Table of contents for Principles & foundations of health promotion and education / Randall R. Cottrell, James T. Girvan, James F. McKenzie.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

Foreword xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xvii
A Background for the Profession 1
An Emerging Profession 2
Current Status of Health Education 4
Key Words, Terms, and Definitions 6
Measuring Health or Health Status 10
Rates 10
Life Expectancy 10
Years of Potential Life Lost 12
Disability-Adjusted Life Years 12
Disability-Adjusted Life Expectancy and Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy 00
Health-Related Quality of Life 00
Health Surveys 13
The Goal and Objectives of the Profession 14
The Practice of Health Education 14
Basic Underlying Concepts of the Profession 16
The Health Field Concept 16
The Levels and Limitations of Prevention 17
Risk Factors 20
Health Risk Reduction 21
Other Selected Principles 25
The History of Health and Health Education 35
Introduction 36
Early Humans 36
Early Efforts at Community Health 38
Egyptians 39
Greeks 40
Romans 43
Middle Ages 45
Renaissance 48
Age of Enlightenment 51
The 1800s 51
Public Health in the United States 53
1700s 00
1800s 00
1900 to Present 00
School Health in the United States 63
Philosophical Foundations 77
Introduction 78
What Is a Philosophy? 79
Why Does One Need a Philosophy? 80
Principles and Philosophies Associated with Health 82
Leading Philosophical Viewpoints 85
Developing a Philosophy 86
Predominant Health Education Philosophies 89
Impacting the Delivery of Health Education 91
Theoretical Foundations 98
Definitions 99
The Importance of Using Theory in Health Education/ Promotion 100
An Overview of the Theories and Models Used in Health Education/Promotion 101
Planning Models (Theories/Models of Implementation) 101
Theories and Models Focusing on Health Behavior Change (Change Process Theories) 114
Some Final Thoughts about Theories and Models 125
Ethics and Health Education 134
Key Terms and Origin 135
Why Should People Act Ethically? 136
Professional Ethics 00
Ethical Theories 136
Basic Principles for Common Moral Ground 138
Making Ethical Decisions 140
Ethical Issues and Health Education 144
Ensuring Ethical Behavior 149
The Health Educator: Roles, Responsibilities, 	Certifications, Advanced Study 158
Introduction 159
Credentialing 159
History of Role Delineation and Certification 160
Individual Certification 163
Graduate Health Education Standards 167
Competencies Update Project 167
Program Accreditation 169
Responsibilities and Competencies of Health Educators 170
Responsibility I: Assessing Individual and Community Needs for Health Education 171
Responsibility II: Planning Effective Health Education Programs 173
Responsibility III: Implementing Health Education Programs 173
Responsibility IV: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Health Education Programs 174
Responsibility V: Coordinating Provision of Health Education Services 174
Responsibility VI: Acting as a Resource Person in Health Education 175
Responsibility VII: Communicating Health and Health Education Needs, Concerns, and Resources 176
Summary of Responsibilities and Competencies 176
Multitasking 177
Technology and Role Modeling 00
Advanced Study in Health Education 177
Master's Degree Options 178
Selecting a Graduate School 179
Admission Requirements 182
Financing Graduate Study 182
The Settings for Health Education 187
School Health Education 188
A Day in the Career of a School Health Educator 192
Additional Responsibilities 193
Community/Public Health Education 193
A Day in the Career of a Community Health Educator 196
Additional Responsibilities 199
Worksite Health Promotion and Education 199
A Day in the Career of a Worksite Health Educator 204
Additional Responsibilities 205
Health Education in Health Care Settings 206
A Day in the Career of a Health Care Setting Health Educator 208
Additional Responsibilities 211
Health Education in Colleges and Universities 212
International Opportunities 213
Nontraditional Health Education Positions 215
Landing That First Job 216
Agencies/Associations/Organizations Associated with Health Education 222
Governmental Health Agencies 223
Quasi-Governmental Health Agencies 224
Nongovernmental Health Agencies 225
Voluntary Health Agencies 225
Philanthropic Foundations 226
Service, Fraternal, and Religious Groups 226
Professional Health Associations/Organizations 226
Joining a Professional Health Association/Organization 247
The Literature of Health Education 254
Introduction 255
Types of Information Sources 255
Identifying the Components of a Research Article 257
Critically Reading a Research Article 258
Evaluating the Accuracy of Nonresearch-Based Sources 259
Writing an Abstract or a Summary 260
Locating Health-Related Information 261
Journals 261
Indexes 263
Abstracts 264
Government Documents 00
Computerized Databases 265
The Internet and the World Wide Web 267
Evaluating Information on the Internet 271
Selected Health-Related Web Sites 271
Future Trends in Health Education 279
Introduction 280
Demographic Changes 280
Minority Population Changes 281
Aging 282
Societal Trends 283
Technology 283
Family Structure 284
Political Climate 285
Medical Care Establishment 287
Professional Preparation and Credentialing 289
Professional Preparation 289
Credentialing 290
Implications for Practice Settings 292
School Setting 292
Worksite Setting 294
Community/Public Health Setting 295
Health Care Setting 297
Alternative Settings 299
Appendix A	Development of a Unified Code of Ethics for the Health Education Profession 307
Appendix B	Responsibilities and Competencies for Entry-Level Health Educators 317
Appendix C
Eta Sigma Gamma Chapters: Locations and Dates of Installation 325
	Glossary 329
	Credits 343
	Index 345

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Health education.
Health promotion.
Health Education.
Health Promotion.