Table of contents for Tropical forests / Michael Allaby ; illustrations by Richard Garratt.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
Preface											xii
Acknowledgments										xv
Introduction: What are tropical forests?							xvi
Chapter 1 
GEOGRAPHY OF TROPICAL FORESTS						1
Where are the Tropics?								1
Where tropical forests occur								3
American tropical forests								5
African tropical forests								7
Asian tropical forests									8
Tropical forests of Papua New Guinea and Australia					10
Where tropical forests grew long ago							12
How coal forms									13
How old are the present-day tropical forests?						16
Tropical forests during the ice ages							18
Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene glacials and interglacials			20
Chapter 2 
GEOLOGY OF TROPICAL FORESTS							24
Continental drift and plate tectonics							24
Alfred Lothar Wegener and continental drift						26
How mountains rise and wear away							29
Geologic time scale									32
Tropical soils										37
Laterite										40
How soils age										41
How soils are classified								44
Movement of water through tropical soils						46
Porosity and permeability								47
	
Chapter 3
TROPICAL FOREST CLIMATES							50
Why it rains so much at the equator							50
General circulation of the atmosphere						52
Trade winds										54
Walker circulation									57
Dry seasons and rainy seasons							58
Continental and maritime climates							60
Adiabatic cooling and warming							61
Convection and tropical storms							64
Charge separation in storm clouds							67
Monsoons										68
Lapse rates and stability								70
El Niño										72
Mountain climates									73
Snow lines										76
Hurricanes										79
The Coriolis effect									81
Chapter 4
TYPES OF TROPICAL FORESTS							85
Lowland wet forest									85
Seasonal forest									87
Montane forest									90
Cloud forest										92
Why it rains more on mountainsides							93
Elfin forest										95
What are lichens?									96
Bamboo forest										98
Monsoon forest									100
Mangrove forest									102
Chapter 5
LIFE IN TROPICAL FORESTS								105
Broad-leaved evergreen trees								105
How plants are adapted to the climate						107
Drip tips, buttress roots, and stilt roots						109
Growing in mud: peg roots								112
Beetles and butterflies									114		Tropical ants										118
Tree frogs and frog poisons								121
Tree snakes and snakes that live on the ground					123
	Cats, civets, and the tayra								126
Plant-eating mammals									128
Rhinoceroses of Africa and Asia							130
Tapirs											133
Pigs and peccaries									134
Bats											137
Monkeys and apes									140
New World and Old World primates							144
Sloths											153
Anteaters, armadillos, and pangolins							154
 Parallel evolution and convergent evolution						157
Forest birds										159
Parrots and macaws									161
Toucans and hornbills									163
		
Chapter 6
ECOLOGY OF TROPICAL FORESTS							166
Forest layers										166
Seeking the light									167
Photosynthesis										168
Saplings: waiting for a chance to grow						170
Emergents										172
Lianas and other climbers								175
How rain reaches the forest inhabitants						177
Food chains, food webs, and pyramids						179
Epiphytes										182
Bromeliads										184
Parasitic plants									186
Stranglers										188
Plants that catch insects								190
Chapter 7
PEOPLES OF TROPICAL FORESTS							193
Peoples of the American tropical forests						193
Peoples of the African tropical forests						196
Peoples of the Asian tropical forests							199
People of the Australasian tropical forests						200
Explorers of the Tropics								202
Alexander von Humboldt								204
Chapter 8
BIODIVERSITY AND TROPICAL FORESTS						209
What is "biodiversity"?								209
Why it matters										210
The Biodiversity Convention								213
Why there are so many species in tropical forests					215
Chapter 9
THREATS TO TROPICAL FORESTS							218
Clearing forest to make farms								218
Logging										220
Slash-and-burn farming								224
Soil erosion										226
Soil exhaustion									228
Chapter 10 
MANAGING TROPICAL FORESTS							231
Ecotourism										231
Agroforestry										234
New products from natural forest							236
Timber plantations									239
Providing jobs outside forests								243
CONCLUSION										247
What future for tropical forests?							247
APPENDIXES
Glossary											250
Bibliography and further reading								269
SI units and conversions									276
Soil classification										280
Index												283

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Rain forest ecology -- Juvenile literature.
Rain forests -- Juvenile literature.