Table of contents for Globalisation and the future of terrorism : patterns and predictions / Brynjar Lia.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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First published 2005 
by Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis
11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE
Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada 
by Routledge 
29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group
? 2005 Brynjar Lia
Typeset in by
Printed and bound in Great Britain by
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by 
any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying 
and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the 
publishers.
The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the 
information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors 
or omissions that may be made.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
ISBN 0-714-65261-X
<BR><HR><BR>
<TOC>
 
First published 2005 
by Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis
11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE
Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada 
by Routledge 
29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group
? 2005 Brynjar Lia
Typeset in by
Printed and bound in Great Britain by
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by 
any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying 
and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the 
publishers.
The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the 
information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors 
or omissions that may be made.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
ISBN 0-714-65261-X
1.	<BR><HR><BR>
<TOC>
 Introduction	14
Towards a Framework for Predicting Future Patterns of Terrorism	18
Defining Terrorism	28
Causes of Terrorism	36
2.	Globalisation and Armed Conflicts	41
The Future of Globalisation	41
The Impact of Globalisation	44
Possible Implications for Terrorism	48
The Future of Armed Conflicts	52
The Rise of Internationalised Internal conflicts	56
Illegitimate States, Legitimate Revolts	59
Al-Qaida and the Rise of Global Civil Wars	61
Beyond War: The Globalised Political Economy of Conflict	64
The Emergence of a Global Guerrilla State Authority?	69
Conclusion	73
3.	International Relations and Politics	75
The World Order	76
Consequences for the future of terrorism	83
Weapons of Mass Destruction	85
Nuclear Proliferation Risks	90
CBW Proliferation Risks	97
Democratization Processes and the Spread of Illiberal Democracies	107
Trends in State Formation and State Failure	118
State Formation	120
Failed and Collapsed States	123
Trends in Peacekeeping and Military Interventions	130
Peacekeeping	131
Military Interventions	140
Islamist Responses to Western Interventions	143
Implications for Terrorism	150
Trends in Multilateralism	152
Implications for Terrorism	157
The Proliferation of Non-Governmental Organisations	159
Implications for Terrorism	163
4.	The Global Market Economy	168
Trends in Economic Inequality	170
Implications for Terrorism	179
Powerless Politicians? Powerful Businesses?	183
The Rise of Transnational Corporations	185
TNCs and Terrorism	187
Privatizing Policing and Warfare	193
Implications for Terrorists and Insurgent Groups	201
The Globalisation of Organised Crime	209
Drug Trade, Human Trafficking, Alien Smuggling	210
Trafficking in Explosives	214
Changing Patterns, Underlying Causes	218
Implications for Transnational Terrorism	223
Middle East Petroleum and the Future of Energy Trade	229
Future Trends in Petroleum Energy Dependence	232
Implications for Terrorism	239
5.	The Demographic Factor	245
Demographic Trends	246
Implications for Terrorism	255
The Immigration Dilemma	258
Migration and Ethno-Demographic Changes	259
Hate Crimes, Racial Riots, and Ethnic Terrorism	265
Diasporas, Overseas Insurgencies, and Transnational Terrorism	267
Human Smuggling and Transnational Terrorism	271
6.	Ideological Shifts	274
The Future Landscape of Extremist Ideologies	275
A Resurgent Left?	278
The Challenge of Islamism and al-Qaidaism	279
The New Religious Extremism	283
Towards a Diffuse and Rapidly Changing Ideological Landscape	286
Possible Implications for Terrorism	289
7.	Our Technological Future	291
Terrorism and Technology	293
The Future Potentials of Cyberterrorism: Computers as Weapons	297
Information Technologies in Conventional Terrorism	299
The Globalisation of Empowering Technologies	302
Dual-Use Technology and Improvised Weapons	304
New Interactive Mass Media Technologies	307
Counter-Terrorist Technologies	308
Possible Impact on Terrorism Patterns	315
8.	Conclusion	317
9.	Selected Bibliography	331

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Terrorism.
Terrorism -- Forecasting.
Globalization.
International relations.
World politics -- 1989-.