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Introduction The Etymology and Definition of Adirondack Adirondack Chronology of Record; 1535 to 1838 Part I The Adirondack Indians A) Historical Background 1) The Iroquoians and the Iroquois a) The Iroquoians b) The Iroquois i) Etymology ii) Historical Background 2) The Algonquians and the Algonquins a) The Algonquians (Algonkians) b) The Algonquins (Algonkins) i) Etymology ii) Historical Background B) The Lower Ottawa River Valley Algonquins (Adirondack Indians) 1) The Mohawk vs. the Dutch and English Perspective 2) The Kichesipirini, Onontchateronons, and the Ouescharini (Adirondacks) a) The Kichesipirini (Allumettes or Algonquins of the Island) b) The Onontchateronons (Iroquets) c) The Ouescharini (Weskarini or Petite Nation) 3) The First Europeans to Make Contact with or Enter the Homeland of the Adirondack Indians Discussion Notes, Part I Part II The Adirondack Mountains A) Geological Background B) Early Regional Place-Names 1) Avacal 2) The Province of Laconia 3) The Mountains of Saint Margaret 4) Iroquois 5) Couchsachraga a) The Name b) The Place 6) "Parts But Little Known" C) The Adirondack Mountain Group 1) The Earliest Europeans to Have Sighted the Adirondack Mountains a) Jacques Cartier b) Samuel de Champlain c) Johannes de Laet d) Father Simon LeMoine, S.J. 2) The Adirondack Lake/Mountain Region: Earliest European Visitors a) Father Isaac Jogues, S.J. b) Father Joseph Antoine Poncet, S.J. 3) "The High Peak of Essex," "Mount Marcy," and "Tahawaus" 4) The Ascent of the "High Peak of Essex" and the Name "Adirondack" Discussion Conclusions Notes, Part II Part III Historical Maps (The maps presented in the section are referenced by number throughout the text, i.e., map 4.) Part IV Contemporary Accounts 1. Jacques Cartier, Navigations to Newe Fraunce, 1535 2. Samuel de Champlain, Quatriesme Voyage (Fourth Voyage), 1613 3. Samuel de Champlain, 1615. From Les Voyages, 1619 4. Brother Gabriel Sagard, Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons, 1632 5. Father Franìois Le Mercier, Jesuit Relation and Map of 1664/1665 6. Jesuit Relation of 1665/1666 7. Peter Kalm, Travels into North America (1749) 8. J. C. B., Travels in New France (1751/1761) 9. Isaac Weld, Travels Throughout the States of North America, and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, During the Years 1795, 1796, 1797 10. The Coureurs des bois and the Voyageurs. Washington Irving, Astoria, 1836 with Additional Commentary 11. Ebenezer Emmons, February 20, 1838, New York Assembly Document Number 200 Tables Table 1: Spellings and meanings of the word Adirondack, c. 1570s/1838 Table 2: Names of Lower Ottawa River Valley Algonquin (Adirondack) Indian Bands. 1603/1640s Table 3: Names Given to the Mountains of Northern New York During the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries Bibliography Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Indians of North America -- New York (State) -- Adirondack Mountains -- History -- Sources.
Indians of North America -- New York (State) -- Adirondack Mountains -- Social life and customs.
Indians of North America -- New York (State) -- Adirondack Mountains -- Maps.
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.) -- Discovery and exploration.
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.) -- History -- Sources.
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.) -- Maps.