Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.
Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.
Contents Foreword xi Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii CHAPTER 1 A Background for the Profession 1 An Emerging Profession 2 Current Status of Health Education 4 Key Words, Terms, and Definitions 6 Measuring Health or Health Status 10 Rates 10 Life Expectancy 10 Years of Potential Life Lost 12 Disability-Adjusted Life Years 12 Disability-Adjusted Life Expectancy and Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy 00 Health-Related Quality of Life 00 Health Surveys 13 The Goal and Objectives of the Profession 14 The Practice of Health Education 14 Basic Underlying Concepts of the Profession 16 The Health Field Concept 16 The Levels and Limitations of Prevention 17 Risk Factors 20 Health Risk Reduction 21 Other Selected Principles 25 CHAPTER 2 The History of Health and Health Education 35 Introduction 36 Early Humans 36 Early Efforts at Community Health 38 Egyptians 39 Greeks 40 Romans 43 Middle Ages 45 Renaissance 48 Age of Enlightenment 51 The 1800s 51 Public Health in the United States 53 1700s 00 1800s 00 1900 to Present 00 School Health in the United States 63 CHAPTER 3 Philosophical Foundations 77 Introduction 78 What Is a Philosophy? 79 Why Does One Need a Philosophy? 80 Principles and Philosophies Associated with Health 82 Leading Philosophical Viewpoints 85 Developing a Philosophy 86 Predominant Health Education Philosophies 89 Impacting the Delivery of Health Education 91 CHAPTER 4 Theoretical Foundations 98 Definitions 99 The Importance of Using Theory in Health Education/ Promotion 100 An Overview of the Theories and Models Used in Health Education/Promotion 101 Planning Models (Theories/Models of Implementation) 101 Theories and Models Focusing on Health Behavior Change (Change Process Theories) 114 Some Final Thoughts about Theories and Models 125 CHAPTER 5 Ethics and Health Education 134 Key Terms and Origin 135 Why Should People Act Ethically? 136 Professional Ethics 00 Ethical Theories 136 Basic Principles for Common Moral Ground 138 Making Ethical Decisions 140 Ethical Issues and Health Education 144 Ensuring Ethical Behavior 149 CHAPTER 6 The Health Educator: Roles, Responsibilities, Certifications, Advanced Study 158 Introduction 159 Credentialing 159 History of Role Delineation and Certification 160 Individual Certification 163 Graduate Health Education Standards 167 Competencies Update Project 167 Program Accreditation 169 Responsibilities and Competencies of Health Educators 170 Responsibility I: Assessing Individual and Community Needs for Health Education 171 Responsibility II: Planning Effective Health Education Programs 173 Responsibility III: Implementing Health Education Programs 173 Responsibility IV: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Health Education Programs 174 Responsibility V: Coordinating Provision of Health Education Services 174 Responsibility VI: Acting as a Resource Person in Health Education 175 Responsibility VII: Communicating Health and Health Education Needs, Concerns, and Resources 176 Summary of Responsibilities and Competencies 176 Multitasking 177 Technology and Role Modeling 00 Advanced Study in Health Education 177 Master's Degree Options 178 Selecting a Graduate School 179 Admission Requirements 182 Financing Graduate Study 182 CHAPTER 7 The Settings for Health Education 187 School Health Education 188 A Day in the Career of a School Health Educator 192 Additional Responsibilities 193 Community/Public Health Education 193 A Day in the Career of a Community Health Educator 196 Additional Responsibilities 199 Worksite Health Promotion and Education 199 A Day in the Career of a Worksite Health Educator 204 Additional Responsibilities 205 Health Education in Health Care Settings 206 A Day in the Career of a Health Care Setting Health Educator 208 Additional Responsibilities 211 Health Education in Colleges and Universities 212 International Opportunities 213 Nontraditional Health Education Positions 215 Landing That First Job 216 CHAPTER 8 Agencies/Associations/Organizations Associated with Health Education 222 Governmental Health Agencies 223 Quasi-Governmental Health Agencies 224 Nongovernmental Health Agencies 225 Voluntary Health Agencies 225 Philanthropic Foundations 226 Service, Fraternal, and Religious Groups 226 Professional Health Associations/Organizations 226 Joining a Professional Health Association/Organization 247 CHAPTER 9 The Literature of Health Education 254 Introduction 255 Types of Information Sources 255 Identifying the Components of a Research Article 257 Critically Reading a Research Article 258 Evaluating the Accuracy of Nonresearch-Based Sources 259 Writing an Abstract or a Summary 260 Locating Health-Related Information 261 Journals 261 Indexes 263 Abstracts 264 Government Documents 00 Computerized Databases 265 The Internet and the World Wide Web 267 Evaluating Information on the Internet 271 Selected Health-Related Web Sites 271 CHAPTER 10 Future Trends in Health Education 279 Introduction 280 Demographic Changes 280 Minority Population Changes 281 Aging 282 Societal Trends 283 Technology 283 Family Structure 284 Political Climate 285 Medical Care Establishment 287 Professional Preparation and Credentialing 289 Professional Preparation 289 Credentialing 290 Implications for Practice Settings 292 School Setting 292 Worksite Setting 294 Community/Public Health Setting 295 Health Care Setting 297 Alternative Settings 299 Appendix A Development of a Unified Code of Ethics for the Health Education Profession 307 Appendix B Responsibilities and Competencies for Entry-Level Health Educators 317 Appendix C Eta Sigma Gamma Chapters: Locations and Dates of Installation 325 Glossary 329 Credits 343 Index 345
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: