Table of contents for The JFK myths : a scientific investigation of the Kennedy assassination / Larry M. Sturdivan.

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CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT · xxi
FOREWORD · xxiii
INTRODUCTION · xxix
CHAPTER ONE · 1
NOBODY CAN STOP IT
CHAPTER TWO · 23
AN ADVOCATE'S SUMMING UP
CHAPTER THREE · 41
THE EXTENT OF THE CONSPIRACY
CHAPTER FOUR · 87
CRUDE, DANGEROUS, AND INACCURATE
CHAPTER FIVE · 101
A SOUND ALL OVER
CHAPTER SIX · 113
THE MAGIC BULLET
CHAPTER SEVEN · 145
NO SIGNS OF DISTRESS
CHAPTER EIGHT · 157
THE LAWS OF PHYSICS VACATED
CHAPTER NINE · 177
POOR DAMN COP
CHAPTER TEN · 183
BUNGLED AUTOPSY
CHAPTER ELEVEN · 219
A PUFF OF SMOKE
CHAPTER TWELVE · 239
THE CONSPIRACY MYTH: "I'M JUST A PATSY"
APPENDIX A · 253
RUMORS DISPELLED BY THE WARREN COMMISSION
APPENDIX B · 261
RETARDATION AND DEFORMATION OF BULLETS
APPENDIX C · 275
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS 
APPENDIX D · 297
CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM AND ENERGY
APPENDIX E · 301
"STARTLE" AND "JIGGLE" ANALYSIS
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1. 43
Sketch of the Trajectory of the "Magic Bullet" presented by Robert Groden on the First Day of Public Hearings by the House of Representatives. (National Archives)
FIGURE 2. 47
Dox Drawing of the Wound at the Base of President Kennedy's Neck with an Inserted Enlargement of the Actual Photograph of the Entry Wound. (National Archives/John Hunt)
FIGURE 3. 48
Drawing of the Method of Production and Final Appearance of the Abrasion Collar Produced by Normal Impact (F-23) and Oblique Impact (F-24). (National Archives)
FIGURE 4. 50
"Stretcher Bullet," CE 399, Goat Rib Shot Bullet, CE 853, and Two Bullets Recovered in Cotton Waste by the FBI to Use as Standards. (National Archives)
FIGURE 5. 59
Front and Back of the "Backyard" Photograph that Lee Oswald Gave to his Friend George de Mohrenschildt, Dated April 5 or May 4, 1963. (National Archives)
FIGURE 6. 73
Echo Correlation Table with Dr. Barger's Handwritten Numbers Showing the Four, One-Second Time Intervals. The Third Was Linked to a Shot from the "Grassy Knoll." (National Archives)
FIGURE 7. 90
Gunner Donald Smith Firing the Oswald Rifle in the Biophysics Division Tests at Edgewood Arsenal in May 1964. (Biophysics Division, EA/L. M Sturdivan)
FIGURE 8. 90
Close-up of the Oswald Rifle and 4-Power Scope, Showing No Apparent Damage to the Scope. (Biophysics Division, EA/L. M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 9. 92
Pre-Shot Photograph of Skull from Biophysics Tests, Showing the Aim Point Given by the Warren Commission as the Entrance Location. (Biophysics Division, EA/L. M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 10. 95
Comparison of Engraving on FBI Test Bullet and Bullet Fragments, CE 567 and CE 569, Found in the Front Seat and Front Floorboard of the President's Limousine. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 11. 96
Comparison of Engraving on FBI Test Bullet and Bullet, CE 399, Found After Falling From a Stretcher in Parkland Hospital. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 12. 97
Comparison of Base Markings on FBI Test Cartridge and One of the Three M-C Cartridges Found on the Floor of the "Sniper's Nest" on the Sixth Floor of the Book Depository Building. (National Archives)
FIGURE 13. 103
Spark Shadowgraph of a Western Cartridge Company Bullet, made for the Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle, Showing the Shock Wave. (National Archives/ Modified)
FIGURE 14. 105
Direction from Which the Shot Appears to Have Originated, as Detected by Hearing the Shock Wave from a Supersonic Bullet. (National Archives/ Modified)
FIGURE 15. 107
Directional Perception from the Shock Wave of the Bullet and the Blast Wave from the Weapon (notation added). (National Archives)
FIGURE 16. 115
Photograph of the Western Cartridge Company Bullet, Made for the Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle, with the US 5.56 mm M193 Bullet for Comparison. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 17. 117
Representation of the Yaw Angle of a Bullet. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 18. 118
Bullet and Bone Deformation Regions for the Bullet Made for the Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle by the Western Cartridge Company (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 19. 119
The "Stretcher" Bullet, CE 399, Compared to the Goat Bullet, CE 853, and a WCC/MC Bullet Recovered from a Gelatin Block. (National Archives and Biophysics Division, EA and Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 20. 120
Broken WCC/MC Bullets Recovered from Biophysics Division Skull Shots, Compared to WCC/MC Bullet from Gelatin Test and an Unfired Bullet. (Biophysics Division, EA and Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 21. 121
