Table of contents for Criminology / Chris Hale ... [et al.].

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CONTENTS
PREFACE 000
GUIDE TO THE BOOK 000
GUIDE TO THE COMPANION WEBSITE 000
PART I Introducing crime and criminology 1
 1 What is crime? Contrasting definitions and perspectives 3
Introduction 3
Background 3
Defining crime: confronting events and understanding processes 4
Frameworks of choice and logic: the politics of criminology and the definition of crime 11
Conclusion 17
Questions for discussion 17
Guide to further reading 18
Web links 18
References 19
 2 History of crime 21
Introduction 21
Background 21
Defining crime 23
The criminal justice system 26
Policing 28
Punishment 31
Conclusion 34
Questions for discussion 35
Guide to further reading 35
Web links 36
References 36
Notes 38
 3 What do crime statistics tell us? 39
Introduction 39
Background 39
What is a crime statistic? 41
Counting crime 42
Recording incidents as criminal offences 43
Reporting crime to the police 47
The frequency of crime victimization 52
The rate of crime victimization 54
Conclusion 55
Questions for discussion 56
Guide to further reading 57
Web links 57
References 57
Notes 58
 4 Theoretical criminology: a starting point 61
Introduction 61
Background 61
The theories—a beginner's guide 62
Conclusion 86
Web links 86
References 86
Note 88
 5 Just theory: theory, crime and criminal justice 89
Introduction 89
Theory matters 90
Doing justice to the text 94
The criminologist as a moral witness 98
Just responses to crime? 101
Conclusion 104
Questions for discussion 105
Guide to further reading 105
Web links 106
References 106
 6 Psychology and crime: understanding the interface 109
Introduction 109
Background 109
Key psychological explanations of criminal behaviour 110
Theory into practice: some examples of the way psychology is employed within criminal justice 123
Conclusion 131
Questions for discussion 132
Guide to further reading 132
Web links 133
References 133
 7 Crime and culture 139
Introduction 139
Background 139
Crime and culture 141
Conclusion 152
Questions for discussion 153
Guide to further reading 153
Web links 154
References 155
 8 Crime and the media: understanding the connections 157
Introduction 157
Background 157
Researching crime and the media 158
Theorizing crime and the media 162
Problematizing crime and the media 167
Conclusion 174
Questions for discussion 176
Guide to further reading 177
Web links 177
References 178
PART II Forms of crime 183
 9 `Volume crime' and everyday life 183
Introduction 185
Background 185
Property crime in every day life 187
Anti-social behaviour and the politics of control 192
Conclusion 198
Questions for discussion 199
Guide to further reading 199
Web links 200
References 200
10 Drugs, alcohol and crime 203
Introduction 203
Part One: Drugs and crime 203
Background 203
The nature and extent of drug use 204
Exploring the links between drug use and crime 207
Breaking the links 210
Part Two: Alcohol and crime 212
Background 212
The nature and extent of alcohol use 213
Exploring the links between alcohol use and crime 214
Breaking the links 216
Conclusion 218
Questions for discussion 218
Guide to further reading 219
Web links 219
References 220
11 Violent crime 223
Introduction 223
Background 223
Violence, the body and the civilizing process 224
Patterns of violence 227
Aggression and masculinity 229
Violence in the private sphere 233
Racist violence 236
Explaining racist violence 237
Homicides 239
Conclusion 241
Questions for discussion 241
Guide to further reading 241
Web links 242
References 242
Notes 244
12 Sex crime 245
Introduction 245
Background 245
Consent or free agreement 246
Criminal processes 249
Civil measures 252
Public access to the `Register'? 258
The `possibly' dangerous 259
Conclusion 262
Questions for discussion 263
Guide to further reading 263
Web links 263
References 264
13 Corporate crime 267
Introduction 267
Background 267
Dimensions of corporate crime 268
The invisibility of corporate crime 271
The `causes' of corporate crime 273
`Controlling' corporate crime 277
Conclusion 281
Questions for discussion 282
Guide to further reading 283
Web links 284
References 284
Notes 286
14 Understanding organized crime 289
Introduction 289
Background 289
What is this `thing' called organized crime? 290
Organized crime in the USA 293
Transnational organized crime 296
Theories and methods 298
Madness in their methods 300
Conclusion 301
Questions for discussion 303
Guide to further reading 303
Web links 304
References 305
