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<begin new right page> Contents List of Figures List of Tables List of Figures Foreword, James R. Schlesinger Foreword, Bill Richardson Foreword, Lee H. Hamilton Acknowledgments Abbreviations Introduction: The Need to Integrate Energy and Foreign Policy Jan H. Kalicki and David L. Goldwyn Part I The Global Framework 1 World Energy Futures Adam E. Sieminski 2 Energy Security and Markets Daniel Yergin 3 OPEC in Confrontation with Globalization Edward L. Morse and Amy Myers Jaffe 4 The International Energy Agency William F. Martin and Evan M. Harrje Commentary on Part I Alvaro Silva-Calderón Part II Russia and Eurasia 5 Russia and the Caspian Sea Region Julia Nanay 6 Eurasian Transportation Futures Jan H. Kalicki and Jonathan Elkind 7 Reforming the Gas Market Loyola de Palacio Commentary on Part II Viktor I. Kalyuzhny Part III The Middle East and Africa 8 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and the Gulf J. Robinson West 9 North Africa and the Mediterranean Gordon Shearer 10 Sub-Saharan Africa Paul F. Hueper Commentary on Part III Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah Part IV The Pacific Rim 11 China and Northeast Asia Amy Myers Jaffe and Kenneth B. Medlock III 12 APEC's Regional Approach to Energy Security John Ryan 13 Japan Keiichi Yokobori Commentary on Part IV J. Bennett Johnston Part V The North Atlantic and the Americas 14 The North Sea Willy H. Olsen 15 North America Shirley Neff 16 Latin America Luis Tellez Kuenzler Commentary on Part V Michelle Michot Foss Part VI A New Energy Security Strategy 17 Energy, Homeland, and National Security Leon Fuerth 18 Technology Development and Energy Security Melanie A. Kenderdine and Ernest J. Moniz 19 Governance, Transparency, and Sustainable Development Charles McPherson 20 The Challenge of Climate Protection: Balancing Energy and Environment Kevin A. Baumert 21 Building Strategic Reserves David L. Goldwyn and Michelle Billig 22 Can a "Global" Natural Gas Market Be Achieved? Donald A. Juckett and Michelle Michot Foss Commentary on Part VI John P. Holdren Conclusion: Energy, Security, and Foreign Policy Jan H. Kalicki and David L. Goldwyn About the Contributors Index List of Tables 1.1 World Fuel Consumption and Market Share, 1970-2030 1.2 Who Controls the Oil Markets? 1.3 What Does It Take to Get OPEC's Oil Production Up to 54 Million Barrels per Day? 1.4 Oil Imports Likely to Rise Sharply for the Largest Consumers 1.5 Key Countries in Gas: Dominant Players Include Russia, the United States, and Canada 3.1 OPEC Export Revenues, 1996-2003 3.2 Oil Demand by Region, 1996-98 3.3 OPEC Production Capacity, 1979-2003 3.4 OPEC Bumps against Capacity Constraints, January 1999-Mid-2004 9.1 Key Economic and Energy Statistics for the Maghreb, 2002 9.2 Algeria's Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas, 2000 11.1 Chinese Oil Foreign Direct Investment Projects, 1997 12.1 Gross Domestic Product by APEC Regional Grouping, 1990-2020 13.1 Japan's Total Primary Energy Demand Outlook, 1999-2020 13.2 Energy Strengths and Weaknesses of Selected Countries and Region 20.1 Kyoto Protocol Targets for Selected Countries and Group 22.1 Global Energy Investment Requirements <begin new page--right or left> List of Figures 1.1 World Energy Consumption by Fuel, 1970-2030 1.2 OPEC's 2030 Market Share Estimated at 50 Percent 1.3 World Crude Oil Endowment: More Left to Find Than Hubbert Believed 1.4 Hubbert Curve Works for 15 Years, Then Goes Seriously Wrong in the United Kingdom 5.1 Oil Production in Russia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan, 1988-2010 5.2 Oil Production in Azerbaijan, 1995-2033 6.1 Map of Eurasian Energy Export Pipelines, 2004 7.1 Market Share of Gas in E.U. Member States, 2000-2030 7.2 Demand and Supply Developments, European Union, 2000-2030 7.3 Share of Gas in Total Primary Energy Consumption, European Countries, 2003 7.4 Import Shares of External Suppliers, Selected Countries, 2003 9.1 Map of Mediterranean Gas Infrastructure 9.2 Shares of Mediterranean Natural Gas Reserves, 2003 9.3 Algeria's Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas, 2000 9.4 Shares of Mediterranean Oil Reserves, 2003 10.1 West African Oil Production, Base Resource Case, 2003-20 10.2 West African Oil Production, High Resource Case, 2003-20 10.3 West African Oil Production, Low Resource Case, 2003-20 10.4 Present Value of West African Offshore Finding and Development Costs, 2003-20 10.5 Present Value of West African Oil Production, 2003-20 11.1 Share of World Total Primary Energy Supply by Selected Regions, 1980 and 2000 12.1 Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate of APEC Regional Grouping and World 12.2 Gross Domestic Product and Population Growth by APEC Regional Grouping 13.1 Map of Proposed Cross-Border Natural Gas Pipeline Network in Northeast Asia 14.1 Demand for Gas in the United Kingdom, 1990-2012 14.2 Norway's Oil and Gas Production History, 1970-2000 14.3 Two Scenarios for Petroleum Production on Norway's Continental Shelf, 2012-2050 15.1 U.S. and Canadian Natural Gas Supply, 1990-2025 15.2 Map of Arctic Gas Delivery Pipelines 16.1 Mexico's Demographic Structure, 2000-2015 16.2 Effective Tax Rate as a Percentage of Revenues, Mexico, 2001 16.3 Crude Oil Production and Consumption, Latin America, 1992-2001 16.4 Latin American Export Capacity, 2001 16.5 U.S. Oil Imports by Country of Origin, 2001 16.6 U.S. Natural Gas Net Imports, 2000-2025 16.7 Shares of Refined Product Imports and of Natural Gas Imports on Total Demand, 1993-2001 16.8 Contribution of Gasoline Imports to Total Supply, Mexico, 1994-2001 16.9 Oil Industry Participation in Gross Domestic Product, 1990-2020 16.10 Percentage Share of Oil in Fiscal Revenues, 2002 18.1 Energy-Related Security Challenges, Key Related Policy Objectives, and Representative Associated Technology Pathways 18.2 Life-Cycle Energy Use for a Variety of Projected 2020 Automotive Technologies, Including Internal Combustion Engines, Hybrids, and Fuel-Cell Vehicles 18.3 Hydrogen Cost for Production (from Water, Biomass, Coal, Natural Gas) and Distribution (from Central Plant Production with Distribution by Pipeline, Gas Trailer, or Liquid Tanker or from Forecourt Production) 20.1 Carbon Emissions, 2001, and Projected Emissions, 2025 20.2 The Technology Innovation Chain 21.1 U.S. Strategic Protection Reserves and Import Coverage, 1975-2010 22.1 Gas Endowment for the Eight U.S. Geological Survey Regions of the World 22.2 Costs for Natural Gas Transportation, Pipelines versus Liquefied Natural Gas 1 Energy, Foreign Policy, and National Security (in the Conclusion)
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Energy policy -- United States.
National security -- United States.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 2001-.