Bullet Fragments Recovered from Front Seat and Front Floorboard of the President's Limousine. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 22. 122
Picture from the Warren Commission Reenactment of the Assassination Scene. (National Archives)
FIGURE 23. 124
Gelatin Block with a Permanent Track from a 7.62 mm M80 Bullet, Which Deforms and Breaks Up; 10 Meters Range. (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 24. 124
7.62 mm Military Bullet (M80), Deformed and Broken in Gelatin Tissue Stimulant at 100 Meters Range. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 25. 127
Permanent Tracks of the WCC/MC Bullet Fired Directly into Gelatin Block A (Near Zero Yaw) and into Block B After Having Passed Through a Simulated "Neck" (with Large Striking Yaw). (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 26. 128
M-C Bullets Recovered from Biophysics Division Wrist Simulation Firings, Fired into Two Types of Wrist Bone, Using the Oswald Rifle. (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 27. 129
X-Rays of Shattered Wrists, Governor Connally's Versus Experimental Shots from the Biophysics Tests. (Biophysics Division, EA/Dale Myers)
FIGURE 28. 137
Abrasion Collar Produced by a Yawing Bullet with an Exaggerated Illustration of the Bullet's Yawing Motion. (National Archives)
FIGURE 29. 140
Circle of Probable Error on the Sniper's Nest Window in the Texas School Book Depository Building, from Dale Myers' Backward Extrapolation of the Shot Through the Two Men. (© 1995-2004 Dale K. Myers. All Rights Reserved)
FIGURE 30. 141
Dale Myers' Reconstruction of the Trajectory of CE 399 Through President Kennedy and Governor Connally. (© 1995-2004 Dale K. Myers. All Rights Reserved)
FIGURE 31. 153
Track of the President's Neck Wound as Established by the House Forensic Pathology Panel. (National Archives)
FIGURE 32. 155
Temporary Cavity from a High-Speed Movie of a 5.56 mm M193 Military Bullet Penetrating Gelatin Tissue Simulant (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 33. 161
Sequence from the High-Speed Movie of One of the Biophysics Division Skull Shots, using the Oswald Rifle. (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 34. 164
Sequence from a High-Speed Movie of a Shot to the Head of an Anesthetized Goat, Showing an Intense Neuromuscular Spasm Similar to the President's. (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 35. 167
Robert Capa Picture of a Casualty in the Spanish Civil War, 1936. (Robert Capa/ Magnum Photos)
FIGURE 36. 170
Still Photograph of an Experimental Skull after Being Struck by the Bullet from the Oswald Rifle, after Loose Flaps of Bone and Gelatin "Scalp" were Removed. (Biophysics Division, EA/ Dale Myers)
FIGURE 37. 170
All Fragments of an Experimental Skull, with the Gelatin Melted Away by Hot Water. (Biophysics Division, EA/ Dale Myers)
FIGURE 38. 171
X-rays Comparing JFK Skull (top) to Experimental Skull. (Note Lead Fragments Deposited After the Jacket Ruptured.) (Biophysics Division, EA/ Dale Myers & National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 39. 174
Dox Drawing of Brain Wound from Photograph, Showing Nearly Intact Cerebellum and Severely Injured Right Cerebrum. Gutter Wound Extends from Tip of Occipital Lobe to Tip of Frontal Lobe. (National Archives)
FIGURE 40. 179
Split-view Photographs of Cartridge Cases Found at Tippit Murder Scene, Compared to Test Cartridges Fired by the FBI from the Handgun in Oswald's Possession at the Time of His Arrest. (National Archives)
FIGURE 41. 188
Dox Drawing of the Forensic Pathology Panel's "Cowlick" Entry Wound to the Back ot the President's Head. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 42. 189
Dox Drawing of the Path of the Bullet in the Fatal Skull Shot, Established by the Fpp, Representing the Explosive Post-Shot Rupture. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 43. 190
Autopsy X-ray of JFK Skull, Front-to-Back View, with Disk-like Object Indicated. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 44. 193
The Lower Portion of the Exit Wound in the Frontal Bone (at the arrow), as Identified by the HSCA Forensic Pathology Panel. (From an Enlargement of a Section of one of the Autopsy Photographs.) (Web/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 45. 194
The "Cratering" of the Back Surface of a Skull or Other Brittle Material when Struck by a Projectile (WCC/MC Bullet Pictured). (National Archives)
FIGURE 46. 195
Photograph of a Skull with the Location of the Entry Crater in the President's Skull Marked by Dr. Pierre Finck for the HSCA Forensic Pathology Panel. (Annotations added). (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 47. 196
