Table of contents for Biodiversity and conservation / Michael J. Jeffries.

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Counter
 Chapter 1. BIODIVERSITY. FROM CONCEPT TO CRISIS.
The Road to Rio. The conceptual history of biodiversity.
Origins
Post Rio
The world discovers biodiversity
Environmental campaigns
Media impacts
Global threats
Biodiversity?s potential
Why biodiversity matters
Biodiversity through time.
The importance of time
The history of life
How long has life existed on Earth?
Biodiversity rising.
A snowball?s chance in Hell.
Founding dynasties and terminal disasters
How many species have there been?
Natural extinctions
Types of extinction,
Background versus mass extinctions
Biodisparity
Extinctions, rebounds and radiations
The current crisis.
Miner?s canaries
An end to evolution
Summary
Discussion questions
Further reading
Chapter 2. THE CREATION OF BIODIVERSITY.
Evolution, ecology and the origins of confusion.
The origins of ecology and evolutionary science
Modern ecology; illegitimate origins and confued childhood
The ecology of biodiversity.
The search for patterns and processes
Primary factors
History and age
Gradients
Area
Isolation
Ecological templates
Productivity
Scale-less patterns
Habitat heterogeneity
Habitat complexity
Intimate processes
Succession
interactions between speices
Disturbance
Dispersal
Ecological rennaisance; emerging general rules.
The evolution of biodiversity
The multiplication of species
Diversification of genes: environmental forces
Diversification of genes: genetic systems
Selection and maintenance of genetic diversity
Speciation
Speciation in action.
What do all those species do, Part I? Biodiversity and ecosystem 
function.
What do all those species do, Part II? Ecosystem integrity.
The imbalance of nature.
Summary
Discussion questions
Further reading
Chapter 3. AN INVENTORY OF PLANET EARTH.
Types of biodiversity
Genetic and subcellular
Taxonomic biodiversity
Ecoloigcal
Wetland classification
Domestic biodiversity
Measuring biodiversity
The numbers of known species
Estimating the actual numbers of species
Time series
Expert opinion
Empirical relationships
Taxon to taxon, region to region
Problems with estimation techniques
Scaling up
Comparing taxa
The fraction of undescribed species
Species definitions
The workforce
The major gaps
Ecosystems
Taxa
Conceptual gaps
Global biodiversity patterns
Taxonomic biodiversity; global patterns of taxonomic biodiversity
Ecological biodiversity
Descrining the extent of global ecosystems
The importance of global ecosystems. Functional biodiversity
Isalnds and hot-spots; the Earth?s extra special places
Continental hot-spots
Islands
More things in Heaven and Earth.
Summary
Discussion points
Further reading
Chapter 4. EXTINCTION
Current losses of biodiversity
Prophets and loss. Estimating curretn extinction rates
Confirmed extinctions
Predicting extinction rates
 Haemorrhaging biodiversity.
Ecosystem loss rates
Defining the endangered
The causes of extinction
Ecological causes of extinction
Ultimate factors
Proximate factors
Extinction: human pressures and economic failures
Human impacts on biodiversity: proximate causes
Human impacts on biodiversity: the underlying human pressures
Wildlife in wartime.
Valuing biodiversity: economics for conservation
Methods for costing the value of biodiversity
The economics of conservation
Genetic resources
Taxonomic diversity
Ecosystems
The total value of the biodiversity services
Local economic incentives and conservation
The Mount Kupe Project, Cameroon
The CAMPFIRE programme, Zimbabwe
Conservation?s targets.
Summary
Discussion questions
Further reading
Chapter 5. THE CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY
Evolving concepts for biodivesrity conservation
Context
Methods
Approaches
The legislative framework
International treaties
Building treaties
International treaties: mechanisms
The Convention on Bioloigcal Diversity
National legislation
Regulation
Non-regulation: incentives and agreements
International aid
Development aid
Tropical forest conservation and sustainable use
Debt for nature swaps
Protected Areas
The purpose and role of protected areas
Selection, design and management
Selection
Design
Management
Protected area problems
The extent of global protected areas
Ex-situ conservation
Captive populations
Releases
Biodivesrity banks
Zoos
Botanic gardens
The digital zoo
Mars calling?
Summary
Discussion
Further reading 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Biological diversity.
Biological diversity conservation.