15 Terrorism and the politics of fear 307
Introduction 307
Background 307
Interpreting terrorism 308
Contemporary terrorism 314
Conclusion 319
Questions for discussion 320
Guide to further reading 320
Web links 321
References 321
PART III Social dimensions of crime 323
16 Economic marginalization, social exclusion and crime 325
Introduction 325
Background 325
Why might economic conditions affect the level of crime? 326
What is the evidence for a relationship between crime and the economy? 331
Crime, the underclass and social exclusion 336
Victims, inequality and crime 338
Conclusion 339
Questions for discussion 340
Guide to further reading 340
Web links 340
References 341
Notes 342
17 Gender and crime 345
Introduction 345
Background 345
Sex and crime 347
Women. Femininity(ies) and crime 349
Men. Masculinities and crime 353
Gender and the criminal justice system 358
Conclusion 361
Questions for discussion 361
Guide to further reading 362
Web links 362
References 363
18 `Race', ethnicity and crime 369
Introduction 369
Background 370
Getting tough on crime? 371
The tabloid press: creating moral panics 378
FPWPHIBISCUS: A case study in the social construction of crime 379
Conclusion 382
Questions for discussion 383
Guide to further reading 383
Web links 383
References 384
19 Young people and crime 387
Introduction 387
Background 387
The development of youth justice in England and Wales 389
Understanding youth crime 394
Young people, crime and social divisions 397
Contemporary youth justice and future directions 398
Conclusion 401
Questions for discussion 402
Guide to further reading 402
Web links 403
References 403
20 Older offenders, crime and the criminal justice system 405
Introduction 405
Background 405
Lost offenders in forgotten places 411
A historical view of older offenders 412
Elders in prison 414
Age-sensitive policy recommendations 416
Conclusion 419
Questions for discussion 421
Guide to further reading 421
Web links 421
References 422
Notes 425
PART IV Responses to crime 427
21 The politics of law and order 429
Introduction 429
Background 430
A brief introduction to recorded crime and the politics of law and order in the UK since 1945 432
Crime, economy and the politics of law and order: 1945–70 435
Crime, economy and the politics of law and order: 1970–92 437
Crime, economy and the politics of law and order: post 1992 440
Conclusion 444
Questions for discussion 445
Guide to further reading 445
Web links 445
References 446
Notes 447
22 The criminal justice system 449
Introduction 449
Background 450
The police 454
Prosecution 456
The decision to prosecute 457
Legal representation for the defendant 458
The courts 459
Magistrates and clerks 461
The Crown Court 462
Sentencing and the correctional system 463
Appeals 464
The European Court of Human Rights 466
Conclusion 467
Questions for discussion 468
Guide to further reading 468
Web links 469
References 470
Notes 470
23 Surveillance 473
Introduction 473
Background 473
Theories of surveillance 474
Surveillance technologies 481
The `architecture' of surveillance and monitoring 489
Conclusion 492
Questions for discussion 492
Guide to further reading 493
Web links 493
References 493
24 `Victims' 495
Introduction 495
Background 495
The reactions and needs of victims of crime 498
Obstacles to victim take-up of services and entitlements 499
Effectiveness and international comparisons 501
Conclusion 505
Questions for discussion 506
Guide to further reading 506
Web links 506
References 507
Notes 509
25 Policing 511
Introduction 511
Background 511
Policing functions 513
Key debates in contemporary policing 516
Conclusion 523
Questions for discussion 524
Guide to further reading 524
Web links 524
References 525
26 Punishment and the community 529
Introduction 529
Background 529
Types of community punishment and sentencing trends 531
The National Probation Service 536
Ways of understanding the politics of community punishment 537
Diversity and community punishment 539
Soft options? Community punishment and popular punitiveness 541
Community punishment and the `what works' agenda 542
Conclusion 543
Questions for discussion 544
Guide to further reading 544
Web links 545
References 545
27 Prisons 549
Introduction 549
Background 549
Prison service structure and accountability 550
Who are the prisoners? 554
How prisons are run 558
What about justice in prison? 562
Conclusion 564
Questions for discussion 565
Guide to further reading 565
Web links 566
References 566
GLOSSARY 569
INDEX 579

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Criminology.