in GIS
	Difficulties with the "G"
	Expanding the ?G?
The "I" in GIS
	Extending the "I"
The "S" in GIS
	Difficulties with the "S"
Summary
Relevant websites
Chapter 2: GIS Basics
Chapter Description
An Example of a Spatially-based Study 
GIS data formats
Spatial Data Formats
GIS Data Models
	Vector GIS
	Raster GIS
Topological and Raster data models and analysis approaches
Data compression and packaging
Essential Mapping Concepts
	Scale
	Projections and Coordinates
	A bit about datums
So what do I do?
GIS Output
Summary
Relevant websites
Suggested Reading
Chapter 3: Topics for Sociospatial Research
Chapter Description
Introduction
What value does GIS present in social science research?
Exploring and Integrating Information
	Seeking relationships
	Thinking Critically
	Acknowledging Differences
	Finding Common Ground
Determining Project Goals
Guiding Questions 
	Questions about Concept
	Questions about Data
	Questions about Location
	Boundaries for Analysis
How to: Steps in the process
	Public Health Example
Relevant Websites
Chapter 4: Research Design
Chapter Description
Inductive versus Deductive Approach to Research
What is the purpose of your Research?
	Descriptive research
	Exploration
	Explanation
Stages of Sociospatial Research for Deductive Research
	1. Choosing a topic
	2. Defining the problem
	3. Conduct a Literature Review
	4. Develop a Hypothesis
	5. Develop a Conceptual Framework 
	6. Choose Research Methods
	7. Collect and Prepare Data
	8. Ground Truth Data
	9. Analyze Data
	10. Share results
The Role of Time
	Cross-sectional Studies
	Longitudinal Studies
Errors in Human Inquiry
Ecological Fallacy
Ethics and GIS
	Privacy and Data Aggregation
	Primary and Secondary Data
	Accuracy Considerations
Relevant websites
Suggested Reading
Chapter 5: Qualitative Research Methods and GIS
Chapter Description
Introduction
Grounded Theory: GIS Using an Inductive Approach
Grounded Theory and GIS
Sociospatial Grounded Theory Using GIS
	1. Determine a general topical of interest
	2. Determine the geographic location of interest
	3. Collect the Data (Spatial and Social Data)
	4. Spatially Code the Data
	5. Ground Truth the Data
	6. Analyze Data/Look for Spatial and Social Patterns in the Data
	7. Generate Theory (Spatial and Social) 
Questions to Guide Integration of GIS into Field Research
GIS software in the field? 
Maps of your Research Area
Ground Truth of Map Data
Cultural Perceptions of Technology
Access to Results
Local Sources of Data
Oral History Interviews
	GIS and Oral History / GIS as an Interactive Data Recorder
Participant Observation
News as a Source of Data
Ethnography and GIS
Case Studies and GIS
Public Participation and GIS 
Relevant websites
Chapter 6: GIS Data collection and development (sources, input and output):
Chapter Description
Introduction
Data acquisition
Evaluating Data Suitability
Obtaining GIS data from the Internet
Obtaining data from offline sources
How can I use my own data?
Approaching the Use of GIS/ With and Without Computer in the Field
	Without a field computer
	With a field computer
Data collection considerations
	Address Matching
	Using a Global Positioning System
	Creating base maps from scratch
Unit of analysis
Database concepts and GIS
Rules for GIS Database Development
Creating GIS Friendly Data Tables
	Space and Case
	Data format and coding considerations
	Software output formats
Integrating other types of data
GIS Output
	Data Visualization
	Statistical output
		Exporting data to other applications
Conclusions
Relevant websites
Chapter 7: Measurement 
Chapter Description
Introduction
Type of Data Source: Primary or Secondary
Concepts, Variables and Attributes 
Operationalization of Concepts in GIS
Different data types: Matching geographic and social variables?
	Nominal data
	Ordinal data
	Interval data
	Ratio data
Validity and Reliability
	Validity and GIS
	Reliability and GIS
Data Sampling and GIS
	Probability and Non-Probability Sampling
	Non-Probability Sampling
		Purposive Sampling 
		Available Subjects
		Snowball Sampling
		Quota Sampling
	Random sampling
Study Area and Sample Unit Boundaries
	Edge Effects
	The modifiable area unit problem (MAUP)
	Selecting boundaries
Factors Affecting Choice of GIS Variables
Relevant websites
Suggested Reading
Chapter 8: Data Documentation and Model Development
Chapter Description
The Importance of Ground Truthing of your Data
Documenting data accuracy and quality (metadata)
Analytical approach
Phases of abstraction
	Reality
	Conceptual data model ? Incorporating GIS
Logical data model
	Physical data model
Statistical Outputs from GIS
Relevant websites
Chapter 9: Analysis, Interpretation and Application
Chapter Description
Analysis techniques
Cartographic Classification
Buffer and Overlay
		Buffer
		Overlay
Proximity Polygons and Nearest Neighbors
Social Networks and Network Analysis
		Network Analysis
		Least cost path
Topographic Tools
Spatial Interpolation and Simulation
Modeling
		Raster Modeling
When to use GIS as a problem solving tool
Potential Pitfalls
		Revisiting the Accessibility Example
		Test it!
		Virtual reality is still NOT reality
Relevant websites
Chapter 10: Future Opportunities for Social Research and GIS 
Chapter Description
Linking GIS and the Social Sciences
Using GIS to Study Society and Change
Identifying Social Inequality
GIS City Case Example
	Developing Community Profiles
	Factors Affecting Choice of GIS Variables 
	Stages of Socio-spatial Research for Deductive Research
	Surveys:
	Focus Groups:
	GIS and the Focus Group
	Data Capture as a Visualization Process:
	GIS Analysis:
Government and GIS
Data continuity over time
Metadata documentation of your data
Future directions for GIS and Social Sciences
Visualization and GIS
Faster Response Time
Impact of Tools for the Future
Parting Thoughts
Some suggestions for student research projects
Relevant websites
Glossary
Summary of Websites
References
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Social sciences -- Research -- Methodology.
Geographic information systems.
Spatial analysis (Statistics).