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Contents List of Illustrations 00 Acknowledgments 00 Introduction 1 Prologue: The Birth of Black Chicago 00 Du Sable: A Model for All Times 00 Part I. Haven of Liberty for Former Chattel and Contraband, 1833-1865 00 Chapter 1. Antebellum Frontier Town and "City of Refuge," 1833-1860 I. The Demography of a People 00 II. The Ethos of a People: Foundations of Culture and Community 00 A. Culture 00 B. The Possibility of Internal Group Distinctions 00 C. Religion, Church Formation, and Recreation 00 D. Community-Based Initiatives, Associations, and Secular Interests 00 III. White Racial Constraints and Interracial Collaboration 00 A. The Illinois Black Laws 00 B. Refuge and the Underground Railroad 00 C. The 1850s: A Decade Demanding Vigilance 00 Chapter 2. The Civil War and "Jubilee," 1861-1865 I. The Demography of an Evolving People 00 II. Culture, Community, and Personalities 00 A. The Adjustment to Life under Freedom 00 B. Emancipation 00 C. Religion and Church Life 00 D. Education 00 III. Interracial Relations 00 A. Liberty and Distrust 00 B. Employment, Business, and the Professions 00 C. Quasi-political Activities 00 IV. Wartime Chicago 00 A. Organization of an African American Regiment 00 B. Battlefield Participation and Experience in Combat 00 V. After Appomattox: The Reality of Jubilee Part II. Harbor of Opportunity for New Citizens, 1866-1900 00 Chapter 3. Freedom and Fire during the Reconstruction Era, 1866-1879 I. Demographic Features of Life 00 II. The Reconstruction Amendments 00 III. The Great Chicago Fire 00 IV. The Economic Sphere: Employment, Business, and the Professions 00 A. Occupational Paths: The Pullman Porter, Policeman, Washerwoman, and Fireman 00 B. The Business Sphere 00 V. A Sense of Community 00 A. New and Revitalized Attitudes and Institutions 00 1. The First Newspaper 00 B. Traditional Family Formation 00 VI. Postwar Martial Spirit 00 VII. Politics 00 Chapter 4. Gilded Age Chicago, 1880-1892 I. Demographics 00 II. The Changing Human Landscape: Population and Property Ownership 00 III. The Economic Sphere 00 A. Wait Service: "Commanders of the Dining Room" 00 B. Transportation: Pullman Porters, the "Ambassadors of Hospitality" 00 C. Women Inside and Outside the Service Domain 00 D. Business Growth and Development 00 E. The Professions 00 IV. The Fabric of Society 00 A. The Respectables, or Ordinary People 00 B. The Refined Element 00 C. The Economically Dispossessed 00 D. The Riffraff, or Underclass 00 E. The Complexities of Race Relations: The Black Desire for Equality of Opportunity and the White Fear of Social Equality 00 1. White Philanthropy and Black-White Bonding 00 2. Interracial Marriages 00 3. Biracialism and "Passing" for White 00 4. Interracial Amicability amid Black Distrust of White Intentions 00 5. Varied Responses to Issues of Race 00 V. Institutional Life: Church Life, Religion, and Secular Associations 00 A. Church Life and Religion 00 B. Reporting the News 00 C. Bonding after Martial Lines 00 D. Provident Hospital 00 E. Literary Societies and an Interest in Ideas and Letters 00 VI. Politics and Interracial Linkage 00 Chapter 5. Fair and War, 1893-1900 I. Demography: Arrival of the Masses and the Talented Tenth 00 II. The Changing City Landscape 00 III. The Economic Fabric 00 IV. The World's Columbian Exposition 00 V. The Social Fabric 00 A. The Elite 00 B. The Respectables Persevere 00 C. Life among the Economically and Socially Depressed 00 D. Interracial Relations 00 VI. The Cultural Fabric 00 VII. Institutional Development 00 A. Churches 00 B. Fraternal Organizations and Activities 00 C. Spheres of Leadership 00 VIII. Ideological Contention: Militants, Conservatives, and Pragmatists 00 IX. Politics 00 X. The Spanish-American War 00 Epilogue: The Foundation of the Black Metropolis 00 Appendix A: The Illinois Black Laws 00 Appendix B: An Act to Repeal the "Black Laws" 00 Appendix C: An Act to Protect Colored Children in Their Rights to Attend School 00 Appendix D: Illinois General Assembly, House Bill 45-1885 00 Appendix E: Data from "Jubilee": Chicago's Black Civil War Soldiers 00 Notes 00 Bibliography 00 Index 00
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
African Americans -- Illinois -- Chicago -- History -- 19th century.
African Americans -- Illinois -- Chicago -- History -- 20th century.
Chicago (Ill.) -- History -- 19th century.
Chicago (Ill.) -- History -- 20th century.
Chicago (Ill.) -- Race relations.