Complete Copy of the Only Interior View in the Autopsy Photographs, Showing the Entry Wound in the Inner Table of the Skull. (Annotations added). (Web/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 48. 200
Picture of Skull with Approximate Location of Purported Impact Points Marked: HSCA Entry (upper) and Autopsy Entry (lower). (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 49. 200
Autopsy Photograph Superimposed on the Skull with the Entry Wound Projected to the "Autopsy" Location Near the EOP. (Larry M. Sturdivan/ Christopher Sturdivan)
FIGURE 50. 201
Autopsy Photograph Superimposed on a Human Skull with the Entry Projected to the Forensic Pathology Panel's "Cowlick" Location. (Larry M. Sturdivan/ Christopher Sturdivan)
FIGURE 51. 202
Bullet Entry on One of the SKulls in the Biophysics Tests. Pencil Spot Indicates Aim Point. (Biophysics Division, EA)
FIGURE 52. 204
Dr. Robert Grossman's Sketch of the JFK Entry Wound. (Reprinted, by permission, from Neurosurgery, November 2003)
FIGURE 53. 205
Warren Commission Drawing, CE 388, Made to Illustrate the Fatal JFK Head Injury. (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 54. 208
Sketch of the JFK Head Wound with Curved Trajectory of the Bullet. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 55. 212
Illustration of Bullet Exit Wounds through Skin; Unconstrained and Constrained by Snug Clothing. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 56. 213
Entrance and Exit Holes through Goat Skin from the Biophysics Neck Shot Simulations. (Biophysics Division, EA/ Dale Myers)
FIGURE 57. 213
Dox Drawing from the Photograph of the Tracheostomy in the President's Throat. (National Archives)
FIGURE 58. 215
Croft Photograph of the Presidential Limousine, Showing the Position of the President's Coat Shortly Before the Second Shot (First Hit). (National Archives/ John Hunt)
FIGURE 59. 220
Picture of the Village of King's Somborne in Rural England, with "London Fog" from Soft Coal Fires. (Larry M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 60. 229
Dr. William Hartmann's Sketch of Startle Reactions in Pencil Lines Drawn at the Time of Rifle Shots in Dealy Plaza During the Reenactment for the Acoustic Tests. (William Hartmann/ L. M. Sturdivan)
FIGURE 61. 231
"Jiggle Plot" from the Zapruder Movie, Prepared by Wm. Hartmann for the HSCA, Extending the Pioneering Effort by Louis Alvarez. (National Archives)
FIGURE 62. 236
Hartmann's, Scotts', and Alvarez' "Jiggle" Peaks Plotted on the Same Graph. (National Archives)
FIGURE C1. 281
N-Plot of Guinn's Measurements of Antimony Levels in 14 WCC/MC Bullets
FIGURE C2. 281
N-Plot of Guinn's 14 Antimony Measurements on the Natural Log Scale
FIGURE C3. 294
Raw Values of Antimony Concentration as a Function of Sample Weight
FIGURE C4. 295
Antimony Concentration versus Weight on Natural Log Scales
FIGURE E1. 309
Frame-by-frame Plot of the Blur in the Zapruder File, as a Percent of the Whole Frame. Prepared by Dr. William Harmann for the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
FIGURE E2. 310
Normal Plot of Zapruder's Normal Tracking Adjustment Peaks
FIGURE E3. 310
Normal Plot of the 18 Normal Peaks Plus the Lowest Startle Peak
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE I. 144
Number of Shots Reported 
TABLE II. 148
Approximate Velocities At Which Western Cartridge Co./MC bullets and Bones Will Be Deformed
TABLE III. 174
Probable Velocity and Orientation of CE 399 at Various Points Along Its Trajectory
TABLE B1. 298
Velocities measured for the Biophysics Division Simulations.
TABLE C1. 311
Antimony Content of Random WCC/MC Bullets
TABLE C2. 312
Comparison of Means and Medians for Antimony Content, Raw and Log Values
TABLE C3. 315
General Linear Models: Analysis of Variance for LnSb, using Adjusted SS for Tests
TABLE C4. 316
Calculation of the Standard Normal Variate and Cumulative Distribution from Guinn's NAA of Recovered Bullet and Fragments in the Kennedy and Connally Shootings
TABLE C5. 318
Cumulative Probability from the Gaussian Distribution
TABLE C6. 321
Data from FBI Neutron Activation Analysis, Run 4 (Source: National Archives)
TABLE C7. 321
Comparison of Means and Medians for Antimony Content, FBI Run 4
TABLE C8. 322
General Linear Model Analysis (with Natural Logs of Antimony and Weight)
TABLE C9. 323
Analysis of Variance for LnSb, using Adjusted SS for Tests
TABLE C10. 324
General Linear Model (with raw values of Antimony and Weight)
TABLE C11. 324
Analysis of Variance for Sb, using Adjusted SS for Tests
TABLE C12. 324
General Linear Model (with Natural Logs of Antimony and Weight)
TABLE C13. 325
Analysis of Variance for LnSb, using Adjusted SS for Tests
TABLE E1. 337
Relative Peaks from Hartmann's Blur Measurements from the Zapruder Film

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 -- Assassination.
Firearms -- United States -- Identification -- Case studies.
Forensic ballistics -- United States -- Case studies.